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South Sudan: Compounding Instability in Unity State

"Given its history, resources, ethno-political significance and location – at once both strategic and isolated – Unity state is today a territory of unique importance and complexity. Instability must be considered in light of the complicated histor…

One Year After South Sudan's Independence: Opportunities and Obstacles for Africa's Newest Country

"As South Sudan prepares to move from its transitional constitution to a permanent framework of governance, the new nation should focus on strengthening the federal system. Already, there are concerns that the centralization of power in Juba is marg…

The Crisis in South Sudan and Its Implications for Ethiopia

"Since 15 December 2013, soldiers loyal to the deposed Vice President, Dr.Riek Machar, have fought against President Salva Kiir’s loyalists in Juba in the vicinity of the Presidential palace. Emboldened by the rebels’ success in controlling Bor, the…

South Sudan, Africa’s Newest State: Challenges, Prospects and Lessons for South Africa

"South Sudan achieved independence on 9 July 2011 after more than six years of practising the art of statecraft under its semi-autonomous status as prescribed by the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA). The CPA ended almost 22 years of armed conflic…

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2013

In ‘The Other Side of Drones: Saving Wildlife in Africa and Managing Global Crime’ the negative consequences of poaching are felt in Africa and around the world, governments and law enforcement may have a way to counter this threat: the use of unarm…

South Africa and South Sudan Lessons for Post-Conflict Development and Peacebuilding Partnerships

"This policy brief analyses South Africa’s post-conflict development and peacebuilding in South Sudan. South Africa has fraternal relations with South Sudan stemming from the ties of the liberation struggles of the African National Congress (ANC) a…

Still Waiting for the Bonanza: The Oil Business in South Sudan after 2005

"The paper examines the oil sector in South Sudan since 2005, when the historic Comprehensive Peace Agreement was reached between the Government of the former Sudan and the then rebel Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army. It argues that, as in …

Debates in Post-Conflict Development in Africa Lessons for Development Agencies

"Post-conflict societies face enormous challenges and international development agencies work in complex and volatile contexts. This brief has argued that in order to do justice to the role that international assistance could play in supporting deve…

China-South Sudan:Governance in Emerging Relations

"Away from news headlines about oil, conflict and political instability, China has been developing a more involved engagement with the government of South Sudan and its ruling party, the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM). Governance is fund…

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2016

‘Conflict Resurgence and the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan: A Hurried and Imposed Peace Pact?’ analyses the events leading to the conclusion of the ARCSS and the extent to which they undermine the ownersh…

Beyond ARCISS: New Fault Lines in South Sudan

South Sudan is engulfed in a mutually-reinforcing war system. This situation involves more than the two principal players – the government, led by the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement, and the opposition. Several drivers of conflict have emerged…

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 29 No. 3 May-June 2017

This issue of the Horn of Africa Bulletin titled "Borderland communities in the Horn: Avoiding assumptions and learning from history" , sought articles that would highlight some of the emerging dynamics that increasingly define the reality of bord…

Building Peace in South Sudan: Progress, Problems and Prospects

This meeting reflected critically upon the challenges of, and prospects for, peacebuilding in South Sudan; and to examine the role of major actors – such as the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), the African Union (AU), the United Na…

The Peacebuilding Role of Civil Society in South Sudan

The theme of the seminar discussed in this paper was: “The Peace building Role of Civil Society in South Sudan”. This seminar was held in order to reflect critically on the record of, and prospects for, civil society in peacemaking and peace buildi…

Stabilising Sudan: Domestic, Sub-Regional and Extra Regional Challenges

The Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR) in Cape Town, South Africa, hosted a two-day policy advisory group seminar on 23 and 24 August 2010 in Somerset West, Western Cape, on the theme: “Stabilising Sudan: Domestic, Sub-Regional and Extra Regional …

The Peacebuilding Role of Civil Society in South Sudan

The nature and role of civil society in South Sudan has been largely shaped by a Western narrative that equates civil society with non-governmental organisations (NGOs), while tending to ignore existing institutions such as local chiefs and traditio…

Fiscal Federalism and Decentralization in Selected IGAD Member Countries

Fiscal federalism - the fiscal implications of a decentralized system of multi-level government – is an important component of governance in a federal or a decentralized system. Among the aspects of fiscal federalism to be assessed are the constitut…

The Revitalization of the ARCSS and the Prospects for Peace in South Sudan

This policy paper evaluates the prospects of peace in South Sudan within the context of the recently proposed revitalization process of the 2015 political pact. The paper broadly argues that the revitalization process is important, but it must conte…

The State of the South Sudanese National Unity

This paper discusses the state of South Sudan’s national unity. Ever since the outbreak of the violent conflict in 2013, the landscape in South Sudan has not been the same. The conflict has created very bitter divisions and experiences that have had…

Federalism Debate in South Sudan: Laying the Foundation for Acceptable, Responsive, and Inclusive Governance

The South Sudanese parties to the conflict signed the Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (ARCISS) in August 2015 and essentially agreed to establish a federal system of government. This raises three critical questions. First, do …

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