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African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 8, no. 1, 2008

This issue contains four articles. 'The Nexus between Social Capital and Reintegration of Ex-combatants: A Case for Sierra Leone' argues that in order to achieve successful reintegration of ex-combatants, a community-focused approach that generates …

African Journal on Conflict Resolution Vol. 9, No. 3, 2009

The first article in this issue 'Disruptive colonial boundaries and attempts to resolve land/boundary disputes in the Grasslands of Bamenda, Cameroon' looks at an unprecedented wave of violent land/boundary disputes between village-groups in the Gra…

Oil From The Sea: Trends and Portents

The article looks at how oil is increasingly being extracted from the seabed and the exploitation of petroleum beneath the seas. "West Africa is growing into an important oil-producing region, with Nigeria in the lead."

Leadership Required: Drug Trafficking and the Crisis of Statehood in West Africa

"Beginning in the middle of the last decade, the international community was alerted to the fact that drug trafficking in West Africa was in danger of spawning a series of near ‘narco-­‐states’: countries whose economies, politics and social struc…

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2006

"The articles in this edition reflect on the deeprooted seeds of conflict by bringing closer together the void between peacekeeping and peacebuilding, and understanding the importance of human security within the context of state security. The plan…

Other Facets no 36

‘The Case for KP Reform: If Not Now, When?’ looks at how lost and directionless for many years, the KP (Kimberley Process) has rightly been criticized of late for coasting on autopilot and deferring any hard action on problems that come its way. ‘Ci…

Other Facets no 21

In ‘Brazilian Diamond Exports Resumed: Fraud wider than originally believed, ’ the challenge for Brazil will be to enforce new regulations, which are largely computer based, in a system where huge volumes of diamonds are mined by diggers with no leg…

Challenges for Women in Peacebuilding in West Africa

"This paper examines the challenges women’s groups have faced in peacebuilding in West Africa, predominantly using the experience of the Women Peace and Security Network –Africa (WIPSEN-Africa). The paper will share experiences of women in peaceb…

Gender Justice in Post Conflict Countries in East, Central and Southern Africa

"During a country's transition to peace, unique opportunities emerge to promote gender equality and gender justice, particularly in the context of peace negotiations and post-conflict reconstruction processes and structures. The articles in this mag…

What Factors Influence Health Policy Entrepreneurs in West Africa?

"This paper investigates the agenda-setting criteria used by policy entrepreneurs directly involved in the implementation of user-fee abolition or reduction policies for maternal care services in Africa. The study uses an experimental technique, bes…

The Economic Impact and the Distribution of Benefits and Risk from the Adoption of Insect Resistant (Bt) Cotton in West Africa

"Cotton is the largest source of export receipts of several West African countries. Statistics however show a decreasing tendency in cotton yields and an increasing tendency in pesticide use. Under this circumstances there appear to be potential pa…

A Regional Approach to Peacebuilding - The Mano River Region

"Contemporary conflict creates a web of interlocking conflicts involving the transfer of populations, arms, armies, finances, and conflict goods across increasingly porous borders. This Policy and Practice Brief emanates from the Mano River Region: …

An Empirical Evaluation of Trade Potential in the Economic Community of West African States

"Specifically, it is the aim of this study to: Determine the period within which integration effects were first felt or noticed. Estimate trade potentials among ECOWAS member nations. Test for the gaps between potential and actual trade among member…

An Evaluation of the Viability of a Single Monetary Zone in ECOWAS

"This study focuses on the prospects of a viable monetary union in the subregion and the role of monetary integration in the facilitation and enhancement of payments for intra-regional trade. Specifically, the main objective of this study is to dete…

The Impact of Subregional Integration on Bilateral Trade: The Case of UEMOA

"The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of preferential trade agreements and the monetary union on bilateral trade between UEMOA member countries. With the use of a dynamic gravity model, it was possible to realize that membership in a c…

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2008

This Issue features several articles under the following headings: Regional Child Warriors in West Africa. Strategies for Peace Education Integration in ECOWAS Member States’ Tertiary School Curricula. Intelligence and Peacekeeping − Are We Winning?…

Regional Integration in the ECOWAS Region: Challenges and Opportunities

"The originating concept of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), which is to facilitate free movement of persons and goods within the West African sub-region, has remained largely elusive over time. Prioritization of national int…

Mercenarism in West Africa: A Threat to Ghana's Democracy?

"The highly destructive nature of contemporary warfare, particularly its impact on lives and property raises concern both in the corridors of power and among civil society. The paper holds that West African Security threats are very real, in terms o…

Nigerian Foreign Policy and the Economic Community of West Africa States (ECOWAS)

" The aim of the first paper is to provide an introduction to, and an outline of, the foreign policy of black Africa's most populous, most powerful and most influential state. Nigeria's foreign policy is, in the words of Dr. Okoi Arikpo (Nigeria's …

Confronting Complex Political Crises in West Africa An Analysis of ECOWAS Responses to Niger and Cote D'Ivoire

"The question addressed in this paper is how the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) has attempted to address crises in Niger and Cote d'Ivoire. How has it sought to implement the norms, activate mechanisms and establish structures to…

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