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In Defense of Democracy: Lessons from ECOWAS’ Management of The Gambia’s 2016 Post-Election Impasse

"The years 2015 and 2016 were of great importance for the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), through supporting the conduct of peaceful elections and the orderly transfer of power. A total of 10 of its 15 member states held electi...

Empowerment and Agricultural Production Evidence from Rural Households in Niger

"Niger is a landlocked Sahelian country, two-thirds of which is in the Sahara desert, with only one-eighth of the land considered arable. Nevertheless, more than 90 percent of Niger’s labor force is employed in agriculture, which is predominantly ...

Al Qaeda vs. Daech in the Sahel : What to Expect?

The terrorist landscape in the Sahel is characterized by multiple players that destabilize the countries in the region. Despite the fact that each terrorist group has particular areas of action and zones of influence, nevertheless two main ideolog...

Coopération Contre la Criminalité Transnationale : Cas de la Zone de Paix et de Coopération de l’Atlantique Sud – ZOPACAS/ Cooperation Against Transnational Crime: The Case of the Peace Zone and of Cooperation with the South Atlantic

While the threats, which transnational organized crime presented in the 1970s, were seen as secondary, the change in its nature, the increase in its risks and it being increasingly stigmatized as responsible for political instabilities and certain...

Libertés et Contraintes dans la Règlementation du Marché des Télécommunications en Afrique de l'Ouest exemple du Marché Sénégalais / Freedoms and Constraints in the Regulation of the Telecommunications Market in West Africa - Senegalese Market Example

The United States have for years reserved the management pf their telecommunications sector for a single public company, but it later became a private company. The company operated within the framework of a regulation that defined its rights and...

Tobacco Taxation in West Africa : Overview Issues and Options for Tobacco Control

The way in which tobacco products are taxed in West African countries is the result of both national and regional legislations. Four important features are highlighted in this review, in the current policies and practices that are not in step wit...

Défis d'un Changement de Fiscalité sur le Tabac dans une Communauté économique : cas de l'Afrique de l'Ouest /Challenges of a Tax Change on Tobacco In an Economic Community: Case of West Africa

Tobacco taxation in West Africa is one of the lowest in the world, resulting in a very low price level and making tobacco very affordable. This makes smoking an important problem for each of these countries with low economies, with a population u...

Incertitudes et Performances Macroéconomiques dans la Zone UEMOA /Uncertainties and Macroeconomic Performances in WAEMU Area

The purpose of this article is to investigate the causal relationship between inflation and its uncertainty, output growth and uncertainty and between nominal uncertainty and real uncertainty. First the GARCH process is used that generates a cond...

Do Firms Learn by Exporting or Learn to Export : Evidence from Senegalese Manufacturers’ Plants

The increasing number of literature investigating the impact of trade openness on firm efficiency has not yet provided a definite prediction on the direction of causality. This paper investigated the relation between exporting and productivity on...

State, Borders and Territory in the Sahel: The Case of the G5 Sahel

This document is available in French as well : L’Etat, les frontières et le territoire au Sahel : Cas du G5 Sahel. This Policy Brief highlights the depths of the Sahel crisis. Some aspects of the crisis, such as extremist violence, migration, tra...

Maroc-CEDEAO: Comprendre les Réticences pour Mieux les Dépasser / Morocco-ECOWAS: Understanding Reluctance in order to Surpass it

One should bear in mind that joining a group such as ECOWAS, which ensures the free movement of goods, persons and services and aspiring to a single currency regime in 2020 - was not a straightforward matter with regards to the institutional, regu...

West Africa's Evolving Security Architecture: Looking back to the future

The seminar’s focus was on the evolution of ECOWAS’ security architecture, as outlined in the 1999 ECOWAS Mechanism for Conflict Prevention, Management, Resolution, Peacekeeping and Security (commonly referred to as “the Mechanism”) and the ECOWAS...

Analyse Comparative des Déterminants de la Croissance des pays de l’UEMOA et des pays à forte Croissance / Comparative Analysis Determinants of the Growth of the WAEMU and Countries with High Growth

This article makes a comparative analysis of some determinants of economic growth in the countries of the West African Economic Monetary Union and in the countries with strong economic growth in order to propose economic policy measures for the re...

Choix du Régime de Change, chocs Exogènes et Stabilité Financière dans l’Union économique et Monétaire Ouest Africaine (UEMOA) / Exchange Rate Regime Choice, Exogenous Shocks and Financial Stability   in the West African Economic and Monetary Union

It is always a debate at the international level about the choice of exchange rate regimes. In general, the exchange rate instability is unfavourable for the economies such as the members of WAEMU who are specializing in the production of primar...

Union Monétaire et Impact du Commerce Bilatéral Intra Zone: Approche par les VAR Structurels dans la Zone CFA / Monetary Union and the Impact of Intra Zone Bilateral Trade: Structural VAR Approach in the CFA Zone

This article tries to answer empirically to the second assumption on the theory of the ZMO developed by Mc Kinnon (1963), starting from a study on a sample of country of the CFA zone. It is pressed on the assets of the gravity models to highlight...

Développement Financier, Croissance économique et Inégalités de Revenus entre les Pays de l’UEMOA / Financial Development, Economic Growth and Inequalities of Income between WAEMU Countries

The aim of this paper is to analyse the impact of financial development first on GDP per capita growth and second on inequalities between UEMOA countries during the period 1960- 2002. Time series data are from the 2004 World Development Indicators...

Low-Carbon Energy Transition in Africa: Insights from West Africa

A shift towards low-carbon, renewable energy sources is imperative if the worst impacts of climate change are to be avoided. Although Africa has contributed a relatively small proportion of historical carbon emissions, the continent must still pla...

The West African El Dorado: Mapping the Illicit Trade of Gold in Côte d’Ivoire, Mali and Burkina Faso

This report maps the enforcement and governance challenges, as well as vulnerabilities posed by the illicit trade of gold in West Africa and its impact on regional peace and stability. The scope of this report focuses on the artisanal gold sector...

West African Agriculture for Jobs, Nutrition, Growth and Climate Resilience

West Africa as a region is projected to continue robust economic growth in the decades ahead, according to scenarios developed by the global modeling community in the context of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) assessment rep...

The Meaning of Morocco’s Return to the African Union

Morocco’s 2017 return to the African Union (AU) has created a rift between its supporters, mostly from Francophone West Africa, and those who oppose Morocco because of its claim over the Western Sahara. If Morocco wants to have a say in decisions ...

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