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Elite Land Grabbing in Namibian Communal Areas and its Impact on Subsistence Farmers' Livelihoods

"Large scale land acquisitions by foreign investors in Africa for agricultural purposes continue to capture attention worldwide. In recent years Namibia has received some proposals from multi-national agricultural corporations to develop large scale…

Commons Governance in Southern Africa

"This Policy Brief is based on synthetic studies undertaken by participants in the Cross Sectoral Commons Governance in Southern Africa (CROSCOG) project between 2007 and 2009. The objective of the project was to share existing research and experie…

Kenya's Neglected IDP's Internal Displacement and Vulnerability of Pastoralist Communities in Northern Kenya

"This report investigates the situation surrounding these displaced pastoralists. It examines the causes of their displacement, the legal basis for their protection and the shortcomings in responding to the problem. To address these, the report gi…

Investing in Orphan Crops to Improve Food and Livelihood Security of Uganda's Rural Poor Policy Gaps, Opportunities and Recommendations

"This policy research paper is an analysis of the extent to which Uganda’s food and agricultural-related policies and policy frameworks support the production and wider use of orphan crops in national development. Its major objective is to provide p…

Promoting Agriculture Sector Growth and Development A Comparative Analysis of Uganda’s Political Party Manifestos (2011-2016)

"This paper is an analytical comparison of the promises made by Uganda’s different political parties in their manifestos (2011 – 2016) with regard to the measures proposed to address the challenges facing the agriculture sector. The comparison is…

Unlocking the Potentials of Agriculture and Forestry for Growth and Poverty Eradication

"An economic analysis was carried out to underscore the social and economic consequences of poor and unsustainable management of RNR's, in order to stimulate policy attention to sound management of the productive base of agriculture and forestry. Th…

Agricultural Policy and Institutional Framework for Transformation of Agriculture, Economic Development and Poverty Reduction in Rwanda

"This document provides a brief guide to the institutional, and policy framework for transformation of agriculture, economic development and poverty reduction in Rwanda. Internationally, Rwanda’s agricultural policies are embedded in a framework of…

Joint Ventures

"South Africa's land reform programme is based on the state providing grants to landless people who negotiate with white landowners to purchase land. The high price of land, among other factors, has led to the emergence of joint ventures. In these …

Land Use and Rural Livelihoods: Have they been Enhanced through Land Reform?

"It is often assumed that transferring land to rural households will provide people with valuable assets that can be productively used to enhance their livelihoods. Unfortunately, few rural people or land reform beneficiaries are perceived to be us…

7 Billion on the Brink Who's Really Fighting the Looming Climate Change and Hunger Crisis?

"The world today confronts three inter-locking crises – climate change,resource scarcity and food price volatility – which all pose major threats to feeding the future. We can no longer treat these challenges to humanity in isolation. We must gener…

From Concept to Action: The Protection and Promotion of Farmers' Rights in East Africa

"The importance of plant genetic resources and the need to conserve and sustainably utilize them has been the subject of many regional and international discussions in the last two and a half decades. The thrust of these discussions has centered not…

Uganda's Access to the European Union Agricultural Market: Challenges and Opportunities

"This paper gives an overview of the trade links between Uganda, ACP(African, Caribbean and Pacific) countries and the EU. It identifies trade opportunities and challenges in accessing the European agricultural market. It summarizes the key issues a…

Agricultural Mechanization Strategies for Rwanda Shifting from Subsistence Agriculture to Market-oriented Agriculture

"Farming in Rwanda remains largely subsistence in nature. With a rapid increase in food population, the pressure on ensuring food security is a constant challenge for the stakeholders. Significant progress has been made in Rwanda in the past decade…

Rwandan Agriculture Sector Situational Analysis

"The main objective of this review is to provide reliable situation analysis of Rwandan Agricultural sector and to recommend interventional strategies that would enable the government and her development partners to come up with sustainable interven…

Rights without Illusions: The Potential and Limits of Rights-based Approaches to Securing Land Tenure in Rural South Africa

"This paper focuses only on tenure reform and its aims to secure the land rights of: farm workers and farm dwellers living on privately-owned land, and residents of the former 'reserves' or Bantustans, now known as communal areas. Summarising the t…

Evaluating Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa: Support for Agricultural Development

"In South Africa, land reform has to be more than securing land rights and transferring a certain number of hectares to black people. Broadly speaking, it has to take into account the uneven spatial development patterns created under colonial and a…

Indigenous Knowledge and Climate Adaptation Policy in Northern Ghana

"The onset of climate change poses a direct challenge to small-scale agricultural production and food security in Ghana. Though this type of farming can be responsive to climatic variations, adaptation policies that promote high-resource solutions a…

The Complexities of Climate Change Adaptation in South African Agriculture

"Agriculture is a complex and politically contentious industry in South Africa, given its connection to food security, water, health and land reform, and the historic resource imbalances between black and white farmers. As a large country with many …

Social Reproduction, Accumulation and Class Differentiation: Small-scale Sugarcane Growers in Mtubatuba, Kwazulu Natal, South Africa

"This paper argues that the rise and decline of small-scale sugarcane grower (SSG) production in KwaZulu-Natal must be historically located within a changing structural relationship with miller-processors, in turn conditioned by shifts in regulatory…

Commercialisation, Deagrarianisation and the Accumulation/Reproduction Dynamic: Massive Maize Production Schemes in the Eastern Cape, South Africa

"The post-apartheid era has seen the South African government trying to reverse ‘deagrarianisation’ in the former homelands by introducing ‘modern’ farming techniques and agribusiness principles. This paper situates the massive maize schemes curren…

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