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Small-Scale Bioenergy Initiatives: Brief Description and Preliminary Lessons on Livelihood Impacts from Case Studies in Asia, Latin America and Africa Final Report

This report is based on a series of 15 international case studies conducted between September and November 2008 under a joint initiative of FAO and the PISCES Energy Research Programme Consortium funded by DFID. The case studies focused on developin…

Gender Equity, Charcoal and the Value Chain in Western Kenya

Charcoal plays an integral role in the lives of the many Kenyans who lack consistent access to energy sources such as electricity. Gaps in gender equity within charcoal production and marketing are influenced by social, economic and cultural factors…

Environmental Suitability and Agro-environmental Zoning of Kenya for Biofuel Production

The objective of this study was to conduct an agro-climatic and environmental zoning of Kenya in order to produce maps showing the country’s biodiversity, variety of land uses, protected areas and sites that were suitable for growing biofuel feedsto…

Solar Technologies and Forced Draft Cookstoves: Key to Household Contribution towards Low Carbon Development in Kenya

"Lack of access to modern and clean forms of energy in most African countries remains a major challenge in cutting down greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations in the atmosphere. The critical role energy plays in facilitating social-economic development…

Situational Analysis of Energy Industry, Policy and Strategy for Kenya

With regards to its domestic energy requirements, Kenya is in a very interesting development phase. In the past decade the country has grappled with the challenge of unreliable, expensive and unsustainable energy use supporting a stagnating industr…

Mainstreaming Gender in Bioenergy Projects: Lessons from PISCES

"This section sets the pace by reviewing the evolution of debates around gender and bioenergy and how they relate to developing countries. Energy and gender debates contextualize energy poverty as having a woman/gender dimension. Out of the 1.3 bi…

ELCI-ACTS Greening the Fishery Economy Project A Pilot Study Report on Sustainable Utilization of Biomass Energy Among the Fisher Folk of L Victoria Beaches, Kenya

"Lake Victoria has over decades been identified as a major fresh water lake and main source of fish for East African countries. Over 30 million livelihoods across the entire lake stretch depend on the lake’s existence for their survival. In Kenya, o…

Journal of Energy in Southern Africa Vol 26 No.2

The first article “Suppressed demand in the clean development mechanism: conceptual and practical issues” studies the challenges of the application of greenhouse gas emission accounting in poor communities. “Proposal for improved nuclear fuel utilis…

Zimbabwe's Contested Large Scale Land-Based Investment: The Chisumbanje Ethanol Project

"This policy brief presents the example of a biofuels production project and its value chain to argue that there is a need for a land and investment policy to guide communities, investors and stakeholders. The expansion of commercial sugarcane farmi…

Sustainability Challenges and Opportunities of Generating Biogas From Water Hyacinth in Ndunga Village, Kenya

"Recent studies show possibilities of producing bio-energy from water hyacinth thus generating avenues for research, technological development and marketing of its energy products. As the search for alternatives to clean energy sources intensifies i…

Leveling the Field for Biofuels Comparing the Economic and Environmental Impacts of Biofuel and Other Export Crops in Malawi

"Biofuel production can have conflicting impacts on economic growth, food and energy security, and natural resources. Understanding these trade-offs is crucial for designing policies that are consistent with the Sustainable Development Goals. This i…

Poverty and Environmental Quality in the Niger Delta Region : Dependence on Biomass Fuels as the Source of Household Energy

This study analyzed the relationship between poverty and environmental quality in the Niger Delta Region. It focuses on determining how population growth has affected forest and non-forest resource exploitation in the Niger Delta Region; establishin…

Recounting the Miseries of the Poor - A Multidimensional Measurement of Poverty in Zambia

The approach of this report is multi dimensional in nature, which means it considers additional poverty indicators alongside the traditional income approach. Therefore the report highlights some of the important aspects of human needs and the exten…

Power and the Private Sector in Tanzania: Prospects for the AFDB's High Fives Strategy

A stable, affordable energy supply underpins economic development by enabling infrastructure development and investment, and ultimately increases industrialisation and enhances competitiveness. Ensuring electricity security is therefore vital for al…

The Role of Policy Brokers: The Case of Biotechnology in Kenya

"The purpose of this paper is to highlight specific activities of brokers in the biotechnology regulatory process and to report on and critically examine their emergence in relation to what this might mean for a renewed pro-development debate spu…

Solar PV for Enhancing Electricity Access in Kenya: What Policies are Required?

"Modern energy services are crucial to human well-being and to a country’s economic development; and yet globally over 1.3 billion people are without access to electricity and 2.6 billion people are without clean cooking facilities. More than 95 pe…

Who Gets the Human Appropriation of Net Primary Production? Biomass Distribution & the 'Sugar Economy' in the Tana Delta, Kenya

"In this article we focus on the connection between purchases of land and the emerging ‘biomass-economy’, analysing biomass distribution in a region targeted for land-grabbing in order to understand the process from both bio-physical and political e…

Commercial Biofuel Land Deals & Environment and Social Impact Assessments in Africa: Three Case Studies in Mozambique and Sierra Leone

"The rapid increase in attempts by foreign investors to acquire large tracts of land in Africa for biofuel developments has generated substantial concern about their potential negative impact on the communities living in the targeted areas. This inc…

Promouvoir la Centrale à Biomasse: Une Solution à L’autonomisation de la Femme Rurale en Côte d’Ivoire. / Promoting the Biomass Power Plant: A Solution to the Empowerment of Rural Women in Côte d'Ivoire.

Despite the performance of the national economy, with an average annual growth rate of 7%, the level of poverty remains still high in Côte d'Ivoire, particularly among women, whose poverty rate is 47.4% compared to 45.5% for men. The situation is ev…

Thinking Outside the Grid: The Role of Decentralized Power Systems in Electrifying Sub Saharan Africa

Meeting the energy needs of the developing world remains a critical development priority. Access to energy has been identified as correlating with economic growth as well as having positive impacts on education and health. In sub-Saharan Africa, acc…

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