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Coordination Failure and Employment in South Africa

South Africa lost more than 890,000 jobs, but saw an increase in the number of skilled workers from 1989 to 1999. We argue that this is the consequence of well-documented acute apartheid-era distortions which led to a current coordination failu...

African Civil Society: Prospects for Raising Awareness on Priority Issues

Sub-Saharan Africa is grappling with such severe and recurring economic, political and social crises that some of them, including HIV/AIDS, food insecurity and civil war, have ended up as humanitarian disasters. Making such a statement is not ind...

All the world loves a child?

This brief report describes UNICEF’s call for a World Summit for Children to be held in September 1990, due to the ethic that the health and wellbeing of the world’s children is a significant measure of its level of development. An expression of t...

Shared value: How Business can Support Children and Prevent Violence

As the world seeks sustainable solutions to rapid urbanisation, looking to redesign and create smart cities, identify strategies to alleviate climate change and develop future-fit children through the Sustainable Development Goals, most South Af...

Zambians Overwhelmingly Disapprove of Domestic Violence and Corporal Punishment

"An overwhelming majority of Zambians say they are opposed to physical violence as a way to discipline women and children, Afrobarometer’s most recent survey reveals.1 Disapproval of wife battering is so widespread in Zambia that there is little o...

Child Budget Analysis in Kenya: National Government and Six County Governments

Kenya is a signatory to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) as well as the African Charter on the Rights and the welfare of the child as well as various other international conventions. The country has gone much furthe...

Benign Accommodation? Ukuthwala, ‘forced marriage’ and the South African Children’s Act

This article evaluates the implications of the Children’s Act 38 of 2005 for ukuthwala. As a preliminary procedure to a customary marriage, the ukuthwala is a practice whereby, a young man forcibly takes a girl to his home. The practice, in recen...

Assessing Levels and Determinants of Child Deprivation in Eastern and Southern Africa

"Progress in addressing inequities in child health and wellbeing in Africa has partly been curtailed by lack of proper indicators to measure and monitor progress in reducing the vulnerability of children. Child wellbeing has mostly been identified...

Social Protection : Targeting the Most Vulnerable Children The Case Study of Tanzania

This research reported on the targeting approaches used in social protection interventions for the livelihood of the most vulnerable children. Intervention organizations mainly adopted three types of targeting approaches : 1) the community-based a...

Successful Youth Policy: Lessons From the African Peer Review Mechanism

"Youth policy provides a strategic framework for countries to structure their youth development efforts. Drawing on the work of the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM), the policy brief examines the state and prospects of youth policy in Africa...

Tanzanian Children's Perceptions of Education and their role in Society Views of the Children 2007

"This report is the result of a survey of 500 children, aged from 7 to 14 years of age from ten regions in Mainland Tanzania. This study, the first of its kind for Tanzania, gives children's opinions on issues relating to education : school servic...

Progress Towards a Better Quality of Life and Improved Social Well being in Tanzania

"This brief summarises Chapter 2 of the 2007 Poverty and Human Development Report (PHDR) for Tanzania. The 2007 PHDR provides key information and data on national indicators, provides a framework for determining a strategic approach to growth, and...

Strategies to Support Youth-headed Households in Kenya and Rwanda

"There is a growing number of youth-headed households in Sub-Saharan Africa that have specific vulnerabilities not often addressed by current policies and programs in their home countries. Where countries have developed strategies to support orpha...

HIV AIDS and Human Rights in South Africa

"This report is a summary of national HIV/AIDS policies, strategic frameworks, legislation, guidelines and court cases in South Africa as they relate to HIV/AIDS and human rights. A national consultant in South Africa collected the relevant docume...

The Question of Youth Participation in Peacebuilding Processes in Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria

"The available body of literature addressing the roles of young people in armed conflict provides evidence of extensive child and youth involvement in warfare. For instance, Ukiwo (2003) draws attention to the role of young people as key actors in...

The complexity of applying UN Resolution 1325 in post conflict reintegration processes: The case of Northern Uganda

"The United Nations (UN) Security Council Resolution 1325 calls on all actors involved to address the special needs of women and girls during rehabilitation, reintegration and post-conflict reconstruction. This study endeavors to analyse the rein...

Determinants of Child Labour and Schooling in the Native Cocoa Households of Côte d'Ivoire

"Child labour is a widespread and growing phenomenon in the developing world. This paper looks at the determinants of child labour participation in the cocoa farming sector of Côte d’Ivoire, an issue of special interest because the country accoun...

Right to the Classroom: Educational Barriers for Zimbabweans in South Africa

"This report examines the obstacles to access by Zimbabwean children and students to schools and tertiary institutions in South Africa. There is a common assumption in South Africa that these children and students have no right to an education in ...

Creating Space for Child Participation in Local Governance in Tanzania : Save the Children and Children's Councils

"The main purpose of the research is to explore a model of child participation in local government as developed by Save the Children in Tanzania. Children identified adults as significant actors in the functioning of the councils. Four main adult ...

Towards an understanding of repeat violent offending

"This paper explores South African and international literature relevant to repeat offending. It reviews the international literature on violent and aggressive behaviour and relevant, but limited, South African literature on violent criminal behav...

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