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Preliminary reflections on the 2016 Liberian National Conflict-Mapping Exercise

"Since 2009, the Government of Liberia (GoL), working with its national and international partners, has continued to provide leadership in responding to a myriad of critical conflict factors. It has done this through various peacebuilding frameworks…

Conflict Trends Issue 2 2016

In ‘To Punish or to Reform? Survivor Justice in Africa’ focuses only on survivor justice as a model more suitable to African contexts, where conflicts are mostly internal and there are rarely decisive military victories between political adversaries…

Beyond ARCISS: New Fault Lines in South Sudan

South Sudan is engulfed in a mutually-reinforcing war system. This situation involves more than the two principal players – the government, led by the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement, and the opposition. Several drivers of conflict have emerged…

Building Peace in South Sudan: Progress, Problems and Prospects

This meeting reflected critically upon the challenges of, and prospects for, peacebuilding in South Sudan; and to examine the role of major actors – such as the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), the African Union (AU), the United Na…

Double-edged Sword: Vigilantes in African Counter-Insurgencies

African states confronting insurgent groups face a dilemma when civilians mobilise and take up arms to protect their local communities. These forces can play a major role in fending off attacks and provide regular armed forces with critical local kn…

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 25 No 6 November - December 2013

The first article in this issue “Eritrea Symptoms of a coming collapse” attempts to compare the imminent collapse of Eritrea to the collapse of Somalia only 20 years after Eritrea has gained independence . Furthermore it discusses the symptoms where…

We Need to Do Better, and We Can: One Group Surrendering is Hardly a Return to Peace and Prosperity

"There is no bigger challenge facing humanity than how to build lasting peace in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Despite the military defeat of the rebel M23 by forces led by the Congolese army and the United Nations Intervention Bri…

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2013

In ‘Africa’s Concept of Unconstitutional Change of Government – How Appropriate?’ Egypt is the latest example of the African Union’s (AU) decision to declare events as an “unconstitutional change of government”, and to suspend Egypt’s AU membership …

Renamo’s War Talk and Mozambique’s Peace Prospects

"Growing political tensions in Mozambique intensified in October 2013 when Mozambican government forces attacked the base of the Mozambican National Resistance Movement’s (Renamo) long-time leader Afonso Dhlakama. In reaction Renamo declared an end…

South Sudan: A Civil War by Any Other Name

"The conflict that broke out on 15 December 2013 was decades in the making. The speed with which the SPLM and SPLA collapsed reveals the ephemeral nature of the “big tent” policy. The transition to more broadly representative political and military …

Restive Jonglei From the Conflict's Roots to Reconciliation

"This working paper analyses the roots of the conflict in Jonglei state and the role of ethnic divisions in perpetuating the conflict, and interrogates the 2012 Jonglei peace processes to determine effective pathways towards authentic and sustainabl…

Sudan’s Spreading Conflict (III): The Limits of Darfur’s Peace Process

"This report is the third in a series analysing Sudan’s spreading conflicts. It focuses on why successive peace processes, in particular the latest, “Doha”, have not stopped the violence. Reflecting the views of government officials involved with D…

The Road to Reconciliation: A case study of Liberia’s Reconciliation Roadmap

"Years after the August 2003 signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) which brought to an end Liberia’s bloody civil war, there was realisation by the Government of Liberia that the reconciliation process had stalled. To correct this, and …

Between a Rock and a Hard Place The UN and the Protection of Civilians in South Sudan

The UN Security Council passed a resolution that substantially restructured the form and function of the UN mission in South Sudan (UNMISS), following the outbreak of civil war in South Sudan at the end of 2013. This signalled a departure from its…

The Rise of Radical and Asymmetric Armed Insurgents in the Central African Sub-Region: A Causal Analysis

This policy brief investigated the recent surge of armed conflict in the central African sub-region. There is a particular focus on the causes of the Boko Haram insurgency in Nigeria. Though most post-colonial states on the African continent have e…

Côte d'Ivoire : Chronique d'une Transition Ratée / Ivory Coast: Chronicle of a Failed Transition

Holding an iron hand for thirty years under the one-party rule, Côte d'Ivoire has developed through the political direction of a man called:Felix Houphouet-Boigny. Around its single party, the Democratic Party of Cote d'Ivoire (PDCI), managed to de…

Societies Caught in the Conflict Trap Regional Research Findings Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan and South Sudan

Shared conflict drivers characterizes the regions of Sudan, South Sudan, Chad and CAR and this spills over the countries’ porous borders. All of these countries are registered members of the African Union. Chad and Central African Republic belong to…

Conflict-sensitive Adaptation to Climate Change in Africa

Whether natural, or caused by humans, it is becoming clear that climate change is a reality that will affect the entire globe. Our concern should be for the poorest Africans, many of whom are highly dependent on natural resources for their living. I…

Cycles of Violence Gender Relations and Armed Conflict

The research project ‘Gender-Sensitive Programme Design and Planning in Conflict-Affected Situations’ was carried out by ACORD during 2000 and 2001. Its overall aim was to enhance gender-awareness in the design and management of development project…

ACORD's Pan African Learning Forum : A look at the Role of Civil Society Organizations and the Challenges of Peace and Security in Consolidating Peace in Africa

Examining the history of armed conflict in Africa - particularly in West Africa - illustrates a variation of characteristics based on the era, causes and the parties to conflict. Wars of the Colonial era were centered on subjugation and control of A…

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