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Fixing Health Systems

The challenges that face Africa in the sphere of health care are formidable and often daunting. After decades of stagnant or worsening poverty and health indicators across the continent, the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) — adopted by the U...

Managing the Monster: Urban Waste and Governance in Africa

This work is the product of comparative research on governance and urban waste in Africa carried out by four teams of researchers in four major cities in Africa: Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire, in francophone West Africa; Ibadan, Nigeria, in anglophone We...

Untangling the Nets: The Governance of Tanzania’s Marine Fisheries

"This case study of marine fisheries governance in Tanzania forms part of a three-year project entitled Strengthening the Governance of Africa’s Natural Resources conducted by the Governance of Africa’s Resources Programme of SAIIA. Funded by the ...

Securing a Social Licence to Operate? From Stone Age to New Age Mining in Tanzania

"Part I of this report presents a comprehensive overview of the mining sector in Tanzania from inception of the country’s 1997 Mineral Policy. Part II is a case study of the largest mining company operating in Tanzania, the Canadian-based Barrick ...

The Arusha conference: Moves toward a new grouping of states in Southern and Central Africa

This brief report describes the Southern African Development Co-ordination Conference held at Arusha, Tanzania, on 3 and 4 July 1979. The Conference aims to develop new infrastructure and create a new economic relationship in Southern Africa whi...

EISA Election Observer Mission Report Zanzibar presidential, house of representatives and local government elections 30 October 2005

"This report outlines the EISA observer mission’s assessment, findings and analysis of the electoral processes during the pre-election, election day and post-election phases. It also summarises the major findings of the mission and makes appropri...

EISA Election Observer Mission Report Tanzania presidential national assembly and local government elections 14 December 2005

"The report summarises the main findings of the EISA mission and makes appropriate recommendations to the relevant election stakeholders in Tanzania, with a view to improving the electoral process and triggering subsequent reforms. The report will...

Election Talk [Tanzania]

This newsletter consists of 5 articles by different authors. The articles examines the electoral environment in Tanzania, citing relevant laws and discussing the Election Management Body, delimitation of boundaries, and the electoral system used i...

Young Soweto Entrepreneurs: Organising for small business advocacy

"South Africa still lags behind its developing country peers in creating sustainable and employment-creating small businesses. What can we learn from others? A key lesson from successful and dynamic economies is the importance for small businesses...

Natural Resources Conflict Management Processes and Strategies in Africa

"This paper treats natural resources conflicts as an intrinsic part of larger social conflicts and seeks to provide a link between natural resources and social conflicts, situate the debate within the nexus between natural resources managem...

Tanzania: Recent developments

This background briefing describes recent developments in Tanzania in light of the general election in 1980, which hinged upon the prevailing economic malaise within the country. This has been accompanied by an expanding bureaucracy. Against this ...

A Place for Tradition in an Effective Criminal Justice System Customary Justice in Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia

"This policy brief summarises research made in three African states into both the official and informal roles of customary law and attitudes towards it. The research aims to understand the role custom currently plays in African legal systems and t...

Addressing the Challenges of Law Enforcement in Africa Policing in Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia

"Policing lies at the heart of any effective criminal justice system, and many of the challenges faced by judicial systems in Africa directly confront police forces on a daily basis. Increasing populations and rising crime rates confronted by und...

Judicial systems in Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia

"Some of the problems associated with the judiciary of the countries had their roots in ineffective and inappropriate police and prosecutorial practices. For example,delay in trials and case overload were often the result of police and prosecutori...

Prosecution in Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia

"Prosecutors are primarily responsible for preparing charges and arraigning accused persons before competent courts or tribunals for trial. The primary duty of the prosecutor ‘is to seek justice as well as to convict those who are guilty’. In an i...

Access to Justice in Africa Comparisons between Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia

"The provision of justice represents a significant challenge to developing countries, not least Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia. Where justice is apparent, and the rule of law upheld, the processes of development and democratisation are support...

Improving Africa’s Prisons Prison Policy in Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia

"To address the crisis in the prison systems of the states examined here, action is required to increase both the capacity of detention facilities and funding of prison systems. Additionally, legal and sentencing issues must be addressed to reduc...

Failing Young Offenders Juvenile Justice in Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia

"The legal systems of the former British colonies derived from British law and in most cases were simple copies of the criminal justice system of the colonial power. Children in conflict with the law often fail to have their rights guaranteed and ...

Climate Change and Natural Resources Conflicts in Africa

"The conference aims to address a number of questions such as: How vulnerable are the economies of Africa to the impact of climate variability and change? How are national and regional institutions preparing to adapt to the impact of climate varia...

Unable or Unwilling? Case Studies on Domestic Implementation of the ICC Statute in Selected African Countries

"This monograph is intended to contribute to enhanced understanding of the reasons why some African states have been slow in meeting their domestication obligations under the Rome Statute. In the international arena, African countries were general...

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