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The Commonwealth Structure of International Relations

"Dr. Fryer has, in this lecture, placed the Commonwealth in perspective by showing how it takes its place in the interdependency of states which is a principle of national survival in our time. This interdependency of national states has led to t...

What future for the WTO in a changing International order?

In and around the World Trade Organization (WTO), a pea-soup fog of details and techniques obscures a wider view, a strategic sense of how the international trading system is poised and where it is heading. The cross-border integration of markets ...

United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea

“The “classical” Law of the Sea, as it is sometimes called, is laid down in the four Geneva Conventions of 1958 which provide a regime for the Territorial Sea and Contiguous Zone; for the High Seas; for the Continental Shelf; and for Fisheries and...

The New International Economic Order (NIEO): A Review

"It is now over a decade since the idea of a New International Economic Order (NIEO) has been proposed and gained considerable recognition in the international community. It was an idea which in all its dimensions, embody prescriptions for the var...

Towards a Framework of Principles for the G20: Assessing the Konrad Adenauer Stiftung 'Guidelines'

" A rapidly changing world needs a navigational system if it is not to founder on the rocks of high finance. The G20 ‘ship’ currently lacks such direction and risks becoming irrelevant at the time of greatest need for it. One option, albeit one th...

Sustainable Development Policies and Measures and International Climate Agreements

"This chapter has outlined several ideas and parameters for formalizing SD-PAMs in the context of the broader evolution of the climate change regime. A number of elements are likely to required, including definition of eligible types of SD-PAMs, ...

Old Problems, New Solutions: Harnessing Technology and Innovation in the Fight against Global Poverty

"This document comprises several policy briefs 1)The Innovation Revolution and its Implications for Development – the authors explore how technology-driven innovations in finance, management and accountability can catalyze scaled up development in...

Conversations with Ahtisaari

"Conversations with Ahtisaari is a small tribute to a great mediator, Martti Ahtisaari, and his steadfast commitment to peace throughout the world. From Namibia to Kosovo, the 2008 Nobel Peace Laureate and former president of Finland has played an...

From 'Crowding out to Crowding in': Towards an Institutional Analysis of Adaptation Funds

"Quantifying the cost of funding adaptation to climate change (‘adaptation finance’) is difficult. There is a broad range of estimates, with the UN suggesting an annual requirement of $49–171 billion by 2030. The issue becomes more complicated wh...

The Way Forward for the WTO: Reforming the Decision-Making Process

" The World Trade Organization is in a state of flux. This stems largely from the Doha Round impasse and the failure of the main protagonists to reach agreement. However, it is also the effect of a changing global political economy. With the rise ...

Prospects for the global economy and their relevance for South Africa

The discussion will center on global changes. The first paper will look at the Global economy and how the change in the global economy will affect the South African economy. This is explained with the emphasis on unemployment, inflation, imbalance...

The world since Smuts

This document explains the influence that General Smuts had on the political situation in the world. His leadership manifested in the global view that he had of the world and for that he paid a price. He died in 1950 and the topic of this paper is...

Darfur At A Crossroads: Global Public Opinion And The Responsibility To Protect

Since 2003, the conflict in the Darfur region of western Sudan has worsened and shows no signs of improvement. More than 2 million people have been displaced by the violence and some 450,000 have lost their lives. Although Sudanese President Omar ...

Investing in Agriculture to Reduce Poverty and Hunger

"There is clear evidence that where agriculture contributes a significant portion of gross domestic product, rapid agricultural growth is an effective tool for generating overall economic growth and reducing poverty. There is also good evidence ab...

The political economy of trade liberalisation: What lessons for reforms today?

"This paper provides an overview of trade policy reforms in developing countries, especially the acceleration of trade and foreign investment liberalisation since the early 1980s. Its accent is on political economy, drawing on country examples an...

At the Margins of SSR: Gender and Informal Justice

"The joint CIGI and North-South Institute conference, 'At the Margins of SSR: Gender and Informal Justice', aimed to increase awareness of gender and informal justice, two areas of security sector reform (SSR) that have often been overlooked. The ...

The burden of democracy

This document describes democracy as being burdened with problems which it cannot necessarily solve, and explores this theme in the South African context. The current wave of democratisation is more global, more thorough in its regional impact, an...

Terrorism as a factor in international relations

This document defines ‘international relations’ to mean ‘relations between states’ and attempts to distinguish between acceptable and unacceptable terrorism, with the ‘balance of terror’ of the Cold War described as the ultimate form of the latter...

The population explosion and international relations

This article briefly summarises some of the problems of population increase.Population increase is comparatively modern, and due to a declining mortality rate rather than rising birth rates. Primary factors contributing to this decline are: an inc...

Coordination Failure and Employment in South Africa

South Africa lost more than 890,000 jobs, but saw an increase in the number of skilled workers from 1989 to 1999. We argue that this is the consequence of well-documented acute apartheid-era distortions which led to a current coordination failu...

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