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Princes’ Progress Reconstruction and Authority in Eritrea and Rwanda

"Eritrea and Rwanda are among Africa’s smallest and poorest states. Substantial military resources, and expertise, have enabled both countries to exert dispropor-tionate influence over regional security. Aggression and authoritarianism have not p...

Promoting Reconciliation Through Exhuming and Identifying Victims in the 1994 Rwandan Genocide

"This policy brief considers the past, present and future of forensic exhumations in Rwanda in the aftermath of the 1994 genocide. Past exhumations conducted by Physicians for Human Rights (PHR) at the request of the International Criminal Trib...

Promoting Reconciliation through Exhuming and Indentifying Victims in the 1994 Rwanda Genocide

"This discussion paper provides an overview of three different phases of exhumations that have taken place in Rwanda following the 1994 genocide. Drawing upon qualitative data resulting from interviews with 24 survivors from Kibuye, as well as mee...

How Rwanda Judged it's Genocide

"Since 2001, the gacaca community courts have been the centrepiece of Rwanda’s justice and reconciliation process. Nearly every adult Rwandan has participated in the trials, but lawyers are banned from any official involvement. Human rights organi...

Challenges of Transitional Justice in Rwanda

"Two systems of retributive justice were set up by the international community and the Rwandan government to try suspects of the 1994 genocide: the Tanzania-based International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and the local grassroots gacaca courts i...

African Journal on Conflict Resolution Vol. 10, No. 2, 2010

This edition has eight articles. 'Environmental conflicts: Key issues and management implications' discusses people and the environment, environmental conflicts, climate change and environmental conflicts and management implications. 'Approaches t...

African Journal on Conflict Resolution Vol. 10, No. 3, 2010

"The articles on Rwanda and Sudan focus on post-tragedy situations in which justice (punitive and/or curative) and recovery (economic, social and/ or political) are pursued. They are ‘after’ papers with ‘before’ messages. The article on electoral ...

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2011

'Imperatives for Post-conflict Reconstruction in Libya' asserts that for an effective launching of a national construction process, Libyans as well as the international community should take into consideration certain imperatives for rebuilding a...

The High Costs and Consequences of Rwanda's Shift in Language Policy Reform from French to English

"Language policy in Rwanda has revolved around three languages— Kinyarwanda, the indigenous language of Rwandans, French and English: 90 percent of the population speaks Kinyarwanda; 8 percent speaks French; and, 4 percent speaks English. In the a...

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 3, no. 1, 2003

'Dynamics of the Zimbabwe crisis in the 21st century' presents the Zimbabwe crisis as a consequence of the blocked democratic transition at the turn of the century and how the Zimbabwe crisis has crucial lessons for Southern Africa. 'Regional orga...

The Abunzi Mediation in Rwanda: Opportunities for Engaging with Traditional Institutions of Conflict Resolution

"This Policy & Practice Brief analyses the role of traditional institutions for conflict resolution, paying special attention to their relevance in post-conflict societies. Using Rwanda’s abunzi mediation system as an example, the brief considers ...

Report from a Symposium on the Investigation and Prosecution of ‘Core International Crimes’ and the Role of the International Criminal Court in Africa

"The first objective was to lay the foundation for greater cooperation between the African Union (AU) and the ICC. The second, and related, objective was to highlight the problems and politics (both domestically within African states and regionall...

Congo: Five Priorities for a Peacebuilding Strategy

Excerpt: "The deal struck by the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Rwanda for renewed military and political cooperation is an important step forward, but is not sufficient to bring peace to the Kivus. Their five-week joint military operation...

Congo: A Comprehensive Strategy to Disarm the FDLR

Excerpt: "The joint Congo (DRC)-Rwanda military push against the Rwandan Hutu rebels has ended with scant results. Fifteen years after the Rwanda genocide and the establishment of those rebels in the eastern Congo, they have not yet been disarmed ...

Common African Political Governance Issues: Lessons from Six Early APRM Reports

"This paper analyses the discussion and recommendations about Africa's pressing political governance issues - including the separation of powers, election management and corruption - from the APRM reports of Ghana, Rwanda, Kenya, , South Africa, A...

Socio-economic Problems Facing Africa: Insights from six APRM Country Review Reports

"The African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) tries to identify both problems facing participating countries and solutions to these problems. This paper seeks to identify common socio-economic development problems revealed in six African countries th...

Addressing the African Peer Review Mechanism's Programmes of Action

Examining the first six APRM Programmes of Action, this paper traces how PoAs are developed, implemented and monitored, and how they could be strengthened going forward. This edition of the SAIIA Occasional Papers Series presents two papers by SAI...

From Fatigues to Three-Piece Suits: East African Guerrillas in Power

"Since decolonisation in African countries ethno-political differences have led to guerrilla warfare. Through these movements, authoritarian regimes have been created. In Uganda, after the National Resistance Movement took power a ‘no-party democr...

Media Freedom, Transparency and Governance

This paper, by veteran journalist Raymond Louw, asks a fundamental question: 'Can good governance exist without a free and independent media?' And he argues that Africa's premier governance and accountability tool - The APRM - seems to have ignor...

Rwanda/Uganda: A Dangerous War of Nerves

President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni of Uganda and President Paul Kagame of Rwanda were once called the "new breed" of African leaders but hopes that they can deliver peace and prosperity to their countries are being severely shaken. In early November...

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