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The ZIPAR Quarterly Issue 2

In ‘Eurobonds: Weighing Risks against gains’ there has been recent media speculation about the government issuing another Eurobond – the third in two years. This has resulted in apprehensions in some quarters of the economy regarding the risks assoc…

Bridging the PAYE Tax Revenue Gap

"Based on the Report “Uncovering the Unknown: An analysis of Tax Evasion in Zambia,” Zambia is currently grappling with issues of reducing high budget deficits. Zambia’s tax revenue-to-GDP ratio dropped to a record low of 13% in the early 1990s from…

Making Every Kilometre Count: Prioritising Road Infrastructure Spending

The policy brief presents an assessment of the importance of different road sections and corridors prioritized based on their transportation efficiency, accessibility and socio-economic importance. To do that, a nation-wide travel demand model coupl…

Uncovering the Unknown: An Analysis of Tax Evasion in Zambia

"The Government of the Republic of Zambia, like many other governments in the world, significantly relies on tax revenue to finance both its key infrastructure development and social services. This study investigates the extent and causes of tax eva…

Switching costs, Relationship Banking & MSMEs Formal Bank Credit in Zambia

"We find that MSMEs choice of the main-bank does not persist signaling the absence of switching costs and the vague role of relationship banking. Moreover, switching a main-bank has no effect on lending interest rates. Our results imply that MSMEs a…

Trip Modeling and Cost Analysis for Public Road Transport System for the City of Lusaka

"The increase in the use of private motor vehicles for routine travel within the City of Lusaka suggests weakness in the Public Transport (PT) system. The current PT fares are unsustainably high and service levels undesirable. This largely owes to t…

Optimization Study for Core Road Network Planning to Link Zambia

"This report presents an assessment of the importance of different road sections and corridors (“projects”) prioritized based on transportation efficiency, accessibility and socio-economic characteristics. The Zambian road network is undergoing sign…

Estimating Returns to Education in Zambia

"For a long time, Zambia has had no studies estimating returns to education despite this being a critical factor in knowing what is driving the demand to education, particularly different levels of education. This paper has estimated the returns to …

Resource Mobalisation and Fundraising in Basic Schools: A Case Study of Copperbelt and North-Western Province

"Like many other countries, Zambia removed a major barrier to access to primary education when it abolished user fees for Grades 1–7 in 2002. The resulting fall in basic schools’ income, however, has not been relieved by adequate government resource…

Using Climate Information to Achieve Long Term Development Objectives in Zambia

Governments, civil society, the private sector, governments, civil society and individuals in Africa are making critical investment decisions about the near-term development of their nations and localities. The impacts of climate change can determin…

The Costs and Pricing of Tourism in Zambia: The Case of Livingstone

"Tourism is potentially one of Zambia’s best prospects for economic diversification and growth. The tourism sector has the potential to play an increasingly important role in stimulating economic growth by contributing to job creation, foreign excha…

Taxation of the informal sector in Zambia

"Zambia, like most developing countries, has undertaken tax reforms in a bid to raise more revenue from its tax system. Though tax reforms in Zambia began in the early 1990s, tax revenue has grown only marginally from its sharp decline prior to the …

Fitch Credit Rating for Zambia

"Fitch, a renowned global credit rating agency and one of the top three statistical rating organizations in the world recently maintained Zambia’s sovereign credit risk rating of ‘B+’ at its second rating of the country’s sovereign risk that began i…

Misconceptions Surround High Interest Rates and Low Bank Credit to MSMEs in Zambia

"The important contribution made by MSMEs in the development of any economy cannot be overlooked. In Zambia, MSMEs contribute about 56% of the total number of jobs and account for over 80% of the number of businesses registered at the Patents and Co…

Does Zambia need to change the way it allocates the CDF?

"This is based on a ZIPAR Research Paper “Resource Allocation Model for the Constituency Development Fund.” As the Ministry of Finance commences the preparation of the 2015 National budget, it is worth asking how the government allocates spending a…

Projected Farm Income Gains in the COMESA/ASARECA Region from Commercialization of BT Cotton

The overall objective of this report is to generate information on genetically modified cotton crops, with regard to biotechnology, biosafety policy, choices and options. This brief also examines constraints posed by the bollworm in the production o…

Maintaining Momentum? Civil Society and the APRM in Zambia

"The African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) is intended to assist member states to identify and eradicate governance problems. The review of Zambia found positives as well as negatives in the country’s governance practices. Without the participation o…

Getting Down to Business: Lessons from the African Peer Review Mechanism A Look at the Corporate Governance Thematic Area in the Country Review Reports on Lesotho, Mauritius, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania and Zambia

"Focussing on the six Southern African Development Community (SADC) states that have thus far completed their first Country Review Reports (CRRs) – Lesotho, Mauritius, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania and Zambia – this report shows that corporate…

Zambians Disapprove of Non-democratic Means of Governance

"A majority of Zambians do not approve of non-democratic means of governance. Results from the survey, which was conducted in October 2014, shows that most Zambians disapprove of undemocratic alternatives such as one-party rule and one-man rule."

Tribal Feelings are Increasing in Intensity

"About half of Zambians (50%) have strong feelings of belonging to their ethnic group (tribe) while at the same time feeling a part of Zambia. A small but growing number of Zambians place their tribal identity above national identity."

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