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Engaging Higher Academic Institutions in African Peace and Security Affairs: What Can We Learn from African Vice-Chancellors’ Debate in 2015?

"Africa has several security challenges. Among others, the main ones are related to management of diversity, illegal migration, human trafficking, and illicit financial flow. These security problems have not only contributed to civil wars and huma...

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 28 No.2 March-April 2016

"The articles submitted for this issue of the Horn of Africa Bulletin interrogate and explore many of the contradictions alluded to earlier in the fusion of peace-building, humanitarianism and developmental interventions. The article by Jens Peder...

Intervention Civile - Prevenir la Violence et Mettre en Place une Democratie / Civilian Peacekeeping Preventing Violence and Making Space for Democracy

“Something must be done!” This cry came as the genocide began in Rwanda, as the civil war in Colombia escalated, as Sudanese refugees began pouring into Darfur, and in countless other dark moments of history. Unarmed civilians around the world ar...

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 26 No.3 May-June 2014

‘Somalia: From clan wars to religious conflicts’ summarises the report’s key findings and argues that the conflict in Somalia is much more complex and complicated than suggested by the Terrorists-versus-Others assumption that underpins the interna...

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 25 No.4 July-August 2013

In ‘Somali refugees in state of limbo’ regional peace and security continues to be a challenge in the Horn of Africa as a result of conflicts in Somalia, Sudan and parts of Northern Uganda. The current and past civil wars in the region have had an...

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 25 No.5 September-October 2013

In ‘Kenyan state, society respond to extremist threat’ the gory spectacle of the 21 September attack on Nairobi’s Westgate Mall has been analysed from various perspectives. What the attackers wanted to achieve has also been extensively discussed b...

After Mubarak The Politics of Modern Military Pharaohs

"In recent weeks Egypt has seen perhaps the greatest destabilisation of its political, economic, and social order since the end of the Muhammad Ali Dynasty in 1952. The ouster of President Hosni Mubarak came after an eighteen-day public protest in...

Somalia The Endless Search for Peace

"Somalia, and Mogadishu in particular, has been aptly described as “the Hell on Earth.” This description is based on the level of destruction and human suffering that has been going on since 1991. There is no respite in sight despite the endless n...

IJR Uganda Country Profile

"The history of Uganda since independence in 1962 has been marked by economic divisions reflecting the colonial period, and by the use of violence as a political tool. As the competition for political power and material resources escalated, ethni...

South Sudan's South : Conflict in the Equatoria's

Following Riek Machar’s return to Juba in April and the formation of a transitional government, marked the most significant milestone of the August 2015 Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (ARCSS) that ended ...

Burundi : Anatomie du Troisième Mandat / Burundi: A Dangerous Third Term

A year after the start of the crisis triggered by President Pierre Nkurunziza’s decision to run for a third term, the situation remains critical. The radicalisation of the regime, which had been steadily increasing since the second post-conflict e...

Nigeria: The Challenge of Military Reform

Nigeria’s military, once among Africa’s strongest and a mainstay of regional peacekeeping, it has become a flawed force. The initially heavy-handed, slow response to the Islamist Boko Haram insurgency raised serious concerns, and its human rights ...

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2016

In ‘Conflict in the Great Lakes Region: Root Causes, Dynamics and Effects’ the Great Lakes Region constitutes a complex network of political and economic interactions with significant implications for peace, security and governance. It is also a r...

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 15, no. 1, 2015

"Democratisation in Africa: The role of self-enforcing constitutional rules’ discusses the long-run implications for civil conflict in Africa of this partial widening and deepening of democracy. Drawing on economic ideas about contracts and instit...

No End in Sight for South Sudan’s Crisis

Abel Abate Demissie and Dr Mehari Taddele Maru insist that should Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) succeed in ending the current civil war in South Sudan, they would perform an important service to the people of this country. This would ...

South Sudan: Keeping Faith with the IGAD Peace Process

With regard to contain and resolve the civil war, IGAD and its member states have contributed much time and political capital to this. Thus far, they have failed due to internal divisions and power struggles; centralization of decision-making and ...

The Negative Costs of Delaying the African Capacity for Immediate Response to Crises

The African Union (AU) was caught unprepared and highly embarrassed as France, under Operation Serval, managed to stop Jihadi militants from the northern region in their tracks after they launched an offensive bid to take over the running of Mali....

Picking up the pieces: Liberia’s peacebuilding efforts post-Ebola

"Liberia is at a critical juncture in terms of its ability to maintain its hard-won peace and ensure that its reconciliation and sustainable development efforts are not derailed. The West African country, with a population of 3.124 million,1 celeb...

Beyond ARCISS: New Fault Lines in South Sudan

South Sudan is engulfed in a mutually-reinforcing war system. This situation involves more than the two principal players – the government, led by the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement, and the opposition. Several drivers of conflict have emerg...

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 25 No 6 November - December 2013

The first article in this issue “Eritrea Symptoms of a coming collapse” attempts to compare the imminent collapse of Eritrea to the collapse of Somalia only 20 years after Eritrea has gained independence . Furthermore it discusses the symptoms whe...

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