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Backlash Against Democracy: The Regulation of Civil Society in Africa

"Among the many forces which contributed to the political liberalization of African nations, civil society formations played a pivotal role in dismantling authoritarian one-party rule and opening public space for wider political participation. Howe…

Le Projet Constitutionnel en 30 Points Essentiel / The Constitutional Project 30 Essential Points

The Institute Amadeus released a Memorandum on April 29 last year, which was presented to the Advisory Commission of Revision of the Constitution. The completed document follows an external consultation process, which was embodied by the organizati…

Now That we Know...A Case for a Community-Driven National Reconciliation Process

To confirm the need for reconciliation in the country and the conflicts that would be included in the reconciliation process was the primary purposes of this study. The researchers needed to establish whether or not the historical situation pointed…

Congo : Is Democratic Change Possible ?

This report analyses the tense context in which the upcoming elections are to take place. Several risks are identified, linked to the sudden developments in the decentralisation process, the slow and non-consensual preparation of an overly ambitio…

Deliberate Disengagement: How Education Decreases Political Participation in Electoral Authoritarian Regimes

"A large literature examining advanced and consolidating democracies suggests that education increases political participation. However, in electoral authoritarian regimes, educated voters may instead deliberately disengage. If education increases c…

Zimbabwe's Tortuous Road to a New Constitution and Elections

"This situation report evaluates Zimbabwe’s constitutional reform process and the prospects of holding a credible referendum and elections in the context of the GPA. It does so in four parts: firstly, it examines the Copac constitution making proces…

Ethiopia After Meles

"For more than two decades, Prime Minister Meles Zenawi managed Ethiopia’s political, ethnic and religious divides and adroitly kept the TFPL and EPRDF factions under tight control by concentrating power, gradually closing political space and stifli…

The Day After Mugabe : Prospects for Change in Zimbabwe Prospects for Change in Zimbabwe

"This book is not a partisan project. The contributors write from diverse perspectives and none received payment. Almost all are united by criticism of Mugabe, but this is not a counsel of despair. The aim of this collection is to assess the prosp…

Elections in Zimbabwe: A Recipe for Tension or a Remedy for Reconciliation?

"In this paper I seek to provide an in-depth analysis of Zimbabwe’s elections from 1980 to 2008, with a view to establishing whether they have been a recipe for deepening tension and conflict, or a remedy for reconciliation and a source of polit…

Swaziland: The Last Gasps of an Absolute Monarch?

"In this contribution we analyse some of the causes and consequences of the pro-democracy protests that have taken place in Swaziland in March and April 2011. Two related complaints were raised, the fiscal irresponsibility of the government and the…

Dani Wadada Nabudere’s Theoretical Explanation of Imperialism: an Exemplary Contribution to its Concrete Understanding

"The purpose of this brief is to pay tribute to Dani Wadada Nabudere as a distinguished multidisciplinary African scholar of Uganda with a high academic and scholarly reputation in Africa and the rest of the world. He did much to capture the theore…

Guinea: The Transition Has Only Just Begun

Excerpt: "The military junta that took control of the country just hours after President Conté’s death on 23 December 2008 has tightened its grip on power. The self-proclaimed president, Moussa Dadis Camara, and his group of mid-ranking officers cal…

Guinea: Military Rule Must End

"The killing of at least 160 participants in a peaceful demonstration, the rape of many women protestors, and the arrest of political leaders by security forces in Conakry on 28 September 2009 showed starkly the dangers that continued military rule …

Unchecked Executive Powers: Lessons in Effective Government Design

"Without checks and balances, the executive branch of government will inevitably dominate governance structures. This tendency has been particularly pronounced in Africa, in part because countries inherited the structures of the colonialists and the…

Managing Democracy: A Review of SADC Principles and Guidelines Governing Democratic Elections

"According to this report, democratization in Africa has spurred substantial progress in the electoral process. Party registration laws have been reformed to allow for the registration of more political parties. Electoral institutions are being over…

EISA Election Update 2010 Central African Republic No 1

This paper started off with a brief description of the volatile political past of the CAR. It then continued to discuss the Electoral System, the role of the (CEI) Independent Electoral Commission. The discussion then continues around the events lea…

Political Violence in North Africa: The Perils of Incomplete Liberalization

"After the attacks of September 11, 2001, a growing number of analysts and policymakers drew a link between the dramatic rise of terrorism in the Middle East and the region’s lack of democracy. The question of whether levels of political rights an…

Political Change in Madagascar: Populist Democracy or Neopatrimonialism by Another Name?

"This paper examines the formation of the Third Republic in 1992 in a historical context, and the events leading up to the crisis of 2002, before turning to consider the efforts of Marc Ravalomanana and the new government since. This should provide…

Swaziland: The King’s Constitution

"The question of what role the monarchy must play in Swazi politics remains fundamentally untouched. More specifically, this relates to the ways in which a genuinely inclusive political system, one able to incorporate the demands of a “modern” stat…

Zimbabwe's Turmoil: Problems and Prospects

"Brian Kagoro analyses the emergence of effective opposition politics within Zimbabwe against a background of deepening crisis.John Makumbe looks at the prospects for a transition within ZANU-PF itself. He identifies tensions within the party betw…

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