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Unlocking the Potential of Administrative Data in Africa: Tax Compliance and Progressivity in Rwanda

This paper looks at tax compliance using administrative data from Rwanda. It discusses the use of administrative data for tax research – specifically anonymized taxpayers records, which have become increasingly available on the African continent. Th…

The Role of Inclusive Multi-stakeholder Partnerships in Enhancing Conflict Transformation in the Great Lakes

'Cyclical conflicts which continue to plague the Great Lakes region of Africa necessitate a reflection on the effectiveness of peacebuilding interventions. While many reasons account for this, without knowledge of triggers of relapse into conflict,…

Hand in Hand for Urban Transformation Roles and Responsibilities at the Local, National and International Level to Enable Cities’ Climate Leadership

Addressing the global challenge of climate change requires unprecedented cooperation across all levels of government. Internationally the Paris Agreement sets the pace for reducing emissions and adapting to the impacts of climate change. Common obje…

Taxation for Weather Based Index Insurance in Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia

"A major potential area for support for agriculture insurance for small-scale farmers has been premium subsidies from the government. However, premium subsidy decisions are difficult to make for governments in developing countries, particularly give…

The Carrot and the Stick: Evidence on Voluntary Tax Compliance from a Pilot Field Experiment in Rwanda

Key findings from a pilot field experiment on tax compliance, is discussed in this paper. A key objective of the paper, is to provide lessons learned on implementing this type of study in low-income countries, and reporting initial econometric resu…

Analysis of Rwanda’s Agriculture Budget Expenditure 2015-2016

The country’s commitment to agriculture, is reflected in the budget allocation to this sector. The CAADP expenditure target of 10% budget allocation and 6% annual agriculture productivity growth remain with fluctuated targets. During the period 201…

Gender Analysis for Sustainable Livelihoods and Participatory Governance in Rwanda

This report presents a gender analysis for sustainable livelihoods and participatory governance in Rwanda, in order to inform Oxfam’s Country Strategy programmes. Oxfam’s work in Rwanda is focused on two interlinked pillars – sustainable livelihood…

Innovative Approaches to Creating Opportunities and Incorporating Young Youth into Rwanda’s Labor Markets

This qualitative study identifies and analyzes the innovative approaches that will create employment opportunities and thus incorporate the youth into labor markets in Rwanda. This report reflects on the effectiveness of the innovative approaches a…

Disaffected and Delinquent Male Youth in Rwanda: Understanding Pathways to Delinquency and the Role of Rehabilitation and Vocational Skills Training Final Report

The research in this paper aimed to provide clarifications on how the issue of disaffected and delinquent youth in Rwanda is handled and treated. Providing residential rehabilitation and training is expensive and therefore it needs to be used for th…

Legal and Policy Framework for Children’s Rights in Rwanda

This document comprises a brief guide to the institutional, legal and policy framework for the promotion and protection of children’s rights in Rwanda. A strong commitment to children’s rights, was demonstrated in Rwanda, having ratified the UN Con…

One Size Does Not Fit All: A Field Experiment on the Drivers of Tax Compliance and Delivery Methods in Rwanda

The literature in this report focused exclusively on high and middle-income countries. This paper begins to fill this gap by reporting on the results of a tax field experiment in Rwanda, while also focusing on some characteristics that may be common…

Communicating to Improve Compliance: Taxpayers’ Feedback on Message and Mode of Delivery in Rwanda

The journey started gradually for the Rwanda Revenue Authority (RRA), from coercion to persuasion to drive tax compliance. This is shown in the mission and core value statements that underpin the tax administration’s activities in service delivery a…

Lessons From Rwanda: Female Political Representation and Women's Rights

"Gender equality is a basic human right that entails equal opportunities for men and women in all facets of life: socially, economically, developmentally and politically. According to the Beijing Platform for Action, without the active participat…

Public-Private Partnerships in Sub-Saharan Africa: Case Studies for Policymakers 2017

PPPs for infrastructure involves the private sector in designing, building, financing and operating public infrastructure in sectors such as power generation, transportation, utilities, social infrastructure and government accommodation. Unlike priv…

Reconstruction and Capacity Building in Post-Conflict Countries in Africa: a Summary of Lessons of Experience from Mozambique, Rwanda, Sierra Leone and Uganda

The main objective of the study has been to draw lessons of experience that could provide a guide to policies, strategies and instruments for post-conflict capacity-building initiatives. The four country studies highlighted the fact that root cau…

Review of Public Expenditure Management in Sub-Saharan Africa

"Public expenditure is one of the critical ingredients of a country’s development. To ensure that public expenditure is efficient and effective, it is essential that resource allocation decisions are underpinned by sound analysis and that a well-des…

Studies in Reconstruction and Capacity Building in Post-conflict Countries in Africa: Some Lessons of Experience from Rwanda

"The Report is thematically organized. It starts with a theoretical presentation that informs the explanation of the nature of conflicts and their costs in the African settings. A short historical background of the Rwandan political economy follows …

Universal Health Coverage in Uganda: The Critical Health Infrastructure, Healthcare coverage and equity

This study aims to analyse the status of the critical health infrastructure which is needed to attain sustained progress towards UHC, and to review Uganda’s progress towards UHC. Some of the recent studies that have assessed UHC in Uganda have prima…

War and Peace in the Great Lakes Region

The seminar, discussed in this paper, brought together about 30 prominent African and Western policymakers, scholars, and civil society activists to assess the major obstacles to peace and security in the Great Lakes, and considered seven broad them…

Disentangling the Broadband Divide in Rwanda: Supply-side vs Demand-side

The Rwandan telecommunications sector has shown particularly strong growth in recent years, due to a vibrant economy and championing of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) at the highest level. ICT is a central engine to driving Rwanda…

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