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The Khartoum Process A Sustainable Response to Human Smuggling and Trafficking?

With the "migration crisis", in 2012 - 2015, citizens from the Horn of Africa have been arriving irregularly in Europe in unprecedented numbers, whilst featuring disproportionately amongst the fatalities. This has prompted the launch of the Khartoum…

At the Edge Trends and Routes of North African Clandestine Migrants

Over 16 000 Algerians, Tunisians and Moroccans were caught in 2015 while attempting to migrate to Europe covertly. Though North Africans are a relatively small portion of the masses of clandestine migrants, they are a critical group to understand…

The Niger-Libya Corridor Smugglers’ Perspectives

The particular focus of this study is on the smugglers facilitating the unprecedented flow of migrants from sub-Saharan Africa to Libya. There is a specific focus on the smuggling corridor that links northern Niger to southern Libya. This smuggling …

The Global Outlook, Secular Stagnation and the MENA Region

Despite the gloomy tone of much discussion at the just-concluded IMF and World Bank annual meetings, the global economy is not in as bad shape as many think. The concerns about “secular stagnation” in advanced countries are also overplayed, and nor …

The Role of Soils in Global Water and Food Security

Critical to the future health of our planet is the development of policies and strategies for global resource security (water and food). The world today faces an increase in the amplitude and frequency of dynamic stresses that greatly challenges ou…

From the Mediterranean to the Atlantic: A Corridor Vulnerable to Terrorism

Nigeria on the Atlantic and Libya on the Mediterranean, the two largest oil producers in Africa, are facing the two most violent terrorist groups on the continent. The Libyan version of Daesh and Boko Haram seem to be gaining ground to join in an …

De la Méditerranée à l’Atlantique : le Couloir de Vulnérabilité face au Terrorisme

Deux des plus grands producteurs d'hydrocarbures en Afrique, le Nigeria sur l'Atlantique et la Libye sur la Méditerranée font face aux deux groupes terroristes les plus violents sur le continent. Daech version libyenne et Boko Haram semblent avanc…

Europe in North Africa: Fighting Short-Termism

The stability, security and prosperity of both Europe and North Africa are inextricably linked and both regions are bound in a strategic relationship. European countries - both individually and collectively (inside and outside the framework of the …

Defense, Time For Necessary Adjustments

The debate on defense is more relevant than ever in an evolving global context that is driven by the constant reconfiguration of geostrategic equilibriums and by the importance of the impacts of the economic and financial crisis on States’ budgets l…

La défense a l’heure des adaptations necessaires / Defense, Time For Necessary Adjustments.

This document is also available in English : Defense, Time For Necessary Adjustments. The debate on defense is more relevant than ever in an evolving global context that is driven by the constant reconfiguration of geostrategic equilibriums and by t…

What Role Can Renewable Energy and Water and Food Securities Play for North Africa and the Middle East?

Renewable energy technologies are projected to have substantial growth in the coming decades, especially given the environmental, social and economic drivers observed globally. The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region encloses abundant alterna…

Oslo Forum 2017: Peacemaking in a New Era of Geopolitics

The fifteenth Oslo Forum convened one hundred of the world’s leading peacemakers, conflict actors, decision-makers and academics, bringing together people with forty-two different nationalities. The Forum’s overarching theme was Peacemaking in a ne…

Jobs in the Middle East North Africa, and the Moroccan case

The jobs markets across the Middle East North Africa region vary greatly, with some oil-rich countries importers of labor while others, including Morocco, are the source of emigrants. Morocco exhibits structural underemployment despite having grown …

Butterfly Effect of the Arab Spring

"There are many theories that have been developed by great thinkers in various fields of study. One of them is “Chaos Theory”, used in such fields as mathematics, physics, meteorology, and engineering. The root of this theory is the hypothesis prese…

New Entrepreneurs and High Performance Enterprises in the Middle East and North Africa

"The report analyses the challenges and opportunities facing young enterprises and their owners throughout the MENA region. It provides a balanced review of the arguments for and against an active government policy supporting high growth enterpris…

Sahel Strategies : Why Coordination is Imperative

"The starting point for the significant mobilisation among the international community to deal with the political, security and humanitarian situation in the Sahel has often been the production of policy papers known as ‘Sahel strategies’. These str…

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2015

‘Egypt in the Aftermath of the Arab Spring: What Lies Ahead?’ highlights some of the main security, economic and foreign policy challenges facing the Al-Sisi government. ‘The Democratic Transition in Tunisia: A Success Story in the Making’, portray…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution Vol. 9, No. 3, 2009

The first article in this issue 'Disruptive colonial boundaries and attempts to resolve land/boundary disputes in the Grasslands of Bamenda, Cameroon' looks at an unprecedented wave of violent land/boundary disputes between village-groups in the Gra…

Exploring the Post Gaddafi Repercussions in the Sahel

"The Arab Spring that greeted North Africa and resulted in the fall of the Gadaffi regime has brought in its wake consequences that transcend national boundaries. One region in Africa that is grappling with the post Gaddafi repercussions, is the Sah…

Violent Extremism in the Sahel: The Birth of a Third Generation of Terrorism?

Are we witnessing a third generation of jihadism rearing its head in the Sahel? In the wake of the globalised movement of jihad in the 1990s, spearheaded by Afghan jihadists and propelled forward by Osama bin Laden and al-Qaeda, another trend has em…

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