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Shocks, Livestock Asset Dymanics and Social Capital in Ethiopia

"This paper uses household survey panel data of 416 rural households to study livestock asset dynamics in the north-east of Ethiopia. The period under examination (1996-2003) was marked by severe environmental shocks, including a series of drough...

Impacts of Considering Climate Variability on Investment Decisions in Ethiopia

"Extreme interannual variability of precipitation within Ethiopia is not uncommon, inducing droughts or floods and often creating serious repercussions on agricultural and nonagricultural commodities. An agro-economic model, including mean climat...

Analyzing the Determinants of Farmers’ Choice of Adaptation Methods and Perceptions of Climate Change in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia

"This study identifies the major methods used by farmers to adapt to climate change in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia, the factors that affect their choice of method, and the barriers to adaptation. The methods identified include use of different cro...

Gender, Democratic Practice and Member Control in Agricultural Primary Co-operative Societies in Uganda

"This study sought to assess the interaction of gender, the socio-institutional environment and structural phenomena in influencing the extent of democratic practice, member control, patronage and receipt of benefits amongst the agricultural prima...

Traditional Oromo Attitudes Towards the Environment: An Argument for Environmentally Sound Development

"This paper explores traditional Oromo attitudes towards the environment and their impact on rural development, environmental protection and modern environmental ethics. Its major findings are that environment has always been the fundamental conc...

National Workshop Report on Dryland Husbandry in Sudan

"The widely prevalent instability of annual rain input in the semi-desert of Northern Kordofan is reflected in low biomass productivity in poor rainy years. Evident indicators in recovery occur in good rainy years. This study assessed the 1994 goo...

Climate Change and Economic Development in Sub-Saharan Africa

"The ninth African Economic Research Consortium (AERC) senior policy seminar, held in Yaoundé, Cameroon, in March 2007, identified the impact of climate change on economic development in Africa as a top priority for further policy-oriented researc...

The Role of Macroeconomic Policy Towards Food Security in Botswana

"The main objective of this study is to analyse the role that macroeconomic policy in Botswana has played towards the achievement of food security. This will be used as a basis of identifying whether agriculture has adequately played its role. The...

Delivering Nutrients Widely through Biofortification: Building on Orange Sweet Potato

"The biofortification strategy aims to reduce the prevalence of vitamin and mineral nutritional deficiencies that are widespread in low-income populations by developing nutrient-rich varieties of staple food crops that the poor consume habitually....

Falling between the Cracks? Prospects for Environmental Litigation Arising from Oil Production in Southern Sudan

"Oil production in Southern Sudan has degraded agricultural lands and caused mass displacement and suffering of local pastoralist and agriculturalist communities. This paper seeks to identify the legal system governing the adjudication of environ...

The Consequences of Inaction: Climate Change and the Challenges for Rural and Agrarian Policy in Africa

"This paper seeks to lay out the nature of the challenges facing not only communities but also policy makers across the continent, as a result of climate change and its associated environmental consequences. The paper is largely descriptive, as it...

Environmental Considerations in Nigerian Agricultural Policies, Strategies, and Programs

"Agriculture is the major sector upon which the majority of Nigeria’s rural poor depend on for their livelihood. Over 70 percent of the active labor force is employed in agriculture. The federal government of Nigeria (FGN) has identified agricultu...

A Quantitative Analysis of Determinants of Child and Maternal Malnutrition in Nigeria

"Malnutrition rates among children 0-36 months and women of reproductive age in Nigeria are high and vary significantly across rural-urban locations, geopolitical regions, and agroecological zones, constituting a significant public health chall...

Poverty and Changing Livelihoods of Migrant Maasai Pastoralists in Morogoro and Kilosa Districts, Tanzania

"The objective of this study was to analyse how the Maasai migrants have adapted themselves to the new ecological conditions and the impact of such adaptations on their livelihoods. Confronted with the loss of grazing land due to several geographi...

Organic Agriculture in Uganda: The Need for a Coherent Policy Framework

"This study therefore is aimed at achieving three specific objectives. First, it is aimed to demonstrate that in countries where supporting scientific, institutional and regulatory infrastructure is in its infancy, the growing policy emphasis on...

Implications of Climate Change for Economic Growth and Sustainable Development in Nigeria

"The contemporary world today is paying the prize of industrialization and unwholesome human activities that are manifested in form of climate change. This is all about global warming,and global warming has now been elevated to a global warning....

Agricultural Policy and Institutional Framework for Transformation of Agriculture, Economic Development and Poverty Reduction in Rwanda

"This document provides a brief guide to the institutional, and policy framework for transformation of agriculture, economic development and poverty reduction in Rwanda. Internationally, Rwanda’s agricultural policies are embedded in a framework ...

West African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive analysis - Côte D'Ivoire

"Côte d'Ivoire enjoys a humid climate, with at least seven rainy months and 1,000 mm in annual rainfall. Most of the interior receives 1,000–1,500 mm annually. Moving inland toward the east, a short dry season falls in the middle of the wet season...

Southern African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Botswana

"Botswana has a semi-arid climate, characterized by warm winters, hot summers, low rainfall, and high evapotranspiration. The country is prone to frequent droughts, lately occurring every two years rather than once every four years, as in the prev...

West African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive analysis - Burkina Faso

"Agriculture is mainly rainfed in Burkina Faso and dominated by small-scale farmers. The rainy season is May–October, but its duration decreases progressively from the southwest, resulting in only three months of rainfall in the north. Agriculture...

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