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Zimbabwe: Reaping the Harvest?

"The Land Reform and Resettlement Programme of the Zimbabwean government can be seen as comprising two phases. In the first phase, from 1980 to 1996, the dominant approach to land redistribution and acquisition may be characterised as “a state-cen...

Crop Production in Ethiopia: Regional Patterns and Trends

"Ethiopia’s crop agriculture is complex, involving substantial variation in crops grown across the country’s different regions and ecologies. Five major cereals (teff, wheat, maize, sorghum and barley) are the core of Ethiopia’s agriculture and fo...

Decentralization and Public Service Delivery in Nigeria

"Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa. The 2006 provisional census counted over 140 million people, 64 percent of whom live in rural areas. These rural areas are undergoing radical, noticeable change, particularly in the agricultural sec...

Welfare Impacts of Import Controls in Botswana’s Horticulture

"The primary objective of this paper is to quantify the welfare impacts of import controls in Botswana’s horticulture. The paper contributes in three ways. Firstly, by quantifying the impact of import controls, it adds to the current understanding...

Challenges for Agricultural Diversification in Botswana under the Proposed SADC EU Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA)

"This paper examines the challenges Botswana’s Agriculture is likely to face under the EU/ACP Economic Partnership Agreement(EPA). While the sector has witnessed some diversification in the past, such success was, however, induced by the provisi...

The Potential for Export Diversification in Botswana

"The analysis presented in this overview report concluded that while the international market for ostrich products remains buoyant, it is also highly volatile. As a niche product, ostrich meat it is subject to shifting consumer preferences simi...

Demand Characteristics for Improved Rice, Cowpea, and Maize Seeds in Nigeria: Policy Implications and Knowledge Gaps

"This review focuses primarily on the demand for improved seeds of rice, cowpea, and maize. They key research questions addressed in this review are: (1) how has seed demand in SSA been generally characterized, (2) how does such characterization ...

Trends and Drivers of Agricultural Productivity in Nigeria

"Agriculture is the economic mainstay of the majority of households in Nigeria and is a significant sector in Nigeria’s economy. The important benefits of the agricultural sector to Nigeria’s economy include: the provision of food, contribution to...

Knowledge Management and Development Targets in Nigeria

"Ajaikaiye and Olusola (2003) observed that the knowledge system of any progressive society performs a pivotal function in its development. However, they note that “in spite of this recognition, the attention given to Nigeria’s knowledge system ha...

Agricultural Extension in Ethiopia through a Gender and Governance Lens

"Drawing on a household survey collected in eight woredas in seven Ethiopian regions in 2009, as well as on qualitative fieldwork in four of the eight woredas, this paper provides analysis of agricultural extension delivery in Ethiopia. While over...

A Quantitative Analysis of Determinants of Child and Maternal Malnutrition in Nigeria

"Malnutrition rates among children 0-36 months and women of reproductive age in Nigeria are high and vary significantly across rural-urban locations, geopolitical regions, and agroecological zones, constituting a significant public health chall...

Options for Enhancing Agricultural Productivity in Nigeria

"Since 2003, economic growth in Nigeria has been strong. Annual GDP grew by 9.1 percent per annum between 2003 and 2005 and by 6.1 percent per annum between 2006 and 2008. Much of this growth can be attributed to the non-oil economy which has gro...

Irrigation Development in Ghana: Past experiences, emerging opportunities, and future directions

"Agriculture has a central socioeconomic position in Ghana. This sector accounts for about 65 percent of the work force, about 40 percent of the gross domestic product, and about 40 percent of foreign currencies acquired through exports. Although ...

Agriculture and the Economic Transformation of Ethiopia

"This paper examines the implications of this commitment to both growth and reduction in poverty, analyzes the progress underway, and diagnoses the critical elements of change in policy required to reach the objectives. Combining a review of exper...

Ensuring Food and Nutrition Security in Rural Nigeria: An Assessment of the Challenges, Information Needs, and Analytical Capacity

"Nigeria is still characterized by high reliance on food imports. Malnutrition is widespread in the entire country and rural areas are especially vulnerable to chronic food shortages, malnutrition, unbalanced nutrition, erratic food supply, poor q...

Constraints to Increasing Agricultural Productivity in Nigeria: A Review

"This paper reviews the constraints hindering growth of agricultural productivity in Nigeria by - providing an overview of the policy environment that affects agricultural productivity, - establishing how the policy environment affects productiv...

Diversification in Botswana's Agricultural Sector : Issues, Prospects and Challenges

"The objective of this paper was to provide background information for in-depth studies on diversification in Botswana's agricultural sector. Success areas, bottlenecks and future opportuniteis and challenges are identified. The paper progress as ...

A National Trade Policy for Botswana: Zero Draft and Consultations

"Trade policy plays a key role in the flow of goods and services both within and between countries. The former is called domestic trade while the latter is called international trade. The focus of this study will be on international trade. Countri...

National Master Plan for the Arable Agriculture and Dairy Development (NAMPAADD) Implementation Guidelines

"The policy objectives for the agricultural sector, which guided the study are: Improvement in food security at both household and national levels, Diversification of the agricultural production base, Increased agricultural output and productivity...

Knowledge Review on Poverty and Rural Development in Nigeria

"The Nigerian situation presents a paradox because the country is rich but the people are poor, with the poverty experienced by Nigerians being pervasive, multifaceted and chronic, affecting the lives of a large proportion of the populace. On th...

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