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Legal and Policy Framework for Children’s Rights in Rwanda

This document comprises a brief guide to the institutional, legal and policy framework for the promotion and protection of children’s rights in Rwanda. A strong commitment to children’s rights, was demonstrated in Rwanda, having ratified the UN Con…

Children's Diets, Nutrition Knowledge, and Access to Markets

"Chronic undernutrition in Ethiopia is widespread and many children consume highly monotonous diets. To improve feeding practices in Ethiopia, a strong focus in nutrition programming has been placed on improving the nutrition knowledge of caregivers…

Contrary to Court Ruling, Zimbabweans Endorse Parental Right to Physically Discipline Children

Corporal punishment of children has been a topic of contentious public debate in Zimbabwe since High Court Judge Justice David Mangota’s ruling in March 2017 that the use of physical force to discipline children in school or at home is unconstitutio…

Children and Armed Conflicts in Africa

Available figures put the number of child soldiers involved in armed conflicts in Africa at around 100,000. Some are as young as nine. This report examines the role of various African Union (AU) organs in monitoring children’s rights in conflict an…

'A Lost Generation' - Young People and Conflict in Africa

Four main hypotheses were explored with this research. Firstly, young people experience a wide variety of forms of Discrimination. This includes discrimination at the hands of adults with a duty of care. The second is that the power relationships w…

The complexity of applying UN Resolution 1325 in post conflict reintegration processes: The case of Northern Uganda

"The United Nations (UN) Security Council Resolution 1325 calls on all actors involved to address the special needs of women and girls during rehabilitation, reintegration and post-conflict reconstruction. This study endeavors to analyse the reinte…

Determinants of Child Labour and Schooling in the Native Cocoa Households of Côte d'Ivoire

"Child labour is a widespread and growing phenomenon in the developing world. This paper looks at the determinants of child labour participation in the cocoa farming sector of Côte d’Ivoire, an issue of special interest because the country accounts…

Right to the Classroom: Educational Barriers for Zimbabweans in South Africa

"This report examines the obstacles to access by Zimbabwean children and students to schools and tertiary institutions in South Africa. There is a common assumption in South Africa that these children and students have no right to an education in So…

Creating Space for Child Participation in Local Governance in Tanzania : Save the Children and Children's Councils

"The main purpose of the research is to explore a model of child participation in local government as developed by Save the Children in Tanzania. Children identified adults as significant actors in the functioning of the councils. Four main adult ro…

Towards an understanding of repeat violent offending

"This paper explores South African and international literature relevant to repeat offending. It reviews the international literature on violent and aggressive behaviour and relevant, but limited, South African literature on violent criminal behavio…

Rights of Children in Conflict An Evaluation of Japanese Official Development Assistance in Acholiland, Northern Uganda

"As part of Japan’s efforts to strengthen dialogue with African countries in preparation for the Fourth Tokyo Inter-national Conference on African Development (TICAD IV), the Japanese embassy in Addis Ababa mandated the office of the Institute for S…

Child Migration in Ghana: Issues, Risks and Opportunities

"On May 13, 2011, media in Ghana reported that 116 children between the ages of four and 17 were rescued from communities along Lake Volta—which links the country’s northern savannah with the coast—after they had been trafficked from the country’s …

OSSREA Bulletin Vol 5 No 1

"The principal objective of the scientific conference was to enhance the free exchange of views and ideas among African scholars, researchers, development partners, development practitioners and policymakers by facilitating for open and collaborativ…

OSSREA Bulletin Vol 5 No 3

In this bulletin several events within OSSREA for the month of October were discussed. The events includes workshops, an international forum, as well as the appointment of a new executive director. Three featured articles are titled : 1)Violence in …

Coordination Failure and Employment in South Africa

South Africa lost more than 890,000 jobs, but saw an increase in the number of skilled workers from 1989 to 1999. We argue that this is the consequence of well-documented acute apartheid-era distortions which led to a current coordination failure…

African Civil Society: Prospects for Raising Awareness on Priority Issues

Sub-Saharan Africa is grappling with such severe and recurring economic, political and social crises that some of them, including HIV/AIDS, food insecurity and civil war, have ended up as humanitarian disasters. Making such a statement is not indic…

All the world loves a child?

This brief report describes UNICEF’s call for a World Summit for Children to be held in September 1990, due to the ethic that the health and wellbeing of the world’s children is a significant measure of its level of development. An expression of thi…

Zambians Overwhelmingly Disapprove of Domestic Violence and Corporal Punishment

"An overwhelming majority of Zambians say they are opposed to physical violence as a way to discipline women and children, Afrobarometer’s most recent survey reveals.1 Disapproval of wife battering is so widespread in Zambia that there is little or …

Child Budget Analysis in Kenya: National Government and Six County Governments

Kenya is a signatory to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) as well as the African Charter on the Rights and the welfare of the child as well as various other international conventions. The country has gone much further …

Benign Accommodation? Ukuthwala, ‘forced marriage’ and the South African Children’s Act

This article evaluates the implications of the Children’s Act 38 of 2005 for ukuthwala. As a preliminary procedure to a customary marriage, the ukuthwala is a practice whereby, a young man forcibly takes a girl to his home. The practice, in recent …

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