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HIV/AIDS and Children's Migration in Southern Africa

"Southern Africa is the region worst affected by the global AIDS pandemic and also experiences very high levels of migration. The two countries examined in this paper, Lesotho and Malawi, have estimated adult HIV prevalence rates of 31% and 16% re...

A Quantitative Analysis of Determinants of Child and Maternal Malnutrition in Nigeria

"Malnutrition rates among children 0-36 months and women of reproductive age in Nigeria are high and vary significantly across rural-urban locations, geopolitical regions, and agroecological zones, constituting a significant public health chall...

Socio Economic Factors of Early Childhood Mortality in Ethiopia : Evidence from Demographic and Health Survey

The rates of childhood mortality are important summary indicators of social development, quality of life, overall health, maternal health and welfare. Childhood deaths are primarily caused by preventable and communicable diseases and poor coverage...

Facilitating Fertility Decline to Maximise on the Window of Opportunity

"Kenya’s initial rapid fertility decline in the 1980s was followed by stagnation at high levels in the 1990s. On the other hand, child mortality rates have recently dropped by substantial margins. This has resulted in rapid population increase, an...

Assessing Levels and Determinants of Child Deprivation in Eastern and Southern Africa

"Progress in addressing inequities in child health and wellbeing in Africa has partly been curtailed by lack of proper indicators to measure and monitor progress in reducing the vulnerability of children. Child wellbeing has mostly been identified...

Influencing Policy for Children in Tanzania : Lessons From Education, Legislation and Social Protection

"The central concern of this paper is to identify the best systems and mechanisms to enable support for children, especially the most vulnerable children, given limited resources and capacity constraints. While the issues remain complex, an examin...

Coping Strategies Used by Street Children in the Event of Illness

"This study examined the health seeking behaviours of street children in three municipal districts of Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania. The research was carried out in October 2005 and involved 272 street children, aged 10 to 18 years of age. Findings reve...

SUN: A Global Movement to Accelerate Progress in Reducing Maternal and Child Undernutrition

"As the 2015 deadline for meeting the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)approaches, the poor countries of the world have already made considerable progress toward reducing maternal and child undernutrition. From 1990 to 2008, the prevalence of s...

La Situation des Enfants au Sénégal: Pauvreté, Vulnérabilités et Réponses Politiques / The Situation of Children in Senegal Regarding: Poverty, Vulnerabilities and Political Responses

This paper analyzed the way in which the fiscal and protection policies implemented in Senegal respond to the vulnerability and poverty of children. The available data on the physical situation of the latter provide evidence that many of them are ...

Improving Immunisation in Urban Slum Areas in Nigeria through Stakeholder Participation: Implication for Research

This policy brief is based on the findings of CPED's on-going implementation research on “Improving immunisation in urban slum areas of Nigeria through stakeholder participation”. The project is one of the small scale implementation research progr...

Mother's Spending Decisions, Ethnicity and Child Malnutrition in Ghana

"I argue in this policy brief that the relationship between ethnicity and the mother’s role in child nutrition is either direct or indirect, depending on the nature of cultural practices. Thus, in a setting with cultural practices such as food tab...

Better Nutrition for Children in Uganda: The Policy Makers Role

"Although Uganda has made tremendous progress in improving welfare outcomes in the past 20 years, some key welfare outcomes especially regarding nutritional status have performed dismally. For instance, the proportion of poor persons reduced from ...

Food Insecurity and Family Structure in Nigeria

The article explores a series of questions and hypotheses related to polygynous family structures and both household and individual-level food security outcomes, using the World Bank Living Standards Measurement Survey data from Nigeria, collect...

Do Safety Net Transfers Improve Household Diets and Reduce Undernutrition? Evidence from Rural Ethiopia

In this paper we examine the impact of the Ethiopia’s Productive Safety Net Program on household dietary diversity and child nutrition using both waves of the Ethiopian Socioeconomic Survey. For identification, we use various methodologies. To e...

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