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Central African Republic’s Coup D’état: Underlying Causes and the Resulting Future Prospects for the State

The Central African Republic appears to be heading on a path of peace and stability, shown by the adoption of a new constitution and the election of a new president. In order to ensure this path's sustainability, the policy brief proposes a number o…

Beyond ARCISS: New Fault Lines in South Sudan

South Sudan is engulfed in a mutually-reinforcing war system. This situation involves more than the two principal players – the government, led by the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement, and the opposition. Several drivers of conflict have emerged…

Returning Foreign Terrorist Fighters: An Imminent Threat to Manage / Retour des Combattants Terroristes étrangers: Une Menace Imminente à Gérer /

Over the past two years, many foreign terrorist fighters have returned, but the dismantling of the organized military structures of Daesh and Jabhat Fath Al Sham will accelerate this migration. Returns will take place over the next two years in a mo…

The "Islamic State" Organization: a Continuation of al Qaeda or an Emerging Rift? / L'organisation "Etat Islamique" : Continuation d'Al Qaeda ou émergence en rupture

The establishment of the Mujahideen contingent in 1980, in Afghanistan to fight against the Soviet occupation, opened the door to the globalization of jihadism, which until then had been confined to local and national dimensions. This globalizati…

Instruments of Pain (IV): The Food Crisis in North East Nigeria

Approximately five million people in the region of east Nigeria (8.5 million across the wider Lake Chad basin) are facing severe food insecurity. This humanitarian crisis in north east Nigeria runs the risk of growing worse. This primarily is a resu…

From the Mediterranean to the Atlantic: A Corridor Vulnerable to Terrorism

Nigeria on the Atlantic and Libya on the Mediterranean, the two largest oil producers in Africa, are facing the two most violent terrorist groups on the continent. The Libyan version of Daesh and Boko Haram seem to be gaining ground to join in an …

De la Méditerranée à l’Atlantique : le Couloir de Vulnérabilité face au Terrorisme

Deux des plus grands producteurs d'hydrocarbures en Afrique, le Nigeria sur l'Atlantique et la Libye sur la Méditerranée font face aux deux groupes terroristes les plus violents sur le continent. Daech version libyenne et Boko Haram semblent avanc…

Double-edged Sword: Vigilantes in African Counter-Insurgencies

African states confronting insurgent groups face a dilemma when civilians mobilise and take up arms to protect their local communities. These forces can play a major role in fending off attacks and provide regular armed forces with critical local kn…

The South African Defence Review of 2012: Problems, Progress and Prospects

In July 2011, an independent committee was appointed by the South African Minister of Defence, Lindiwe Sisulu, to undertake a review and update of national defence policy in compliance with the requirements of a Defence White Paper issued in 1996. …

HIV/AIDS and Militaries in Africa

Militaries in Africa represent a unique demographic group because they are a captive audience for instruction and education. The hierarchical nature of military institutions also provides a unique environment for transferring values and standards of…

Zimbabwe’s Very Peculiar Coup

Zimbabwe’s military has detained the country’s 93-year-old President Robert Mugabe and his wife, Grace Mugabe, and taken control of the streets of the capital and the main television station. The next step – apparently, a legitimate-looking transfer…

Love in a Time of Crisis? Terrorism, ‘Brides’ and the Implementation of UNSCR 2242

United Nations Security Council Resolution 2242 promotes further integration of the women, peace and security, counter-terrorism, and countering violent extremism agendas, among other things. Thus, this policy brief analyses the stories of brides of…

Promoting Community-based Youth Participation in Peace Building in Niger Delta Region and Policy Implication

By the late 1990s, a mosaic of diverse civil groups including: community-based organizations, environmental rights groups, advocacy groups, ethno-cultural and youth groups had emerged which began to champion the cause of the people in the region. …

How Boko Haram Specifically Targets Displaced People

Since 2009, Boko Haram has proven to be a highly adaptable foe, routinely realigning its tactics to suit changing circumstances. In recent years, this has increasingly involved focusing on soft targets, including displaced people (both refugees an…

Children and Armed Conflicts in Africa

Available figures put the number of child soldiers involved in armed conflicts in Africa at around 100,000. Some are as young as nine. This report examines the role of various African Union (AU) organs in monitoring children’s rights in conflict an…

Women and Peacebuilding in Africa

The seminar thus set out to focus on reviewing the progress and impact of the resolution from an African perspective. The meeting addressed the complex task of articulating women’s issues in the challenging context of peace and security on the conti…

Reconciliation without Regret: National Healing and Reconciliation in South Sudan

"In 2011, southern Sudan witnessed a successful and peaceful referendum, culminating in its secession from the Republic of Sudan and the birth of an independent Republic of South Sudan on 9 July. Despite the relative peace brought by independence, t…

South Sudan: A Civil War by Any Other Name

"The conflict that broke out on 15 December 2013 was decades in the making. The speed with which the SPLM and SPLA collapsed reveals the ephemeral nature of the “big tent” policy. The transition to more broadly representative political and military …

Limits to Supporting Security Sector Interventions in the DRC

Since 2003, the international community has invested considerable resources in keeping the peace in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). This paper looks at the ways in which the armed forces and local community interact. It also examines the te…

The Islamic State : Why Africa Should be Worried

The Islamic State's emergence is the most significant development in Islamist extremism since the 9/11 attacks. Currently it controls significant portions of Iraq and Syria and has divided the global jihadist movement into two, offering a credible –…

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