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Climate Change and Economic Development in Sub-Saharan Africa

"The ninth African Economic Research Consortium (AERC) senior policy seminar, held in Yaoundé, Cameroon, in March 2007, identified the impact of climate change on economic development in Africa as a top priority for further policy-oriented researc...

The Role of Macroeconomic Policy Towards Food Security in Botswana

"The main objective of this study is to analyse the role that macroeconomic policy in Botswana has played towards the achievement of food security. This will be used as a basis of identifying whether agriculture has adequately played its role. The...

Delivering Nutrients Widely through Biofortification: Building on Orange Sweet Potato

"The biofortification strategy aims to reduce the prevalence of vitamin and mineral nutritional deficiencies that are widespread in low-income populations by developing nutrient-rich varieties of staple food crops that the poor consume habitually....

Falling between the Cracks? Prospects for Environmental Litigation Arising from Oil Production in Southern Sudan

"Oil production in Southern Sudan has degraded agricultural lands and caused mass displacement and suffering of local pastoralist and agriculturalist communities. This paper seeks to identify the legal system governing the adjudication of environ...

The Consequences of Inaction: Climate Change and the Challenges for Rural and Agrarian Policy in Africa

"This paper seeks to lay out the nature of the challenges facing not only communities but also policy makers across the continent, as a result of climate change and its associated environmental consequences. The paper is largely descriptive, as it...

Shocks, Livestock Asset Dymanics and Social Capital in Ethiopia

"This paper uses household survey panel data of 416 rural households to study livestock asset dynamics in the north-east of Ethiopia. The period under examination (1996-2003) was marked by severe environmental shocks, including a series of drough...

Impacts of Considering Climate Variability on Investment Decisions in Ethiopia

"Extreme interannual variability of precipitation within Ethiopia is not uncommon, inducing droughts or floods and often creating serious repercussions on agricultural and nonagricultural commodities. An agro-economic model, including mean climat...

Analyzing the Determinants of Farmers’ Choice of Adaptation Methods and Perceptions of Climate Change in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia

"This study identifies the major methods used by farmers to adapt to climate change in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia, the factors that affect their choice of method, and the barriers to adaptation. The methods identified include use of different cro...

Gender, Democratic Practice and Member Control in Agricultural Primary Co-operative Societies in Uganda

"This study sought to assess the interaction of gender, the socio-institutional environment and structural phenomena in influencing the extent of democratic practice, member control, patronage and receipt of benefits amongst the agricultural prima...

Revival of Agricultural Productivity in Africa: Hoping for Better Food Security

Remarkable economic performance accompanied African economies with the entry into the new millennium, in comparison to previous decades. The agricultural sector, which remains the cornerstone of economic and social development, has not remained on...

D'une Exploitation Massive du Poisson à une lutte contre la Raréfaction de la Ressource dans la vallée du fleuve Sénégal, des années 50 à nos jours

[English title : From a massive exploitation of fish to a fight against the scarcity of the resource in the valley of the river Senegal, from the 50's until present.] Today, the scarcity of marine and river resources is a problem that is hitting ...

Building Climate Resilience in Tanzania: Institutional Reform and Capacity Development

Africa is particularly vulnerable to climate change impacts, which will disproportionately affect the continent’s small-scale and subsistence farmers. It is thus vital to strengthen institutions to promote alternative agricultural practices and ne...

Gender, Agriculture and Climate Change in Malawi

Agriculture is essential to the Malawian economy and is a key livelihood activity – but it is vulnerable to climate change. Gender inequality results from different gender roles – what we deem appropriate behaviour for men and women in society. ...

Coût des Mauvaises Pratiques dans l’usage des Produits Chimiques dans le secteur Agricole / The Cost of Poor Practices in the Use of Chemicals in the Agricultural Sector

The improvement of the management of chemicals in Burkina Faso, remains a financial issue. According to this study, the subject by the SP/CONEDD (2013), the Burkinabè economy loses $ 15.1 billion (19.2% of GDP) every year, due to the use of pes...

No More 'Grass Grown by the Spear': Addressing Land-based Conflicts in Somaliland

Land ownership and access to land are the most frequent source of violent conflicts in contemporary Somaliland, especially in pastoral and agro-pastoral communities, which form the backbone of Somaliland’s domestic economy. The collapse of Somali...

Farming Styles, Livelihoods and Social Differentiation of Smallholder Farmers: Insights from New Forest Irrigation Scheme in Mpumalanga Province of South Africa

This article focuses on the socio-economic differentiation of smallholder farmers in New Forest Irrigation Scheme. Smallholder irrigation schemes are seen as a way of alleviating poverty and contributing to economic growth. Although smallholders a...

Effects of Input Subsidies on Subsistence Crop Acreage Diversity in Botswana

This paper examines the patterns and determinants of crop acreage diversity in Botswana’s subsistence economy for the period 1978/79-2013/14. Primarily, the paper is geared at determining whether Botswana’s input subsidy programs (ARAP and ISPAA...

Climate Change, Government Management Pose Challenges in Agriculture-dependent Malawi

Agriculture is the mainstay of Malawi’s economy, contributing 30% of gross domestic product (GDP) and employing a majority of the country’s workforce. Malawi has also been classified as one of Southern Africa’s most vulnerable countries to the ef...

Shaping the future: Strategies for Sustainable Development in Kenya

Kenya’s future offers both opportunities and significant challenges. It is a continental leader in information technology and has well-developed health and education systems relative to other lower-middle-income African countries, despite averag...

FONERWA Climate Risk Screening Tool

Agriculture is one of the main economic activities for the people of Rwanda, contributing over 30% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), and provides employment to about 72% of the working population. Agricultural activities also ensure food secu...

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