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Prospects for Change in Zimbabwe

"These notes are offered to Members ahead of the Commons debate on July 19th 2007. They argue that in developing a practical response to the crisis in Zimbabwe, British policy-makers must recognise the realistic prospect of continued deterioration...

Integrating Food Security with Land Reform: A More Effective Policy for South Africa

"Food security is broadly defined as households’ access at all times to adequate, safe and nutritious food for a healthy and productive life. This policy brief draws on a case study of the South African government’s attempt to revitalize the rural...

Poverty and Changing Livelihoods of Migrant Maasai Pastoralists in Morogoro and Kilosa Districts, Tanzania

"The objective of this study was to analyse how the Maasai migrants have adapted themselves to the new ecological conditions and the impact of such adaptations on their livelihoods. Confronted with the loss of grazing land due to several geographi...

The Role of Traditional Irrigation Systems (Vinyungu) in Alleviating Poverty in Iringa Rural District, Tanzania

"This study was conducted to assess the role of the vinyungu irrigation system in alleviating poverty in Iringa rural district in the southern highlands of Tanzania and covered five villages, Wasa, Uhominyi, Kihanga, Kising'a, and Lulanzi, represe...

Poverty Environment and Livelihood along the Gradients of the Usambaras in Tanzania

"This study will provide some insights that will contribute towards bringing about a balance on the views of the relationships between poverty and the environment. But beyond this the juxtaposition of mountains and plains like that found in the Us...

Climate Change, Agriculture, and Foodcrop Production in Ghana

"Despite the recent transition to an industry and service sectors-led economy, agriculture still plays a fundamental role in Ghana. The sector comprises approximately 30 percent of the country’s GDP to date and employs approximately 50 percent of ...

Household and Plot Level Impact of Sustainable Land and Watershed Management (SLWM) Practices in the Blue Nile

"Land degradation and water shortages are major issues in developing countries, contributing to reduced economic output, lower growth potential and increased poverty. The immediate trade-off between short-term welfare and long-term agricultural de...

Elite Land Grabbing in Namibian Communal Areas and its Impact on Subsistence Farmers' Livelihoods

"Large scale land acquisitions by foreign investors in Africa for agricultural purposes continue to capture attention worldwide. In recent years Namibia has received some proposals from multi-national agricultural corporations to develop large sca...

Commons Governance in Southern Africa

"This Policy Brief is based on synthetic studies undertaken by participants in the Cross Sectoral Commons Governance in Southern Africa (CROSCOG) project between 2007 and 2009. The objective of the project was to share existing research and exper...

Kenya's Neglected IDP's Internal Displacement and Vulnerability of Pastoralist Communities in Northern Kenya

"This report investigates the situation surrounding these displaced pastoralists. It examines the causes of their displacement, the legal basis for their protection and the shortcomings in responding to the problem. To address these, the report ...

Investing in Orphan Crops to Improve Food and Livelihood Security of Uganda's Rural Poor Policy Gaps, Opportunities and Recommendations

"This policy research paper is an analysis of the extent to which Uganda’s food and agricultural-related policies and policy frameworks support the production and wider use of orphan crops in national development. Its major objective is to provide...

Promoting Agriculture Sector Growth and Development A Comparative Analysis of Uganda’s Political Party Manifestos (2011-2016)

"This paper is an analytical comparison of the promises made by Uganda’s different political parties in their manifestos (2011 – 2016) with regard to the measures proposed to address the challenges facing the agriculture sector. The comparison ...

Unlocking the Potentials of Agriculture and Forestry for Growth and Poverty Eradication

"An economic analysis was carried out to underscore the social and economic consequences of poor and unsustainable management of RNR's, in order to stimulate policy attention to sound management of the productive base of agriculture and forestry. ...

Agricultural Policy and Institutional Framework for Transformation of Agriculture, Economic Development and Poverty Reduction in Rwanda

"This document provides a brief guide to the institutional, and policy framework for transformation of agriculture, economic development and poverty reduction in Rwanda. Internationally, Rwanda’s agricultural policies are embedded in a framework ...

Joint Ventures

"South Africa's land reform programme is based on the state providing grants to landless people who negotiate with white landowners to purchase land. The high price of land, among other factors, has led to the emergence of joint ventures. In thes...

Land Use and Rural Livelihoods: Have they been Enhanced through Land Reform?

"It is often assumed that transferring land to rural households will provide people with valuable assets that can be productively used to enhance their livelihoods. Unfortunately, few rural people or land reform beneficiaries are perceived to be ...

7 Billion on the Brink Who's Really Fighting the Looming Climate Change and Hunger Crisis?

"The world today confronts three inter-locking crises – climate change,resource scarcity and food price volatility – which all pose major threats to feeding the future. We can no longer treat these challenges to humanity in isolation. We must gen...

From Concept to Action: The Protection and Promotion of Farmers' Rights in East Africa

"The importance of plant genetic resources and the need to conserve and sustainably utilize them has been the subject of many regional and international discussions in the last two and a half decades. The thrust of these discussions has centered n...

Uganda's Access to the European Union Agricultural Market: Challenges and Opportunities

"This paper gives an overview of the trade links between Uganda, ACP(African, Caribbean and Pacific) countries and the EU. It identifies trade opportunities and challenges in accessing the European agricultural market. It summarizes the key issues...

Agricultural Mechanization Strategies for Rwanda Shifting from Subsistence Agriculture to Market-oriented Agriculture

"Farming in Rwanda remains largely subsistence in nature. With a rapid increase in food population, the pressure on ensuring food security is a constant challenge for the stakeholders. Significant progress has been made in Rwanda in the past deca...

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