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Angola: Between War and Stalemate - Again?

“Angola’s armies are on the march once more. The long awaited Angolan Army (FAA) offensive against UNITA on the central Plains (‘Planalto’) commenced on 14 September, with the activation of three fronts from the cities of Huambo, Cuito and Malanje...

Heart of Darkness: Politics in Zaire

The continuing conflict in Zaire and the disintegration of that country’s political and socio-economic fabric, have their roots in the legacies of colonial rule. After independence in 1960, the political struggle for control of the new state erupt...

Eastern Congo: The ADF-NALU’s Lost Rebellion

"The fight against armed groups in eastern Congo continues to be viewed through a military lens, but it would be wise to avoid another ineffective military operation. The International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR), the UN, the DRC ...

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2006

"The articles in this edition reflect on the deeprooted seeds of conflict by bringing closer together the void between peacekeeping and peacebuilding, and understanding the importance of human security within the context of state security. The pl...

Cote d'Ivoire : Defusing Tensions

"A volatile security situation and mounting political tensions are threatening Côte d’Ivoire’s recovery. In the last few months the country has been subjected to a series of deadly attacks, whose targets have included: a police station, an import...

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2003

‘Burundi in 2003: highlights of a 'thorny' road to peace?’ gives a preview of the year 2003 and highlights some of the key attempts undertaken to move to a situation in which peace and stability are not only obtained but sustained. ‘The Machakos P...

Mercenarism in West Africa: A Threat to Ghana's Democracy?

"The highly destructive nature of contemporary warfare, particularly its impact on lives and property raises concern both in the corridors of power and among civil society. The paper holds that West African Security threats are very real, in terms...

Somalia: An Opportunity that Should Not Be Missed

"The next six months will be crucial for Somalia. The international community is taking a renewed interest in the country; the mandate of the feeble and dysfunctional Transitional Federal Government (TFG) expires in a half-year; and emboldened tro...

Commentary on the Akinyemi Doctrine

"What is the limit to Nigeria's demonstration of solidarity with other African countries, especially in the context of outright extra-regional aggression against the sovereignty, territorial integrity and security of such countries? Should there b...

Nigeria's Peace Policy in Chad

"Chad is of primordial importance in Nigeria's foreign policy consideration for many reasons. In this way, Nigeria has been put in a position where she had to monitor and react to the day-to-day situational fact of the Chadian crisis. Chad might h...

De-Mining Debate, Issue 1, 1999

This newsletter is a product of the re-established Landmines in Southern Africa project at SAIIA. It is a forum for constructive debate and diffusion of innovations. It looks at perspectives and country profiles of Mozambique, Angola, South Africa...

American Helicopters for Rhodesia

In the brief report, SABC TV news reports suggested that American-made helicopters were sold to Rhodesia through an Israeli connection. These caused some speculation and various conflicting reports. Despite all this, the fact remains that the arms...

Panel Discussion on "Portugal and Africa": Developments in Mocambique and implications for South Africa

There are indications that the developments in Mocambique resulting from the revolution in Portugal are having a traumatic effect in South Africa and Southern Africa as a whole. The paper surveys changes which have taken place in Mocambique and lo...

The Crisis in South Sudan and Its Implications for Ethiopia

"Since 15 December 2013, soldiers loyal to the deposed Vice President, Dr.Riek Machar, have fought against President Salva Kiir’s loyalists in Juba in the vicinity of the Presidential palace. Emboldened by the rebels’ success in controlling Bor, t...

Mali: Avoiding Escalation

"This report is published at a time of evident polarisation in the positions held by the multiple actors in this crisis and it is proving increasingly difficult for the most moderate to make their voices heard. It provides a detailed account of th...

Lost in Transition: The World According to Egypt’s SCAF

"As this report goes to press, the political situation is experiencing dizzying developments – from the collapse of the process designed to draft a new constitution, to the apparent disquali-fication of three of the most significant presidential c...

The Rise of the South African Security Establishment: An Essay on the Changing Locus of State Power

'The official vehicle for co-ordinating and expressing views has been, of late, the State Security council and especially its Secretariat. The latter is heavily indebted to the South African Defence Force (SADF) for key personnel. Part of the inte...

Pride, Conflict and Complexity: Applying Dynamical Systems Theory to Understand Local Conflict in South Sudan

'South Sudan has experienced deadly conflict for much of the last five decades. While most attention has focused on South Sudan’s civil war with the now Republic of Sudan to the north, in reality, inter- related conflicts persist in multiple layer...

Divided We Stand: Libya's Enduring Conflicts

"After the 20 August 2011 fall of Tripoli and in the wake of the 23 October formal end of hostilities, communal conflicts broke out across Libya. Some grew directly out of the 2011 conflict and activities of the newly formed revolutionary brigades...

Beyond Turf Wars: Managing the Post Coup Transition in Guinea Bissau

"This report discusses the April coup, its causes and consequences. It analyses the transition that has ensued, with particular attention to the complex diplomatic struggle that has unfolded, and assesses whether and under what conditions the tra...

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