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Climate-smart Agriculture in Swaziland

Agriculture in Swaziland is dualistic – divided into commercial estates and subsistence farms, known as Swazi Nation Land (SNL). The commercial sector occupies about 40% of the cultivated land, and generates 80% of the national agricultural commodit…

Property Rights, Domestic Roles still Question Marks amid Strong Support for Gender Equity in eSwatini

The government of the Kingdom of eSwatini recognizes gender inequality as an impediment to sustainable national development and has backed its constitutional guarantees of equality with a number of statutes, policies, and strategies. These include…

Investing in Flood Risk Management Reduces Flood Vulnerability and Builds Climate Resilience: The Role of Public-private Partnerships in Managing flood Risk in the Lower Incomati Basin

The Climate Resilient Infrastructure Development Facility (CRIDF) catalysed a public–private partnership to manage floods in the Lower Incomati Basin. The aim is to deliver economic benefits to all Basin inhabitants and to reduce the vulnerability o…

In eSwatini, Citizens Doubt Benefits of Legalizing Marijuana, but Few would Report Violations

The southern African Kingdom of eSwatini may be world-famous for its marijuana varietal “Swazi Gold,” but growing the crop is illegal in the country. However, the government recently granted a 10-year license to U.S.-based Profile Solutions Inc. to …

Assessment of Structural, Legal, Policy and Institutional Framework for Implementation of Post Busan Agenda in Swaziland

The Busan Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation recognizes civil society’s importance in policy formulation, development programming and implementation (including service delivery) as well as promoting and protecting human rights. At Bus…

Assessment of the Economic Costs of Electrical Power Outages in Swaziland

Electricity access has improved significantly since introduction of the National Energy Policy of 2003. However, challenges in electricity supply still exist due to the frequency of interruptions, which has resulted in harsh penalties and costs to t…

Quantifying the Living Wage in Swaziland: A Case of the Handicraft Sector

This study quantifies a living wage for rural and urban workers in the handicraft sector in Swaziland. It also compares the resultant living wage in between the two geographical areas. The study is interested in ascertaining the living wage in the h…

Socio-economic Impacts of the 2015/16 El Nino Induced Drought in Swaziland

The 2015/16 El Niño drought proved to be the worst drought Swaziland has experienced since 1992. In total nominal monetary terms, the drought cost Swaziland minimally E3.843 billion, representing a 7.01% of Swaziland’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) i…

Quantifying the Size and Development of the Shadow Economy in Swaziland

The size of the shadow economy has been declining at a slow rate over the past 16 years in Swaziland. The size of the shadow economy was found to be 37.4 % in 2016. This was equivalent to E20.5 billion of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2016. Th…

Assessing the Impact of National Marketing Boards on Consumers and Producers' Welfare

Food production in Swaziland has historically been insufficient, even after the introduction of National Marketing Boards. This is despite their mandate emphasised in the National Development Strategy (NDS) and Agriculture Sector Policy to develop s…

The Socio-economic Impacts of the 2015/16 EL Niño Induced Drought in Swaziland - Report

This report provides detailed findings of an investigation into the socioeconomic impacts of the 2015/16 El Niño drought in Swaziland. It records the direct and indirect effects of the drought on the economy of Swaziland and documents how it has a…

Exploring the Relationship between Unemployment and Mental Illness among the Youth in Selected Communities in Eswatini

Studies have demonstrated that the effects and consequences of a lack of work has detrimental effects on one’s mental health. With high levels of youth unemployment presenting a threat to the country’s efforts to sustainable economic development th…

Economic Impact Analysis of Credit Guarantee Schemes in Eswatini: A Case of the Small Scale Enterprise Loan Guarantee Scheme (SSELGS)

Using data from 315 beneficiaries of the Small Scale Enterprise Loan Guarantee Scheme, this study assesses the impact of the Small Scale Loan Guarantee Scheme. The study assessed both the financial and economic additionality of the scheme. The study…

An Insight into Community-based Ecotourism in Eswatini: Theory versus Practice

The study provides a baseline of the performance of Community-based Ecotourism (CBET) ventures in Eswatini using primary data collected from 186 participants. The data was collected through face-to-face interviews amongst across five CBET sites. Des…

To File or Not To File? Another Dimension of Non-Compliance: The Eswatini Taxpayer Survey

Non-filing refers to taxpayers who fail to submit a tax declaration, thus becoming ghosts in the eyes of tax authorities. It is a widespread phenomenon in sub-Saharan Africa, and has a number of detrimental fiscal effects. Non-filing has been larg…

Stokvels: An Instrument for Income Generation and Wealth Creation?

Stokvels are increasingly being recognised as a solution to contribute to income generation and wealth creation, especially amongst low-income earners who are excluded from the formal financial markets. This study investigates the contribution of st…

Assessing the Relationship between Brain Drain and the Economy of Eswatini

Eswatini has been experiencing the brain drain phenomenon since the early 90s. Previous studies on the phenomenon attribute the brain drain to high unemployment and the labour market’s inability to absorb emaSwati. With that said, there are still no…

Financial Inclusion in Eswatini: What is Driving the Adoption of Mobile Money?

Mobile money has gained increasing importance and prominence in many sub-Saharan African countries and as a result, it is seen as a possible key to fast-tracking financial inclusion in developing countries including Eswatini. Although financial incl…

The Economic Benefits of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) in the Kingdom of Swaziland: A Case of the National Handicraft Training Centre (NHTC)

Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) in Swaziland is key for employment and self-employment opportunities which result in economic growth. TVET has proven to be an educational pathway that can be used to significantly reduce the un…

Inequality of Opportunities in Education in Eswatini

This study quantifies inequality of opportunity in education in Eswatini using Multiple Indicator Cluster and Demographic and Housing Surveys. Using the “ex-ante” approach, the study identifies potential sources of inequality at all levels of the ge…

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