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Monitoring Fragile Ceasefires The Challenges and Dilemmas of the role of AMIS

"This paper focuses on the operational level, and seeks to examine the efforts of AMIS to stabilise the security situation in Darfur in order to improve the humanitarian conditions on the ground. It also looks at the non-commitment of the partie...

Returning Home to a Normal Life? The Plight of Displaced Angolans

"Amongst all the atrocities of war, one of the most tragic consequences of the 27 year long civil conflict in Angola was that over 4 million of civilians were forced to leave their homelands searching for safe havens elsewhere in the country and b...

Burundi Update: A New Hat for AMIB?

"This situation report gives an update of the military and political situation in Burundi, providing some comments on the possibility of a UN peacekeeping mission taking over AMIB. The security situation in Burundi has improved considerably since ...

Ethiopian-Eritrean Relations: Reading the Balance Sheet

"The end of the two-year Eritrea-Ethiopia war with the signing of the Algiers Accord was a cause for celebration among the people of the two countries. It brought hope that, with the settlement of the border issue, the relationship between them w...

Mapping the Road to Peace in Burundi: the Pretoria Sessions

"From 8 October to 2 November 2003 South African peace-brokers finally succeeded in helping the Transitional Government of Burundi (TGoB) and the rebel Forces for the Defence of Democracy- Forces for Defence of Democracy (CNDD-FDD) reach agreeme...

Burundi: The African Union’s First Mission

"Ten days before the power handover in the Burundian transitional government, mortar fire became even heavier on the outskirts of the capital, Bujumbura.It is against this background that the African Union (AU) has decided to deploy troops to Buru...

Tension in Ituri: An Update on the Democratic Republic of the Congo

"Although the withdrawal of foreign forces from the DRC and more specifically the Ituri province are unquestionably pre-requisites for the observance of the cease-fire, the power vacuum that may ensue must be avoided. The establishment of an accep...

Peacekeeping in the DRC MONUC and the Road to Peace

"The aim of this monograph is to enhance understanding of the complex array of actors and actions that underpin the current Congolese ‘peace process’ — from the key protagonists and their interests in the DRC, to the deployment of MONUC, and attem...

Congo Brazzaville The Deep End of the Pool

"A rebel takeover of Kinshasa or the withdrawal of Angolan soldiers from the country are merely two instances of circumstances that would have a direct influence on the situation in the Congo. A third possibility, of course, would be a negotiated ...

'Renaissance Peacekeeping' - A South African Solution to Conflict in the DRC?

"The concept of ‘Renaissance’ peacekeeping is thus dubbed because of its origins in a proposal by Thabo Mbeki to the leaders of Rwanda, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe, on modalities for ending the war in the DRC. It recognises a number of harsh rea...

Understanding The Casamance Conflict: A Background

"The objective of this paper, therefore, is to discuss the Casamance conflict in order to provide some knowledge and a better understanding of the conflict which has been going on for 28 years. Section one provides a background of conflict and gi...

Monitoring Ceasefires is getting Harder: Greater Innovation is Required

This essay proposes three practical possibilities, relevant to consider at both design and negotiation phases of a peace process, and during its implementation, to reshape, complement and strengthen, existing practice. These are: • to apply less...

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