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The Banyamulenge and the Unmaking of the Congolese State: Issues and Prospects

"This policy brief attempts to examine Joseph Kabila’s relationship with the Banyamulenge and assess whether this relationship would lead to the Banyamulenge’s feeling more accepted as Congolese or continuing to be regarded as ‘foreigners’, as the…

Congo: Consolidating The Peace

Elections in the Democratic Republic of Congo were a milestone in the peace process but much remains to be done to consolidate the gains. A return to full-scale war is unlikely but violence in Bas-Congo and Kinshasa in early 2007 with over 400 peopl…

Burundi: Finalising Peace With The FNL

Burundi has made relatively rapid, substantial progress in democracy and easing of inter-ethnic tensions, due to its citizens desire to embrace national unity and compromise, as well as the international community’s heavy involvement in the Arusha p…

Synopsis Policy Studies Bulletin of CPS Vol 8 No 1, May 2006

"This edition of Synopsis forms part of the Centre for Policy Studies-Trust Africa project on Regional Citizenship and Identity, and we start with an apt preoccupation on ‘regional citizenship and identity’ in southern Africa as an emerging concern …

The Kenyan Experience Linking Emigrant Communities for More Development Inventory of Institutional Capacities and Practices

"Kenya is an East African country with a more recent history of emigration. The early emigration patterns of Kenyans began in the late 1950s where migration was primarily for educational purposes for citizens to train overseas and return home to dev…

Zimbabweans' (Mostly) Tolerant Views on Citizenship

Citizenship of a country is not always as clear as it seems. Citizenship can be gained through birth right, registration, naturalisation, descent or adoption. This however has been the reason for conflict in many African countries. This survey looks…

The Quality of Immigration and Citizenship Services in Namibia

"The Ministry of Home Affairs and Immigration (MHAI) in Namibia has sole responsibility for implementing and managing migration policy and legislation; the registration of births, deaths and marriages; and the issuing of identity documents, passpor…

Basotho Increasingly Favour Legalizing Dual Citizenship, Unifying with South Africa

Lesotho’s Constitution prohibits Lesotho citizens from holding the citizenship of any other country. Basotho who want to become citizens of another country must renounce their Lesotho citizenship, giving up certain rights and benefits to which Lesot…

Statelessness in Southern Africa: Time to end it, not promote it

Statelessness in Southern Africa is driven primarily by colonial history, border changes, migration, poor civil registry systems, and discrimination on the basis of gender, ethnicity and religion. There are concerning signs that states are using sta…

Sierra Leoneans Strong on Democracy, but Split on whether Dual Citizens should Participate

After an unstable political history of autocratic rule, coups and counter-coups, and a destructive decade-long civil war, Sierra Leoneans want to live in a democracy with elections and multiparty competition. They are divided, however, on the questi…

Introducing the 'Digital ID Dispatches from Africa' series

In the first installation of the 'Digital ID Dispatches from Africa' series, Research ICT Africa's doctoral fellow Anri van der Spuy looks at why digital IDs matter in Africa, and why we need to continue examining them and their impac…

Digital ID 101: Making sense of key terminology

In the second installation of the 'Digital ID Dispatches from Africa series, Research ICT Africa researcher Kristophina Shilongo unpacks what digital IDs mean in uniquely African contexts.

Testing 1-2-3: An evaluation framework for digital ID with lessons from India's Aadhaar system

In the latest instalment of the 'Digital ID Dispatches from Africa' series, researchers from the Centre for Internet and Society (CIS) outline the evaluation framework CIS developed for digital ID, and assess how India's Aadhaar syste…

Zimbabwe's Big Brother technology is a threat to digital rights

In the fourth instalment of the Digital ID Dispatches from Africa series, we have our first piece from a country partner who used the CIS Evaluation Framework to examine digital ID in Zimbabwe. Nhlanhla Ngwenya reflects on three developments that he…

Are digital IDs in Uganda a tool for inclusion or exclusion?

In the fifth installation of theDigital ID Dispatches from Africa series, we have our second piece from a country partner who used the CIS Evaluation Framework to examine digital ID in Uganda. In this piece, Neema Iyer and Bonnita Nyamwire from the …

Nigeria: There can be no digital identity (ID) without digital security

In the sixth instalment of the Digital ID Dispatches from Africa series, we have our third piece from a country partner who used the CIS Evaluation Framework to examine digital ID in Nigeria. In this piece, Babatunde Okunoye, fellow at the Berkman K…

EVENT: Help the African Union Commission develop a digital ID framework for the continent

The African Union Commission (AUC) is working towards the adoption of a new policy framework on digital ID this year. When Research ICT Africa launched the Digital ID Dispatches from Africa series, we noted that this is partly why it is important to…

Tanzania: NIDA IDs for civic services, or not?

In the seventh instalment of the Digital ID Dispatches from Africa series, we have our fourth piece from a country partner who used the CIS Evaluation Framework to examine digital ID in Tanzania. In this article, Patricia Boshe, co-director of the A…

Kenya: Risks in transforming the national identification system to a digital ID system

In the eighth instalment of the Digital ID Dispatches from Africa series, Grace Mutung'u discusses Kenya's digital ID scheme, Huduma Namba, and the challenges of access and inclusion for marginalised communities. She questions whether it i…

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