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Political Development of Somaliland and its Conflict with Puntland

"Through successive clan conferences, Somaliland established relatively viable institutions which paved the path for reconstruction of an entity mainly employing local resources. Somaliland has thus been depicted as ‘an oasis of stability in an o...

HIV and AIDS and the African Military Towards a Common and Comprehensive Approach

"The Security Sector Governance (SSG) Programme hosts a number of projects including MilAIDS, which focuses on the mitigation of the impact of HIV and AIDS on armed forces in Africa. The purpose of the project is to inform and support the develop...

East Germans in Angola

This brief report deals with three topics: the presence of East German paratroops in Angola, possible reasons for Mr Kaunda’s muted response to Rhodesian raids into Zambia, and the international implications of the upcoming elections in South West...

Elimination of Mercenerism in Africa A Need for a New Continental Approach

"The monograph aims to contribute to the global debate around mercenaries,PSCs and PMCs that is earnestly seeking to influence the determination of universal norms and standards by states, especially with regard to the use of PSCs and PMCs, as the...

Private Security Sector in Africa: Country series

"As the debate around the private security industry continues, Africa in principle should not be isolated from it, because, if not properly understood, let alone effectively regulated, the industry could cause a major security threat to Africa. As...

Rights of Children in Conflict An Evaluation of Japanese Official Development Assistance in Acholiland, Northern Uganda

"As part of Japan’s efforts to strengthen dialogue with African countries in preparation for the Fourth Tokyo Inter-national Conference on African Development (TICAD IV), the Japanese embassy in Addis Ababa mandated the office of the Institute for...

Completing the Demobilisation, Disarmament and Reintegration Process of Armed Groups in the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Link to Security Sector Reform of FARDC

"This situation report examines the demo- bilisation process in the DRC, including the factors impacting on the process, the new Army Reform plan, the role of the STAREC and UNSSSS plans, challenges,recommendations and the way forward. Demobilisa...

A Critical Assessment of Security Challenges in West Africa

"This paper aims to appraise and map the security challenges that have faced West African countries since independence with a special focus on the period after 1990. It also assesses the efforts made by various national, regional, continental an...

Abyei Natural Resources Conflict

"This report explores the major factors underlying the violent conflict in Abyei. It aims to contribute to policy relevant knowledge of the link between resources and conflict and to propose a general framework for action. It examines the territ...

Changing Paradigm in Somalia

"Over the last eight years,the international community, whether intentionally or not,has addressed the Somali crisis principally through a counter-terrorist approach. For a number of reasons alluded to in this text, such an attempt to provide a s...

Somalia: Understanding Al-Shabaab

"This report briefly examines the nature of Al-Shabaab’s ideological stance, their political ambitions and why this movement constitutes the gravest threat to the survival of Sheikh Sharif’s government and the Djibouti peace process that gave it...

The Power of Regional Economic Communities: Predicting Future Trends and Mitigating the Phenomenon of Unconstitutional Power Alteration in Africa

"Using secondary sources of information and participant observations, the paper presents a historical overview of unconstitutional power alternations in Africa, explores the provisions available to the RECs in addressing current trends and the cha...

A Critical Assessment of Security Challenges in West Africa

"This paper aims to appraise and map the security challenges that have faced West African countries since independence with a special focus on the period after 1990. It also assesses the efforts made by various national, regional, continental and...

Popular Protest in North Africa and the Middle East (I): Egypt Victorious?

"It is early days, and the true measure of what the Egyptian people have accomplished has yet to fully sink in. Some achievements are as clear as they are stunning. Over a period of less than three weeks, they challenged conventional chestnuts ab...

Governing and Managing the Defence Sector

"The book begins by describing the wider security sector: what it is,how it functions and how the parts should fit together. Then defence issues are covered more specifically, including the purpose and roles of the military, the internal managemen...

Militias Rebels and Islamist Militants: Human insecurity and state crisis in Africa

"Militias, rebels and Islamist militants: human insecurity and state crises in Africa explores how armed non-state groups have emerged as key players in African politics and armed conflicts since the 1990s. The book is a critical, multidisciplina...

The Regional Dimensions of the War in Northern Uganda

"This paper highlights the complexity of the conflict in northern Uganda. Attempts have been made to analyse the structures, actors and complex dynamics of the conflict using a multidisciplinary methodology. This has helped in identifying and mapp...

War potentials of the African States south of the Sahara

This study assesses the capabilities of the sub-Saharan states to conduct a prolonged campaign against the Southern African states. It casts doubt on their capacity to achieve freedom of action in a prolonged campaign against Southern Africa. The ...

The Congo Mercenary: A history and analysis

"There has been little use made of the mercenary, the truly professional soldier, in modern times. States have usually found revenue enough to maintain an army and often conditions are so good there that, with the added prestige, a soldier become...

Regulation of the Private Security Sector in Africa

"The aim of this policy paper is to summarise the work of the research project, present the challenges posed by PMSCs, identify the research findings and provide recommendations to the African Union Commission regarding the privatisation of securi...

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