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Lifting the veil: Exploring the transparency of Canadian companies

"Improving transparency amongst companies and governments has become an important international issue. Transparency is a critical tool that can reduce corruption and improve revenue governance in countries with abundant resources. Information is...

Security Sector Reform Monitor: Burundi

"Few internal or external oversight mechanisms exist in Burundi’s security sector. In focusing on transparency and accountability, this Security Sector Reform Monitor: Burundi highlights the internal oversight mechanisms of the national police and...

Unchecked Executive Powers: Lessons in Effective Government Design

"Without checks and balances, the executive branch of government will inevitably dominate governance structures. This tendency has been particularly pronounced in Africa, in part because countries inherited the structures of the colonialists and t...

Preventing Corruption in African Procurement

This paper discusses some of the ingredients for building stronger systems. It examines public procurement - the purchasing of goods and services by government departments or state-owned enterprises - which involves enormous sums of money, and the...

What Makes for Effective Anti-Corruption Systems?

This paper is by Marianne Camerer, co-founder and international director of Global Integrity, an international non-governmental organisation that tracks anti-corruption systems. Drawing on international best practice, she argues that the condition...

Media Freedom, Transparency and Governance

This paper, by veteran journalist Raymond Louw, asks a fundamental question: 'Can good governance exist without a free and independent media?' And he argues that Africa's premier governance and accountability tool - The APRM - seems to have ignor...

Making the News: Why the APRM didn't

In this paper, Brendan Boyle who covered the South African peer review process for the Sunday Times newspaper, reflects on why, in his opinion, the APRM failed to capture the imagination of the public and the press, and generate a national convers...

Democracy and Accountability: Balancing Majority Rule and Minority Rights

This paper identifies accountability as the essential ingredient required to make the ideals of constitutionalism a reality. The author offers a definition in which three tests for constitutionalism are set out. These are, firstly, limitations on ...

Common African Political Governance Issues: Lessons from Six Early APRM Reports

"This paper analyses the discussion and recommendations about Africa's pressing political governance issues - including the separation of powers, election management and corruption - from the APRM reports of Ghana, Rwanda, Kenya, , South Africa, A...

The African Peer Review Mechanism: Assessing Origins, Institutional Relations and Achievements

"This paper assesses the origins of the APRM, the benefits that it has brought to the continent, and the obstacles that militate against success. To assess the impact of the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM), it is necessary to understand where...

Ten Reasons to Keep Faith with Africa's Peer Review Process

Almost a decade after Africa’s major governance monitoring mechanism was mooted, we must ask: What value has the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) added? Has it been worth the time and money? What has it changed? Like any tool, much depends ...

An Analysis of the Implementation of the African Peer Review Mechanism in Ghana, Kenya and Mauritius

"This paper examines the implementation of African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) in Ghana, Kenya and Mauritius. First to voluntarily submit to review by the APRM, all three countries have devised different working models at the national level...

The Impact of Democracy on Development: The Case of South Africa

"The brief for this study was to present and discuss post-1994 changes, marking the advent of democracy in South Africa, to the socio-economic position of households, to assess improvements in service delivery, political changes, and public percep...

The Impact of Democracy in Botswana: Assessing Political, Social and Economic Developments since the Dawn of Democracy

"Botswana achieved independence from Britain more than 40 years ago and much has changed in Botswana since that time. This paper reports on the state of development in Botswana over the past 10 to 15 years, and looks at whether democracy has led ...

Developmental Dividends of Democratisation in Malawi: A country report

"The question that is at the core of this report is: where is Malawi, more than 10 years after that decisive referendum? In trying to address this question, we look at three key issues: household socio-economic changes, social development (includ...

The Impact of Democracy in Namibia: Assessing Political, Social and Economic Developments since the dawn of Democracy

"This country report presents an overview of Namibia based on the most recent socio-economic data, such as comprehensive expenditure data culled from the 2003/2004 Namibia Household Income and Expenditure Survey (NHIES), the 2nd Millennium Develo...

Public Service Delivery in a Democratic, Developmental State

"This paper focuses on the notion of service delivery by the public service in a democratic developmental state. The public service in a democratic developmental state essentially focuses not only on the delivery of services, but it is also crucia...

The MDG's and Africa: The Elusive Partnership?

"In September 2000, 89 countries met at United Nations (UN) headquarters in New York amid great fanfare to adopt the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The MDGs sought to generate international consensus to eliminate international poverty and b...

South Africa's Electricity Crisis: How did we get here? And how do we put things right?

"This report examines the electricity crisis in South Africa and CDE asked some basic questions about the crisis and how to minimise its negative impacts on our country over the years that it’s going to take to get out of this emergency. The Sout...

Fusing Privatisation of Security with Peace and Security Initiatives

"This paper seeks to highlight the numerous obstacles to, and opportunities for, the consolidation of PMSCs into a security provision role on the African continent. Obstacles include the lack of definition as to what PMSCs actually are. The inabil...

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