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Research on Small Arms in Central Africa

"By the end of the seminar a number of things had become apparent. Most research in Central Africa has been conducted by foreign researchers, with very limited direct participation by locals. One consequence of this is that local people, including t…

Beyond ‘Shadow-Boxing’ and ‘Lip Service’ The Enforcement of Arms Embargoes in Africa

"If an Arms Trade Treaty is to be successful, it is important to have a more informed understanding of the strengths and limitations of arms embargoes. This paper, employing a comparative case study approach, therefore seeks to analyse the monitorin…

Simpler, Better, Faster Review of the 2005 Firearms Amnesty

"This paper reviews the process of the 2005 firearms amnesty with particular focus on station level; assesses the meaning and impact of the amnesty, examining the factors for success; and offers suggestions for consideration for future amnesties. Co…

Implementing the Southern Africa Firearms Protocol Identifying Challenges and Priorities

"This paper briefly describes the historical development of the SADC Protocol as a regional instrument to increase control over the proliferation of small arms in Southern Africa. It places the Protocol within the context of other international and…

Policing the Ports Reducing Illicit Trafficking in South Africa

"Among the conclusions and recommendations arising from this study are suggestions for improvement in a number of systems. These range from information sharing to profiling risk analysis to cargo inspections. In terms of information systems, tip-off…

Arms Management Programme : Operations Rachel 1996 - 1999

"One of the main characteristics of the operations undertaken as part of Operation Rachel is that they have been intelligence-driven. It was agreed that both the Mozambican and South African police forces would gather information about cache locatio…

Intervention Civile - Prevenir la Violence et Mettre en Place une Democratie / Civilian Peacekeeping Preventing Violence and Making Space for Democracy

“Something must be done!” This cry came as the genocide began in Rwanda, as the civil war in Colombia escalated, as Sudanese refugees began pouring into Darfur, and in countless other dark moments of history. Unarmed civilians around the world are …

The Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation Relevance to African states

On 24 November 2002, the Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation (HCoC) came into effect. It aimed to strengthen efforts to curb ballistic missile proliferation worldwide, thereby supplementing the Missile Technology Control R…

People Power: How Civil Society Blocked an Arms Shipment for Zimbabwe

"In April 2008, a Chinese ship carrying arms destined for Zimbabwe’s Defence Force attempted to offload those weapons in Durban’s harbour, so that they might be transported across South African territory to land-locked Zimbabwe. South African civil…

Poles Apart or States Together? Israel, South Africa and the Middle East Crisis

"This report examines the impasse from both Israeli and Palestinian perspectives, highlighting the lessons of conflict resolution from SA and how they might be applied to the Middle East. It concludes with an assessment of the implications of and b…

Conflict and Elections Brief

"With the notable exception of the DRC, where the outcome of the most recent peace agreement is still uncertain, all of South Africa's civil wars have ended or are ending. A large majority of political competition in the region now proceeds peaceful…

IBSA Regional Security Dimensions: The South Africa Perspective

"This essay examines the challenges of international security with reference to the experience of the IBSA coalition. Specifically, it explores the role of IBSA in global security through the lens of South Africa. Its principal argument is that IBS…

Exclusion Issues and Challenges in the Implementation of the Amnesty Programme in the Niger Delta, Nigeria

This policy brief provides information on the findings of on-going research on “Amnesties for Peace in the Niger Delta: a critical assessment of whether forgiving crimes of the past contributes to lasting peace”. The study aimed to critically interr…

Peace & Security Council Report Issue 117

This report discusses several development issues on the African Continent. The first article is titled: African members stand together at the UN. At the end of September, African Union (AU) member states will be present en masse in New York for the…

Peace and Security Council Report Issue No.119

The first article is titled: Why African citizens were shocked by the pictures from Sochi. It discusses the images of African officials in Russia testing and gazing at sophisticated weapons, with visible exhilaration, which have been circulating on…

Religious Statecraft in the Sahel

In January 2020, French president Emmanuel Macron hosted an emergency summit for the heads of state of Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, and Chad (the G5 Sahel group). The participants agreed to set up the Coalition for the Sahel to tackle the …

Monitoring Ceasefires is getting Harder: Greater Innovation is Required

This essay proposes three practical possibilities, relevant to consider at both design and negotiation phases of a peace process, and during its implementation, to reshape, complement and strengthen, existing practice. These are: • to apply lesson…

Mediating in a Complex World

This paper addresses the practice of mediation today from the perspective of the complexity of that world, and the challenge presented to mediators to respond to this complexity in kind. As the UN’s ascendancy over the peacemaking field in the imme…

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