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Central African Republic’s Coup D’état: Underlying Causes and the Resulting Future Prospects for the State

The Central African Republic appears to be heading on a path of peace and stability, shown by the adoption of a new constitution and the election of a new president. In order to ensure this path's sustainability, the policy brief proposes a number o…

Backlash Against Democracy: The Regulation of Civil Society in Africa

"Among the many forces which contributed to the political liberalization of African nations, civil society formations played a pivotal role in dismantling authoritarian one-party rule and opening public space for wider political participation. Howe…

Le Projet Constitutionnel en 30 Points Essentiel / The Constitutional Project 30 Essential Points

The Institute Amadeus released a Memorandum on April 29 last year, which was presented to the Advisory Commission of Revision of the Constitution. The completed document follows an external consultation process, which was embodied by the organizati…

Now That we Know...A Case for a Community-Driven National Reconciliation Process

To confirm the need for reconciliation in the country and the conflicts that would be included in the reconciliation process was the primary purposes of this study. The researchers needed to establish whether or not the historical situation pointed…

Congo : Is Democratic Change Possible ?

This report analyses the tense context in which the upcoming elections are to take place. Several risks are identified, linked to the sudden developments in the decentralisation process, the slow and non-consensual preparation of an overly ambitio…

Deliberate Disengagement: How Education Decreases Political Participation in Electoral Authoritarian Regimes

"A large literature examining advanced and consolidating democracies suggests that education increases political participation. However, in electoral authoritarian regimes, educated voters may instead deliberately disengage. If education increases c…

Zimbabwe's Tortuous Road to a New Constitution and Elections

"This situation report evaluates Zimbabwe’s constitutional reform process and the prospects of holding a credible referendum and elections in the context of the GPA. It does so in four parts: firstly, it examines the Copac constitution making proces…

Ethiopia After Meles

"For more than two decades, Prime Minister Meles Zenawi managed Ethiopia’s political, ethnic and religious divides and adroitly kept the TFPL and EPRDF factions under tight control by concentrating power, gradually closing political space and stifli…

The Day After Mugabe : Prospects for Change in Zimbabwe Prospects for Change in Zimbabwe

"This book is not a partisan project. The contributors write from diverse perspectives and none received payment. Almost all are united by criticism of Mugabe, but this is not a counsel of despair. The aim of this collection is to assess the prosp…

Elections in Zimbabwe: A Recipe for Tension or a Remedy for Reconciliation?

"In this paper I seek to provide an in-depth analysis of Zimbabwe’s elections from 1980 to 2008, with a view to establishing whether they have been a recipe for deepening tension and conflict, or a remedy for reconciliation and a source of polit…

Swaziland: The Last Gasps of an Absolute Monarch?

"In this contribution we analyse some of the causes and consequences of the pro-democracy protests that have taken place in Swaziland in March and April 2011. Two related complaints were raised, the fiscal irresponsibility of the government and the…

Dani Wadada Nabudere’s Theoretical Explanation of Imperialism: an Exemplary Contribution to its Concrete Understanding

"The purpose of this brief is to pay tribute to Dani Wadada Nabudere as a distinguished multidisciplinary African scholar of Uganda with a high academic and scholarly reputation in Africa and the rest of the world. He did much to capture the theore…

Nigeria: The Colonial Legacy and Transitional Justice

This report provides an overview of the legacies of colonisation and demonstrates its impact on transitional justice in Nigeria. It argues that the current injustices in Nigeria are strongly connected to the country’s colonial history. Colonial po…

The Legacy of Mauritania’s Colonels: West Africa’s Next Crisis?

Briefly taking stock of the pertinent theoretical literature on democratic transitions, civil military relations, identity conflict, and the merit of focusing on the role of individual leaders, this study comparatively examines and evaluates their…

Revolt and Repression in Zimbabwe

On 12 January, in response to persistent fuel shortages compounded by manipulation and mismanagement of a currency crisis, President Emmerson Mnangagwa announced a fuel price hike of over 200 per cent to $3.31 per litre – making the country’s petrol…

Uganda: No Resolution to Growing Tensions

"This background report provides the context for growing tensions and analyses the unresolved issues of national integration that plagued Ugandan governments long before independence. It examines the effect of the decision to reestablish the traditi…

Governance Assessment and Monitoring in Botswana

"Good governance is a major challenge to African States. The main objective of this study was to encourage and keep track of improvements in good governance in Botswana by monitoring and publicising progress, or the lack thereof. Specific objectives…

Princes’ Progress Reconstruction and Authority in Eritrea and Rwanda

"Eritrea and Rwanda are among Africa’s smallest and poorest states. Substantial military resources, and expertise, have enabled both countries to exert dispropor-tionate influence over regional security. Aggression and authoritarianism have not pro…

Diehards and Democracy Elites, Inequality and Institutions in African Elections

"Effective policy is not the exclusive preserve of democratic government. So-called “competitive authoritarian” regimes in Africa have proved alluring to donors and investors alike, from East and West. Whether these regimes will succeed in emulatin…

Popular Protest in North African and the Middle East (II): Yemen Between Reform and Revolution

"Even before the popular wave from Tunisia and Egypt reached Yemen, President Saleh’s regime faced daunting challenges. In the north, it is battling the Huthi rebellion, in the south, an ever-growing secessionist movement. Al-Qaeda in the Arabian P…

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