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ICT Pathways to Poverty Reduction: Empirical Evidence from East and Southern Africa

"The research reported in this volume was undertaken at a time when the poor were starting to take part in the information society through the usage of ICTs. Current stories were and still are encountered in the press every day on how the mobile p...

Public-Private Partnerships in Sub-Saharan Africa Case Studies for Policymakers 2017

PPPs for infrastructure involves the private sector in designing, building, financing and operating public infrastructure in sectors such as power generation, transportation, utilities, social infrastructure and government accommodation. Unlike pr...

Managing Relations Between Investors in the Extractive Sector and Local Communities

"In the mining sector, as in other sectors, such as agriculture, that powerfully affect the lives of local communities, there is growing recognition that communities play an essential role in governance. Across the world, people are becoming more ...

Policy and Institutional Dimensions of Africa's Political Economy in an Age of Globalization

The study’s main intention was to generate knowledge to enhance the efficacy of Africa’s political economy and development pathways by identifying alternative macroeconomic policy and institutional options that can be deployed to enable deeper so...

The Political Economy of Long-Lived Decisions in Africa: Framework Report

The first part of the report is structured around three primary research questions: Which long-lived economic decisions are most relevant to influence in order to respond to climate change adaptation imperatives? Which institutions and processes ...

Tracking Effective Indigenous Adaptation Strategies on Impacts of Climate Variability on Food Security and Health of Subsistence Farmers in Tanzania

"Both long and short term changes in climate, disproportionately affect regions in both the semi-arid and arid parts of the globe and the more humid tropics. As smallholder farmers have been staying in these areas and that the climate variability...

The Impact of Large Scale Mining on the Livelihoods of Adjacent Communities : The Case of Geita Gold Mine, Tanzania

The contribution of Geita Gold Mine (GGM) to the livelihoods of local communities in Geita District was assessed in this study. It specifically assessed the effectiveness of corporate social responsibility implementation, determined the extent to...

The Role and Effectiveness of Special Economic Zones in Tanzania

The role and effectiveness of state-owned Export Processing Zones (EPZ) and Special Economic Zones (SEZ) in Tanzania is examined in this paper. Tanzania's objective is to become a middle income, semi-industrialized nation by 2025. Industrializati...

Review of Public Expenditure Management in Sub-Saharan Africa

"Public expenditure is one of the critical ingredients of a country’s development. To ensure that public expenditure is efficient and effective, it is essential that resource allocation decisions are underpinned by sound analysis and that a well-d...

Pathways for Irrigation Development: Policies and Irrigation Performance in Tanzania

Amid global concerns over rising food and fuel prices, changing diets and climate change, irrigated agriculture has an important role to play in increasing food production in an uncertain and resource-constrained world. For many countries in sub-S...

Safeguarding Tanzania's Coral Reefs: The Case of Illegal Blast Fishing

Tanzania is the only country in Africa where blast fishing, (fishing with explosives), still occurs on a large scale. Besides killing and injuring fish, these blasts cause irreversible damage to coral reefs, destroying the habitats of many reef...

Access to Family Planning Services in Rural Tanzania

The study concluded that family planning services are generally available. However, the range of options available to users at the primary healthcare level tends to be limited, which limits the ability of users to switch methods. The proper manage...

Food Aid, Agriculture and the African Farmer: A Curate’s Egg?

"This occasional paper discusses the controversial issue of food aid which in the view of the World Bank and the World Food Programme is "an important and undervalued resource for development in Africa". The discussion, interestingly, includes the...

The Role of Inclusive Multi-stakeholder Partnerships in Enhancing Conflict Transformation in the Great Lakes

'Cyclical conflicts which continue to plague the Great Lakes region of Africa necessitate a reflection on the effectiveness of peacebuilding interventions. While many reasons account for this, without knowledge of triggers of relapse into conflic...

Tracking Effective Indigenous Adaptation Strategies on Impacts of Climate Variability on Food Security and Health of Subsistence Farmers in Tanzania

"This brief addresses a number of policy related questions regarding effectiveness of indigenous adaptation strategies on impacts of climate variability on food security and health of subsistence farmers in Tanzania. The policy issues that are ...

Taxation for Weather Based Index Insurance in Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia

"A major potential area for support for agriculture insurance for small-scale farmers has been premium subsidies from the government. However, premium subsidy decisions are difficult to make for governments in developing countries, particularly gi...

Building Climate Resilience in Tanzania: Institutional Reform and Capacity Development

Africa is particularly vulnerable to climate change impacts, which will disproportionately affect the continent’s small-scale and subsistence farmers. It is thus vital to strengthen institutions to promote alternative agricultural practices and ne...

Tanzania's Transport Hub: What Prospects for Regional Trade and Local Economic Development?

This paper analyses investment in transport infrastructure in Tanzania, in terms of its ability to foster regional economic integration and drive sustainable economic growth that spills over into local communities. It first examines the relevant l...

Will Tanzania's Natural Gas Endowment Generate Sustainable Development?

Tanzania first discovered natural gas in commercially viable quantities in 2010. In March 2016, another major gas discovery of 2.7 trillion cubic feet (TCF), estimated at a value of some $8 billion was made in the Ruvu Basin Coast Region. This bri...

Exploring Tanzania's Investment Competitiveness in East Africa

Since Tanzania’s transition from a purely socialist approach to governance, the country has made some strides in attracting foreign investment. Given its negligible domestic saving culture, the answer to capital formation, job creation and general...

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