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The OAU/AU and an Africa at peace with itself: Time for serious business

'This Policy & Practice Brief (PPB) is a postscript to the Golden Jubilee celebrations of the founding of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) and the 21st African Union (AU) Summit which took place in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia from 19 to 27 May 2013…

Reconciliation without Regret: National Healing and Reconciliation in South Sudan

"In 2011, southern Sudan witnessed a successful and peaceful referendum, culminating in its secession from the Republic of Sudan and the birth of an independent Republic of South Sudan on 9 July. Despite the relative peace brought by independence, t…

Strengthening Peer Learning in the African Peer Review Mechanism: The Case for Best Practices

"This policy briefing argues that best practices remain an underutilised output of the APRM, although they have the potential to stimulate and enhance robust engagement by all stakeholders. The best practices already identified in the 15 published …

State-Civil Society Relations: The Potential Contribution of the African Peer Review Mechanism

"The African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) is Africa’s home-grown governance promotion and monitoring tool. It has made one of its priorities the involvement of civil society organisations (CSOs) in the assessment of national initiatives; they have…

Implementing the APRM: Views from Civil Society South Africa Report

"This report reflects the views of a group of civil society researchers and activists – convened by the APRM Monitoring Project (AMP) – on the implementation of the APRM in South Africa. It takes as supplementary reference points South Africa’s Impl…

Zambia's Constitution Making Process Addressing the Impasse and Future Challenges

"The report is divided into five sections. The first provides a brief historical background to Zambia’s constitution making phases. The second is a discussion on the triggers of constitution-making in Zambia since independence in 1964. In the third…

Aligning NPOA with Other Frameworks for National Development: A Formula to Revitalise Forward-looking, Broad-based and Participatory Development in Africa?

"The loss of momentum of one of the most ingenious African-initiated and African-led mechanisms for monitoring governance reforms and deficiencies, and nurturing African solutions to African problems, the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM), is mo…

Responsible Sourcing of Artisanal Gold in Eastern DRC: Pilot Status and Planning

"This report is the second in an on-going series detailing progress in our pilot project aimed at certifying and exporting conflict-free artisanal gold from the Eastern DRC. Key elements of this report detail the results of the site selection and re…

Reviewing Africa’s Peer Review Mechanism: A Seven Country Survey

"The African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) was launched in 2003 as one of the pillars of NEPAD. More than half of Africa’s countries (with three-quarters of its population) have joined the APRM. Of these, at least half have set about the process of s…

A Fine Balance: Assessing the Quality of Governance in Botswana

"This is the inaugural Democracy Index for Botswana and is intended to set a benchmark for democracy to be measured against in the future. It has several aims, the first of which is to set out evidence affirming Botswana’s credentials as a democracy…

Agricultural Policy Making in Mali

A strong political will is emerging on the part of government, after decades of neglect, to introduce reforms that will enable smallholder agriculture to be more efficient and eventually become the engine for the growth and sustainable development o…

South Africa's Cooperation and Support to Civilian Capacities in the Aftermath of Conflict

"The focus of the review was on current approaches within South Africa which promote and develop the mechanisms that provide support to post-conflict states. The international community is increasingly recognising this challenge, with the consequenc…

Societies Caught in the Conflict Trap Regional Research Findings Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan and South Sudan

Shared conflict drivers characterizes the regions of Sudan, South Sudan, Chad and CAR and this spills over the countries’ porous borders. All of these countries are registered members of the African Union. Chad and Central African Republic belong to…

The African Peer Review Mechanism Ten Years on: How Can it be Strengthened?

The African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) celebrated its tenth anniversary in March 2013. A voluntary and African owned framework, it aims to improve governance on the continent. The APRM utilises a system of peer reviews to achieve this goal. Its …

From Non-interference to Good Governance: Shifting Perspectives on Development Africa

"The paper has provided an overview of the meaning of governance and its relationship to development, including how this is expressed in development strategy using the good governance agenda. In the case of Africa there is a shift from ‘non-interfe…

Understanding the Policy Landscape for Climate Change Adaptation A Cross-Country Comparison Using the Net-Map Method

It is now widely accepted that climate change is one of the largest challenges facing agriculture in the 21st century. Among those who are most affected are poor agricultural households in the developing world, even though they have contributed leas…

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2014

In ‘Beheadings and the News Media: Why Some Conflict Atrocities Receive More Coverage than Others’ although major changes have occurred in the dissemination of news, there is no question that the news media retains an exceptionally powerful role in …

Maintaining Momentum? Civil Society and the APRM in Zambia

"The African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) is intended to assist member states to identify and eradicate governance problems. The review of Zambia found positives as well as negatives in the country’s governance practices. Without the participation o…

Study of the Incidence and Nature of Chronic Poverty and Development Policy in South Africa: An Overview

The purpose of this study is fourfold: first, to summarise the current state of knowledge about chronic poverty in South Africa; second, to describe the range of existing governmental and civil society initiatives which address chronic poverty…

Lessons from Implementing the APRM National Programme of Action in Nigeria

"The way in which the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) has unfolded in Nigeria – a key regional player with Africa’s largest population – offers lessons and guidance to other participating APRM countries. The peer review process must be followe…

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