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Impact of HIV/AIDS on Public Sector Capacity in Sub-Saharan Africa: Towards a Framework for the Protection of Public Sector Capacity and Effective Response to the Most Affected Countries

"Never in history has there arisen such a widespread and fundamental threat to human development as the HIV/AIDS epidemic. As a result, one of the main challenges today for development management is how to address the massive loss of skills and ex...

Capacity Building for the Promotion of Trade and Investment in Africa - Challenges and Strategies

The lack of capacity has hindered Africa from exploiting the investment and trade opportunities offered by the global economy. Most of the constraints and challenges are linked to ineffective policies, poor management systems and frameworks, we...

HIV/Aids and Militaries in Southern Africa

The seminar followed an earlier meeting organised by the CCR and UNAM on the theme, “Strengthening Namibia’s Chair of the SADC Organ: HIV/AIDS and Southern Africa’s Security Architecture”, in Windhoek, Namibia, in November 2005. This meeting exam...

HIV/AIDS and Militaries in Africa

Militaries in Africa represent a unique demographic group because they are a captive audience for instruction and education. The hierarchical nature of military institutions also provides a unique environment for transferring values and standards ...

HIV/AIDS Sero-Prevalence and Socio-Economic Status: Evidence from Uganda

Although Uganda reported large reductions in HIV/AIDS prevalence during the 1990s, recent evidence suggests that the country’s rate of new HIV infections is on the rise. Motivated by Uganda’s reversal of fortunes regarding HIV/AIDS control, this...

The Right to Health Care in the Specific Context of Access to HIV/ AIDS Medicines: What can South Africa and Uganda Learn from each other?

Many African countries, either exclude socio-economic rights from their constitutions or include them in the Preamble or the section on Directive Principles of State Policy. The South African Constitution is well known for its inclusion of this c...

Rapid Assessment of Maternal, Newborn and Child Health, Family Planning and HIV/ AIDS Integration in Malawi

"The high burden of disease and death relating to HIV/AIDS, unintended pregnancies and poor maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) remains a major health challenge in Malawi, as is the case in most of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). This is largely a...

Landscape Analysis of Maternal, Newborn and Child Health, Family Planning and HIV/AIDS Integration in Zambia

"The sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) region faces numerous health challenges, including a high burden of disease relating to HIV/AIDS, unintended pregnancies and poor maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH). This is largely a result of weak health syst...

Zimbabwe in Crisis: Finding a Way Forward

Zimbabwe is in a state of free fall. It is embroiled in the worst political and economic crisis of its twenty-year history as an independent state. The crisis has negatively affected virtually every aspect of the country and every segment of the p...

Making the Millennium Challenge Account Work for Africa

President Bush has been rightly lauded for his visionary initiative to establish a Millennium Challenge Account (MCA) that would increase U.S. resources directed toward the most promising development investments. The administration's proposal to u...

Fixing Health Systems

The challenges that face Africa in the sphere of health care are formidable and often daunting. After decades of stagnant or worsening poverty and health indicators across the continent, the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) — adopted by the U...

African Civil Society: Prospects for Raising Awareness on Priority Issues

Sub-Saharan Africa is grappling with such severe and recurring economic, political and social crises that some of them, including HIV/AIDS, food insecurity and civil war, have ended up as humanitarian disasters. Making such a statement is not ind...

G-8 Preview: Bush and Allies to Discuss Repairing Their Rift and Rebuilding Iraq

The annual economic summit of eight industrialized nations, which begins June 1 in Evian, France, will provide an opportunity for President Bush to repair relations with major European countries that opposed the U.S. invasion of Iraq, particularly...

Meeting the Global Challenge of HIV/AIDS- Why the United States Should Act Quickly

More people have died from HIV/AIDS over the last twenty years than from any other disease in human history. The devastation caused by the epidemic poses a clear and direct challenge to long-term U.S. economic and security interests. AIDS is devas...

Corporate Social Responsibility: The New Social Contract

In April 2001, "Big Pharma" threw in the towel. Four years earlier, some 40 international drug companies had filed suit to block implementation of a law in South Africa that would allow the government to manufacture or import affordable generic ve...

Aids and Aids Treatment in a Rural South African Setting

"The monograph is divided into four chapters and two appendices. The first chapter explores popular meanings and definitions of Aids in Ithanga, the outlying Lusikisiki village where the research was conducted and before the arrival of ART. Chapt...

Impact of HIV/AIDS on Electoral Processes in Southern Africa

"This paper discusses the effects of the HIV/AIDS pandemic on the electoral process. It is argued that there is not an aspect of life that seems untouched by this pandemic. A recent case study by Idasa in Zambia revealed that the country’s number...

Trends, Impact and Policy Development on HIV/AIDS and African Armed Forces

"Papers presented at the conference reflected on HIV/AIDS challenges in Botswana, Cameroon, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe, as well as the Inter-Gov...

Policy Challenges for the Management of HIV/AIDS in Armed Forces in Southern Africa

"The conference focused on two themes:firstly, policy challenges in the management of HIV/AIDS (human immunodeficiency virus/ acquired immune deficiency syndrome) in the uniformed sector and secondly, male circumcision and the accompanying challen...

Nepad and HIV/AIDS: The contribution of South African Multinational companies to the continental fight

"The New Partnership for Africa's Development (Nepad) was launched amid much pomp and praise in 2001, and promised to usher in the economic emancipation of the continent and people of Africa. Nepad has been touted as the most important developmen...

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