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A Regional Approach to Peacebuilding - The Mano River Region

"Contemporary conflict creates a web of interlocking conflicts involving the transfer of populations, arms, armies, finances, and conflict goods across increasingly porous borders. This Policy and Practice Brief emanates from the Mano River Region...

Security sector reform in Africa: The promise and the practice of a new donor approach

"When the concept of security sector reform (SSR) was introduced some 10 years ago, it aimed to offer an innovative approach to the reform of security governance. Within the SSR paradigm, such reform was seen as an essential precondition of sustai...

Women Transforming Conflicts in Africa: Descriptive Studies from Burundi, Côte d’Ivoire, Sierra Leone, South Africa and Sudan

"There is evidence of successful efforts to constructively respond to conflict and to undertake transformation, reconstruction and reconciliation in Africa. The inclusion of women as a strategic constituency is central to sustaining and consolidat...

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2010

This study comprises several articles entitled as follows: 1) Rethinking Peace and Security in Africa: ECOWAS, a Human Security Regime? 2) Sustainable Peace Processes: Addressing the Status of Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons. 3)The Refer...

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2005

This issue comprises several articles which are as follows: 1)From Peacekeeping to Peace Operations 2)The Civilian Dimensions of the African Standy-by Force System 3) Sexual Abuse and Exploitation: Power Tools in Peacekeeping Missions 4)Towards a...

Two Decades of Conflict and Democracy in Sierra Leone A Personal Experience

"Poor governance, mismanagement, endemic corruption, exclusion and marginalisation, especially of the youth, were causal factors that led Foday Sankoh, an ex-corporal of the national army, to take up arms against the feeble government of Presiden...

Old Tricks, Young Guns Elections and Violence in Sierra Leone

"Sierra Leone is acclaimed as one of Africa’s most successful post-conflict states. But the country remains fragile. Every election since independence has been attended by violence. Support for political parties is polarised on ethnic and regional...

Liberia- Unravelling

The international community is often left to bemoan the fact that it lacks effective early warning tools for major humanitarian crises and conflicts. Yet, today in Liberia it is presented with almost a textbook case of all the major warning signs ...

Sierra Leone: Time for a New Military and Political Strategy

Sierra Leone is a human tragedy of massive proportions that is rapidly becoming a security nightmare for all West Africa. Two-thirds of Sierra Leone’s population are thought to have been displaced during the ten-year civil war. Another 600,000 hav...

From Civil Strife to Peacebuilding: The Private Sector's Role in West African Reconstruction

A conference on the post-conflict situation in the West African "fragile states" of Liberia, Sierra Leone and Côte d'Ivoire, organized by the Centre for International Governance Innovation, the Laurier Centre for Strategic Military and Disarmament...

Sierra Leone: A New Era of Reform?

Excerpt: "Sierra Leone has made much progress since the civil war ended in 2002, but a number of social and economic time bombs must still be defused if an enduring peace is to be built. The 2007 elections, in which Ernest Bai Koroma won the presi...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Sierra Leone 2005

"The government of Sierra Leone should tighten airport security to combat smuggling, it should establish a strategic oversight function for diamond sector regulation and enforcement, it should establish a low-cost and strategically targeted system...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Sierra Leone 2006

"That has been the historical problem of the industry. Largely of an alluvial nature, its very high unit value, the ease with which it can be mined — without need for sophisticated processing and transport facilities — its immense attraction to s...

Dealing for Development? A Study of Diamond Marketing and Pricing in Sierra Leone

"The aim of the Diamond Development Initiative (DDI) and thus of this report is to enhance human security in artisanal diamond mining areas, contributing to making artisanal mining less conflict-prone and more beneficial to the labourers, miners, ...

Policy Brief: The Dynamics of Diamond Pricing and Marketing in Sierra Leone

"This Policy Brief summarizes a report entitled ‘The Dynamics of Diamond Pricing and Marketing in Sierra Leone’. It also describes some of the policy implications for government, donor agencies and development organizations arising from the ...

Bringing peace to West Africa: Liberia and Sierra Leone

"This paper discusses the tortured peace processes in the West African states of Liberia and Sierra Leone, delineating lessons learnt from the complicated and prolonged diplomacy and external military interventions that characterised these efforts...

Negotiating peace in Sierra Leone: Confronting the justice challenge

"How specific justice issues came to be included in and potentially excluded from the 1999 Lomé Peace Accord. In addition to closely studying the negotiations dynamics and influences that led to the final agreement, this case study examines how ju...

A Place for Tradition in an Effective Criminal Justice System Customary Justice in Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia

"This policy brief summarises research made in three African states into both the official and informal roles of customary law and attitudes towards it. The research aims to understand the role custom currently plays in African legal systems and t...

Addressing the Challenges of Law Enforcement in Africa Policing in Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia

"Policing lies at the heart of any effective criminal justice system, and many of the challenges faced by judicial systems in Africa directly confront police forces on a daily basis. Increasing populations and rising crime rates confronted by und...

Judicial systems in Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia

"Some of the problems associated with the judiciary of the countries had their roots in ineffective and inappropriate police and prosecutorial practices. For example,delay in trials and case overload were often the result of police and prosecutori...

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