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Brexit: Lessons for Regionalism in Africa

Many European Union (EU) member states and their citizens were shocked by the Brexit outcome, forcing them to re-evaluate the costs and benefits of EU membership. This policy brief addresses the factors that led to the referendum decision and quest…

The New EU Global Strategy and What It Means for Morocco

The EU Global Strategy, is reviewed in this policy brief which highlights its main strengths and weaknesses as well as innovations, starting with the concept of resilience. It argues that the document has many strengths for being a compromise text w…

Multilateralism: What is the Political (Geo) Resonance for Steel? / Multilatéralisme : Quelle Résonance (Géo) Politique pour l’acier ?

While energy products are clearly at the heart of geopolitical relations, other commodities cannot be neglected to explain certain developments in the international economic and political scene. Steel has been one of these since the 19th century. Wh…

From Dependency to Partnership: Where are AU-EU Relations Heading

This policy brief considers the prospects of the relationship between the AU and the EU maturing beyond the traditional dependency model. Although great progress has been made since the EU was established and its relationship with predominantly ex-c…

Valetta 2015 to Abidjan 2017: Recent Trends in AU-EU Migration Relations

Ahead of the fifth AU–EU Summit in November 2017, this policy brief identifies changing trends in Africa–EU migration relations under the 2007 Joint Africa– EU Strategy (JAES), the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa (EUTF) and the outcomes from the…

The African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) Group and the European Union (EU)

The 79-member African, Caribbean, and Pacific (ACP) Group was established in 1975 with the aim of partnering the European Economic Community, now the 28-member European Union (EU), to promote the sustainable development of countries in Africa, the C…

Règles Budgétaires et Soutenabilité des Finances Publiques / Budgetary Rules and Sustainability of Public Finances

This article examines the formulation, implementation, and performance of rules with particular emphasis on the experience of developing countries with a medium income. The first part proposes a definition and justification of budgetary rules, as we…

Europe-Afrique: Quelles perspectives d’Avenir / Europe-Africa: What are the Future Prospects?

At a time when Africa is strengthening its attractiveness, acquiring its own narrative and arousing the interest of new partners, and when Europe is going through an important economic and institutional crisis, what new foundations can the EU-Africa…

The 'Containment Compact': The EU Migration 'Crisis' and African Complicity in Migration Management

In 2015 over 1 million people crossed the Mediterranean Sea from Africa in search of refuge and economic security in Europe. Nearly 4 000 died making the treacherous journey. Media images of dangerously overcrowded, rickety boats and dead bodies was…

A Win-Win for Europe & Africa: Extractive Justice and Resource Interdependency

The trade relationship between Europe and Africa in terms of the extractive sector is characterised by inequitable resource interdependence, whereby Africa does not benefit fully from its natural resources. This briefing argues that a more equitable…

Enhancing EU Resource Governance Interventions: A Call for Prioritizing Human Security

In response to resource-fuelled conflicts in producer countries, EU foreign policy initiatives have sought to enhance ‘good governance’ throughout the value chain for an increasing number of primary commodities. EU-supported reforms of natural resou…

Challenges and Opportunities for the EU in Africa's Extractives Sector

Africa’s mineral resources are important to the EU, and a large number of EU-listed or -based mining companies operate in African countries. The extent to which host-country rules constrain the behaviour of companies sufficiently to ensure that they…

Brexit : le Plafond de Verre a éclaté en Europe / Brexit : the Glass Ceiling gave in on Europe

The scary thought which was anticipated by Europe for several years, today became a painful reality for all of those attached to Europe. With the broad and unambiguous vote of the British people in favour of leaving the European Union, this situatio…

Economic Partnership Agreements between the European Union and African, Caribbean, and Pacific Countries: What is at Stake for Senegal?

"In recent years the European Union has sought to transform its trading regime with the ACP countries by advocating reciprocal free trade agreements with them through Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs). As a result, the EPA talks were launched i…

Empirical Analysis of Tariff Line- Level Trade, Tariff Revenue and Welfare Effects of Reciprocity under an Economic Partnership Agreement with the EU: Evidence from Malawi and Tanzania

"This paper is the first comprehensive quantitative analysis for Malawi and the first to consider the comparative effects of full and less than full reciprocity for both countries. Moreover, the paper presents results at various levels of product ag…

European Economic Integration and the Franc Zone : the Future of the CFA Franc after 1996: Part I : Historical Background and a New Evaluation of Monetary Co-operation in the CFA Countries

"The general objective of this study is to assess the impact of a unified monetary authority in Europe on the FZ and also to assess the possible options in relation to the current CFA monetary arrangements. The specific goal of this part is to give …

European Economic Integration and the Franc Zone: The Future of the CFA Franc after 1999 Part II

"This research contemplates the likely scenarios that may be available to the CFA countries after 1999. Five different scenarios have been analysed. First is pegging the CFA to the euro by the two CFA zones or separately. The second option concerns…

The European Union After Enlargement

This briefing discusses the challenges of the European Union enlargement. In turn, this increase in membership caused challenges. The EU is not only larger; it is more cumbersome, more diverse and more expensive. How the EU adapts to these challenge…

South Africa and the European Union: Between Lome and bilateralism

This paper focuses on the agreement and development of relations between South Africa and the European Union. The EU has offered a multi-level trade and development package to South Africa to reinforce trade ties. The options for trade partners is …

The SA-EU TDCA: a business perspective

"The most dramatic manifestation of South Africa's commitment to establish economic and political credibility in the global economic arena is the recently signed Trade, Development and Co-operation Agreement (TDCA) between the 15 member states of …

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