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Returning Foreign Terrorist Fighters: An Imminent Threat to Manage / Retour des Combattants Terroristes étrangers: Une Menace Imminente à Gérer /

Over the past two years, many foreign terrorist fighters have returned, but the dismantling of the organized military structures of Daesh and Jabhat Fath Al Sham will accelerate this migration. Returns will take place over the next two years in a ...

The "Islamic State" Organization: a Continuation of al Qaeda or an Emerging Rift? / L'organisation "Etat Islamique" : Continuation d'Al Qaeda ou émergence en rupture

The establishment of the Mujahideen contingent in 1980, in Afghanistan to fight against the Soviet occupation, opened the door to the globalization of jihadism, which until then had been confined to local and national dimensions. This globaliza...

How Boko Haram Specifically Targets Displaced People

Since 2009, Boko Haram has proven to be a highly adaptable foe, routinely realigning its tactics to suit changing circumstances. In recent years, this has increasingly involved focusing on soft targets, including displaced people (both refugees ...

Children and Armed Conflicts in Africa

Available figures put the number of child soldiers involved in armed conflicts in Africa at around 100,000. Some are as young as nine. This report examines the role of various African Union (AU) organs in monitoring children’s rights in conflict ...

Women and Peacebuilding in Africa

The seminar thus set out to focus on reviewing the progress and impact of the resolution from an African perspective. The meeting addressed the complex task of articulating women’s issues in the challenging context of peace and security on the con...

Love in a Time of Crisis? Terrorism, ‘Brides’ and the Implementation of UNSCR 2242

United Nations Security Council Resolution 2242 promotes further integration of the women, peace and security, counter-terrorism, and countering violent extremism agendas, among other things. Thus, this policy brief analyses the stories of brides ...

Promoting Community-based Youth Participation in Peace Building in Niger Delta Region and Policy Implication

By the late 1990s, a mosaic of diverse civil groups including: community-based organizations, environmental rights groups, advocacy groups, ethno-cultural and youth groups had emerged which began to champion the cause of the people in the region....

HIV/AIDS and Militaries in Africa

Militaries in Africa represent a unique demographic group because they are a captive audience for instruction and education. The hierarchical nature of military institutions also provides a unique environment for transferring values and standards ...

Zimbabwe’s Very Peculiar Coup

Zimbabwe’s military has detained the country’s 93-year-old President Robert Mugabe and his wife, Grace Mugabe, and taken control of the streets of the capital and the main television station. The next step – apparently, a legitimate-looking transf...

Conflict and Gender Study – South Sudan Addressing Root Causes Programme

Significant effort has already gone into studying how best to design a root cause fund programme - aimed at tackling the root causes of recurring cycles of conflict and fragile resilience - in order to maximize impact within what is an extremely d...

The Negative Costs of Delaying the African Capacity for Immediate Response to Crises

The African Union (AU) was caught unprepared and highly embarrassed as France, under Operation Serval, managed to stop Jihadi militants from the northern region in their tracks after they launched an offensive bid to take over the running of Mali....

Conflict Trends Issue 2 2015

In ‘Contributing to Africa’s Peacekeeping Capacity: 20 Years of Training for Peace in Africa’ since the early 1990s, the focus of the United Nations’ (UN) peacemaking and peacekeeping efforts has largely been directed to Africa. In the beginning, ...

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2015

'Conflict, Peace and Patriarchy: Female Combatants in Africa and Elsewhere’ makes the case that female combatants need much more attention than they currently receive. It further argues that their engagement with violence brings for them a unique ...

Instruments of Pain (IV): The Food Crisis in North East Nigeria

Approximately five million people in the region of east Nigeria (8.5 million across the wider Lake Chad basin) are facing severe food insecurity. This humanitarian crisis in north east Nigeria runs the risk of growing worse. This primarily is a re...

From the Mediterranean to the Atlantic: A Corridor Vulnerable to Terrorism

Nigeria on the Atlantic and Libya on the Mediterranean, the two largest oil producers in Africa, are facing the two most violent terrorist groups on the continent. The Libyan version of Daesh and Boko Haram seem to be gaining ground to join in a...

De la Méditerranée à l’Atlantique : le Couloir de Vulnérabilité face au Terrorisme

Deux des plus grands producteurs d'hydrocarbures en Afrique, le Nigeria sur l'Atlantique et la Libye sur la Méditerranée font face aux deux groupes terroristes les plus violents sur le continent. Daech version libyenne et Boko Haram semblent ava...

Security Sector Reform Monitor: Burundi

"Few internal or external oversight mechanisms exist in Burundi’s security sector. In focusing on transparency and accountability, this Security Sector Reform Monitor: Burundi highlights the internal oversight mechanisms of the national police and...

Diamonds and Clubs: The Militarized Control of Diamonds and Power in Zimbabwe

"This report makes several other contentions. The first is that what is occurring in the two contested diamond areas — Marange in the eastern province of Manicaland and River Ranch in the south — cannot be seen in isolation. They are inextricably ...

The Chinese Stance on the Darfur Conflict

"China’s role in Sudan is one of the most closely watched and, in many circles, controversial relationships on the continent. This paper provides a Sudanese perspective and argues that, far from profiting from its close ties with Khartoum, the Chi...

Guinea: Reforming the Army

"After decades of bad governance and misuse, the armed forces are a potential source of instability which could still throw Guinea and the region into chaos. At the very least, if not reformed thoroughly, they will continue to pose a threat to de...

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