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Sudan: Justice, Peace and the ICC

Excerpt: "The International Criminal Court (ICC) arrest warrant against President Bashir for atrocity crimes in Darfur has brought Sudan to a new decision point. The long-ruling National Congress Party (NCP) has defied the court, gained African Un...

Congo: Five Priorities for a Peacebuilding Strategy

Excerpt: "The deal struck by the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Rwanda for renewed military and political cooperation is an important step forward, but is not sufficient to bring peace to the Kivus. Their five-week joint military operation...

Côte d'Ivoire: What's Needed to End the Crisis

Excerpt: "On 4 March 2007, the two main actors in the Côte d’Ivoire crisis signed the Ouagadougou Peace Agreement (OPA). The deal initially produced a peaceful atmosphere. The demarcation line between the armed forces was dismantled, a new governm...

Chad: Powder Keg in the East

Excerpt: "Large-scale internal displacement and a massive influx of Sudanese refugees have upset eastern Chad’s demographic balance and intensified the struggle for resources. Both the Chadian government and rebel groups have armed their supporter...

Central African Republic: Untangling the Political Dialogue

Excerpt: "Since the coup d’etat that brought President François Bozizé to power on 15 March 2003, the risk of renewed wider violence in the Central African Republic (CAR) has never been greater than today. The opening of an inclusive political dia...

Sudan's Southern Kordofan Problem: The Next Darfur?

Excerpt: "The Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) that ended Sudan’s generation-long North-South civil war in 2005 is at risk in Southern Kordofan state, where many of the same ingredients exist that produced the vicious Darfur conflict. Both part...

Sierra Leone: A New Era of Reform?

Excerpt: "Sierra Leone has made much progress since the civil war ended in 2002, but a number of social and economic time bombs must still be defused if an enduring peace is to be built. The 2007 elections, in which Ernest Bai Koroma won the presi...

Congo: Four Priorities for Sustainable Peace in Ituri

Excerpt: "The risk of renewed violence in Ituri is limited today by the presence of the UN Mission in the Congo (MONUC), the dismantling of the majority of armed groups and the local population’s war weariness after years of suffering and destruct...

Sudan's Comprehensive Peace Agreement: Beyond the Crisis

Excerpt: "On 11 October 2007, the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) announced it was suspending participation in the Government of National Unity because the National Congress Party (NCP) was not implementing key aspects of the 2005 Compre...

Crisis Watch

"Three actual or potential conflict situations around the world deteriorated and none improved in November 2009, according to the new issue of the International Crisis Group’s monthly bulletin CrisisWatch, released today. In Yemen, ongoing fighti...

From Fatigues to Three-Piece Suits: East African Guerrillas in Power

"Since decolonisation in African countries ethno-political differences have led to guerrilla warfare. Through these movements, authoritarian regimes have been created. In Uganda, after the National Resistance Movement took power a ‘no-party democr...

The Chinese Stance on the Darfur Conflict

China’s role in Sudan is one of the most closely watched and, in many circles, controversial relationships on the continent. This paper provides a Sudanese perspective and argues that, far from profiting from its close ties with Khartoum, the Chin...

Angola: War without end?

"Angola possesses an abundance of natural resources but is plagued by armed conflict and poverty. Resolving the conflict will likely be a painfull process and against this background the political economy of the war and the prospects for peace in ...

Sudan: Complexity, conflict and co-operation

"Sudan has been the site of ongoing civil war since the mid 1980s with devestating effects to its population, diplomatic relations and economic growth. This report examines the prospects for South African involvement in Sudan in light of ongoing e...

Zaire: Continuing world headache

This paper discusses the situation in Zaire, where economic and political disaster is evident. Zaire is bounded by nine African countries and richer in resources than any other country in Africa, but it is alos deeply in debt perhaps as a result o...

Somalia - the dark side of humanity

This brief report describes the conflict in Somalia, which originates in the fact that General Mohammed Farah Aidid do not recognise Ali Mahdi as the interim president, leading to armed conflict. During the Cold War, the US and the USSR viewed Som...

The Chadian dilemma

This Brief Report deals with the civil war in Chad and growing outside intervention in the conflict. If annexed by Libya, it could become part of the Soviet sphere of influence, and France’s military involvement has led to fears of heightened Fren...

The Ogaden Region: A Fragile Path To Peace

"The Ogaden region in the Southeast of Ethiopia has been at the centre of an ongoing dispute between the Ethiopian government and rebels of the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF). Since 1984, the ONLF, an ethnic Somali rebel movement, has wag...

Buchizya: The unexpected one and the future of Zambia

This brief report describes the socio-economic malaise in Zambia. The country has no strongly diversified economy. Copper has provided 90% of its foreign exchange earnings, but is declining due to aging mines, reduced copper output and managerial ...

Bringing peace to West Africa: Liberia and Sierra Leone

"This paper discusses the tortured peace processes in the West African states of Liberia and Sierra Leone, delineating lessons learnt from the complicated and prolonged diplomacy and external military interventions that characterised these efforts...

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