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Growth and Development in South Africa's heartland: Silence, exit and voice in the Free State

"This report is about how places that used to be nationally important can easily lose this status, and about how being ‘halfway to everywhere’ is no help at all if most influential people are leaving, fewer are passing through, and fewer still are c…

Zimbabwe: Reaping the Harvest?

"The Land Reform and Resettlement Programme of the Zimbabwean government can be seen as comprising two phases. In the first phase, from 1980 to 1996, the dominant approach to land redistribution and acquisition may be characterised as “a state-centr…

Crop Production in Ethiopia: Regional Patterns and Trends

"Ethiopia’s crop agriculture is complex, involving substantial variation in crops grown across the country’s different regions and ecologies. Five major cereals (teff, wheat, maize, sorghum and barley) are the core of Ethiopia’s agriculture and food…

Decentralization and Public Service Delivery in Nigeria

"Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa. The 2006 provisional census counted over 140 million people, 64 percent of whom live in rural areas. These rural areas are undergoing radical, noticeable change, particularly in the agricultural secto…

Welfare Impacts of Import Controls in Botswana’s Horticulture

"The primary objective of this paper is to quantify the welfare impacts of import controls in Botswana’s horticulture. The paper contributes in three ways. Firstly, by quantifying the impact of import controls, it adds to the current understanding o…

Challenges for Agricultural Diversification in Botswana under the Proposed SADC EU Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA)

"This paper examines the challenges Botswana’s Agriculture is likely to face under the EU/ACP Economic Partnership Agreement(EPA). While the sector has witnessed some diversification in the past, such success was, however, induced by the provision…

The Potential for Export Diversification in Botswana

"The analysis presented in this overview report concluded that while the international market for ostrich products remains buoyant, it is also highly volatile. As a niche product, ostrich meat it is subject to shifting consumer preferences simila…

Price, Exchange Rate Volatility and Nigeria’s Agricultural Trade Flows: A Dynamic Analysis

"The overall objective of the study is to determine empirically the dynamic effects of exchange rate fluctuations on Nigerian agricultural export markets and to examine the relevance of exchange rate risk in agricultural trade flows. Specifically t…

Real Exchange Rate Price and Agricultural Supply Response in Ethiopia: The Case of Perennial Crops

"In this study the relationship between RER, price and supply response of coffee is described in detail. The objective is to see if devaluation affects RER agricultural price and supply of coffee—a perennial crop that is the major source of foreig…

Relative Price Variability and Inflation: Evidence from the Agricultural Sector in Nigeria

"The main objective of this study is to establish quantitative relationships among the relative price volatility of agricultural commodities, inflation and agricultural policies in Nigeria. The findings suggest the need for policies that will buffer…

Sources of Technical Efficiency among Smallholder Maize Farmers in Southern Malawi

"The agricultural sector in Malawi is vital to the economy for incomes and food security. The sector accounts for 35% of national income, generates 90% of foreign exchange, and provides paid and self-employment to 92% of the rural population. One …

Supply Response, Risk and Institutional Change in Nigerian Agriculture

"Nigeria is among many African countries that have engaged in agricultural liberalization since 1986 in the hope that reforms emphasizing price incentives will encourage producers to respond. Hitherto, the reforms seem to have introduced greater unc…

Technical Efficiency Differentials in Rice Production Technologies in Nigeria

"This study examined technical efficiency differentials between farmers planting traditional rice varieties and those planting improved varieties in Nigeria. The study used a multistage random sampling procedure for the selection of 302 respondents …

Technical Efficiency of Rice Farmers in Northern Ghana

"The priority of the research is to measure developed technical efficiency between irrigated and non-irrigated rice farmers in Northern Ghana with the aim of providing recommendations on how to increase rice production. The specific objectives are t…

Making Agriculture Pro-Nutrition: Opportunities in Tanzania

"Extreme poverty and chronic malnutrition are widespread in rural Tanzania, where smallholder agriculture dominates the economy. Given the sector’s role as the main source of food and livelihood for many malnourished people, agriculture has substant…

The Nigerian Economy: Response of Agriculture to Adjustment Policies

"This study estimated price and non-price supply response coefficients for nine individual crops, sub-sectoral aggregates and commodity exports using the two-stage least squares (TSLS) and seemingly unrelated regression method (SURM) as tools for ev…

The Real Exchange Rate and Ghana's Agricultural Exports

"This study examines the effects of the real exchange rate of the cedi on agricultural price incentives and agricultural exports in Ghana. It is divided into six sections. The problem which motivated this study, the study's objectives and relevance,…

Agriculture, Growth and Rural Poverty Reduction in Africa: Fallacies, Contexts and Priorities for Research

"This paper is concerned with the links between agriculture, growth and rural poverty reduction in Africa. The perceived wisdom is that agriculture is key for growth for Africa, and that agricultural growth is key for rural poverty reduction. We cri…

Total Factor Productivity in Kenya: The Links with Trade Policy

"Recent experience, particularly for East Asian countries, has highlighted the potential for achieving rapid and renewed growth in sub-Saharan Africa through appropriate trade policy orientation. In Kenya, however, where the last three decades have …

The Effects of Exchange Rate Policy on Cameroon's Agricultural Competitiveness

"The paper analyses the effects of trade and exchange rate policies on Cameroon's agriculture. Theoretical models and formulas are developed for empirical analysis. The calculated relative prices and indexes estimates of the degree of over-valuati…

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