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Poles Apart or States Together? Israel, South Africa and the Middle East Crisis

"This report examines the impasse from both Israeli and Palestinian perspectives, highlighting the lessons of conflict resolution from SA and how they might be applied to the Middle East. It concludes with an assessment of the implications of and b…

Conflict and Elections Brief

"With the notable exception of the DRC, where the outcome of the most recent peace agreement is still uncertain, all of South Africa's civil wars have ended or are ending. A large majority of political competition in the region now proceeds peaceful…

IBSA Regional Security Dimensions: The South Africa Perspective

"This essay examines the challenges of international security with reference to the experience of the IBSA coalition. Specifically, it explores the role of IBSA in global security through the lens of South Africa. Its principal argument is that IBS…

Nuclear energy rethink? The rise and demise of South Africa’s Pebble Bed Modular Reactor

"Given the central importance of energy policy in South Africa, it is more important than ever that projects like the PBMR are evaluated for their necessity, viability, affordability, sustainability, and contribution to the country’s development pa…

Arms Control in a Rough Neighbourhood The case of the Great Lakes Region and the Horn of Africa

"This paper examines the processes leading up to the adoption of the Nairobi Protocol and the establishment of a regional coordination body to oversee its implementation. It also attempts to assess regional and national progress made in implementing…

Africa and an Arms Trade Treaty

"The arms trade treaty initiative was put forward over a decade ago in an attempt to strengthen controls over the legal arms trade by establishing common universal standards for the import, export and transfer of conventional weapons. It is envisag…

Negotiating the Convention on Cluster Munitions The role of African States

"On 30 May 2008, 107 governments participating in a Dublin Diplomatic Conference formally adopted the text of a new Convention on Cluster Munitions banning those that cause unacceptable harm to civilians. The convention is the culmination of what …

Sanctions and Embargoes in Africa Implementation Dynamics, Prospects and Challenges in the Case of Somalia

"The Somalia arms embargo was imposed in January 1992 by Security Council Resolution 733(1992) primarily to restrict the delivery of all weapons and military equipment into Somali territory as a way of impacting on the worsening security situation i…

Controlling the Transfer of Arms Progress and Challenges in the African Context

"This paper argues that events over the past two years(since January 2006)have reinforced the need to locate efforts at strengthening controls over the transfer of small arms at the national and regional levels. This is for two reasons. First, while…

Understanding Africa's Contemporary Conflicts Origins, Challenges and Peacebuilding

"The first part, consisting of two chapters, examines changing methodologies through which we can more accurately analyse and map violent conflict, its causes and effects. The second then consider conflict resolution and peacebuilding and the key ch…

The Burundi Peace Process From Civil War to Conditional Peace

"This monograph will focus on the role played by peacekeeping missions in the Burundian peace process to ensure that agreements signed by parties to the conflict were adhered to and implemented. The deployment of peacekeeping missions went full circ…

South Africa’s Second Term at the UN Security Council: Managing Expectations

"This paper provides a short section on how global shifts in power may impact upon the Council and the associated chances for reform, before examining key themes and issues that South Africa will likely have to confront during its imminent tenure. …

Militias Rebels and Islamist Militants: Human insecurity and state crisis in Africa

"Militias, rebels and Islamist militants: human insecurity and state crises in Africa explores how armed non-state groups have emerged as key players in African politics and armed conflicts since the 1990s. The book is a critical, multidisciplinary…

Research on Small Arms in Central Africa

"By the end of the seminar a number of things had become apparent. Most research in Central Africa has been conducted by foreign researchers, with very limited direct participation by locals. One consequence of this is that local people, including t…

Beyond ‘Shadow-Boxing’ and ‘Lip Service’ The Enforcement of Arms Embargoes in Africa

"If an Arms Trade Treaty is to be successful, it is important to have a more informed understanding of the strengths and limitations of arms embargoes. This paper, employing a comparative case study approach, therefore seeks to analyse the monitorin…

Simpler, Better, Faster Review of the 2005 Firearms Amnesty

"This paper reviews the process of the 2005 firearms amnesty with particular focus on station level; assesses the meaning and impact of the amnesty, examining the factors for success; and offers suggestions for consideration for future amnesties. Co…

Implementing the Southern Africa Firearms Protocol Identifying Challenges and Priorities

"This paper briefly describes the historical development of the SADC Protocol as a regional instrument to increase control over the proliferation of small arms in Southern Africa. It places the Protocol within the context of other international and…

SAIIA International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 8, no. 2, 1984

This issue starts with Smuts House notes of the year. It then proceeds to articles from papers delivered at the SAIIA Third International Conference on Economic Interdependence and World Order held in 1984 namely: The global community at the crossro…

Small Arms Proliferation and Control in Southern Africa

"This study examines the proliferation of small arms in Southern Africa in the light of the peace processes which have brought an end to the armed conflict in the region. The control of these weapons which have been distributed far and wide, both l…

States Negotiating an Arms Trade Treaty A Toolkit for African States

"The toolkit exclusively focuses on the three core components of a future ATT, namely scope, criteria and implementation. Considerable detail is provided on each of these content areas in relatively straightforward terms in order for the toolkit to …

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