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It’s not just Xenophobia: Factors that lead to violent attacks on foreigners in South Africa and the role of the government

This Policy and Practice Brief examines the trend of burgeoning xenophobia in South Africa and suggests what could be done to contribute to its eradication. These recommendations are not exhaustive but are initial steps through which the nation ca...

Beyond the signature: Appraisal of the Zimbabwe Global Political Agreement (GPA) and Implications for Intervention

"This Policy and Practice Brief assesses the outcomes of the GPA, appraises the performance of the Government of National Unity and examines the implications of the Zimbabwe situation on sustainable peace in Southern Africa. It makes proposals and...

Peace agreements and durable peace in Africa

"The African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes (ACCORD) held a workshop in Durban, South Africa on 14 and 15 September 2009. The theme of the workshop was ‘Peace Agreements and Durable Peace in Africa’. The aim of the workshop wa...

Natural resources, the environment and conflict

"This report focus on Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Sudan. The study solicited views and perspectives on the role that natural resources and the environment can play in complex conflict situations. This report observed ...

Mediating peace in Africa: Securing conflict prevention : Strengthening the mediation and conflict prevention aspects of the African peace and security architecture

"Africa is entering a new era of conflict resolution and peacebuilding. The formulation of the AU in 2002 and the Peace and Security Council (PSC) in 2004 firmly established institutions dedicated to the promotion of peace, security and stability ...

West African Conflict Early Warning and Early Response System: The Role of Civil Society Organizations

"This paper assesses the partnership between ECOWAS and civil society organizations in the implementation of the early warning system. It explores options for strengthening this partnership to facilitate early response, contending, among others, t...

South African Government and Civil Society Responses to Zimbabwean Migration

"This policy brief discusses a key paradox in relation to Zimbabwean migration into South Africa. While Zimbabwean migration since 2000 has been the largest concentrated flow in South African history, South Africa’s reaction to this movement has b...

South African Government and Civil Society Responses to Zimbabwean Migration

"This policy brief discusses a key paradox in relation to Zimbabwean migration into South Africa. While Zimbabwean migration since 2000 has been the largest concentrated flow in South African history, South Africa’s reaction to this movement has b...

Beyond the barracks: Reflections on the role of the SADF in the region

This paper gives theoretical observations on civil-military relations in South Africa and examines the role of the SADF in the region, with emphasis on Namibia and Angola. There are three patterns of interaction in civil-military relations in S...

SADC Barometer Issue 6

This SADC Barometer focus on the elections in the SADC states and contains the following articles: SA Elections: A Blueprint for SADC? Electoral Norms and Standards. More Women in Politics. Red and Green Cards for SADC.This article explores t...

Enduring Political Divides in South Africa

This paper offers an assessment of the foreign policy strategies adopted by both the Mandela and Mbeki administrations in their quest to shed the country’s image as a former defender of racial segregation, largely dislocated from the global econom...

African Civil Society: Prospects for Raising Awareness on Priority Issues

Sub-Saharan Africa is grappling with such severe and recurring economic, political and social crises that some of them, including HIV/AIDS, food insecurity and civil war, have ended up as humanitarian disasters. Making such a statement is not ind...

Between Hope and Scepticism: Civil Society and the African Peer Review Mechanism

history. We are currently witnessing major ferment in the development of the poorest continent on the planet. In the wake of the failure of the structural adjustment policies of the Bretton Woods institutions and of the negative effects of natio...

Local Initiatives in the African Great Lakes Region: Community Voices and Sustainable Development

The research for this study was undertaken in Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo during the latter part of 1997, three years after the crisis in Rwanda. The study is not an analysis of the crisis of 1994, despite the fact that ...

Land Grabbing and Land Reform

Liberia is a country blessed with natural resources. Its natural endowments include diamonds, gold and iron ore, extensive stands of tropical timber, abundant water and cropland, and a climate and soil conditions conducive to the cultivation o...

NEPAD in Perspective: A New Development Agenda for the Peoples of Africa

The New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) has been called many things in the past including; "a plan of African leaders", "a commitment to good governance, democracy, human rights, economic and social development", "a holstic, integrate...

Sudan Civil Society Symposium: Symposium Report

The Sudan Civil Society Symposium was held in Calgary on June 5 and in Ottawa on June 7 9, 2000. It was organized by the Sudan Inter Agency Reference Group (SIARG), a network of Canadian NGOs working on Sudan. Freedom Quest International and Part...

Congo: Consolidating The Peace

Elections in the Democratic Republic of Congo were a milestone in the peace process but much remains to be done to consolidate the gains. A return to full-scale war is unlikely but violence in Bas-Congo and Kinshasa in early 2007 with over 400 peo...

Ethiopia and Eritrea- Preventing War

The fragile peace maintained by Ethiopia and Eritrea since they signed a comprehensive agreement at Algiers in December 2000 is fraying dangerously. With a costly two-year war now followed by nearly five years of stalemate, patience on both sides ...

Élections au Burundi - Reconfiguration radicale du paysage politique

Les élections générales au Burundi viennent de conduire à une transformation totale du paysage politique. La victoire remarquable de l'ancienne rébellion du CNDD-FDD à tous les différents scrutins et l'élection de son candidat à la présidentielle,...

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