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State, Borders and Territory in the Sahel: The Case of the G5 Sahel

This document is available in French as well : L’Etat, les frontières et le territoire au Sahel : Cas du G5 Sahel. This Policy Brief highlights the depths of the Sahel crisis. Some aspects of the crisis, such as extremist violence, migration, trans…

L’Etat, les Frontières et le Territoire au Sahel: Cas du G5 Sahel / State, Borders and Territory in the Sahel: The Case of the G5 Sahel

Ce titre et disponible en Anglais: State, Borders and Territory in the Sahel: The case of the G5 Sahel. This Policy Brief highlights the depths of the Sahel crisis. Some aspects of the crisis, such as extremist violence, migration, transnational cri…

Border Governance for African Integration: Progress and Challenges

This Report focused at two immediacies, of which the first is, to be an instant aide memoire for the Colloquium participants. It is, in this regard, intended to keep the subject of the Colloquium alive and assist participants to remain engaged with …

Why Africa must Resolve its Maritime Boundary Disputes

The maritime boundary disputes in Africa, unless resolved in a concerted and timely manner, will imperil both the short and long-term implementation of maritime policies and strategies. Stakeholders and states in Africa must prioritise boundary disp…

Most Swazis say Free Cross-border Movement Desirable but not yet a Reality

"Results of the Afrobarometer survey show that most Swazis support free movement across international borders for trade and work, but their experience suggests that in fact crossing borders is difficult. While a substantial proportion of the populat…

Land and Resources in a Transfrontier Setting: The Case of the Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Conservation and Development Project

"Amongst the many initiatives in legislative and policy change affecting land and common property resource management in southern Africa today, transfrontier conservation areas (TFCAs) seem particularly prominent because of their massive scale, huge…

Southern Sudan: the Option of Secession and its Regional Implications

"As Sudan enters the final and most critical year of its post-war transition period, the other countries that form the Horn and central Africa are on the alert. Southern Sudan’s self-determination referendum, scheduled for January 2011, could very …

Africa’s International Borders as Potential Sources of Conflict and Future Threats to Peace and Security

"This paper examines the potential of Africa’s international boundaries as sources of conflict and future threats to peace and security on the continent. It argues that although border-related inter-state conflicts have been displaced by governance…

The Eritrea - Djibouti Border Dispute

"The objective of this situation report is to provide timely and relevant information and analysis on the border dispute that recently broke out between Eritrea and Djibouti.The facts at hand being fragmented, it is too early and difficult to prov…

The Lesotho/Free State Border

"The subject of this paper is the 450km international border between the South African province of the Free State and the sovereign state of Lesotho. The aim is twofold: First, to examine the role of existing South African borderline control in shap…

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 28

This record includes statements from various key figures like Minister P W Botha on the Namibian negotiations during 1982. It also includes correspondence concerning Angolan allegations of South African military incursions into Angola during 1982. …

Guinea-Bissau: In Need of a State

Excerpt: "Guinea-Bissau needs a state. Its political and administrative structures are insufficient to guarantee control of its territory, assure minimum public services or counter-balance the army’s dominance. This core weakness has been at the roo…

Beyond the Fragile Peace between Ethiopia and Eritrea: Averting New War

Excerpt: "The Ethiopia-Eritrea impasse carries serious risk of a new war and is a major source of instability in the Horn of Africa, most critically for Somalia. Following Ethiopia’s refusal to accept virtual demarcation of the border by the now dis…

Sudan: Defining the North-South Border

"The January 2011 referendum on self-determination could result in Sudan’s partition, and the country’s North-South border may ultimately become the world’s newest international boundary. The 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) that ended two d…

L’intangibilité des Frontières Africaines à l’épreuve des Réalités Contemporaines / The Intangibility of Borders in the Face of Contemporary Realities

Open conflicts besetting Africa find their origin mainly in the struggle for power, the appropriation of natural resources or the issue of borders. After having been overshadowed during the first decades following African independence, thanks to th…

Overlapping Claims by Somaliland and Puntland: The Case of Sool and Sanaag

Over the past two years, tensions over competing claims to the Sool and Sanaag regions by the self-declared entity of Somaliland and the autonomous Puntland State of Somalia have escalated. Local, regional and national contestations, combined with a…

Securitisation of Migration in Africa: The Case of Agadez in Niger

This report discusses the securitisation of intra-African migration and its unintended consequences. It has four sections. The first provides a conceptual overview of the securitisation of migration and sheds light on its practical manifestations on…

The Underlying Causes of Morocco-Spain Maritime Dispute off the Atlantic Coast

This paper will examine the rationale behind Morocco’s decision to update its maritime laws, as well as the underlying causes that have prevented Rabat and Madrid from reaching a definitive agreement on the delimitation of their maritime borders off…

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