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South Sudan: Compounding Instability in Unity State

"Given its history, resources, ethno-political significance and location – at once both strategic and isolated – Unity state is today a territory of unique importance and complexity. Instability must be considered in light of the complicated hist...

One Year After South Sudan's Independence: Opportunities and Obstacles for Africa's Newest Country

"As South Sudan prepares to move from its transitional constitution to a permanent framework of governance, the new nation should focus on strengthening the federal system. Already, there are concerns that the centralization of power in Juba is ma...

The Crisis in South Sudan and Its Implications for Ethiopia

"Since 15 December 2013, soldiers loyal to the deposed Vice President, Dr.Riek Machar, have fought against President Salva Kiir’s loyalists in Juba in the vicinity of the Presidential palace. Emboldened by the rebels’ success in controlling Bor, t...

South Sudan, Africa’s Newest State: Challenges, Prospects and Lessons for South Africa

"South Sudan achieved independence on 9 July 2011 after more than six years of practising the art of statecraft under its semi-autonomous status as prescribed by the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA). The CPA ended almost 22 years of armed confl...

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2016

‘Conflict Resurgence and the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan: A Hurried and Imposed Peace Pact?’ analyses the events leading to the conclusion of the ARCSS and the extent to which they undermine the owner...

Beyond ARCISS: New Fault Lines in South Sudan

South Sudan is engulfed in a mutually-reinforcing war system. This situation involves more than the two principal players – the government, led by the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement, and the opposition. Several drivers of conflict have emerg...

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 29 No. 3 May-June 2017

This issue of the Horn of Africa Bulletin titled "Borderland communities in the Horn: Avoiding assumptions and learning from history" , sought articles that would highlight some of the emerging dynamics that increasingly define the reality of bo...

Building Peace in South Sudan: Progress, Problems and Prospects

This meeting reflected critically upon the challenges of, and prospects for, peacebuilding in South Sudan; and to examine the role of major actors – such as the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), the African Union (AU), the United ...

The Peacebuilding Role of Civil Society in South Sudan

The theme of the seminar discussed in this paper was: “The Peace building Role of Civil Society in South Sudan”. This seminar was held in order to reflect critically on the record of, and prospects for, civil society in peacemaking and peace buil...

Stabilising Sudan: Domestic, Sub-Regional and Extra Regional Challenges

The Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR) in Cape Town, South Africa, hosted a two-day policy advisory group seminar on 23 and 24 August 2010 in Somerset West, Western Cape, on the theme: “Stabilising Sudan: Domestic, Sub-Regional and Extra Regiona...

The Peacebuilding Role of Civil Society in South Sudan

The nature and role of civil society in South Sudan has been largely shaped by a Western narrative that equates civil society with non-governmental organisations (NGOs), while tending to ignore existing institutions such as local chiefs and tradit...

Fiscal Federalism and Decentralization in Selected IGAD Member Countries

Fiscal federalism - the fiscal implications of a decentralized system of multi-level government – is an important component of governance in a federal or a decentralized system. Among the aspects of fiscal federalism to be assessed are the constit...

The Revitalization of the ARCSS and the Prospects for Peace in South Sudan

This policy paper evaluates the prospects of peace in South Sudan within the context of the recently proposed revitalization process of the 2015 political pact. The paper broadly argues that the revitalization process is important, but it must con...

The State of the South Sudanese National Unity

This paper discusses the state of South Sudan’s national unity. Ever since the outbreak of the violent conflict in 2013, the landscape in South Sudan has not been the same. The conflict has created very bitter divisions and experiences that have h...

Federalism Debate in South Sudan: Laying the Foundation for Acceptable, Responsive, and Inclusive Governance

The South Sudanese parties to the conflict signed the Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (ARCISS) in August 2015 and essentially agreed to establish a federal system of government. This raises three critical questions. First, d...

Building Peace in South Sudan: Progress, Problems and Prospects

In December 2016, the Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR), Cape Town, South Africa, hosted about 30 policymakers, academics, and civil society actors to reflect critically upon the challenges of, and prospects for, peacebuilding in South Sudan; a...

Horn Of Africa Bulletin September-October 2014

The first article "The spillover effect of South Sudan in Gambella" describes the conflict between the Nuer and Anuak in the Gambella region and the implications for South Sudan. "Reasons for radicalization" is a summary of a report by Dr Anneli B...

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 24 No 6 November-December 2012

“The search for peace in the Horn: An optimistic note” acknowledges that the Horn of Africa has had and still continues to have intractable problems. Thus this article takes an optimistic view that recognizes the region’s inherent challenges but a...

President Salva Kiir Mayardit's Visit to Khartoum: Goals and Outcomes

President Kiir’s visit to Khartoum, a response to President al-Bashir’s invitation, came at a moment of desperation in South Sudan, and as such, was not optimum in terms of its gains for South Sudan. In view of the agreements the President signed,...

Sporadic Fuel Crisis in South Sudan: Causes Impacts and Solutions

South Sudan has encountered waves of periodic fuel crisis since 2011. The government has attempted quick-fix measures, but the crisis has continued unabated. Despite a number of speculations surrounding this matter, however, the actual causes and ...

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