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Environmental Considerations in Nigerian Agricultural Policies, Strategies, and Programs

"Agriculture is the major sector upon which the majority of Nigeria’s rural poor depend on for their livelihood. Over 70 percent of the active labor force is employed in agriculture. The federal government of Nigeria (FGN) has identified agricultu...

A Quantitative Analysis of Determinants of Child and Maternal Malnutrition in Nigeria

"Malnutrition rates among children 0-36 months and women of reproductive age in Nigeria are high and vary significantly across rural-urban locations, geopolitical regions, and agroecological zones, constituting a significant public health chall...

Falling between the Cracks? Prospects for Environmental Litigation Arising from Oil Production in Southern Sudan

"Oil production in Southern Sudan has degraded agricultural lands and caused mass displacement and suffering of local pastoralist and agriculturalist communities. This paper seeks to identify the legal system governing the adjudication of environ...

The Consequences of Inaction: Climate Change and the Challenges for Rural and Agrarian Policy in Africa

"This paper seeks to lay out the nature of the challenges facing not only communities but also policy makers across the continent, as a result of climate change and its associated environmental consequences. The paper is largely descriptive, as it...

Revival of Agricultural Productivity in Africa: Hoping for Better Food Security

Remarkable economic performance accompanied African economies with the entry into the new millennium, in comparison to previous decades. The agricultural sector, which remains the cornerstone of economic and social development, has not remained on...

D'une Exploitation Massive du Poisson à une lutte contre la Raréfaction de la Ressource dans la vallée du fleuve Sénégal, des années 50 à nos jours

[English title : From a massive exploitation of fish to a fight against the scarcity of the resource in the valley of the river Senegal, from the 50's until present.] Today, the scarcity of marine and river resources is a problem that is hitting ...

Building Climate Resilience in Tanzania: Institutional Reform and Capacity Development

Africa is particularly vulnerable to climate change impacts, which will disproportionately affect the continent’s small-scale and subsistence farmers. It is thus vital to strengthen institutions to promote alternative agricultural practices and ne...

Gender, Agriculture and Climate Change in Malawi

Agriculture is essential to the Malawian economy and is a key livelihood activity – but it is vulnerable to climate change. Gender inequality results from different gender roles – what we deem appropriate behaviour for men and women in society. ...

Coût des Mauvaises Pratiques dans l’usage des Produits Chimiques dans le secteur Agricole / The Cost of Poor Practices in the Use of Chemicals in the Agricultural Sector

The improvement of the management of chemicals in Burkina Faso, remains a financial issue. According to this study, the subject by the SP/CONEDD (2013), the Burkinabè economy loses $ 15.1 billion (19.2% of GDP) every year, due to the use of pes...

No More 'Grass Grown by the Spear': Addressing Land-based Conflicts in Somaliland

Land ownership and access to land are the most frequent source of violent conflicts in contemporary Somaliland, especially in pastoral and agro-pastoral communities, which form the backbone of Somaliland’s domestic economy. The collapse of Somali...

Farming Styles, Livelihoods and Social Differentiation of Smallholder Farmers: Insights from New Forest Irrigation Scheme in Mpumalanga Province of South Africa

This article focuses on the socio-economic differentiation of smallholder farmers in New Forest Irrigation Scheme. Smallholder irrigation schemes are seen as a way of alleviating poverty and contributing to economic growth. Although smallholders a...

Effects of Input Subsidies on Subsistence Crop Acreage Diversity in Botswana

This paper examines the patterns and determinants of crop acreage diversity in Botswana’s subsistence economy for the period 1978/79-2013/14. Primarily, the paper is geared at determining whether Botswana’s input subsidy programs (ARAP and ISPAA...

Climate Change, Government Management Pose Challenges in Agriculture-dependent Malawi

Agriculture is the mainstay of Malawi’s economy, contributing 30% of gross domestic product (GDP) and employing a majority of the country’s workforce. Malawi has also been classified as one of Southern Africa’s most vulnerable countries to the ef...

Shaping the future: Strategies for Sustainable Development in Kenya

Kenya’s future offers both opportunities and significant challenges. It is a continental leader in information technology and has well-developed health and education systems relative to other lower-middle-income African countries, despite averag...

FONERWA Climate Risk Screening Tool

Agriculture is one of the main economic activities for the people of Rwanda, contributing over 30% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), and provides employment to about 72% of the working population. Agricultural activities also ensure food secu...

Le Recours aux engrais en Afrique: les prix en question / Fertilizer Use in Africa: A Price Issue

African leaders have made many commitments to promote strong growth in the agricultural sector, with a focus on productivity, in particular by using fertilizers. Currently, progress is slow. Goals have not yet been reached in most countries, as th...

Bridging Climate Information Gaps to Strengthen Capacities for Climate Informed Decision-making: Climate Information and Needs Assessment Report: Cameroon, Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria and Tunisia

The impact of climate change in African countries has been widely acknowledged. Africa has made considerable efforts over the past decade in the development of regional and national strategies and institutions aimed at supporting African countri...

Climate Service Model for South Sudan's Rural Farmers and Agro-pastoralists

Using experimental data from a pilot project administered in rural Tonj South, Aweil West, and Aweil North, this paper studies climate services reception and application in South Sudan. The pilot climate service was first of its kind directly de...

“Empowering Women as Key Leaders in Promoting Community-based Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risks Reduction Initiatives in Niger Delta Region”

This report, therefore, captures the proceedings of a three-day inception workshop of the research project titled “Empowering Women as Key Leaders in Promoting Community-based Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risks Reduction Initiatives in ...

Are South Africans Prepared to Confront Climate Change?

As South Africa’s KwaZulu Natal and Eastern Cape provinces began digging out mud and floodwaters, President Cyril Ramaphosa was surely not alone in blaming climate change for last week’s deadly disaster. The South African government has long ackno...

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