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Managing Climate Extremes and Disasters in the Agriculture Sector: Lessons from the IPCC SREX Report

"This thematic brief summarises the key findings of the report relevant to the agricultural sector. The agricultural sector is amongst those sectors most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and weather extremes, not least because of its depe…

Mitigation Potential in the Agriculture Sector The Case of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Peru and South Africa

Agriculture, which is a substantial source of greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions is also key to rural livelihoods and economic development in many developing countries in Africa and South America. This paper examines the socio-economic importance of t…

Southern Africa's Dryland Forests, Climate Change and the Water-Energy-Food Security Nexus

The overarching objective of this paper is to explore the interactions between Southern Africa’s dryland forests and issues of water, energy and food security, in the context of climate change. In terms of audience, the paper aims firstly to provide…

Conflict-sensitive Adaptation to Climate Change in Africa

Whether natural, or caused by humans, it is becoming clear that climate change is a reality that will affect the entire globe. Our concern should be for the poorest Africans, many of whom are highly dependent on natural resources for their living. I…

Synthesis Report: The 1st Pan-Africa Non-State Actors (NSA) Policy Dialogue Meeting on the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP): Working Together to Tackle the Challenges of African Agriculture – Role of NSAs

The meeting had specific objectives 1) Engagement in effective dialogue among various stakeholders to deepen the commitment and alignment of national agricultural policies and investment plans to key CAADP targets and principles; 2) capacity stren…

Evidence to Support Climate Change Adaptation in Lesotho, Malawi and Swaziland

"In southern Africa, the predicted 2°C rise in temperature will destabilize farming systems. Coping mechanisms, livelihood strategies and the cost of adaptation options for smallholder farmers are not sufficiently understood in the region because th…

Appropriate Climate Smart Technologies for Smallholder Farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa

"Nearly 70 per cent of the population in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) live in rural areas and rely mainly on agriculture for livelihood security. Low agricultural productivity in the region keeps this population under constant pressure, even though inve…

The Intricate Road to Development: Government Development Strategies in the Pastoral Areas of the Horn of Africa

"Pastoralism is a livelihood strategy and a system of mobile livestock production that makes wide-ranging use of grazing lands in arid and semi-arid environment that doesn’t uphold sustainable crop cultivation. The freedom of mobility over outsized …

Agricultural Expansion and Water Pollution: The Yin-Yang in the Quality of Natural Water Resources

"Global increased agricultural productivity aims at meeting the food and commercial demands on agriculture. This boost is associated with agricultural expansion practices including irrigation and use of fertilizers, which could increase negative env…

Export Competitiveness of Botswana’s Beef Industry

"We investigate Botswana’s beef export competitiveness using indices of Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) and data for the period 1961-2011. Results indicate that Botswana has been the most competitive SADC beef exporter, and that it has compared…

Projet Initiative Pauvreté-Environnement au Burkina (IPE/Burkina) / Project Initiative for Poverty and Environment in Burkina Faso

This document is made up of several articles regarding the hazardous use of chemicals for mining and agricultural purposes. The first article titled: "Cotton and mines, two key areas of development and/or the death of the Burkinabe economy". The art…

Climate Change Awareness and Adaptation in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria

"Climate change is a major issue around which global development policy is being framed over the past few years. Because of low adaptive capacities and the projected impacts of climate change, a consensus has emerged that developing countries are m…

Socio-Economic and Environmental Consequences of Agricultural Technology: A Comparative Study of Small Scale Surface Irrigation Technology in Nigeria and Swaziland

"This study compares the socio-economic and environmental consequences of small scale surface irrigation (SSSI) technology in Nigeria and Swaziland. Its major thrust is to identify and compare the economic and environmental externalities of the tech…

Climate Change and Pastoralism: Traditional Coping Mechanisms and Conflict in the Horn of Africa

The adverse impacts of climate change are predicted to severely constrain the lives and livelihoods of Africans. Pastoralists are among the most vulnerable population groups. Considering the fact that the Horn of Africa has a large concentration …

A New Trans-Disciplinary Approach to Regional Integrated Assessment of Climate Impact and Adaptation in Agricultural Systems

The mission of AGMIP is to provide effective science-based agricultural decision-making models and assessments of climate variability and change and sustainable farming systems to achieve local-to-global food security. The presentation starts with …

Poverty and Changing Livelihoods of Migrant Maasai Pastoralists in Morogoro and Kilosa Districts, Tanzania

"The objective of this study was to analyse how the Maasai migrants have adapted themselves to the new ecological conditions and the impact of such adaptations on their livelihoods. Confronted with the loss of grazing land due to several geographica…

Organic Agriculture in Uganda: The Need for a Coherent Policy Framework

"This study therefore is aimed at achieving three specific objectives. First, it is aimed to demonstrate that in countries where supporting scientific, institutional and regulatory infrastructure is in its infancy, the growing policy emphasis on b…

Implications of Climate Change for Economic Growth and Sustainable Development in Nigeria

"The contemporary world today is paying the prize of industrialization and unwholesome human activities that are manifested in form of climate change. This is all about global warming,and global warming has now been elevated to a global warning. T…

Agricultural Policy and Institutional Framework for Transformation of Agriculture, Economic Development and Poverty Reduction in Rwanda

"This document provides a brief guide to the institutional, and policy framework for transformation of agriculture, economic development and poverty reduction in Rwanda. Internationally, Rwanda’s agricultural policies are embedded in a framework of…

West African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive analysis - Côte D'Ivoire

"Côte d'Ivoire enjoys a humid climate, with at least seven rainy months and 1,000 mm in annual rainfall. Most of the interior receives 1,000–1,500 mm annually. Moving inland toward the east, a short dry season falls in the middle of the wet season, …

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