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Union Monétaire et Impact du Commerce Bilatéral Intra Zone: Approche par les VAR Structurels dans la Zone CFA / Monetary Union and the Impact of Intra Zone Bilateral Trade: Structural VAR Approach in the CFA Zone

This article tries to answer empirically to the second assumption on the theory of the ZMO developed by Mc Kinnon (1963), starting from a study on a sample of country of the CFA zone. It is pressed on the assets of the gravity models to highlight t…

Développement Financier, Croissance économique et Inégalités de Revenus entre les Pays de l’UEMOA / Financial Development, Economic Growth and Inequalities of Income between WAEMU Countries

The aim of this paper is to analyse the impact of financial development first on GDP per capita growth and second on inequalities between UEMOA countries during the period 1960- 2002. Time series data are from the 2004 World Development Indicators C…

Low-Carbon Energy Transition in Africa: Insights from West Africa

A shift towards low-carbon, renewable energy sources is imperative if the worst impacts of climate change are to be avoided. Although Africa has contributed a relatively small proportion of historical carbon emissions, the continent must still play …

The West African El Dorado: Mapping the Illicit Trade of Gold in Côte d’Ivoire, Mali and Burkina Faso

This report maps the enforcement and governance challenges, as well as vulnerabilities posed by the illicit trade of gold in West Africa and its impact on regional peace and stability. The scope of this report focuses on the artisanal gold sector i…

State, Borders and Territory in the Sahel: The Case of the G5 Sahel

This document is available in French as well : L’Etat, les frontières et le territoire au Sahel : Cas du G5 Sahel. This Policy Brief highlights the depths of the Sahel crisis. Some aspects of the crisis, such as extremist violence, migration, trans…

Maroc-CEDEAO: Comprendre les Réticences pour Mieux les Dépasser / Morocco-ECOWAS: Understanding Reluctance in order to Surpass it

One should bear in mind that joining a group such as ECOWAS, which ensures the free movement of goods, persons and services and aspiring to a single currency regime in 2020 - was not a straightforward matter with regards to the institutional, regula…

West Africa's Evolving Security Architecture: Looking back to the future

The seminar’s focus was on the evolution of ECOWAS’ security architecture, as outlined in the 1999 ECOWAS Mechanism for Conflict Prevention, Management, Resolution, Peacekeeping and Security (commonly referred to as “the Mechanism”) and the ECOWAS S…

Soutenabilité de la Politique Budgétaire des Pays de la CEDEAO: Cas du Togo / Sustainability of the ECOWAS Countries' Budget Policy: Case of Togo

The main objective of this study was to assess the sustainability of Togo's fiscal policy. From the analysis of its public finances, it appears that the efforts made for the stability of the macroeconomic framework, including reforms in the manageme…

Irrigation, Sécurité Alimentaire et Pauvrété Leçons Tirées de Trois grands Barrages en Afrique de l’Ouest / Irrigation, Food Security and Poverty: Lessons Learned from Three Large Dams in West Africa

This report presents field data from three large irrigation schemes in Mali, Senegal and Burkina Faso, which can help policymakers understand the project results and optimize public investment, both for the taxpayer and for the farmers themselves. I…

The Meaning of Morocco’s Return to the African Union

Morocco’s 2017 return to the African Union (AU) has created a rift between its supporters, mostly from Francophone West Africa, and those who oppose Morocco because of its claim over the Western Sahara. If Morocco wants to have a say in decisions on…

Stakeholders' Dialogue on Government Approaches to Managing Defecting Violent Extremists

This policy brief outlines contributions from stakeholders and demonstrates how dialogue can help foster community understanding of government intervention on reintegration, foster citizenship ownership of government programmes and its many soluti…

Koglweogos: The Risk of Community Ownership of Security

In Burkina Faso, community run security forces known as Koglweogo have been working at a local level to prevent and punish crime, from theft to armed attack. However, recent violations of human rights and abuse of the rule of law by members of the …

The Legacy of Mauritania’s Colonels: West Africa’s Next Crisis?

Briefly taking stock of the pertinent theoretical literature on democratic transitions, civil military relations, identity conflict, and the merit of focusing on the role of individual leaders, this study comparatively examines and evaluates their…

Winning the War, and not just the Battle: Masterplan for Ending the Boko Haram Insurgency in the North East

This Briefing note recommends a multi-sectoral approach to ending the Boko Haram insurgency and recognises the several issues driving the insurgency. While amnesty and peace negotiations remain divisive and controversial issues in relation to reso…

West Africa Insight Vol 5 No.1: Secessionist Movement

This journal comprises several articles. The first article on page 4 is titled: Biafran Separatist Agitations in Nigeria: Causes, trajectories, scenarios and the way forward by Prof. Jideofor Adibe discusses the causes of the civil war in the Republ…

West Africa Insight Vol 6 No.3: Urbanization in West Africa

UN habita predicts that before 2050, the total urban population in Africa will grow from the current estimate of 400 million to in excess of 1.26 billion. By 2030 the urban population of West Africa will range from 46.2%(Guinea) to 63.1% (Ivory Coa…

Preventing Extremism in West and Central Africa: Lessons from Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Niger and Nigeria

Efforts to prevent and counter violent extremism have emerged rapidly onto the global stage and attracted substantial financial investment. This study investigated selected projects to understand their objectives, target groups, activities, theori…

2018 Osun State Governorship Election: Things to Know

Osun State was carved out of the old Oyo State on August 27, 1991, by the military regime of Ibrahim Babangida. The first democratically elected Governor of the State, Isiaka Adeleke, took office in January 1992 and governed till November 1993, when…

Corruption and State Instability in West Africa: An Examination of Policy Options

This paper raises a number of questions on corruption and state instability in West Africa and attempts to answer them: (a) What are the manifestations of corruption in West Africa? (b) Is there a causal relationship between corruption and state in…

Overview of Key Livelihood Activities in Northern Niger

This research paper focuses on important livelihood activities in the licit economy of northern Niger and how it evolved. This paper will attempt to highlight the important historical dates that changed the dynamics in northern Niger, and different…

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