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Preliminary reflections on the 2016 Liberian National Conflict-Mapping Exercise

"Since 2009, the Government of Liberia (GoL), working with its national and international partners, has continued to provide leadership in responding to a myriad of critical conflict factors. It has done this through various peacebuilding frameworks…

Conflict Trends Issue 2 2016

In ‘To Punish or to Reform? Survivor Justice in Africa’ focuses only on survivor justice as a model more suitable to African contexts, where conflicts are mostly internal and there are rarely decisive military victories between political adversaries…

Beyond ARCISS: New Fault Lines in South Sudan

South Sudan is engulfed in a mutually-reinforcing war system. This situation involves more than the two principal players – the government, led by the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement, and the opposition. Several drivers of conflict have emerged…

Building Peace in South Sudan: Progress, Problems and Prospects

This meeting reflected critically upon the challenges of, and prospects for, peacebuilding in South Sudan; and to examine the role of major actors – such as the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), the African Union (AU), the United Na…

Double-edged Sword: Vigilantes in African Counter-Insurgencies

African states confronting insurgent groups face a dilemma when civilians mobilise and take up arms to protect their local communities. These forces can play a major role in fending off attacks and provide regular armed forces with critical local kn…

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 25 No 6 November - December 2013

The first article in this issue “Eritrea Symptoms of a coming collapse” attempts to compare the imminent collapse of Eritrea to the collapse of Somalia only 20 years after Eritrea has gained independence . Furthermore it discusses the symptoms where…

Libya Conflict Insight

Libya achieved independence from United Nations (UN) trusteeship in 1951 as an amalgamation of three former Ottoman provinces, Tripolitania, Cyrenaica and Fezzan under the rule of King Mohammed Idris. In 1969, King Idris was deposed in a coup stag…

Burundi Conflict Insight

Since gaining independence in 1962, Burundi has experienced several violent conflicts, including a civil war that took place between 1993 and 2005. The common denominator of these conflicts was the politicization of divisions between the Hutu and Tu…

National Security versus Basic Liberties: Human Rights Challenges in South Sudan

Although South Sudan publicly commits to a culture of human rights protection, whether through the bill of rights in the national constitution or by creating a cabinet level human rights commission or the establishment of a parliamentary committee …

West Africa Insight Vol 5 No.1: Secessionist Movement

This journal comprises several articles. The first article on page 4 is titled: Biafran Separatist Agitations in Nigeria: Causes, trajectories, scenarios and the way forward by Prof. Jideofor Adibe discusses the causes of the civil war in the Republ…

South Sudan Conflict Insight

The area that is today’s South Sudan was once a marginalized region in the Republic of Sudan administered by tribal chiefs during the British colonial period (1899-1955). In the 1950s, marginalization gave rise to the Anyanya I rebellion, spearheade…

Central African Republic (CAR) Conflict Insight

The purpose of this report is to provide analysis and recommendations to assist the African Union (AU), Regional Economic Communities (RECs), Member States and Development Partners in decision-making and in the implementation of peace and security r…

How the AU can Promote Transitional Justice in South Sudan

The African Union is mandated to help South Sudan to ensure accountability for past human rights abuses through the establishment of a hybrid court. This mandate is derived from the Agreement for the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan, signed i…

Costs of Civil War and Fragile States

Civil conflicts are an important concern for development, yet it is only relatively recently that economists have developed a substantive body of research on them and the research that exists is mainly on the determinants of conflict. This paper pro…

Growth in Fragile States in Africa: Conflict and Post-conflict Capital Accumulation

This framework paper analyses the pattern of capital accumulation in Africa and its interaction with political fragility. Political fragility retards or reverses gains with respect to capital accumulation, slowing long-term economic growth. Many c…

Post-conflict Stabilization in Africa

Post-conflict peace is fragile, about half of all conflicts break out again during the twelve post-conflict years. In Africa this risk is even higher. Using survival analysis this paper suggests that while it is difficult to find correlates of pea…

Salvaging South Sudan’s Fragile Peace Deal

This report reconstructs the background to the new peace deal, identifies the biggest immediate dangers to the agreement and suggests some ways of heading off those perils before they risk becoming mortal. It is based on two years of fieldwork consi…

Wounded Memories: Perceptions of Past Violence in Burundi and Perspectives for Reconciliation

This report presents the results of a research project conducted in Burundi between October 2017 and May 2018. The aim of the research was to identify violations perpetrated in the context of political and ethnic conflicts and how they affect Burund…

Stopping the War for Tripoli

Barring a sudden – and improbable – radical change in the balance of forces on the ground, the battle for Tripoli is likely to be long, destructive and deadly. For now, both the Tripoli government and its allies, on the one hand, and Haftar’s forces…

Biafra at 50

Chapter one : What nation for which literature? [page 5] was written by Nikolai Jeffs. The novel of the Nigerian-Biafran war records, is also engaged in conflict. The broadest ambitions of the novel of the Nigerian-Biafran war can be said to supple…

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