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Exclusion Issues and Challenges in the Implementation of the Amnesty Programme in the Niger Delta, Nigeria

This policy brief provides information on the findings of on-going research on “Amnesties for Peace in the Niger Delta: a critical assessment of whether forgiving crimes of the past contributes to lasting peace”. The study aimed to critically interr…

Monitoring Ceasefires is getting Harder: Greater Innovation is Required

This essay proposes three practical possibilities, relevant to consider at both design and negotiation phases of a peace process, and during its implementation, to reshape, complement and strengthen, existing practice. These are: • to apply lesson…

Mediating in a Complex World

This paper addresses the practice of mediation today from the perspective of the complexity of that world, and the challenge presented to mediators to respond to this complexity in kind. As the UN’s ascendancy over the peacemaking field in the imme…

Peace & Security Council Report Issue 117

This report discusses several development issues on the African Continent. The first article is titled: African members stand together at the UN. At the end of September, African Union (AU) member states will be present en masse in New York for the…

Peace and Security Council Report Issue No.119

The first article is titled: Why African citizens were shocked by the pictures from Sochi. It discusses the images of African officials in Russia testing and gazing at sophisticated weapons, with visible exhilaration, which have been circulating on…

Religious Statecraft in the Sahel

In January 2020, French president Emmanuel Macron hosted an emergency summit for the heads of state of Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, and Chad (the G5 Sahel group). The participants agreed to set up the Coalition for the Sahel to tackle the …

Africa’s Engagement with the International Nuclear Security Framework

"In March 2014, the third Nuclear Security Summit will take place in The Hague, the Netherlands. The summit represents an opportunity for invited states to assess progress made since 2010, focusing specifically on the objectives and actions outli…

Intervention Civile - Prevenir la Violence et Mettre en Place une Democratie / Civilian Peacekeeping Preventing Violence and Making Space for Democracy

“Something must be done!” This cry came as the genocide began in Rwanda, as the civil war in Colombia escalated, as Sudanese refugees began pouring into Darfur, and in countless other dark moments of history. Unarmed civilians around the world are …

The Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation Relevance to African states

On 24 November 2002, the Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation (HCoC) came into effect. It aimed to strengthen efforts to curb ballistic missile proliferation worldwide, thereby supplementing the Missile Technology Control R…

Arms Control Africa Newsletter Vol 3 Issue 1

"This issue focuses on recent arms control developments undertaken by African States. The first quarter of 2011 has shown significant progress with regard to Africa’s participation in international arms control and disarmament agreements. The globa…

Implementing the African Nuclear-Weapon- Free Zone Treaty: Another Major Step Forward

"This edition (Issue 7) focuses on the Treaty of Pelindaba and recent developments in its implementation including the establishment of its compliance body, the African Commission on Nuclear Energy (AFCONE) and progress made by both the US and the …

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 6, no. 2, 2006

'African Approaches to Building Peace and Social Solidarity' examines African indigenous approaches to building peace and promoting social solidarity. 'Can a Fledgling Democracy take Flight in the Democratic Republic of the Congo?' offers a brief re…

Arms Control Africa Newsletter Vol 2 Issue 5

"This issue focuses on recent arms control developments undertaken by African states. This year has been particularly significant with regard to Africa’s participation in international arms control and disarmament agreements. The Treaty of Pelindaba…

SAIIA International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 8, no. 2, 1984

This issue starts with Smuts House notes of the year. It then proceeds to articles from papers delivered at the SAIIA Third International Conference on Economic Interdependence and World Order held in 1984 namely: The global community at the crossro…

Small Arms Proliferation and Control in Southern Africa

"This study examines the proliferation of small arms in Southern Africa in the light of the peace processes which have brought an end to the armed conflict in the region. The control of these weapons which have been distributed far and wide, both l…

States Negotiating an Arms Trade Treaty A Toolkit for African States

"The toolkit exclusively focuses on the three core components of a future ATT, namely scope, criteria and implementation. Considerable detail is provided on each of these content areas in relatively straightforward terms in order for the toolkit to …

Progress Towards Securing Africa's Nuclear Resources

"Section I of this assessment addresses the central research question of how the challenge of securing nuclear materials on the African continent is currently being addressed by investigating existing and future activities undertaken by African gove…

Tackling the aftermath of Libya’s ‘Arab Spring’: Addressing the Small Arms Issue

"The ‘Arab Spring’ - the term used for the popular uprisings against repressive leaders in North Africa and parts of the Middle East - not only took most of the world by surprise, but more disturbingly portrayed the ruthlessness with which the embat…

Nuclear energy rethink? The rise and demise of South Africa’s Pebble Bed Modular Reactor

"Given the central importance of energy policy in South Africa, it is more important than ever that projects like the PBMR are evaluated for their necessity, viability, affordability, sustainability, and contribution to the country’s development pa…

Arms Control in a Rough Neighbourhood The case of the Great Lakes Region and the Horn of Africa

"This paper examines the processes leading up to the adoption of the Nairobi Protocol and the establishment of a regional coordination body to oversee its implementation. It also attempts to assess regional and national progress made in implementing…

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