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Private Sector and Enterprise Development Fostering Growth in the Middle East and North Africa

Much has been written about the political, economic and social dimensions and challenges of the Middle East and North Africa. These works cover the situation in different combinations of countries in the region depending on how they chose to defin…

Lecture du Compte-Rendu Onusien de l’entretien entre Ban Ki-moon et Salaheddine Mezouar / Interpretation of the UN Report of the Meeting between Ban Ki-moon and Salaheddine Mezouar

On 14th March 2016, Morocco accused the United Nations chief Ban Ki-moon of speaking out of turn during a visit to restart talks between Rabat and the Algeria-backed Polisario Front on the disputed area of Western Sahara. The Moroccan government not…

Butterfly Effect of the Arab Spring

The root of the “Chaos Theory”, which is used in such fields as mathematics, physics, meteorology, and engineering, is the hypothesis presented in 1972 by Edward Lorenz, an American meteorologist, in New York, entitled, “Does the flap of a butterfly…

Crisis In The Sahel – Possible Solutions and the Consequences of Inaction

"A report following the OASIS Conference (Organizing to Advance Solutions in the Sahel) hosted by the University of California, Berkeley and African Institute for Development Policy in Berkeley on September 21, 2012. The goal of this report is to st…

Peace Building in Africa: Bridging Theory and Practice

"Peacebuilding in Africa: Bridging Theory and Practice took place in Bujumbura, Burundi, at the end of November 2012. Over the course of three days, the conference gathered together peacebuilding practitioners and scholars from the Great Lakes and H…

Butterfly Effect of the Arab Spring

"There are many theories that have been developed by great thinkers in various fields of study. One of them is “Chaos Theory”, used in such fields as mathematics, physics, meteorology, and engineering. The root of this theory is the hypothesis prese…

New Entrepreneurs and High Performance Enterprises in the Middle East and North Africa

"The report analyses the challenges and opportunities facing young enterprises and their owners throughout the MENA region. It provides a balanced review of the arguments for and against an active government policy supporting high growth enterpris…

Sahel Strategies : Why Coordination is Imperative

"The starting point for the significant mobilisation among the international community to deal with the political, security and humanitarian situation in the Sahel has often been the production of policy papers known as ‘Sahel strategies’. These str…

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2015

‘Egypt in the Aftermath of the Arab Spring: What Lies Ahead?’ highlights some of the main security, economic and foreign policy challenges facing the Al-Sisi government. ‘The Democratic Transition in Tunisia: A Success Story in the Making’, portray…

Negotiations for a Nile-Cooperative Framework Agreement

"This paper aims to explain the geopolitical set-up of the Nile Basin, the processes of the upstream-downstream negotiations, and the imperatives for upstream-downstream cooperation. It argues that the Nile basin countries must have a new agreement …

A Critical Look at the 2011 North African Revolutions and their Implications

"The overarching objective of this conference was to assist a variety of African policy and decision makers and other stakeholders to formulate informed policies for an effective management of the crises in North Africa at these interesting but ext…

Encouraging Political Participation in Africa The Potential of Social Media Platforms

"The ‘Arab Spring’ developments have led to debate as to whether an ‘African Spring’ facilitated through the use of social-media-based tools is possible. This report argues that social media have the potential to facilitate the active citizen polit…

Tackling the aftermath of Libya’s ‘Arab Spring’: Addressing the Small Arms Issue

"The ‘Arab Spring’ - the term used for the popular uprisings against repressive leaders in North Africa and parts of the Middle East - not only took most of the world by surprise, but more disturbingly portrayed the ruthlessness with which the embat…

Understanding of the Natural Resource Conflict Dynamics The Case of Tuareg in North Africa and the Sahel

"The paper highlights the process leading to the armed conflict of Tuareg and the role of different countries in the conflict. In particular, it examines the way three dramatic events have shaped the livelihoods of Tuareg: the reorganisation of soci…

Popular Protest in North African and the Middle East (II): Yemen Between Reform and Revolution

"Even before the popular wave from Tunisia and Egypt reached Yemen, President Saleh’s regime faced daunting challenges. In the north, it is battling the Huthi rebellion, in the south, an ever-growing secessionist movement. Al-Qaeda in the Arabian P…

Political Violence in North Africa: The Perils of Incomplete Liberalization

"After the attacks of September 11, 2001, a growing number of analysts and policymakers drew a link between the dramatic rise of terrorism in the Middle East and the region’s lack of democracy. The question of whether levels of political rights an…

Solar Power Prospects in North Africa's Sahara Desert

"There is significant potential for generating electricity from solar power in the Sahara desert in North Africa for both domestic use and for export to Europe. The successful implementation of projects to harness solar power could improve standard…

Popular Protest in North Africa and the Middle East (V): Making Sense of Libya

"The character of the Libyan crisis today arises from the complex but so far evidently indecisive impact of the UN-authorised military intervention, now formally led by NATO, in what had already become a civil war. NATO’s intervention saved the ant…

Interregional Challenges of Islamic Extremist Movements in North Africa

"For a long time the region of North Africa enjoyed what seemed like political stability. The reality behind this false image has been unveiled lately by the events that have taken place in Tunisia, Egypt and Libya. A closer look at these upris…

Darfur At A Crossroads: Global Public Opinion And The Responsibility To Protect

Since 2003, the conflict in the Darfur region of western Sudan has worsened and shows no signs of improvement. More than 2 million people have been displaced by the violence and some 450,000 have lost their lives. Although Sudanese President Omar al…

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