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Opportunity or Threat: The Engagement of Youth in African Societies

:The chapters in this monograph speak to the delicate challenges that face African countries when it comes to the dynamic of youth. The United Nations General Assembly defines youth as those persons between the ages of 15 and 24 years. The Afri...

African Journal on Conflict Resolution Vol. 11, No. 3, 2011

This issue has six articles. 'The historic contribution of the United Nations to the resolution of conflicts in Southern Africa' focuses on the contribution of the UN, and almost two decades after the establishment of a democratic constitutional o...

Liberia The 23 August 2011 Referendum The 11 October 2011 Presidential, Senate and House of Representatives Elections The 8 November 2011 Presidential Run off Election

"On the basis of its observations and information received from stakeholders in Liberia, and based on the benchmarks provided in the AU Declaration on the Principles Governing Democratic Elections in Africa, the Declaration of Principles on Intern...

Diamonds Without Borders: An Assessment of the Challenges of Implementing and Enforcing the KP Certification Scheme

"In 2010, Israel (the Chair of the KPCS) prioritized strengthening KPCS efforts to combat diamond smuggling. In support of this priority, PAC worked with Israel, Canada and the United States to conduct multi-stakeholder consultations in four West ...

Other Facets no 25

‘Land Grabbing and Land Reform: Diamonds, Rubber and Forests in the New Liberia’ spells out the huge challenges facing the new government of Liberia following a decade and a half of brutal civil war, war fuelled mainly by looted natural resources....

Other Facets no 24

‘Venezuela attacks PAC: inaction damages Kimberley Process: NGOs’ documents the violence and ineptitude that mark Venezuela’s diamond controls. In ‘Worries about illicit trade: KP effectiveness questioned’ a hot topic at the June Kimberley Process...

West African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive analysis - Liberia

"Agricultural production in Liberia is based primarily on rainfed farming, with an April–November rainy season. Rice and cassava are the first and second staple food crops, while rubber is the major cash crop. Life expectancy increased slightly be...

Other Facets no 21

In ‘Brazilian Diamond Exports Resumed: Fraud wider than originally believed, ’ the challenge for Brazil will be to enforce new regulations, which are largely computer based, in a system where huge volumes of diamonds are mined by diggers with no l...

Enhancing Security and Justice in Liberia: The Regional Hub Model

“Justice and security are core components of healthy and functional societies. The security sector comprises government structures with authority to execute force, detain and arrest to protect the state, its citizens and those civil bodies respons...

Critical Lessons in Post-Conflict Security in Africa: The Case of Liberia’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission

"This paper reviews the causes of the conflict, the political settlement that was eventually arrived at in order to bring the conflict to an end as well as the nature of the major transitional justice mechanism that was implemented along with its ...

The International Criminal Court and the Trial of Charles Taylor Implications for Africa

"This policy brief puts into perspective the trial of the former president of Liberia, Charles Taylor, at the International Criminal Court (ICC) for his clandestine role in Sierra Leone Civil War of 1991–2002. The brief gives a critical analysis o...

Agricultural Productivity, Climate Change and the Entrepreneurship of Smallholder Farmers: Case of the Central and Western Regions of Liberia

"Liberia was making frantic efforts towards achieving food security through improvements in smallholder farmers’ productivity. However, the 1989-2003 civil conflict destroyed the economic life of the country, and reversed the positive trend toward...

Peacekeeping and Post-Conflict Criminality Challenges to the (re-) establishment of Rule of Law in Liberia

"The paper presents a critical review of criminality as one of the major challenges facing post-conflict Liberia.The criminality peacekeeping nexus is also explored with a view of establishing the link between UNMILís presence in Liberia and incre...

Bringing peace to West Africa: Liberia and Sierra Leone

"This paper discusses the tortured peace processes in the West African states of Liberia and Sierra Leone, delineating lessons learnt from the complicated and prolonged diplomacy and external military interventions that characterised these efforts...

Negotiating peace in Liberia: Preserving the possibility for Justice

"A case study which provides in-depth examination on how specific justice issues came to be included and potentially excluded in the Accra peace accord, which was the foundation of the current peace process."

Lessons from Liberia Integrated Approaches to Peacebuilding in Transitional Settings

"Through research on the ground in Liberia and engagement in peacebuilding discussions within the UN at headquarter level, the paper begins with a review of key conceptual and historical issues and debates surrounding post conflict peacebuilding a...

Women and Peacebuilding in Africa

"The numerous efforts to eradicate gender-based violence, mitigate the differential burdens that women bear during conflict, facilitate women’s participation in peacebuilding,and achieve their overall empowerment has borne fruit through substantiv...

The Coup d'etat in Liberia

Liberia achieved independence in 1847, and the coup d’etat of 12 April 1980 which deposed President William Tolbert upset a tradition of political stability. However, the coup was not unexpected. Disaffection with the regime had led to confrontati...

Elimination of Mercenerism in Africa A Need for a New Continental Approach

"The monograph aims to contribute to the global debate around mercenaries,PSCs and PMCs that is earnestly seeking to influence the determination of universal norms and standards by states, especially with regard to the use of PSCs and PMCs, as the...

Liberia: The 2011 Elections and Building Peace in the Fragile State

"At the conclusion of Liberia’s 2005 elections, which itself was a culmination of years of an excruciatingly slow, fitful and bloody transition from interminable low-intensity warfare to relative peace, one of the country’s leading citizens made t...

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