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Environmental Considerations in Nigerian Agricultural Policies, Strategies, and Programs

"Agriculture is the major sector upon which the majority of Nigeria’s rural poor depend on for their livelihood. Over 70 percent of the active labor force is employed in agriculture. The federal government of Nigeria (FGN) has identified agriculture…

A Quantitative Analysis of Determinants of Child and Maternal Malnutrition in Nigeria

"Malnutrition rates among children 0-36 months and women of reproductive age in Nigeria are high and vary significantly across rural-urban locations, geopolitical regions, and agroecological zones, constituting a significant public health challen…

Falling between the Cracks? Prospects for Environmental Litigation Arising from Oil Production in Southern Sudan

"Oil production in Southern Sudan has degraded agricultural lands and caused mass displacement and suffering of local pastoralist and agriculturalist communities. This paper seeks to identify the legal system governing the adjudication of environme…

The Consequences of Inaction: Climate Change and the Challenges for Rural and Agrarian Policy in Africa

"This paper seeks to lay out the nature of the challenges facing not only communities but also policy makers across the continent, as a result of climate change and its associated environmental consequences. The paper is largely descriptive, as it s…

Establishing Business Growth Opportunities by Analyzing theLinkage between Food Processing Entrepreneurs and Smallholder Farmers in order to Alleviate Poverty

"The objective of this study was to evaluate the linkage mechanism between grass roots rural agricultural (tomato) producers and urban food processors; to establish productivity indices for small-holder farmers and food processors; to assess the eff…

The Case for Evergreen Agriculture in Africa: Enhancing Food Security with Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation in Zambia

"Since the mid-1990s, Zambia’s Conservation Farming Unit (CFU) and the World Agro-forestry Centre have been pioneering “evergreen agriculture” solutions to address these perennial problems. Evergreen agriculture is defined as the integration of part…

Dimensions Structurelles de la Libéralisation pour l’Agriculture et le Développent Rural Programme Rural Struc - Phase I / Structural Dimensions of Liberalization for Agriculture and Rural Development Programme - Phase I

"The main finding of our study is that despite the development of highly effective strategies, tailored to the unfavorable climatic conditions, scarcity of land and difficult access to markets, farmers and the agricultural economy are at an impasse.…

Managing Climate Extremes and Disasters in the Agriculture Sector: Lessons from the IPCC SREX Report

"This thematic brief summarises the key findings of the report relevant to the agricultural sector. The agricultural sector is amongst those sectors most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and weather extremes, not least because of its depe…

Mitigation Potential in the Agriculture Sector The Case of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Peru and South Africa

Agriculture, which is a substantial source of greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions is also key to rural livelihoods and economic development in many developing countries in Africa and South America. This paper examines the socio-economic importance of t…

Agricultural Emissions Mitigation : Understanding Modelling and Policy Implications

"Climate change has clear and obvious impacts on agricultural production. In turn, the agricultural sector also contributes to emissions. Agriculture contributes 50% of global methane (CH4) emissions, 60% of global nitrous oxide (N²0) emissions an…

Energy Modelling for the Agricultural Sector A Summary of the SATIM Model Methodology

"This policy brief aims to communicate the methods used by researchers to model possible outcomes of different actions to curb GHG emissions associated with agriculture. Climate change has clear and obvious impacts on agricultural production. In tur…

What Factors Determine Membership to Farmer Groups in Uganda? Evidence from the Uganda Census of Agriculture 2008/9.

"While government of Uganda and its development partners are targeting farmer groups as the vehicle for agricultural development, there is limited empirical evidence on what drives membership to these groups. Using the Uganda Census of Agriculture 2…

Trade Opportunities from the EU-ACP EPAs: Prospects for the flower sub-sector in Uganda

"With the signing of the EU-ACP Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) in 2009, the Government of Uganda as a member of the ACP, should endeavour to re-strategize itself to benefit from the opportunities such trading blocks create through increased …

Dairy Sector Reforms and Transformation in Uganda Since the 1990s

"The objective of this study is to put together information on lessons that policy makers and development partners alike could learn from the dairy sector in promoting growth of other agricultural value chains. Uganda has made some visible achieveme…

Comment Faire du POAS un Outil d’aide à la Décision pour une Gestion Concertée de l’Espace Rural ? Analyse à Partir du cas de Ndiébène Gandiole, Sénégal / How to Make the POAS a Support Tool for Concerted Decision Management for Rural Areas? From the Anal

"The Senegalese Land Use and Allocation Plan (POAS) was first implemented in the 1990s, and is now widely implemented throughout Senegal, particularly in the rural community of Ndiébène Gandiole, despite no objective evaluation having been undertake…

Les Propositions Paysannes Pour une Réforme Foncière Senegalaise Garante d'un Developpement Agricole et Rurale Durable au Senegal / Proposals for Farmers Land Reform in Senegal - Guaranteeing Sustainable Agricultural and Rural Development

"The modernisation of our agriculture cannot be based on the agricultural entrepreneurship which is capital-based development. The exploitable land for agriculture in the broadest sense are, mostly occupied and operated by farmer families nationally…

Shocks, Livestock Asset Dymanics and Social Capital in Ethiopia

"This paper uses household survey panel data of 416 rural households to study livestock asset dynamics in the north-east of Ethiopia. The period under examination (1996-2003) was marked by severe environmental shocks, including a series of droughts…

Impacts of Considering Climate Variability on Investment Decisions in Ethiopia

"Extreme interannual variability of precipitation within Ethiopia is not uncommon, inducing droughts or floods and often creating serious repercussions on agricultural and nonagricultural commodities. An agro-economic model, including mean climate …

Analyzing the Determinants of Farmers’ Choice of Adaptation Methods and Perceptions of Climate Change in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia

"This study identifies the major methods used by farmers to adapt to climate change in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia, the factors that affect their choice of method, and the barriers to adaptation. The methods identified include use of different crop …

Gender, Democratic Practice and Member Control in Agricultural Primary Co-operative Societies in Uganda

"This study sought to assess the interaction of gender, the socio-institutional environment and structural phenomena in influencing the extent of democratic practice, member control, patronage and receipt of benefits amongst the agricultural primary…

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