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Violent Extremism in the Sahel: The Birth of a Third Generation of Terrorism?

Are we witnessing a third generation of jihadism rearing its head in the Sahel? In the wake of the globalised movement of jihad in the 1990s, spearheaded by Afghan jihadists and propelled forward by Osama bin Laden and al-Qaeda, another trend has em…

L’Inde et le Maghreb / India and the Maghreb

This paper proposes to describe and understand the relationship among the Maghreb and India, the latter being a significant as well as an emerging power in the world today. At the center of this research is the concern to better understand the posi…

The Reintegration Enigma: Interventions for Boko Haram deserters in the Lake Chad Basin

In the Lake Chad Basin area, waves of Boko Haram members have deserted the violent extremist group since August 2016. Those who voluntarily leave the group are often referred to as deserters, returnees or repenters. While these three categories are …

Youth Unemployment in the Middle East & North Africa, and the Moroccan case

This Policy Paper aims to provide a better understanding of the drivers of youth unemployment in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region by examining some common factors and then delving deeper into the case of Morocco, a relatively stable co…

Stopping the War for Tripoli

Barring a sudden – and improbable – radical change in the balance of forces on the ground, the battle for Tripoli is likely to be long, destructive and deadly. For now, both the Tripoli government and its allies, on the one hand, and Haftar’s forces…

Peace & Security Council Report Issue 113

This report analyses, using concrete examples, the potential challenges facing six of the RECs and the resultant implications for the division of labour between them and the AU, looking at peace and security, governance, elections, economic integrat…

‘La mal vie’: The Routes, Drivers and Politics of North African Irregular Migration

Between 2016 and 2019 irregular migration by North Africans to Europe increased noticeably. The rising numbers are driven by economic pessimism, social frustration and structural inequality. Old routes, which stretch from North African to European …

Regional Aid Profile North Africa

This profile interrogates the trends in Official Development Assistance (ODA) for the North African region. It considers disbursements of loans made on concessional terms (net of repayments of principal) and grants by official agencies of the membe…

COVID-19 and the Egyptian Economy: Estimating the Impacts of Expected Reductions in Tourism, Suez Canal Revenues, and Remittances

Egypt’s recent economic success will almost certainly be interrupted by the COVID-19 pandemic. We examine the likely impact on the Egyptian economy of a significant reduction in tourism, payments received from the Suez Canal, and remittances from Eg…

The Khartoum Process A Sustainable Response to Human Smuggling and Trafficking?

With the "migration crisis", in 2012 - 2015, citizens from the Horn of Africa have been arriving irregularly in Europe in unprecedented numbers, whilst featuring disproportionately amongst the fatalities. This has prompted the launch of the Khartoum…

At the Edge Trends and Routes of North African Clandestine Migrants

Over 16 000 Algerians, Tunisians and Moroccans were caught in 2015 while attempting to migrate to Europe covertly. Though North Africans are a relatively small portion of the masses of clandestine migrants, they are a critical group to understand…

The Niger-Libya Corridor Smugglers’ Perspectives

The particular focus of this study is on the smugglers facilitating the unprecedented flow of migrants from sub-Saharan Africa to Libya. There is a specific focus on the smuggling corridor that links northern Niger to southern Libya. This smuggling …

The Global Outlook, Secular Stagnation and the MENA Region

Despite the gloomy tone of much discussion at the just-concluded IMF and World Bank annual meetings, the global economy is not in as bad shape as many think. The concerns about “secular stagnation” in advanced countries are also overplayed, and nor …

The Role of Soils in Global Water and Food Security

Critical to the future health of our planet is the development of policies and strategies for global resource security (water and food). The world today faces an increase in the amplitude and frequency of dynamic stresses that greatly challenges ou…

From the Mediterranean to the Atlantic: A Corridor Vulnerable to Terrorism

Nigeria on the Atlantic and Libya on the Mediterranean, the two largest oil producers in Africa, are facing the two most violent terrorist groups on the continent. The Libyan version of Daesh and Boko Haram seem to be gaining ground to join in an …

De la Méditerranée à l’Atlantique : le Couloir de Vulnérabilité face au Terrorisme

Deux des plus grands producteurs d'hydrocarbures en Afrique, le Nigeria sur l'Atlantique et la Libye sur la Méditerranée font face aux deux groupes terroristes les plus violents sur le continent. Daech version libyenne et Boko Haram semblent avanc…

Europe in North Africa: Fighting Short-Termism

The stability, security and prosperity of both Europe and North Africa are inextricably linked and both regions are bound in a strategic relationship. European countries - both individually and collectively (inside and outside the framework of the …

Defense, Time For Necessary Adjustments

The debate on defense is more relevant than ever in an evolving global context that is driven by the constant reconfiguration of geostrategic equilibriums and by the importance of the impacts of the economic and financial crisis on States’ budgets l…

La défense a l’heure des adaptations necessaires / Defense, Time For Necessary Adjustments.

This document is also available in English : Defense, Time For Necessary Adjustments. The debate on defense is more relevant than ever in an evolving global context that is driven by the constant reconfiguration of geostrategic equilibriums and by t…

What Role Can Renewable Energy and Water and Food Securities Play for North Africa and the Middle East?

Renewable energy technologies are projected to have substantial growth in the coming decades, especially given the environmental, social and economic drivers observed globally. The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region encloses abundant alterna…

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