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The Center Can Hold: Towards a Regional Approach to Combating West Africa’s Terrorists

This brief, examines challenges and prospects of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Counter-Terrorism Strategy and Implementation Plan. This resulted in the ECOWAS Counterterrorism Strategy and Implementation Plan. In this brief …

Health Systems as a Neglected Developmental Pillar: The Case of Ebola in West Africa

This paper mainly highlights how health is compromised in Africa. It seeks to question and analyse the predicaments faced by a number of African countries, particularly the western region as a result of the crisis caused by the Ebola epidemic. It po…

Working towards a Smart Energy Path: Experience from Benin, Mali and Togo

Benin, Mali and Togo – are three West African countries which have participated in the project ‘Energy, Eco development and Resilience in Africa (EERA)’. This project offers lessons to other countries on approaches that can be taken toward a ‘Smart…

Foreign Aid and the Real Exchange Rate in the West African Economic and Monetary Union

This paper aims to re-examine the relationship between foreign aid and the real exchange rate, using the recent econometric methods developed for non stationary dynamic panels and an estimator that imposes a weaker homogeneity assumption on the slo…

The Center Can Hold: Towards a Regional Approach to Combating West Africa’s Terrorists

In several West Afican countries, terrorist activities have assumed an alarming dimension. Various measures by states and international actors have achieved minimal success in the fight against terrorists. This brief calls for effective implementati…

Testing the Impact of Foreign Aid and Aid Uncertainty on Private Investment in West Africa

In this paper, the impact of aid on domestic private investment in West Africa was examined using both aggregate aid (total ODA) and disaggregated aid (multilateral and bilateral). The paper relied on the fixed effects estimation technique. The fin…

Agricultural Innovations for Climate Change Adaptation and Food Security in West Africa: The Case of Nigeria, Sierra Leone and Liberia

Despite international efforts, poverty has become more widespread in many countries in the last decade, making poverty reduction the core challenge for development in the 21st century.The incidences of food insecurity and poverty are particularly …

Identification des Possibilités d’appui aux Filières de Commercialisation Porteuses / Identifying Opportunities to Support Promising Marketing Channels

The study of identifying opportunities to support the promising business sectors fits in the process of preparation of the 11th EDF interventions in Senegal. In accordance with the terms of reference, this study was conducted in two phases, each pha…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 15, no. 2, 2015

‘Towards a framework for resolving the justice and reconciliation question in Zimbabwe,’ proposes the reconstitution of ‘the political’ in Zimbabwe as a turning point towards a pursuit of healing and reconciliation mainly because a ‘paradigm of war’…

The Wealth Within, The Wealth Unseen: Reflections on the Gulf of Guinea's Maritime Domain

"The rapid escalation of piracy and armed robbery at sea in the Gulf of Aden over the past decade has made maritime security a policy priority both for Africa and globally. Although maritime security incidents also increased in the Gulf of Guinea, o…

Trade and Foreign Direct Investment Nexus in West Africa: Does Export Category Matter?

The effect of inward FDI is examined in this paper - specifically within West Africa on exports to EU countries. The impact of FDI on different export categories is investigated from a host country perspective: primary, intermediate and final goods.…

China-Africa Co-operation Beyond Extractive Industries: The Case of Chinese Agricultural Assistance in West Africa

"Traditionally focused on extractive industries, China’s co-operation with Africa is moving towards greater diversification, as African economies themselves diversify and new needs and opportunities arise across the continent. West Africa is a case …

Implementing Peace and Security Architecture (III): West Africa

Three case studies discussed in this document, illustrated ECOWAS’s interventions in crisis situations during the last fifteen years and prompt a series of observations. Firstly, this particularly troubled region is marked by a succession and juxta…

Renewed Efforts to Meet Women’s Reproductive Health Needs Required to Address Stagnation in Family Planning Use in Eastern and Western Africa

"The paper on which this brief is based used data of trends in readiness, willingness, ability, and contraceptive use in Africa from the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHSs), which provide highly standardized and nationally representative informati…

The Institutionalisation of Mediation Support within the ECOWAS Commission

"The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Commission established the Mediation Facilitation Division (MFD) in June 2015 to backstop mediation efforts undertaken by its mediation organs, member states, non-state actors and joint initia…

Armed Groups in Mali: Beyond the Labels

Armed groups in Mali have increased steadily since the 2012 crisis although, a large swathe of the northern part of the country still remains beyond the control of the national authorities. The armed groups were established either just ahead of or …

Extra-ECOWAS Trade and Investment Flows: Any Evidence of Business Cycles Transmission?

The effects of merchandise trade and investment flows - is investigated in this study - with regards to the transmission of business cycles between members of ECOWAS and the major trading partners between 1985 and 2014. Total trade and FDI significa…

Improving Rice Self-Sufficiency Policies in West-Africa: Challenges and Opportunities - Dakar Workshop Report

In this report, an account of the main discussion items is reflected, as well as analyses and proposals made for the improvement of rice self-sufficiency policies in West Africa. The first section summarizes an inaugural conference on the challenge…

Landmarks in peacekeeping training in West Africa and the role of the Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre

"This paper analyses the increasing incidents in Africa of establishing ‘Centres of Excellence’ to train peacekeepers in contemporary peace support operations. It situates the analyses within the context of the cognitive processes and experiential g…

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2013

In ‘Africa’s Concept of Unconstitutional Change of Government – How Appropriate?’ Egypt is the latest example of the African Union’s (AU) decision to declare events as an “unconstitutional change of government”, and to suspend Egypt’s AU membership …

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