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Butterfly Effect of the Arab Spring

"There are many theories that have been developed by great thinkers in various fields of study. One of them is “Chaos Theory”, used in such fields as mathematics, physics, meteorology, and engineering. The root of this theory is the hypothesis pre...

New Entrepreneurs and High Performance Enterprises in the Middle East and North Africa

"The report analyses the challenges and opportunities facing young enterprises and their owners throughout the MENA region. It provides a balanced review of the arguments for and against an active government policy supporting high growth enterpr...

Sahel Strategies : Why Coordination is Imperative

"The starting point for the significant mobilisation among the international community to deal with the political, security and humanitarian situation in the Sahel has often been the production of policy papers known as ‘Sahel strategies’. These s...

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2015

‘Egypt in the Aftermath of the Arab Spring: What Lies Ahead?’ highlights some of the main security, economic and foreign policy challenges facing the Al-Sisi government. ‘The Democratic Transition in Tunisia: A Success Story in the Making’, portr...

African Journal on Conflict Resolution Vol. 9, No. 3, 2009

The first article in this issue 'Disruptive colonial boundaries and attempts to resolve land/boundary disputes in the Grasslands of Bamenda, Cameroon' looks at an unprecedented wave of violent land/boundary disputes between village-groups in the G...

Exploring the Post Gaddafi Repercussions in the Sahel

"The Arab Spring that greeted North Africa and resulted in the fall of the Gadaffi regime has brought in its wake consequences that transcend national boundaries. One region in Africa that is grappling with the post Gaddafi repercussions, is the S...

Negotiations for a Nile-Cooperative Framework Agreement

"This paper aims to explain the geopolitical set-up of the Nile Basin, the processes of the upstream-downstream negotiations, and the imperatives for upstream-downstream cooperation. It argues that the Nile basin countries must have a new agreemen...

A Critical Look at the 2011 North African Revolutions and their Implications

"The overarching objective of this conference was to assist a variety of African policy and decision makers and other stakeholders to formulate informed policies for an effective management of the crises in North Africa at these interesting but e...

Encouraging Political Participation in Africa The Potential of Social Media Platforms

"The ‘Arab Spring’ developments have led to debate as to whether an ‘African Spring’ facilitated through the use of social-media-based tools is possible. This report argues that social media have the potential to facilitate the active citizen pol...

Tackling the aftermath of Libya’s ‘Arab Spring’: Addressing the Small Arms Issue

"The ‘Arab Spring’ - the term used for the popular uprisings against repressive leaders in North Africa and parts of the Middle East - not only took most of the world by surprise, but more disturbingly portrayed the ruthlessness with which the emb...

Understanding of the Natural Resource Conflict Dynamics The Case of Tuareg in North Africa and the Sahel

"The paper highlights the process leading to the armed conflict of Tuareg and the role of different countries in the conflict. In particular, it examines the way three dramatic events have shaped the livelihoods of Tuareg: the reorganisation of so...

Popular Protest in North African and the Middle East (II): Yemen Between Reform and Revolution

"Even before the popular wave from Tunisia and Egypt reached Yemen, President Saleh’s regime faced daunting challenges. In the north, it is battling the Huthi rebellion, in the south, an ever-growing secessionist movement. Al-Qaeda in the Arabian...

Political Violence in North Africa: The Perils of Incomplete Liberalization

"After the attacks of September 11, 2001, a growing number of analysts and policymakers drew a link between the dramatic rise of terrorism in the Middle East and the region’s lack of democracy. The question of whether levels of political rights ...

Solar Power Prospects in North Africa's Sahara Desert

"There is significant potential for generating electricity from solar power in the Sahara desert in North Africa for both domestic use and for export to Europe. The successful implementation of projects to harness solar power could improve standa...

Popular Protest in North Africa and the Middle East (V): Making Sense of Libya

"The character of the Libyan crisis today arises from the complex but so far evidently indecisive impact of the UN-authorised military intervention, now formally led by NATO, in what had already become a civil war. NATO’s intervention saved the a...

Interregional Challenges of Islamic Extremist Movements in North Africa

"For a long time the region of North Africa enjoyed what seemed like political stability. The reality behind this false image has been unveiled lately by the events that have taken place in Tunisia, Egypt and Libya. A closer look at these upr...

Security Sector Transformation in North Africa and the Middle East

"As the Arab Spring continues to take root across the Middle East bringing unprecedented democratic change and also a high level of instability, debate has emerged on the role of security sector reform (SSR) in the fledgling transitions. From Jun...

Darfur At A Crossroads: Global Public Opinion And The Responsibility To Protect

Since 2003, the conflict in the Darfur region of western Sudan has worsened and shows no signs of improvement. More than 2 million people have been displaced by the violence and some 450,000 have lost their lives. Although Sudanese President Omar ...

Gender Justice, Citizenship and Development

Ten years after the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing there is considerable interest among gender advocates and development institutions in reviewing how far the project of gender equality has progressed. According to a major review by...

African Civil Society: Prospects for Raising Awareness on Priority Issues

Sub-Saharan Africa is grappling with such severe and recurring economic, political and social crises that some of them, including HIV/AIDS, food insecurity and civil war, have ended up as humanitarian disasters. Making such a statement is not ind...

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