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Canada and Missions for Peace: Lessons from Nicaragua, Camboida and Somalia

One of the defining features of Canada’s role in the world, both for Canadians and the international community, has been our unflagging support for United Nations peacekeeping. Up until the beginning of this decade, when the number of intrastate c...

Outcome Mapping: Building Learning and Reflection into Development Programs

More and more, development organizations are under pressure to demonstrate that their programs result in significant and lasting changes in the well-being of their intended beneficiaries. However, such "impacts" are often the product of a conflu...

Supporting Democracy: The South Africa-Canada Program on Governance

The purpose of this report is to record and analyze (evaluate) the accomplishments of the South Africa– Canada Program on Governance (PoG) and the lessons learned in the course of its operation from its origin in 1992 through to the end of 1997. T...

AFRICOM: The Road Ahead For United States Africa Command

On May 27, Brookings’s 21st Century Defense Initiative hosted Vice Admiral Robert T. Moeller, deputy to the commander for military operations, United States Africa Command (AFRICOM), for a discussion on the aims, status and future mission for AFRI...

A World Agreement on Oil?

This paper addresses ways to cope with potential instability in the world oil market, with a view to whether action by the L20 can do anything about it. It is often said that the major geographical source of oil, the "Middle East," is a highly tur...

Graduate Student Conference on International Development Conference Report

Sponsored in part by the World Bank outreach programme, the two day conference gave graduate students a chance to put their theoretical knowledge to the test. The questions posed to the panelists included ?What is International Development??, ?Who...

Darfur Rising: Sudan's New Crisis

Sudan, where prospects for peace had looked so promising for much of 2003, has become a potential horror story in 2004. The rapid onset of war in its western region of Darfur has created one of the world's worst humanitarian crises -- thousands de...

Engaging Problem Countries

U.S. policymakers have normally turned to military force, political and economic sanctions, and covert action in trying to dissuade so-called "rogue states" - notably Cuba, Iran, Iraq, Libya, and North Korea - from behavior that the United States ...

Adding 3Ns to the 3Ds - Lessons from the 1996 Zaire Mission for Humanitarian Interventions

This paper examines the 3D (defence, diplomacy, and development) framework for humanitarian interventions in weak states and/or conflict situations. It accepts that there are some considerable strengths built into this strategic concept for it pri...

Decision Time in Zimbabwe

Change is in the air in Zimbabwe. Its citizens no longer talk about whether it will come, but rather when. All acknowledge, however, that the road will be dangerous, possibly violent. South Africa is the single country with ability to help its nei...

Making the Millennium Challenge Account Work for Africa

President Bush has been rightly lauded for his visionary initiative to establish a Millennium Challenge Account (MCA) that would increase U.S. resources directed toward the most promising development investments. The administration's proposal to u...

U.S. Foreign Assistance to Africa: Claims vs. Reality

Brookings Institution Article by Susan E. Rice, Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy Studies wherein she evaluates the calims vs. the realities of U.S> foreign assistance to Africa and concludes that U.S. aid to Africa from FY 2000 to FY 2004, the period...

G-8 Preview: Bush and Allies to Discuss Repairing Their Rift and Rebuilding Iraq

The annual economic summit of eight industrialized nations, which begins June 1 in Evian, France, will provide an opportunity for President Bush to repair relations with major European countries that opposed the U.S. invasion of Iraq, particularly...

Climate Change Progress, the US Withdrawal and What We can Expect From COP23

In light of the US withdrawal from the Paris Agreement (PA) in June 2017, continued political momentum and concrete outcomes at upcoming climate change summits are needed to reinforce global commitment to the PA. From 6–17 November 2017 nearly 200...

Post Apartheid South Africa's Foreign Policy after Two Decades

Following the introduction of democratic rule in South Africa in 1994, Tshwane embarked on a new foreign policy trajectory. In July 2013, the Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR), Cape Town, South Africa, convened about 50 leading practitioners, ...

Towards a New Pax Africana: Making, Keeping and Building Peace in Post-Cold War Africa

The main objective of the Stellenbosch seminar was to assess the progress being made in peacemaking, peacekeeping, and peace building by the African Union (AU) and Africa’s regional economic communities (RECs) – the Southern African Development ...

Africa and External Actors

In August 2016, the Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR), Cape Town, South Africa, brought together about 30 key scholars, policymakers, and civil society activists to assess bilateral and multilateral relations between Africa’s traditional and n...

Les Determinants de la Fluctuation des Prix à la Pompe des Produits Pétroliers au Togo/ Fluctuation Determinants of the Pump Prices for Petroleum Products in Togo

Oil is the most used energy source in the world, with an overall energy consumption of 37%, ahead of coal (24%) and natural gas (23%). The two largest oil consuming countries in the world, the United States and China together, makes up a third (...

An Early Diagnosis of Trump's Impact on US-Africa Relations and on Sustainable Democracy in the US and Africa

After eight months in office, US President Donald Trump had issued no policies specifically dealing with Africa, made no senior appointments for African affairs, and showed little interest in, knowledge of, or sympathy with Africa or the future of...

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