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Guinea: Reforming the Army

"After decades of bad governance and misuse, the armed forces are a potential source of instability which could still throw Guinea and the region into chaos. At the very least, if not reformed thoroughly, they will continue to pose a threat to demo…

The critical component: personnel strategies for the SANDF to 2000 and beyond

"This report contains the findings of a research project which examined the way in which the personnel strategies in the South African National Defence Force (SANDF ) are organised. A number of recommendations are made which are aimed at securing e…

The South African defence industry and the new thinking on security

"The idea of adopting a new approach to the way security is thought about in the region raises a number of questions with regard to the future of the South African Defence Industry (SADI). These arise, not only because of deep-seated fears based on …

Security Sector Reform Monitor Burundi No. 4

"Previous editions of the Security Sector Reform (SSR) Monitor have explored police and justice reform, links between the police and the military, oversight of Burundi’s security sector and corruption in the security and defence forces. This SSR Mon…

South African defence and the Commonwealth

This paper is examining the defence mechanism in South Africa with regard to the Commonwealth defence co-operation. Several countries had defence pacts that would give them assistance in times of war, however South Africa never had such a co-operati…

South Africa - International political and strategic aspects

This paper assesses the military and strategic position of South Africa in the light of the changing attitudes of outside powers to the Republic of South Africa. South Africa has expanded its military position to become more or less self-sufficient.…

The privatisation of Security in Africa

"There is no doubt that the role of private protectors and armies has grown as conventional war has given way in much of the world to irregular, internal conflict. Africa is a case in point, as this study points out, where more than thirty wars have…

South Africa - Defence transformation and new security progress and prospects

South Africa's Defence White paper broadly outlined the country's response to the new security environment and identified long-term goals for transformation of the SANDF. The transformation aims included modern, effective, affordable and accountable…

Conflict in the DRC: a critical assessment of the Lusaka ceasefire agreement

"This report provides a brief background to the conflict in the DRC as it erupted in 1998. It also briefly examines the pre-negotiation stages, which ultimately led to the Lusaka Ceasefire Agreement. The Agreement itself is assessed in terms of its …

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 40

This Southern Africa Record contains the following texts: •South Africa, Namibia and Angola: Interview of Major General G.L. Meiring by Dr Simon Baynham UCT. •Zimbabwe and Namibia: Message from acting Prime Minister Simon Muzenda to SWAPO Pres…

Political Development of Somaliland and its Conflict with Puntland

"Through successive clan conferences, Somaliland established relatively viable institutions which paved the path for reconstruction of an entity mainly employing local resources. Somaliland has thus been depicted as ‘an oasis of stability in an oth…

HIV and AIDS and the African Military Towards a Common and Comprehensive Approach

"The Security Sector Governance (SSG) Programme hosts a number of projects including MilAIDS, which focuses on the mitigation of the impact of HIV and AIDS on armed forces in Africa. The purpose of the project is to inform and support the developme…

East Germans in Angola

This brief report deals with three topics: the presence of East German paratroops in Angola, possible reasons for Mr Kaunda’s muted response to Rhodesian raids into Zambia, and the international implications of the upcoming elections in South West A…

Elimination of Mercenerism in Africa A Need for a New Continental Approach

"The monograph aims to contribute to the global debate around mercenaries,PSCs and PMCs that is earnestly seeking to influence the determination of universal norms and standards by states, especially with regard to the use of PSCs and PMCs, as there…

Private Security Sector in Africa: Country series

"As the debate around the private security industry continues, Africa in principle should not be isolated from it, because, if not properly understood, let alone effectively regulated, the industry could cause a major security threat to Africa. As t…

Rights of Children in Conflict An Evaluation of Japanese Official Development Assistance in Acholiland, Northern Uganda

"As part of Japan’s efforts to strengthen dialogue with African countries in preparation for the Fourth Tokyo Inter-national Conference on African Development (TICAD IV), the Japanese embassy in Addis Ababa mandated the office of the Institute for S…

Completing the Demobilisation, Disarmament and Reintegration Process of Armed Groups in the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Link to Security Sector Reform of FARDC

"This situation report examines the demo- bilisation process in the DRC, including the factors impacting on the process, the new Army Reform plan, the role of the STAREC and UNSSSS plans, challenges,recommendations and the way forward. Demobilisati…

A Critical Assessment of Security Challenges in West Africa

"This paper aims to appraise and map the security challenges that have faced West African countries since independence with a special focus on the period after 1990. It also assesses the efforts made by various national, regional, continental and …

Abyei Natural Resources Conflict

"This report explores the major factors underlying the violent conflict in Abyei. It aims to contribute to policy relevant knowledge of the link between resources and conflict and to propose a general framework for action. It examines the territor…

Changing Paradigm in Somalia

"Over the last eight years,the international community, whether intentionally or not,has addressed the Somali crisis principally through a counter-terrorist approach. For a number of reasons alluded to in this text, such an attempt to provide a set…

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