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State visits as a tool of economic diplomacy: Bandwagon or business sense?

"Economic diplomacy has become a priority for South Africa’s foreign policy with the specific objectives of improving market access and trade with bilateral partners, increasing foreign direct investment, positioning South Africa as a preferred t...

The New International Economic Order (NIEO): A Review

"It is now over a decade since the idea of a New International Economic Order (NIEO) has been proposed and gained considerable recognition in the international community. It was an idea which in all its dimensions, embody prescriptions for the var...

Towards a Framework of Principles for the G20: Assessing the Konrad Adenauer Stiftung 'Guidelines'

" A rapidly changing world needs a navigational system if it is not to founder on the rocks of high finance. The G20 ‘ship’ currently lacks such direction and risks becoming irrelevant at the time of greatest need for it. One option, albeit one th...

The Commonwealth Structure of International Relations

"Dr. Fryer has, in this lecture, placed the Commonwealth in perspective by showing how it takes its place in the interdependency of states which is a principle of national survival in our time. This interdependency of national states has led to t...

What future for the WTO in a changing International order?

In and around the World Trade Organization (WTO), a pea-soup fog of details and techniques obscures a wider view, a strategic sense of how the international trading system is poised and where it is heading. The cross-border integration of markets ...

United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea

“The “classical” Law of the Sea, as it is sometimes called, is laid down in the four Geneva Conventions of 1958 which provide a regime for the Territorial Sea and Contiguous Zone; for the High Seas; for the Continental Shelf; and for Fisheries and...

Agriculture and Health Addressing the Vital Links

"Good health and productive agriculture—both essential in the fight against poverty—are interlinked, as good health requires productive agriculture and productive agriculture requires healthy people. Consideration of these linkages throughout the ...

Lessons on Scaling Up: Opportunities and Challenges for the Future

"Agriculture and rural development are essential components of economic growth and the battle against poverty, hunger, and malnutrition worldwide. In the developing world, investment in agriculture was much neglected in recent decades by governmen...

Going to Scale in Fragile States: Can It Work? Should We Try?

"The term fragile state is used to describe a country whose government struggles to perform some of its most basic functions,due to a lack of either political will or capacity or a combination of the two. In these states one typically observes per...

Learning from the Experience of Vertical Funds

"Vertical funds are multistakeholder global programs that provide earmarked funding for specified purposes. This brief presents a series of lessons learned from vertical fund experiences that are applicable to scaling up in agriculture and rural ...

Investing in Agriculture to Reduce Poverty and Hunger

"There is clear evidence that where agriculture contributes a significant portion of gross domestic product, rapid agricultural growth is an effective tool for generating overall economic growth and reducing poverty. There is also good evidence ab...

Terrorism as a factor in international relations

This document defines ‘international relations’ to mean ‘relations between states’ and attempts to distinguish between acceptable and unacceptable terrorism, with the ‘balance of terror’ of the Cold War described as the ultimate form of the latter...

The population explosion and international relations

This article briefly summarises some of the problems of population increase.Population increase is comparatively modern, and due to a declining mortality rate rather than rising birth rates. Primary factors contributing to this decline are: an inc...

The political economy of trade liberalisation: What lessons for reforms today?

"This paper provides an overview of trade policy reforms in developing countries, especially the acceleration of trade and foreign investment liberalisation since the early 1980s. Its accent is on political economy, drawing on country examples an...

At the Margins of SSR: Gender and Informal Justice

"The joint CIGI and North-South Institute conference, 'At the Margins of SSR: Gender and Informal Justice', aimed to increase awareness of gender and informal justice, two areas of security sector reform (SSR) that have often been overlooked. The ...

The burden of democracy

This document describes democracy as being burdened with problems which it cannot necessarily solve, and explores this theme in the South African context. The current wave of democratisation is more global, more thorough in its regional impact, an...

Darfur At A Crossroads: Global Public Opinion And The Responsibility To Protect

Since 2003, the conflict in the Darfur region of western Sudan has worsened and shows no signs of improvement. More than 2 million people have been displaced by the violence and some 450,000 have lost their lives. Although Sudanese President Omar ...

Coordination Failure and Employment in South Africa

South Africa lost more than 890,000 jobs, but saw an increase in the number of skilled workers from 1989 to 1999. We argue that this is the consequence of well-documented acute apartheid-era distortions which led to a current coordination failu...

Estimating an Earnings Function from Coarsened Data by an Interval Censored Regression Procedure

This paper estimates an earnings function where the dependent variable is a mix of point and interval data using an interval regression model based on a pseudo-maximum likelihood estimation procedure. The analysis uses the 1999 OHS, and takes in...

Have Labour Market Outcomes Affected Household Structure in South Africa: A Descriptive Analysis of Households

This paper seeks to investigate how the demography of households relates to individual labour market outcomes. We comprehensively examine household size and structures in the October Household Surveys 1995, 1997, 1999 and the Labour Force Survey...

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