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A Regional Approach to Peacebuilding - The Mano River Region

"Contemporary conflict creates a web of interlocking conflicts involving the transfer of populations, arms, armies, finances, and conflict goods across increasingly porous borders. This Policy and Practice Brief emanates from the Mano River Region...

Security sector reform in Africa: The promise and the practice of a new donor approach

"When the concept of security sector reform (SSR) was introduced some 10 years ago, it aimed to offer an innovative approach to the reform of security governance. Within the SSR paradigm, such reform was seen as an essential precondition of sustai...

Women Transforming Conflicts in Africa: Descriptive Studies from Burundi, Côte d’Ivoire, Sierra Leone, South Africa and Sudan

"There is evidence of successful efforts to constructively respond to conflict and to undertake transformation, reconstruction and reconciliation in Africa. The inclusion of women as a strategic constituency is central to sustaining and consolidat...

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2010

This study comprises several articles entitled as follows: 1) Rethinking Peace and Security in Africa: ECOWAS, a Human Security Regime? 2) Sustainable Peace Processes: Addressing the Status of Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons. 3)The Refer...

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2005

This issue comprises several articles which are as follows: 1)From Peacekeeping to Peace Operations 2)The Civilian Dimensions of the African Standy-by Force System 3) Sexual Abuse and Exploitation: Power Tools in Peacekeeping Missions 4)Towards a...

Two Decades of Conflict and Democracy in Sierra Leone A Personal Experience

"Poor governance, mismanagement, endemic corruption, exclusion and marginalisation, especially of the youth, were causal factors that led Foday Sankoh, an ex-corporal of the national army, to take up arms against the feeble government of Presiden...

Old Tricks, Young Guns Elections and Violence in Sierra Leone

"Sierra Leone is acclaimed as one of Africa’s most successful post-conflict states. But the country remains fragile. Every election since independence has been attended by violence. Support for political parties is polarised on ethnic and regional...

Bringing peace to West Africa: Liberia and Sierra Leone

"This paper discusses the tortured peace processes in the West African states of Liberia and Sierra Leone, delineating lessons learnt from the complicated and prolonged diplomacy and external military interventions that characterised these efforts...

Negotiating peace in Sierra Leone: Confronting the justice challenge

"How specific justice issues came to be included in and potentially excluded from the 1999 Lomé Peace Accord. In addition to closely studying the negotiations dynamics and influences that led to the final agreement, this case study examines how ju...

A Place for Tradition in an Effective Criminal Justice System Customary Justice in Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia

"This policy brief summarises research made in three African states into both the official and informal roles of customary law and attitudes towards it. The research aims to understand the role custom currently plays in African legal systems and t...

Addressing the Challenges of Law Enforcement in Africa Policing in Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia

"Policing lies at the heart of any effective criminal justice system, and many of the challenges faced by judicial systems in Africa directly confront police forces on a daily basis. Increasing populations and rising crime rates confronted by und...

Judicial systems in Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia

"Some of the problems associated with the judiciary of the countries had their roots in ineffective and inappropriate police and prosecutorial practices. For example,delay in trials and case overload were often the result of police and prosecutori...

Prosecution in Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia

"Prosecutors are primarily responsible for preparing charges and arraigning accused persons before competent courts or tribunals for trial. The primary duty of the prosecutor ‘is to seek justice as well as to convict those who are guilty’. In an i...

Access to Justice in Africa Comparisons between Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia

"The provision of justice represents a significant challenge to developing countries, not least Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia. Where justice is apparent, and the rule of law upheld, the processes of development and democratisation are support...

Improving Africa’s Prisons Prison Policy in Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia

"To address the crisis in the prison systems of the states examined here, action is required to increase both the capacity of detention facilities and funding of prison systems. Additionally, legal and sentencing issues must be addressed to reduc...

Criminal Justice System in Sierra Leone

"This policy brief assesses the criminal justice system in Sierra Leone and makes pertinent recommendations to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the system. It focuses on policing and prosecution, prisons, the judiciary, access to just...

Failing Young Offenders Juvenile Justice in Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia

"The legal systems of the former British colonies derived from British law and in most cases were simple copies of the criminal justice system of the colonial power. Children in conflict with the law often fail to have their rights guaranteed and ...

Understanding Africa's Contemporary Conflicts Origins, Challenges and Peacebuilding

"The first part, consisting of two chapters, examines changing methodologies through which we can more accurately analyse and map violent conflict, its causes and effects. The second then consider conflict resolution and peacebuilding and the key ...

Sierra Leone A Country Review of Crime and Criminal Justice, 2008

"The overall objective of this study was to generate data and information that can be used to review the scale of crime and the criminal justice system in Sierra Leone, one of the African countries undergoing the African Peer Review Mechanism (APR...

Sierra Leone: Business More Than Usual

"This latest political mini-drama in Sierra Leone, happening far ahead of the elections themselves, would appear rather steeped in bathos: from having to deal with a uniquely brutal war – which necessitated the deployment of over 16 000 foreign tr...

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