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New Entrepreneurs and High Performance Enterprises in the Middle East and North Africa

"The report analyses the challenges and opportunities facing young enterprises and their owners throughout the MENA region. It provides a balanced review of the arguments for and against an active government policy supporting high growth enterpris…

Private Sector and Enterprise Development Fostering Growth in the Middle East and North Africa

Much has been written about the political, economic and social dimensions and challenges of the Middle East and North Africa. These works cover the situation in different combinations of countries in the region depending on how they chose to defin…

SAIIA International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 11, no. 3, 1987

In this issue of the bulletin, debate in the Smuts House notes questions the level of violence and disturbances in the country. The first article looks at economic policies pursued by western government towards South Africa that generates strong emo…

SAIIA International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 5, no. 2, 1981

This issue focuses on the Executive summary on the political outlook conference held in 1981. Topics included the changing world around South Africa, the major foreign policy positions of the Reagan Administration, France’s Africa policy and books r…

SAIIA International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 7, no. 1, 1983

“In this issue Professor John Barratt and Professor Gerald Bender wrote articles on Namibia and Angola which pointed to some of the divergent assumptions and perceptions which bedevil the current outlook for the region and for Namibian independence …

Popular Protest in North African and the Middle East (II): Yemen Between Reform and Revolution

"Even before the popular wave from Tunisia and Egypt reached Yemen, President Saleh’s regime faced daunting challenges. In the north, it is battling the Huthi rebellion, in the south, an ever-growing secessionist movement. Al-Qaeda in the Arabian P…

Popular Protest in North Africa and the Middle East (V): Making Sense of Libya

"The character of the Libyan crisis today arises from the complex but so far evidently indecisive impact of the UN-authorised military intervention, now formally led by NATO, in what had already become a civil war. NATO’s intervention saved the ant…

Security Sector Transformation in North Africa and the Middle East

"As the Arab Spring continues to take root across the Middle East bringing unprecedented democratic change and also a high level of instability, debate has emerged on the role of security sector reform (SSR) in the fledgling transitions. From June …

Returning Foreign Terrorist Fighters: An Imminent Threat to Manage / Retour des Combattants Terroristes étrangers: Une Menace Imminente à Gérer /

Over the past two years, many foreign terrorist fighters have returned, but the dismantling of the organized military structures of Daesh and Jabhat Fath Al Sham will accelerate this migration. Returns will take place over the next two years in a mo…

The Economic Impact of Forced Migration

The refugee crisis currently, is a catastrophe affecting millions of families, endangering the stability of nations that are hosts to large numbers of migrants, and of the surrounding regions. There is little likelihood at present that large numbers…

The "Islamic State" Organization: a Continuation of al Qaeda or an Emerging Rift? / L'organisation "Etat Islamique" : Continuation d'Al Qaeda ou émergence en rupture

The establishment of the Mujahideen contingent in 1980, in Afghanistan to fight against the Soviet occupation, opened the door to the globalization of jihadism, which until then had been confined to local and national dimensions. This globalizati…

Diaspora, Development and Morocco

This policy paper reviews what is known about the contribution that the diaspora can make to development in the country of origin, drawing from a small but rapidly growing empirical literature on the subject. It then further examines the needs of t…

From the Mediterranean to the Atlantic: A Corridor Vulnerable to Terrorism

Nigeria on the Atlantic and Libya on the Mediterranean, the two largest oil producers in Africa, are facing the two most violent terrorist groups on the continent. The Libyan version of Daesh and Boko Haram seem to be gaining ground to join in an …

De la Méditerranée à l’Atlantique : le Couloir de Vulnérabilité face au Terrorisme

Deux des plus grands producteurs d'hydrocarbures en Afrique, le Nigeria sur l'Atlantique et la Libye sur la Méditerranée font face aux deux groupes terroristes les plus violents sur le continent. Daech version libyenne et Boko Haram semblent avanc…

Comanagement of Natural Resources: Local Learning for Poverty Reduction

In the past two decades we have seen dramatic developments in the understanding of equitable and sustainable natural resource management. These have been informed and backed by innovation and research, not least that supported by IDRC, Canada's Inte…

Gender Justice, Citizenship and Development

Ten years after the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing there is considerable interest among gender advocates and development institutions in reviewing how far the project of gender equality has progressed. According to a major review by t…

A World Agreement on Oil?

This paper addresses ways to cope with potential instability in the world oil market, with a view to whether action by the L20 can do anything about it. It is often said that the major geographical source of oil, the "Middle East," is a highly turbu…

Engaging Problem Countries

U.S. policymakers have normally turned to military force, political and economic sanctions, and covert action in trying to dissuade so-called "rogue states" - notably Cuba, Iran, Iraq, Libya, and North Korea - from behavior that the United States fi…

Adding 3Ns to the 3Ds - Lessons from the 1996 Zaire Mission for Humanitarian Interventions

This paper examines the 3D (defence, diplomacy, and development) framework for humanitarian interventions in weak states and/or conflict situations. It accepts that there are some considerable strengths built into this strategic concept for it privi…

Reforming Egypt - In Search of A Strategy

Egypt's first multi-candidate presidential election, a response to U.S. pressure, was a false start for reform. Formal pluralism has never seriously limited the dominance of President Mubarak's National Democratic Party (NDP); extension to the presi…

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