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China's Silent Storm in Sierra Leone

"There are many faces to China’s presence in Sierra Leone and its present role there. Chinese investments, ‘gifts’ and trading activities have gone some way to reshaping the stereotype of Beijing as solely an exploiter of Africa’s minerals resources…

Reconciliation without Regret: National Healing and Reconciliation in South Sudan

"In 2011, southern Sudan witnessed a successful and peaceful referendum, culminating in its secession from the Republic of Sudan and the birth of an independent Republic of South Sudan on 9 July. Despite the relative peace brought by independence, t…

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Sierra Leone 2004

"It is now two years since Sierra Leone’s war formally ended. Fuelled largely by diamonds and corruption – the two were very closely linked – the decade-long conflict drew much-needed international attention to the processes of diamond mining and tr…

Lessons from Electoral Management and Processes in West Africa

"This paper summarises the observations and findings of a comparative study of the contribution of electoral commissions (ECs) to the strengthening of democracy in West Africa, carried out in 2009–2010. The study was conducted in six countries, …

1325 and Policing in West Africa: Interrogating the Sierra Leonean Case

Apparently the UNSCR 1325 presents the only framework that emphasizes the progressive role that policewomen can play in the peacebuilding and post-conflict reconstruction process. Despite limitations identified in this Policy Brief, there has been …

Breaking the Inertia : Women's Role in Mediation and Peace Processes in West Africa

A Brief historical perspective will be presented on women’s involvement in mediation and peace processes. The paper will then focus on women’s roles during the conflict situations in Sierra Leone and Liberia. Women’s involvement, in these two coun…

Smash the Glass Redefining Approaches to Ending Impunity for Sexual and Gender Based Violence

The rich discussions, debates and case studies that emerged from the conference were captured in this report. Given the diversity and the use of a range of media – it is hoped that the insight into the conversations and commitments that occurred du…

Transitions from War to Peace: Dilemmas of Multilateral Intervention in Civil War

This paper examines the nexus between war and peace. It argues that war to peace transitions should not be seen as mechanistic processes which start at one point and end at another. First among the factors to be examined is that the root causes of c…

Domestic Prosecutions of International Crimes in Africa : Kenya

Following the announcement of the 2007 general election results, Kenya plunged into unprecedented violence. The upheaval left in its wake over a thousand people dead, hundreds sexually violated and hundreds of thousands physically displaced from the…

A Regional Approach to Peacebuilding - The Mano River Region

"Contemporary conflict creates a web of interlocking conflicts involving the transfer of populations, arms, armies, finances, and conflict goods across increasingly porous borders. This Policy and Practice Brief emanates from the Mano River Region: …

Security sector reform in Africa: The promise and the practice of a new donor approach

"When the concept of security sector reform (SSR) was introduced some 10 years ago, it aimed to offer an innovative approach to the reform of security governance. Within the SSR paradigm, such reform was seen as an essential precondition of sustaina…

Women Transforming Conflicts in Africa: Descriptive Studies from Burundi, Côte d’Ivoire, Sierra Leone, South Africa and Sudan

"There is evidence of successful efforts to constructively respond to conflict and to undertake transformation, reconstruction and reconciliation in Africa. The inclusion of women as a strategic constituency is central to sustaining and consolidatin…

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2010

This study comprises several articles entitled as follows: 1) Rethinking Peace and Security in Africa: ECOWAS, a Human Security Regime? 2) Sustainable Peace Processes: Addressing the Status of Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons. 3)The Referen…

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2005

This issue comprises several articles which are as follows: 1)From Peacekeeping to Peace Operations 2)The Civilian Dimensions of the African Standy-by Force System 3) Sexual Abuse and Exploitation: Power Tools in Peacekeeping Missions 4)Towards a C…

Two Decades of Conflict and Democracy in Sierra Leone A Personal Experience

"Poor governance, mismanagement, endemic corruption, exclusion and marginalisation, especially of the youth, were causal factors that led Foday Sankoh, an ex-corporal of the national army, to take up arms against the feeble government of President …

Old Tricks, Young Guns Elections and Violence in Sierra Leone

"Sierra Leone is acclaimed as one of Africa’s most successful post-conflict states. But the country remains fragile. Every election since independence has been attended by violence. Support for political parties is polarised on ethnic and regional l…

Bringing peace to West Africa: Liberia and Sierra Leone

"This paper discusses the tortured peace processes in the West African states of Liberia and Sierra Leone, delineating lessons learnt from the complicated and prolonged diplomacy and external military interventions that characterised these efforts. …

Negotiating peace in Sierra Leone: Confronting the justice challenge

"How specific justice issues came to be included in and potentially excluded from the 1999 Lomé Peace Accord. In addition to closely studying the negotiations dynamics and influences that led to the final agreement, this case study examines how just…

A Place for Tradition in an Effective Criminal Justice System Customary Justice in Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia

"This policy brief summarises research made in three African states into both the official and informal roles of customary law and attitudes towards it. The research aims to understand the role custom currently plays in African legal systems and the…

Addressing the Challenges of Law Enforcement in Africa Policing in Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia

"Policing lies at the heart of any effective criminal justice system, and many of the challenges faced by judicial systems in Africa directly confront police forces on a daily basis. Increasing populations and rising crime rates confronted by under…

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