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Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 25 No 6 November - December 2013

The first article in this issue “Eritrea Symptoms of a coming collapse” attempts to compare the imminent collapse of Eritrea to the collapse of Somalia only 20 years after Eritrea has gained independence . Furthermore it discusses the symptoms whe...

No End in Sight for South Sudan’s Crisis

Abel Abate Demissie and Dr Mehari Taddele Maru insist that should Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) succeed in ending the current civil war in South Sudan, they would perform an important service to the people of this country. This would ...

South Sudan: Keeping Faith with the IGAD Peace Process

With regard to contain and resolve the civil war, IGAD and its member states have contributed much time and political capital to this. Thus far, they have failed due to internal divisions and power struggles; centralization of decision-making and ...

The Negative Costs of Delaying the African Capacity for Immediate Response to Crises

The African Union (AU) was caught unprepared and highly embarrassed as France, under Operation Serval, managed to stop Jihadi militants from the northern region in their tracks after they launched an offensive bid to take over the running of Mali....

Picking up the pieces: Liberia’s peacebuilding efforts post-Ebola

"Liberia is at a critical juncture in terms of its ability to maintain its hard-won peace and ensure that its reconciliation and sustainable development efforts are not derailed. The West African country, with a population of 3.124 million,1 celeb...

Elections in the Democratic Republic of Congo

"On November 28, 2011 the Democratic Republic of Congo is holding its second election since the end of a decade-long civil war in 2003. At stake is the credibility of the country’s fledgling democracy. The electoral process is a significant test ...

Princes’ Progress Reconstruction and Authority in Eritrea and Rwanda

"Eritrea and Rwanda are among Africa’s smallest and poorest states. Substantial military resources, and expertise, have enabled both countries to exert dispropor-tionate influence over regional security. Aggression and authoritarianism have not p...

From Fatigues to Three-Piece Suits: East African Guerrillas in Power

"Since decolonisation in African countries ethno-political differences have led to guerrilla warfare. Through these movements, authoritarian regimes have been created. In Uganda, after the National Resistance Movement took power a ‘no-party democr...

The Chinese Stance on the Darfur Conflict

China’s role in Sudan is one of the most closely watched and, in many circles, controversial relationships on the continent. This paper provides a Sudanese perspective and argues that, far from profiting from its close ties with Khartoum, the Chin...

Angola: War without end?

"Angola possesses an abundance of natural resources but is plagued by armed conflict and poverty. Resolving the conflict will likely be a painfull process and against this background the political economy of the war and the prospects for peace in ...

Sudan: Complexity, conflict and co-operation

"Sudan has been the site of ongoing civil war since the mid 1980s with devestating effects to its population, diplomatic relations and economic growth. This report examines the prospects for South African involvement in Sudan in light of ongoing e...

Zaire: Continuing world headache

This paper discusses the situation in Zaire, where economic and political disaster is evident. Zaire is bounded by nine African countries and richer in resources than any other country in Africa, but it is alos deeply in debt perhaps as a result o...

Chad: Powder Keg in the East

Excerpt: "Large-scale internal displacement and a massive influx of Sudanese refugees have upset eastern Chad’s demographic balance and intensified the struggle for resources. Both the Chadian government and rebel groups have armed their supporter...

Central African Republic: Untangling the Political Dialogue

Excerpt: "Since the coup d’etat that brought President François Bozizé to power on 15 March 2003, the risk of renewed wider violence in the Central African Republic (CAR) has never been greater than today. The opening of an inclusive political dia...

Sudan's Southern Kordofan Problem: The Next Darfur?

Excerpt: "The Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) that ended Sudan’s generation-long North-South civil war in 2005 is at risk in Southern Kordofan state, where many of the same ingredients exist that produced the vicious Darfur conflict. Both part...

Sierra Leone: A New Era of Reform?

Excerpt: "Sierra Leone has made much progress since the civil war ended in 2002, but a number of social and economic time bombs must still be defused if an enduring peace is to be built. The 2007 elections, in which Ernest Bai Koroma won the presi...

Congo: Four Priorities for Sustainable Peace in Ituri

Excerpt: "The risk of renewed violence in Ituri is limited today by the presence of the UN Mission in the Congo (MONUC), the dismantling of the majority of armed groups and the local population’s war weariness after years of suffering and destruct...

Sudan's Comprehensive Peace Agreement: Beyond the Crisis

Excerpt: "On 11 October 2007, the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) announced it was suspending participation in the Government of National Unity because the National Congress Party (NCP) was not implementing key aspects of the 2005 Compre...

Crisis Watch

"Three actual or potential conflict situations around the world deteriorated and none improved in November 2009, according to the new issue of the International Crisis Group’s monthly bulletin CrisisWatch, released today. In Yemen, ongoing fighti...

Somalia - the dark side of humanity

This brief report describes the conflict in Somalia, which originates in the fact that General Mohammed Farah Aidid do not recognise Ali Mahdi as the interim president, leading to armed conflict. During the Cold War, the US and the USSR viewed Som...

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