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The Somali Diaspora Options for Post-Conflict Reconstruction

"The civil unrest in Somalia dispersed a large number of Somalis to different parts of the globe. Owing to the efforts of the international community in establishing a new government, there is a renewed sense of hope for Somalia’s reconstruction. T…

The Kenyan Military Intervention in Somalia

"The government’s hasty, insufficiently prepared decision to intervene militarily in Somalia will have profound consequences for stability in both countries. Al-Shabaab now clearly intends not only to destabilise the North Eastern Province, but als…

Assessing Turkey’s Role in Somalia

"Somalis of all walks of life refer to Turkey’s arrival as a miracle and Godsend. But that honeymoon is ending. The famine’s back has been broken and Al-Shabaab has been pushed out of the capital – although it is still a serious threat. Now comes th…

Kenya’s military intervention in Somalia: An intricate process

'In the midst of Somalia’s decades of conflict, al-Shabaab, a Somalia-based terrorist group with al-Qaeda links, has become particularly noticeable not only nationally but also regionally. Foreign intervention, therefore, is no new phenomenon in Som…

Kenyan Somali Islamist Radicalisation

"Islamist radicalism in Somalia is reaching into Kenya. The cross-border network Al-Shabaab has built is attempting to radicalise youth to fight in Somalia and conduct terrorist attacks in their own country. This problem has become more severe with …

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2012

This issue looks at ACCORD at Twenty Years’ and how it has evolved into an organisation that successfully promotes reflection, education and intervention in African conflicts. ‘Bridging the Gap: Conflict Resolution Practice and Research at ACCORD’ e…

Assessing the Vulnerability of Kenyan Youths to Radicalisation and Extremism

"Following the intervention of the Kenya Defence Forces in Somalia in October 2011 in reaction to the increase in kidnappings on the Kenyan coast, the threat of terrorism in Kenya increased considerably. Initially the perception was that the threat…

Somalia The Endless Search for Peace

"Somalia, and Mogadishu in particular, has been aptly described as “the Hell on Earth.” This description is based on the level of destruction and human suffering that has been going on since 1991. There is no respite in sight despite the endless neg…

Climate Change and Pastoralism: Traditional Coping Mechanisms and Conflict in the Horn of Africa

"This book is not only attempting to understand and document the problem, and analyze the interventions but also to understand the traditional coping mechanisms of pastoral communities and evaluate whether external interventions streamline those m…

Managing Peace and Security in Africa Essays on Approaches to Interventions in African Conflicts

"This anthology examines five major cases of interventions in African conflicts by third parties either in a mediation role or in a peace enforcement role by a variety of actors ranging from states to regional and continental institutions with varyi…

Somalia : Fighting the Odds in the Search for Peace after the Transition

"Despite renewed hope in the future of Somalia, post-transition efforts towards peace and stability in this country face numerous challenges. This situation report notes that progress will be defined by the dynamics surrounding the strengths or wea…

Long Walk to Restoration : Lessons from Somalia's Transition Process

"Somalia’s troubled recent history began with the fall of the Siad Barre regime in 1991 and the subsequent outbreak of war among various clan-based actors in the different regions of the country. Since then, all efforts to restore peace, stability a…

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2014

In ‘Has the Rise of China in Africa made Democratisation Less Likely?’ the article draws on Denis Tull’s insightful framework for thinking about Chinese activities in Africa to demonstrate the need for greater nuance in the way we assess China’s imp…

Ten Years after Humanitarian Reform: How have IDPs Fared?

This study assessed whether institutional reforms of the humanitarian system have improved IDP protection and assistance. It was also determined what the extent was to which national authorities are protecting and assisting IDPs within their border…

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2014

In ‘Beheadings and the News Media: Why Some Conflict Atrocities Receive More Coverage than Others’ although major changes have occurred in the dissemination of news, there is no question that the news media retains an exceptionally powerful role in …

Kenya's Regional Relations: Between Principle and Practice

"Kenya has long been cast as a reluctant regional actor. Those who view it as having a strong economy, but lacking political leverage in its region have questioned its regional influence. Critics argue that Kenya takes its cue from its neighbours…

Cycles of Violence Gender Relations and Armed Conflict

The research project ‘Gender-Sensitive Programme Design and Planning in Conflict-Affected Situations’ was carried out by ACORD during 2000 and 2001. Its overall aim was to enhance gender-awareness in the design and management of development project…

Canada and Missions for Peace: Lessons from Nicaragua, Camboida and Somalia

One of the defining features of Canada’s role in the world, both for Canadians and the international community, has been our unflagging support for United Nations peacekeeping. Up until the beginning of this decade, when the number of intrastate con…

Peace and Development in Northern Somalia: Opportunities and Challenges

It must appear to much of the world that Somalia has ceased to exist. All diplomatic missions there have been closed and Somalia’s seat at the United Nations lies empty. Although limited UN aid programmes are operating, bilateral donors have larg…

Counter-Terrorism in Somalia- Losing Hearts and Minds

Nearly four years after 9/11, hardly a day passes without the "war on terrorism" making headlines, with Iraq, Afghanistan, Indonesia and now London holding centre stage. But away from the spotlight, a quiet, dirty conflict is being waged in Somalia:…

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