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Zimbabwe: At The Crossroads

Zimbabwe's 24-25 June 2000 parliamentary election resulted in President Robert Mugabe's ruling ZANU (PF) party retaining power. However, the nine month old opposition party, the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), made an impressive showing, win...

The Quest for Affordable Food: Prospects in the Doha Round for Net Food-importing Developing Countries

"In the past few years, a sharp rise in the price of food commodities has caused a critical global food crisis, increasing the food bill of consumers in a way that deeply affects the food security of low-income societies, whose members spend more ...

Planting Ideas: How Agricultural Subsidies are Working in Malawi

"Malawi is the most densely populated country in southern Africa. Without affordable fertiliser and other inputs, small farmers have struggled to grow enough food from over-cultivated soils. But after successive food crises, the government of Mala...

Feeding Five Thousand: The Case for Indigenous Crops, in Zimbabwe

"About two thirds of Africa’s population depend for their livelihood on primary crops. Agriculture is the continent’s largest economic sector, far bigger than banking, brewing, mining or telecoms – all industries propelled by innovation and inves...

Growth and Development in South Africa's heartland: Silence, exit and voice in the Free State

"This report is about how places that used to be nationally important can easily lose this status, and about how being ‘halfway to everywhere’ is no help at all if most influential people are leaving, fewer are passing through, and fewer still are...

Zimbabwe: Reaping the Harvest?

"The Land Reform and Resettlement Programme of the Zimbabwean government can be seen as comprising two phases. In the first phase, from 1980 to 1996, the dominant approach to land redistribution and acquisition may be characterised as “a state-cen...

Crop Production in Ethiopia: Regional Patterns and Trends

"Ethiopia’s crop agriculture is complex, involving substantial variation in crops grown across the country’s different regions and ecologies. Five major cereals (teff, wheat, maize, sorghum and barley) are the core of Ethiopia’s agriculture and fo...

Decentralization and Public Service Delivery in Nigeria

"Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa. The 2006 provisional census counted over 140 million people, 64 percent of whom live in rural areas. These rural areas are undergoing radical, noticeable change, particularly in the agricultural sec...

Welfare Impacts of Import Controls in Botswana’s Horticulture

"The primary objective of this paper is to quantify the welfare impacts of import controls in Botswana’s horticulture. The paper contributes in three ways. Firstly, by quantifying the impact of import controls, it adds to the current understanding...

Challenges for Agricultural Diversification in Botswana under the Proposed SADC EU Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA)

"This paper examines the challenges Botswana’s Agriculture is likely to face under the EU/ACP Economic Partnership Agreement(EPA). While the sector has witnessed some diversification in the past, such success was, however, induced by the provisi...

The Potential for Export Diversification in Botswana

"The analysis presented in this overview report concluded that while the international market for ostrich products remains buoyant, it is also highly volatile. As a niche product, ostrich meat it is subject to shifting consumer preferences simi...

Demand Characteristics for Improved Rice, Cowpea, and Maize Seeds in Nigeria: Policy Implications and Knowledge Gaps

"This review focuses primarily on the demand for improved seeds of rice, cowpea, and maize. They key research questions addressed in this review are: (1) how has seed demand in SSA been generally characterized, (2) how does such characterization ...

Trends and Drivers of Agricultural Productivity in Nigeria

"Agriculture is the economic mainstay of the majority of households in Nigeria and is a significant sector in Nigeria’s economy. The important benefits of the agricultural sector to Nigeria’s economy include: the provision of food, contribution to...

Knowledge Management and Development Targets in Nigeria

"Ajaikaiye and Olusola (2003) observed that the knowledge system of any progressive society performs a pivotal function in its development. However, they note that “in spite of this recognition, the attention given to Nigeria’s knowledge system ha...

Agricultural Extension in Ethiopia through a Gender and Governance Lens

"Drawing on a household survey collected in eight woredas in seven Ethiopian regions in 2009, as well as on qualitative fieldwork in four of the eight woredas, this paper provides analysis of agricultural extension delivery in Ethiopia. While over...

A Quantitative Analysis of Determinants of Child and Maternal Malnutrition in Nigeria

"Malnutrition rates among children 0-36 months and women of reproductive age in Nigeria are high and vary significantly across rural-urban locations, geopolitical regions, and agroecological zones, constituting a significant public health chall...

Options for Enhancing Agricultural Productivity in Nigeria

"Since 2003, economic growth in Nigeria has been strong. Annual GDP grew by 9.1 percent per annum between 2003 and 2005 and by 6.1 percent per annum between 2006 and 2008. Much of this growth can be attributed to the non-oil economy which has gro...

Irrigation Development in Ghana: Past experiences, emerging opportunities, and future directions

"Agriculture has a central socioeconomic position in Ghana. This sector accounts for about 65 percent of the work force, about 40 percent of the gross domestic product, and about 40 percent of foreign currencies acquired through exports. Although ...

Agriculture and the Economic Transformation of Ethiopia

"This paper examines the implications of this commitment to both growth and reduction in poverty, analyzes the progress underway, and diagnoses the critical elements of change in policy required to reach the objectives. Combining a review of exper...

Ensuring Food and Nutrition Security in Rural Nigeria: An Assessment of the Challenges, Information Needs, and Analytical Capacity

"Nigeria is still characterized by high reliance on food imports. Malnutrition is widespread in the entire country and rural areas are especially vulnerable to chronic food shortages, malnutrition, unbalanced nutrition, erratic food supply, poor q...

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