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Fixing Health Systems

The challenges that face Africa in the sphere of health care are formidable and often daunting. After decades of stagnant or worsening poverty and health indicators across the continent, the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) — adopted by the U...

African Civil Society: Prospects for Raising Awareness on Priority Issues

Sub-Saharan Africa is grappling with such severe and recurring economic, political and social crises that some of them, including HIV/AIDS, food insecurity and civil war, have ended up as humanitarian disasters. Making such a statement is not ind...

Zimbabwe in Crisis: Finding a Way Forward

Zimbabwe is in a state of free fall. It is embroiled in the worst political and economic crisis of its twenty-year history as an independent state. The crisis has negatively affected virtually every aspect of the country and every segment of the p...

Making the Millennium Challenge Account Work for Africa

President Bush has been rightly lauded for his visionary initiative to establish a Millennium Challenge Account (MCA) that would increase U.S. resources directed toward the most promising development investments. The administration's proposal to u...

G-8 Preview: Bush and Allies to Discuss Repairing Their Rift and Rebuilding Iraq

The annual economic summit of eight industrialized nations, which begins June 1 in Evian, France, will provide an opportunity for President Bush to repair relations with major European countries that opposed the U.S. invasion of Iraq, particularly...

Meeting the Global Challenge of HIV/AIDS- Why the United States Should Act Quickly

More people have died from HIV/AIDS over the last twenty years than from any other disease in human history. The devastation caused by the epidemic poses a clear and direct challenge to long-term U.S. economic and security interests. AIDS is devas...

Corporate Social Responsibility: The New Social Contract

In April 2001, "Big Pharma" threw in the towel. Four years earlier, some 40 international drug companies had filed suit to block implementation of a law in South Africa that would allow the government to manufacture or import affordable generic ve...

Nepad and HIV/AIDS: The contribution of South African Multinational companies to the continental fight

"The New Partnership for Africa's Development (Nepad) was launched amid much pomp and praise in 2001, and promised to usher in the economic emancipation of the continent and people of Africa. Nepad has been touted as the most important developmen...

Impact of HIV/AIDS on Electoral Processes in Southern Africa

"This paper discusses the effects of the HIV/AIDS pandemic on the electoral process. It is argued that there is not an aspect of life that seems untouched by this pandemic. A recent case study by Idasa in Zambia revealed that the country’s number...

Aids in Southern Africa

"The 1990s will be the decade when the full impact of the AIDS epidemic will be felt in Southern Africa. It will hit all sectors of society and all aspects of life. Unfortunately, the governments in the region are generally not responding to the ...

Exploring Gender Issues and Men's Vulnerability to HIV/AIDS in Sub Saharan Africa

"This paper examines what seems to be bias in gender-based HIV/AIDS policy approaches and strategies in many countries in sub-Saharan Africa, which tend to marginalise men as potential targets for intervention strategies aimed at behavioural chang...

The AIDS epidemic in Southern Africa gains momentum

Aids took some time to reach Southern Africa. It seemed to be confined to the countries of Central Africa and the homosexual population of the west. In South Africa up to 1990 most of the aids cases were in the gay community however the numbers fo...

Trends, Impact and Policy Development on HIV/AIDS and African Armed Forces

"Papers presented at the conference reflected on HIV/AIDS challenges in Botswana, Cameroon, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe, as well as the Inter-Gov...

Policy Challenges for the Management of HIV/AIDS in Armed Forces in Southern Africa

"The conference focused on two themes:firstly, policy challenges in the management of HIV/AIDS (human immunodeficiency virus/ acquired immune deficiency syndrome) in the uniformed sector and secondly, male circumcision and the accompanying challen...

A Lethal Cocktail Exploring the Impact of Corruption on HIV/Aids Prevention and Treatment Efforts in South Africa

"The report shows that corruption and poor oversight are a potentially lethal cocktail when combined with the rapacious AIDS disease. In doing so, it brings the impact of corruption on the poor and marginalised in our society into sharp focus: ...

Getting to Grips with Trafficking Reflections on Human Trafficking Research in South Africa

"This monograph aims to inform such research and motivates for more extensive and representative investigations into human trafficking in South Africa. Chapter Two examines the evolution of the concept of trafficking,how it is defined in the Paler...

AIDS and Elections in Southern Africa: Is the Epidemic Undermining its Democratic Remedy?

"This paper explores the links between HIV/AIDS and electoral processes in Southern Africa. It begins by examining the implications of HIV/AIDS for democracy and governance generally. It then considers how the different institutional elements o...

AIDS, Orphans, Crime,and Instability Exploring the Linkages

"They paint alarming images of economically, politically, and socially disenfranchised hordes of youngsters wreaking havoc on the AIDS-ravaged communities of the future.Do children orphaned by AIDS represent a unique threat to security and stabili...

Mainstreaming Drug Control Into Socio-Economic Development in Africa

"This paper analyses the impact of drugs on agriculture, the youth,health and education, as well as the role of drugs in fuelling conflicts on the African continent. While the focus is mainly on a range of illicit narcotic and psychotropic drugs, ...

Migration-Induced HIV and AIDS in Rural Mozambique and Swaziland

"South Africa's gold mining workforce has the highest prevalence rates of tuberculosis and HIV infection of any industrial sector in the country. The contract migrant labour system, which has long outlived apartheid, is responsible for this unacc...

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