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Nutrition Policies in Developing Countries: Challenges and Highlights

Malnutrition remains one of the major obstacles to human well-being and economic prosperity in developing countries.There are strong normative and instrumental reasons related to human and economic development to address the burden of malnutrition a…

Will Rising Democracies Adopt Pro-Human Rights Foreign Policies?

"Democratic governments worldwide behave hypocritically when it comes to human rights and foreign policy. The international community should hold them accountable and help them to close the gap between rhetoric and practice. As democratisation unfol…

What Natural Capital Disclosure for Integrated Reporting ? Designing and Modelling an Integrated Financial - Natural Capital Accounting and Reporting Framework

"This paper argues that a solid accounting foundation is required for these to be able to effectively incorporate the broader and longer term social and environmental consequences of corporate decision-making. To support this argument, this paper …

Aligning Sustainable Development Goals with Climate-Resilient Growth

"The outcomes should contribute towards sustainable global development in the long term. After all, human development gains will only be possible if climate change is addressed. COP 21 provides a unique opportunity to support the overarching objec…

From Addis Ababa to Paris: Understanding the Complexities of a Negotiated Global Development Agenda

It is imperative for practitioners and non practitioners alike to familiarize themselves with the growing complexities of international diplomacy and negotiations. Especially with 2015 being widely considered a crucial year for international negotia…

Tax Structures, Economic Growth and Development

The relationship between tax structures and economic growth is investigated in this paper within a panel of developed and developing countries. In order to raise revenue, low-income countries have historically relied more heavily on international …

Environmental Taxation & Development: A scoping Study

Increasing environmental pressures across a range of dimensions is being faced by developing countries. Simultaneously, the capacity of these governments to effectively pursue policy goals is often constrained by a lack of resources, with tax revenu…

State of Environment Rapid Assessment (SoERA): Development of a Tool for Framing and Managing Urban Environmental and Social Challenges

"This paper sets out a cost-effective solution to one of the key challenges facing developing urban centres around the world, namely how to manage a seemingly vast array of environmental and associated social issues in an integrated, technically va…

Aligning Sustainable Development Goals with Climate-Resilient Growth

"In December 2015 the UN will host the 21st annual Conference of Parties (COP 21) negotiations to achieve universal commitment to an ambitious, legally binding agreement on climate change. A total of 196 countries will spend two weeks deliberating …

Barriers between Scientists and Journalists: Myth or Reality?

"This paper discusses barriers between scientists and journalists. The purpose is to increase understanding about the inherent differences between scientists and journalists that separate them and inhibit the dissemination of scientific information…

International Investment and the Environment

The presentation opens with a graph which introduces the four broad arms of globalization and then discusses the effect of it on the environment in Nigeria specifically. The growth of international investment is discussed next, referring to the incr…

Civilian Peacekeeping: Preventing Violence and Making Space for Democracy

"This book serves as a guide to unarmed civilian peace teams, also known as civilian peacekeeping. It explains the theory and practice of these civilian peacekeeping teams and can be used as a guide for planning complex peacebuilding missions. The b…

Meeting the Challenge of Sustainable Infrastructure: The Role of Public Policy

Inclusive development, environmental sustainability and sustainable infrastructure is at the nexus of economic growth. A major investment boost will be needed to deliver infrastructure at scale to meet global growth and development objectives over t…

Addressing Terrorism Threats around the Globe What Africa could Learn from some of the Recent Terrorist Attacks around the World

The recent terrorist attacks in Africa is analyzed in this policy brief, and the measures Africa should take to prevent them. It equally examines global counter-terrorism measures and it's implications for Africa. The post 1990 era, however, has wit…

Terrorism as a factor in international relations

This document defines ‘international relations’ to mean ‘relations between states’ and attempts to distinguish between acceptable and unacceptable terrorism, with the ‘balance of terror’ of the Cold War described as the ultimate form of the latter. …

The population explosion and international relations

This article briefly summarises some of the problems of population increase.Population increase is comparatively modern, and due to a declining mortality rate rather than rising birth rates. Primary factors contributing to this decline are: an incre…

The political economy of trade liberalisation: What lessons for reforms today?

"This paper provides an overview of trade policy reforms in developing countries, especially the acceleration of trade and foreign investment liberalisation since the early 1980s. Its accent is on political economy, drawing on country examples and …

At the Margins of SSR: Gender and Informal Justice

"The joint CIGI and North-South Institute conference, 'At the Margins of SSR: Gender and Informal Justice', aimed to increase awareness of gender and informal justice, two areas of security sector reform (SSR) that have often been overlooked. The mo…

The burden of democracy

This document describes democracy as being burdened with problems which it cannot necessarily solve, and explores this theme in the South African context. The current wave of democratisation is more global, more thorough in its regional impact, and …

Darfur At A Crossroads: Global Public Opinion And The Responsibility To Protect

Since 2003, the conflict in the Darfur region of western Sudan has worsened and shows no signs of improvement. More than 2 million people have been displaced by the violence and some 450,000 have lost their lives. Although Sudanese President Omar al…

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