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Review of Public Expenditure Management in Sub-Saharan Africa

"Public expenditure is one of the critical ingredients of a country’s development. To ensure that public expenditure is efficient and effective, it is essential that resource allocation decisions are underpinned by sound analysis and that a well-d...

The Inflationary Effects of Fiscal Deficit in Sierra Leone: A Simulation Approach

The objective of the study is to identify rules for the conduct of fiscal and monetary policies for low inflation in Sierra Leone. Policy simulations are carried out following the estimation of an inflation model with annual data from 1971 to 2012...

Analytical Brief on Social Sector Budget 2018: ‘A Mirage in the Social Sector budget’

As Zambia continues on its recovery path, Social Sectors spending remain cardinal to providing both increased and good quality services to its increasing population. The level of resources allocated to these sectors through the National Budget is ...

Note d'Analyse du Budget 2017 de l'état Togolais / Analysis of the 2017 Budget of the Togolese State

The Togolese economy recorded a real growth rate of 5% with an inflation rate of 1.19% in 2016. In 2015 outstanding debt,was estimated at 75.4% of GDP. The investment rate was 22.8% in 2016, its lowest rate since 2013, while the tax pressure wa...

Règles Budgétaires et Soutenabilité des Finances Publiques / Budgetary Rules and Sustainability of Public Finances

This article examines the formulation, implementation, and performance of rules with particular emphasis on the experience of developing countries with a medium income. The first part proposes a definition and justification of budgetary rules, as ...

Integrated Results Based Management in Botswana: Institutions, Documentation and Progress to Date

"This paper analyses Botswana’s efforts at implementing the IRBM system. IRBM is a way of reforming public sectors through helping governments focus on proper, well-timed achievement of relevant goals and objectives. Such reform is carried out thr...

Status Report on Land and Agricultural Policy in South Africa, 2010

"Agriculture plays numerous roles in society. The most obvious is to produce food (and, to a lesser extent, fibre). While agriculture is the mainstay of the rural economy, it also shapes social relations and landscapes. In some countries, this is ...

Tax Reforms in Tanzania : Motivations, Directions and Implications

"This paper provides a theoretical discussion on the relationship between buoyancy/elasticity and the existence of the underground economy and postulates an inverse relationship between the two. Such relationship is argued because the growth of th...

Budgeting for Land Reform

"The primary purpose of land reform in South Africa is to redistribute agricultural and other land in order to address the racially skewed pattern of landholding and promote development. Slow progress in land reform over the past decade underscor...

Budget and Public Expenditure across Nigerian States

"This paper examines budget and public expenditure across Nigerian states, from 2001-2005. It is divided into six sections. Section One discusses the conceptual definitions and theoretical arguments. It contains two sub-sections. The first sub-sec...

Uganda’s National Budget 2010/2011: How Strategic are the Budget Priorities?

The debate came three weeks after Hon. Bbumba read her 2010/2011 budget speech before Parliament. The theme of the budget was “Strategic Priorities to Accelerate Growth, Employment and Socio-Economic Transformation for Prosperity”. Now, long gone ...

Botswana's Debt Sustainability: A Brief Narrative

" This paper examines the financial and by extension the economic sustainability of the existing debt using non-technical analysis and a simplified narrative.The motivation of this note was to shed light on the extent to which one should worry ab...

Enhancing Public Budget Transparency in Botswana

"This policy brief discusses the need to make Botswana’s budget process more transparent. Transparent or open budgets both facilitate and support timely, relevant public access to budget information, enhancing citizen participation in the budgetar...

Evaluating Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa: Land Redistribution

"The land reform programme of the South African government is conventionally described as having three legs: restitution, tenure reform and redistribution. While restitution deals specifically with historical rights in land, and tenure reform with...

The Case for Re-Strategising Spending Priorities to Support Small-Scale Farmers in South Africa

"This paper summarises what is known about South Africa’s public expenditure trends in respect of small-scale farmers, and discusses the growing contradictions between the policy priority placed on small-scale farming and the adequacy of support p...

Trade, Payments Liberalization and Economic Performance in Ghana

"Trade and payments liberalization will have implications for employment, economic growth, balance of payments, government budgets and inflation. Experience varies across the continent depending upon the initial conditions before liberalization, s...

Bridging the PAYE Tax Revenue Gap

"Based on the Report “Uncovering the Unknown: An analysis of Tax Evasion in Zambia,” Zambia is currently grappling with issues of reducing high budget deficits. Zambia’s tax revenue-to-GDP ratio dropped to a record low of 13% in the early 1990s fr...

2014/15 Botswana Government Budget: Briefing Note

"The budget briefing note provides an assessment of the 2014/15 national (Botswana) budget allocations presented to the Parliament. The main features are discussed with emphasis on the implications for the fiscal and growth strategy given the deve...

Resource Allocation Model for the Constituency Development Fund

"The research reported on in this paper has calculated a composite index of deprivation using 2010 Census data, drawing on the experience of similar initiatives in other countries and using internationally accepted statistical techniques. This ind...

Effective Budget Oversight in Botswana: Role of the Legislature and the Office of the Auditor General

"The paper discusses the effectiveness of public budget oversight in Botswana. It assesses the roles of Parliament and the Office of the Auditor General in budget oversight and makes recommendations on how to improve the effectiveness of oversight...

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