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From 'Crowding out to Crowding in': Towards an Institutional Analysis of Adaptation Funds

"Quantifying the cost of funding adaptation to climate change (‘adaptation finance’) is difficult. There is a broad range of estimates, with the UN suggesting an annual requirement of $49–171 billion by 2030. The issue becomes more complicated wh...

The Way Forward for the WTO: Reforming the Decision-Making Process

" The World Trade Organization is in a state of flux. This stems largely from the Doha Round impasse and the failure of the main protagonists to reach agreement. However, it is also the effect of a changing global political economy. With the rise ...

Conversations with Ahtisaari

"Conversations with Ahtisaari is a small tribute to a great mediator, Martti Ahtisaari, and his steadfast commitment to peace throughout the world. From Namibia to Kosovo, the 2008 Nobel Peace Laureate and former president of Finland has played an...

Old Problems, New Solutions: Harnessing Technology and Innovation in the Fight against Global Poverty

"This document comprises several policy briefs 1)The Innovation Revolution and its Implications for Development – the authors explore how technology-driven innovations in finance, management and accountability can catalyze scaled up development in...

Eco Labelling : Overview and Implications for Developing Countries

"This policy brief aims to provide a brief introduction to eco-labelling and some of the implications that the presence of eco-labels may have on developing countries. Eco-labelling by implication links environmental with trade and market access ...

Improving the Measurement of Food Security

"Although food security measurement has been substantially expanded in recent decades, there persists significant dissatisfaction with existing measurement systems, especially in the wake of the global food and financial crisis. In this paper we f...

Sustainable Development Policies and Measures and International Climate Agreements

"This chapter has outlined several ideas and parameters for formalizing SD-PAMs in the context of the broader evolution of the climate change regime. A number of elements are likely to required, including definition of eligible types of SD-PAMs, ...

Understanding the Interface between LCDs, NAMAs and Mitigation Actions

"The expert discussion in this Briefing has identified issues and questions for future research by considering the concepts and their interface from the domestic perspective of a developing country. MAPS will explore some of these further through...

Econ Lab Workshop

"The objective of this thought exercise was for researchers and modellers from these developing countries to consider the wide range of models that are available to them. They discussed how different models can be brought together to produce mor...

Mitigation Action, NAMAs and Low Carbon Development Strategies: Building a Common Understanding

"In order to implement effective mitigation actions, one needs to have a common understanding of what they are, and how they can be supported by domestic and international policy. Hence a set of working definitions is helpful. To date there is no ...

Marginal Abatement Cost Curves Mitigation Decision Tools

"The rapidly increasing greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) in the world have been proven to contribute to climate change, with dramatic harmful consequences to human communities and many non human animal and plant species. This has led policy makers i...

Equitable Access to Sustainable Development in a Carbon Constrained World

"This brief outlines a range of principles and criteria to ensure equitable access to sustainable development in the face of global climate change. Based on work by experts from Brazil, South Africa, India and China (BASIC countries) as a con...

Supporting International Climate Negotiators: Lessons from CDKN

"A global climate deal that reflects the interests of the poorest and most climate vulnerable countries is possible only if climate change negotiators from these countries take part in international climate negotiations. A limited number of other ...

Drivers and Challenges for Climate Compatible Development

"What does it take to design and deliver CCD? Policies and institutions for CCD are always part of a larger policy landscape; they are subject to numerous external drivers and influences. As the CDKN guide to green growth, it is important for plan...

Technology Diffusion through Intellectual Property Rights: Innovating to Combat Climate Change

"The technological revolution required by climate action, aimed at mitigating the impact of climate change, can be achieved by existing technology, but would benefit immensely from continued innovation to lower costs. Such a revolution will enable...

Terrorism as a factor in international relations

This document defines ‘international relations’ to mean ‘relations between states’ and attempts to distinguish between acceptable and unacceptable terrorism, with the ‘balance of terror’ of the Cold War described as the ultimate form of the latter...

The population explosion and international relations

This article briefly summarises some of the problems of population increase.Population increase is comparatively modern, and due to a declining mortality rate rather than rising birth rates. Primary factors contributing to this decline are: an inc...

The political economy of trade liberalisation: What lessons for reforms today?

"This paper provides an overview of trade policy reforms in developing countries, especially the acceleration of trade and foreign investment liberalisation since the early 1980s. Its accent is on political economy, drawing on country examples an...

At the Margins of SSR: Gender and Informal Justice

"The joint CIGI and North-South Institute conference, 'At the Margins of SSR: Gender and Informal Justice', aimed to increase awareness of gender and informal justice, two areas of security sector reform (SSR) that have often been overlooked. The ...

The burden of democracy

This document describes democracy as being burdened with problems which it cannot necessarily solve, and explores this theme in the South African context. The current wave of democratisation is more global, more thorough in its regional impact, an...

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