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Climate Change in Africa: Adaptation, Mitigation and Governance Challenges

"The hardest hit region has benefited least from the international climate change regime because previous and current global climate change agreements have had little relevance to Africa. The next climate change negotiations will take place in Co...

The Republic of Transkei two years of independence 1976 - 1978

This report accentuates the difficulties facing the Transkei after independence. Industrial and agricultural development is the main growth points. However the prediction for growth in the agricultural sector did not realize and to become self-s...

Optimising Policy Space in the Context of Increasing International Support for CAADP

"The Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) is a pan-African vehicle that translates the vision of the NEPAD Planning and Co-ordinating Agency (NPCA) into an operational framework to guide agriculture-led development. CAADP...

EU-SA FTA: The possible effects on Southern African Agriculture

"In a World that seems to be moving steadily towards the dismantling of tariffs and towards trade relations as envisaged by the World Trade Organisation (WTO), tariff rationalisations are still not universally accepted as the only way to economic...

Kenya's Flying Vegetables: Small Farmers and the 'Food Miles' Debate

"In this highly personal and keenly argued commentary, James Gikunju Muuru makes the first detailed response by an African smallholder to the controversy over ‘food miles’. His account describes the serial feats of coordination, discipline, produc...

Why Africa Can Make it Big in Agriculture

"Self-sufficiency in food production is the new mantra of donors and policymakers in Africa. But farmers, large and small, can be much more ambitious. Agriculture is the continent’s most neglected – and important – potential competitive advantage....

Planting Ideas: How Agricultural Subsidies are Working in Malawi

"Malawi is the most densely populated country in southern Africa. Without affordable fertiliser and other inputs, small farmers have struggled to grow enough food from over-cultivated soils. But after successive food crises, the government of Mala...

Feeding Five Thousand: The Case for Indigenous Crops, in Zimbabwe

"About two thirds of Africa’s population depend for their livelihood on primary crops. Agriculture is the continent’s largest economic sector, far bigger than banking, brewing, mining or telecoms – all industries propelled by innovation and inves...

Agrarian reform, rural development and governance in Africa: A case of eastern and Southern Africa

"This paper broadly explores common themes that underpin the formulation and implementation of land and agrarian policies in four select countries, namely South Africa, Namibia, Kenya, and Zimbabwe. Economic, egalitarian, and political motives are...

Kenana: A Largescale Sugar Project in the Sudan An Economic Evaluation Commercial and Social Appraisal of the Kenana Sugar Project

"Kenana, on the other hand, possibly the world's largest sugar project, is aimed essentially at export markets and both ownership and management have been organised along different lines. The estate consists of 84,078 acres and the factory is desi...

Resource Alienation, Militarisation and Development Case Studies from East African Drylands

"The introductory chapter attempts to contribute to the ongoing effort to obliterate perhaps the two major hurdles in the progress in understanding the dynamics of human adaptation in East African drylands. These are the persistence of ‘crisis sce...

A Gap Analysis of Confined Field Trial Application Forms for Genetically Modified Crops in East Africa: Evaluating the Potential for Harmonization

"The regulatory approval of genetically modified crops in the field initially requires small, restricted experimental trials known as confined field trials. These small scale experiments provide researchers with important information on environmen...

Land Degradation and Adoption of Conservation Technologies in the Digil Watershed Northern Highland of Ethiopia

"Determining the extent and rate of land degradation with empirical evidence has to underlie any conservation endeavour. This is because dimensions and rates of degradation vary with time and space,and hence empirical and local-scale studies are m...

The Role of Cocoa in Ghana's Future Development

"The recent surge in world commodity prices might alter the role of traditional export crops in African economies. While export crops have traditionally been important sources of foreign exchange earnings and government revenues, Ghana is an ex...

Identifying Opportunities in Ghana’s Agriculture: Results from a Policy Analysis Matrix

"Recent increases in cereals prices raise questions about agricultural priorities in Ghana. This report presents an application of the Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM) to the problem of identifying opportunities to enhance agriculture’s contribution t...

Household Seasonal Food Insecurity in Oromiya Zone, Ethiopia: Causes

"The main objective of the study is to identify the environmental and socio-economic causes of transitory food insecurity among farm households in Oromiya Zone.The zone under consideration is one of the poorest with respect to the development of r...

Is Food Insecurity More Severe in South Asia or Sub-Saharan Africa? A Comparative Analysis Using Household Expenditure Survey Data

"This paper uses data from national household expenditure surveys to explore whether food insecurity is more severe in South Asia or Sub-Saharan Africa. It employs two indicators of the diet quantity dimension of food insecurity, or the inability...

Conflict Resolution through Cultural Tolerance : An Analysis of the Michu Institution in Metekkel Region, Ethiopia

"The Nilotic groups in Ethiopia were marginalized politically and socially by the relatively organized communities in the highlands. They were dominated by the neighbouring communities, the Christian kingdoms of Ethiopia and the Sudan. They were...

Non-Farm Activities and Production Decision of Farmers

"Rural development, which includes progress both in farm and non-farm activities, seems to be the only hope to bring better days in Ethiopia. Non-farm activities provide not only alternative sources of income and employment for the rural poor but ...

An Exploratory Study of Land Use, Management and Degradation

"The research findings identify a variety of land use activities and a range of choice decision factors. The diversity of crops and mixed stock is shown to respond to good yields and easy management. The socio-economic characteristics of the samp...

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