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Development Aid for Infrastructure Investment in Africa: Malian relations with China, the European Commission and the World Bank

"This paper compares the terms of a selection of infrastructure aid contracts entered into by the government of Mali with both ‘traditional’ and ‘non-traditional’ donors. It asks whether these forms of aid, conventionally considered to be dichotomou…

Timbuktu's golden legacy: The experience of South African Firms doing business in Mali

"This report is based on a series of interviews that were conducted in Mali in May 2005 with resident South African companies to research their experience of the Malian business environment. The study found that South African companies are mainly i…

Mali: Avoiding Escalation

"This report is published at a time of evident polarisation in the positions held by the multiple actors in this crisis and it is proving increasingly difficult for the most moderate to make their voices heard. It provides a detailed account of the …

The Problems and Prospects for ECOWAS Intervention in Mali

"As of late 2012, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) supports a policy of military intervention in northern Mali, where rebel groups continue to implement various forms of governance. While there is a legal basis for an ECOWAS in…

Addressing Emerging Security Threats in Post-Gaddafi Sahel and ECOWAS Response to the Malian Crises

"This policy paper examines the broader impact of post-Gaddafi security challenges on West African states, with particular emphasis on the Sahelian regions. This will be juxtaposed against the old insecurities serving as long time precursors. As the…

Mali: The Need for Determined and Coordinated International Action

"The situation in Mali remains confused six months after President ATT was overthrown. Already destabilised by Tuareg and Islamist armed rebellions that took control of the north, the coup completed the disintegration of the Malian state. Partly due…

Understanding of the Natural Resource Conflict Dynamics The Case of Tuareg in North Africa and the Sahel

"The paper highlights the process leading to the armed conflict of Tuareg and the role of different countries in the conflict. In particular, it examines the way three dramatic events have shaped the livelihoods of Tuareg: the reorganisation of soci…

Policy Brief : Insurgent Movements in West Africa: A Need for Preventive Action in Mali, Niger and Senegal

"This brief seeks to achieve two things. Firstly, it argues that greater attention to the insurgencies taking place in Mali, Niger and Casamance is critical to the maintenance of stability, good governance and peace in the West Africa region and tha…

The African Union's Response to Gender Based Violence

This Policy Brief analyzed the response of the African Union (AU) to the gender-based sexual violence that has been committed on an epidemic scale in the conflicts across the continent. These incidents of gender-based violence have witnessed innoce…

Building the Capacity of the Malian Police: Why MINUSMA needs to think outside the box

The policy brief aims to outline how the capacity-building aspect of the police component of MINUSMA can be strengthened to achieve the mission goal of assisting the re-establishment of state authority and the rebuilding of the security sector. The …

Towards Lasting Peace in Mali: Reflections on Post-Election Challenges

After the Tuareg-led rebellion in 2011 and the subsequent occupation of the country’s northern territories by extremist groups, Mali was plunged into a state of insecurity and chaos. The post-election challenges are immense and multifaceted, altho…

Rethinking Border Management Strategies in West Africa : Experience from the Sahel

"This Policy Brief discusses border management challenges in light of the Mali and Sahel crises.It argues for documentation of existing national strategies on border management and their alignment into an ECOWAS strategy. These strategies, when enfo…

African Union Mediation Support Handbook

"This first revised edition serves as a general reference and field study guide for mediation teams and lead mediators deployed on AU mediation missions. It is a practical tool, based on the premise that mediation is a critical and complex skill tha…

Understanding the Policy Landscape for Climate Change Adaptation A Cross-Country Comparison Using the Net-Map Method

It is now widely accepted that climate change is one of the largest challenges facing agriculture in the 21st century. Among those who are most affected are poor agricultural households in the developing world, even though they have contributed leas…

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2014

In ‘Beheadings and the News Media: Why Some Conflict Atrocities Receive More Coverage than Others’ although major changes have occurred in the dissemination of news, there is no question that the news media retains an exceptionally powerful role in …

Cycles of Violence Gender Relations and Armed Conflict

The research project ‘Gender-Sensitive Programme Design and Planning in Conflict-Affected Situations’ was carried out by ACORD during 2000 and 2001. Its overall aim was to enhance gender-awareness in the design and management of development project…

The Central Sahel: A Perfect Sandstorm

The Sahel, often seen as a haven for armed radical groups, this area is the latest new frontier in the West’s counter-terrorism campaign. This report concentrates on a vertical axis between southern Libya and Northern Nigeria, with a relatively stab…

Working towards a Smart Energy Path: Experience from Benin, Mali and Togo

Benin, Mali and Togo – are three West African countries which have participated in the project ‘Energy, Eco development and Resilience in Africa (EERA)’. This project offers lessons to other countries on approaches that can be taken toward a ‘Smart…

Political Risks Facing African Democracies: Evidence from Afrobarometer

"Where are African countries headed politically? How resilient are Africa’s governments, regimes, and states? What are the characteristics of political risk? This paper is motivated by a desire to discover whether it is possible to identify early-wa…

Wealth Through Integration Regional Integration and Poverty-Reduction Strategies in West Africa

"Could regional integration be a first step toward joining the global market? In a context where liberalizing trade has not produced the expected gains in developing countries and growth in global trade has not led to the expected economic growth, a…

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