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Environmental Considerations in Nigerian Agricultural Policies, Strategies, and Programs

"Agriculture is the major sector upon which the majority of Nigeria’s rural poor depend on for their livelihood. Over 70 percent of the active labor force is employed in agriculture. The federal government of Nigeria (FGN) has identified agricultu...

A Quantitative Analysis of Determinants of Child and Maternal Malnutrition in Nigeria

"Malnutrition rates among children 0-36 months and women of reproductive age in Nigeria are high and vary significantly across rural-urban locations, geopolitical regions, and agroecological zones, constituting a significant public health chall...

Falling between the Cracks? Prospects for Environmental Litigation Arising from Oil Production in Southern Sudan

"Oil production in Southern Sudan has degraded agricultural lands and caused mass displacement and suffering of local pastoralist and agriculturalist communities. This paper seeks to identify the legal system governing the adjudication of environ...

The Consequences of Inaction: Climate Change and the Challenges for Rural and Agrarian Policy in Africa

"This paper seeks to lay out the nature of the challenges facing not only communities but also policy makers across the continent, as a result of climate change and its associated environmental consequences. The paper is largely descriptive, as it...

The Role of Macroeconomic Policy Towards Food Security in Botswana

"The main objective of this study is to analyse the role that macroeconomic policy in Botswana has played towards the achievement of food security. This will be used as a basis of identifying whether agriculture has adequately played its role. The...

Delivering Nutrients Widely through Biofortification: Building on Orange Sweet Potato

"The biofortification strategy aims to reduce the prevalence of vitamin and mineral nutritional deficiencies that are widespread in low-income populations by developing nutrient-rich varieties of staple food crops that the poor consume habitually....

Shocks, Livestock Asset Dymanics and Social Capital in Ethiopia

"This paper uses household survey panel data of 416 rural households to study livestock asset dynamics in the north-east of Ethiopia. The period under examination (1996-2003) was marked by severe environmental shocks, including a series of drough...

Impacts of Considering Climate Variability on Investment Decisions in Ethiopia

"Extreme interannual variability of precipitation within Ethiopia is not uncommon, inducing droughts or floods and often creating serious repercussions on agricultural and nonagricultural commodities. An agro-economic model, including mean climat...

Analyzing the Determinants of Farmers’ Choice of Adaptation Methods and Perceptions of Climate Change in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia

"This study identifies the major methods used by farmers to adapt to climate change in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia, the factors that affect their choice of method, and the barriers to adaptation. The methods identified include use of different cro...

Gender, Democratic Practice and Member Control in Agricultural Primary Co-operative Societies in Uganda

"This study sought to assess the interaction of gender, the socio-institutional environment and structural phenomena in influencing the extent of democratic practice, member control, patronage and receipt of benefits amongst the agricultural prima...

Traditional Oromo Attitudes Towards the Environment: An Argument for Environmentally Sound Development

"This paper explores traditional Oromo attitudes towards the environment and their impact on rural development, environmental protection and modern environmental ethics. Its major findings are that environment has always been the fundamental conc...

National Workshop Report on Dryland Husbandry in Sudan

"The widely prevalent instability of annual rain input in the semi-desert of Northern Kordofan is reflected in low biomass productivity in poor rainy years. Evident indicators in recovery occur in good rainy years. This study assessed the 1994 goo...

Climate Change and Economic Development in Sub-Saharan Africa

"The ninth African Economic Research Consortium (AERC) senior policy seminar, held in Yaoundé, Cameroon, in March 2007, identified the impact of climate change on economic development in Africa as a top priority for further policy-oriented researc...

Revival of Agricultural Productivity in Africa: Hoping for Better Food Security

Remarkable economic performance accompanied African economies with the entry into the new millennium, in comparison to previous decades. The agricultural sector, which remains the cornerstone of economic and social development, has not remained on...

D'une Exploitation Massive du Poisson à une lutte contre la Raréfaction de la Ressource dans la vallée du fleuve Sénégal, des années 50 à nos jours

[English title : From a massive exploitation of fish to a fight against the scarcity of the resource in the valley of the river Senegal, from the 50's until present.] Today, the scarcity of marine and river resources is a problem that is hitting ...

Building Climate Resilience in Tanzania: Institutional Reform and Capacity Development

Africa is particularly vulnerable to climate change impacts, which will disproportionately affect the continent’s small-scale and subsistence farmers. It is thus vital to strengthen institutions to promote alternative agricultural practices and ne...

Gender, Agriculture and Climate Change in Malawi

Agriculture is essential to the Malawian economy and is a key livelihood activity – but it is vulnerable to climate change. Gender inequality results from different gender roles – what we deem appropriate behaviour for men and women in society. ...

Coût des Mauvaises Pratiques dans l’usage des Produits Chimiques dans le secteur Agricole / The Cost of Poor Practices in the Use of Chemicals in the Agricultural Sector

The improvement of the management of chemicals in Burkina Faso, remains a financial issue. According to this study, the subject by the SP/CONEDD (2013), the Burkinabè economy loses $ 15.1 billion (19.2% of GDP) every year, due to the use of pes...

Establishing Business Growth Opportunities by Analyzing theLinkage between Food Processing Entrepreneurs and Smallholder Farmers in order to Alleviate Poverty

"The objective of this study was to evaluate the linkage mechanism between grass roots rural agricultural (tomato) producers and urban food processors; to establish productivity indices for small-holder farmers and food processors; to assess the e...

The Case for Evergreen Agriculture in Africa: Enhancing Food Security with Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation in Zambia

"Since the mid-1990s, Zambia’s Conservation Farming Unit (CFU) and the World Agro-forestry Centre have been pioneering “evergreen agriculture” solutions to address these perennial problems. Evergreen agriculture is defined as the integration of pa...

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