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Conflict Trends Issue 3 2013

In ‘The Other Side of Drones: Saving Wildlife in Africa and Managing Global Crime’ the negative consequences of poaching are felt in Africa and around the world, governments and law enforcement may have a way to counter this threat: the use of unarm…

South Africa and South Sudan Lessons for Post-Conflict Development and Peacebuilding Partnerships

"This policy brief analyses South Africa’s post-conflict development and peacebuilding in South Sudan. South Africa has fraternal relations with South Sudan stemming from the ties of the liberation struggles of the African National Congress (ANC) a…

Still Waiting for the Bonanza: The Oil Business in South Sudan after 2005

"The paper examines the oil sector in South Sudan since 2005, when the historic Comprehensive Peace Agreement was reached between the Government of the former Sudan and the then rebel Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army. It argues that, as in …

Debates in Post-Conflict Development in Africa Lessons for Development Agencies

"Post-conflict societies face enormous challenges and international development agencies work in complex and volatile contexts. This brief has argued that in order to do justice to the role that international assistance could play in supporting deve…

China-South Sudan:Governance in Emerging Relations

"Away from news headlines about oil, conflict and political instability, China has been developing a more involved engagement with the government of South Sudan and its ruling party, the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM). Governance is fund…

South Sudan: A Civil War by Any Other Name

"The conflict that broke out on 15 December 2013 was decades in the making. The speed with which the SPLM and SPLA collapsed reveals the ephemeral nature of the “big tent” policy. The transition to more broadly representative political and military …

Opportunities for Gender Justice and Reconciliation in South Sudan

"This Policy Brief explores the nexus of gender justice and reconciliation in South Sudan. It addresses women’s historical engagement in reconciliation processes in South Sudan at the grassroots and national levels and highlights their achievements …

Restive Jonglei From the Conflict's Roots to Reconciliation

"This working paper analyses the roots of the conflict in Jonglei state and the role of ethnic divisions in perpetuating the conflict, and interrogates the 2012 Jonglei peace processes to determine effective pathways towards authentic and sustainabl…

The African Union's Response to Gender Based Violence

This Policy Brief analyzed the response of the African Union (AU) to the gender-based sexual violence that has been committed on an epidemic scale in the conflicts across the continent. These incidents of gender-based violence have witnessed innoce…

Between a Rock and a Hard Place The UN and the Protection of Civilians in South Sudan

The UN Security Council passed a resolution that substantially restructured the form and function of the UN mission in South Sudan (UNMISS), following the outbreak of civil war in South Sudan at the end of 2013. This signalled a departure from its…

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2014

In ‘South Africa and South-South Approaches to Post-conflict Development in Africa’ since 1994, promoting cordial and strategic relations with other countries in the Global South has been a key objective of South Africa’s foreign policy. Until recen…

Societies Caught in the Conflict Trap Regional Research Findings Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan and South Sudan

Shared conflict drivers characterizes the regions of Sudan, South Sudan, Chad and CAR and this spills over the countries’ porous borders. All of these countries are registered members of the African Union. Chad and Central African Republic belong to…

South Sudan: Compounding Instability in Unity State

"Given its history, resources, ethno-political significance and location – at once both strategic and isolated – Unity state is today a territory of unique importance and complexity. Instability must be considered in light of the complicated histor…

One Year After South Sudan's Independence: Opportunities and Obstacles for Africa's Newest Country

"As South Sudan prepares to move from its transitional constitution to a permanent framework of governance, the new nation should focus on strengthening the federal system. Already, there are concerns that the centralization of power in Juba is marg…

The Crisis in South Sudan and Its Implications for Ethiopia

"Since 15 December 2013, soldiers loyal to the deposed Vice President, Dr.Riek Machar, have fought against President Salva Kiir’s loyalists in Juba in the vicinity of the Presidential palace. Emboldened by the rebels’ success in controlling Bor, the…

South Sudan, Africa’s Newest State: Challenges, Prospects and Lessons for South Africa

"South Sudan achieved independence on 9 July 2011 after more than six years of practising the art of statecraft under its semi-autonomous status as prescribed by the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA). The CPA ended almost 22 years of armed conflic…

The Regionalisation of the South Sudanese Crisis

This report will discuss the geopolitical context and consequences of the underlying competition for direct political and economic influence in South Sudan. It will reflect on the practical military considerations preoccupying the vast array of play…

No End in Sight for South Sudan’s Crisis

Abel Abate Demissie and Dr Mehari Taddele Maru insist that should Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) succeed in ending the current civil war in South Sudan, they would perform an important service to the people of this country. This would re…

South Sudan: Keeping Faith with the IGAD Peace Process

With regard to contain and resolve the civil war, IGAD and its member states have contributed much time and political capital to this. Thus far, they have failed due to internal divisions and power struggles; centralization of decision-making and la…

Assessing Transition to Stability, Fiscal Sustainability and Provision of Peace Dividend in South Sudan

The study argues that classic definition of a fragile state fits the situation in South Sudan because this country has been unable, since independence, to provide public and social services in sufficient quality, scope and reach. This has made it di…

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