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Uganda: No Resolution to Growing Tensions

"This background report provides the context for growing tensions and analyses the unresolved issues of national integration that plagued Ugandan governments long before independence. It examines the effect of the decision to reestablish the tradi...

Governance Assessment and Monitoring in Botswana

"Good governance is a major challenge to African States. The main objective of this study was to encourage and keep track of improvements in good governance in Botswana by monitoring and publicising progress, or the lack thereof. Specific objectiv...

Princes’ Progress Reconstruction and Authority in Eritrea and Rwanda

"Eritrea and Rwanda are among Africa’s smallest and poorest states. Substantial military resources, and expertise, have enabled both countries to exert dispropor-tionate influence over regional security. Aggression and authoritarianism have not p...

Diehards and Democracy Elites, Inequality and Institutions in African Elections

"Effective policy is not the exclusive preserve of democratic government. So-called “competitive authoritarian” regimes in Africa have proved alluring to donors and investors alike, from East and West. Whether these regimes will succeed in emulat...

Popular Protest in North African and the Middle East (II): Yemen Between Reform and Revolution

"Even before the popular wave from Tunisia and Egypt reached Yemen, President Saleh’s regime faced daunting challenges. In the north, it is battling the Huthi rebellion, in the south, an ever-growing secessionist movement. Al-Qaeda in the Arabian...

Political Violence in North Africa: The Perils of Incomplete Liberalization

"After the attacks of September 11, 2001, a growing number of analysts and policymakers drew a link between the dramatic rise of terrorism in the Middle East and the region’s lack of democracy. The question of whether levels of political rights ...

Political Change in Madagascar: Populist Democracy or Neopatrimonialism by Another Name?

"This paper examines the formation of the Third Republic in 1992 in a historical context, and the events leading up to the crisis of 2002, before turning to consider the efforts of Marc Ravalomanana and the new government since. This should provi...

Swaziland: The King’s Constitution

"The question of what role the monarchy must play in Swazi politics remains fundamentally untouched. More specifically, this relates to the ways in which a genuinely inclusive political system, one able to incorporate the demands of a “modern” st...

Zimbabwe's Turmoil: Problems and Prospects

"Brian Kagoro analyses the emergence of effective opposition politics within Zimbabwe against a background of deepening crisis.John Makumbe looks at the prospects for a transition within ZANU-PF itself. He identifies tensions within the party be...

Zimbabwe’s Movement for Democratic Change:Briefing Notes

"What follows is an attempt to analyse the MDC’s progress as a political party despite the huge political challenges it has had to face from the governing ZANU-PF party, which has made concerted efforts, legal and illegal, to undermine support for...

Zimbabwe's Turmoil. Problems and prospects

"Chapter 1 by Brian Kagoro analyses the emergence of effective opposition politics within Zimbabwe against a background of deepening crisis. He identifies the continuity of the themes of violence and fraud that have been endemic to the country’s p...

Guinea: The Transition Has Only Just Begun

Excerpt: "The military junta that took control of the country just hours after President Conté’s death on 23 December 2008 has tightened its grip on power. The self-proclaimed president, Moussa Dadis Camara, and his group of mid-ranking officers c...

Guinea: Military Rule Must End

"The killing of at least 160 participants in a peaceful demonstration, the rape of many women protestors, and the arrest of political leaders by security forces in Conakry on 28 September 2009 showed starkly the dangers that continued military rul...

Unchecked Executive Powers: Lessons in Effective Government Design

"Without checks and balances, the executive branch of government will inevitably dominate governance structures. This tendency has been particularly pronounced in Africa, in part because countries inherited the structures of the colonialists and t...

Managing Democracy: A Review of SADC Principles and Guidelines Governing Democratic Elections

"According to this report, democratization in Africa has spurred substantial progress in the electoral process. Party registration laws have been reformed to allow for the registration of more political parties. Electoral institutions are being ov...

EISA Election Update 2010 Central African Republic No 1

This paper started off with a brief description of the volatile political past of the CAR. It then continued to discuss the Electoral System, the role of the (CEI) Independent Electoral Commission. The discussion then continues around the events l...

Zimbabwe's Tortuous Road to a New Constitution and Elections

"This situation report evaluates Zimbabwe’s constitutional reform process and the prospects of holding a credible referendum and elections in the context of the GPA. It does so in four parts: firstly, it examines the Copac constitution making proc...

Ethiopia After Meles

"For more than two decades, Prime Minister Meles Zenawi managed Ethiopia’s political, ethnic and religious divides and adroitly kept the TFPL and EPRDF factions under tight control by concentrating power, gradually closing political space and stif...

The Day After Mugabe : Prospects for Change in Zimbabwe Prospects for Change in Zimbabwe

"This book is not a partisan project. The contributors write from diverse perspectives and none received payment. Almost all are united by criticism of Mugabe, but this is not a counsel of despair. The aim of this collection is to assess the pro...

Elections in Zimbabwe: A Recipe for Tension or a Remedy for Reconciliation?

"In this paper I seek to provide an in-depth analysis of Zimbabwe’s elections from 1980 to 2008, with a view to establishing whether they have been a recipe for deepening tension and conflict, or a remedy for reconciliation and a source of pol...

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