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Darfur Rising: Sudan's New Crisis

Sudan, where prospects for peace had looked so promising for much of 2003, has become a potential horror story in 2004. The rapid onset of war in its western region of Darfur has created one of the world's worst humanitarian crises -- thousands de...

G-8 Preview: Bush and Allies to Discuss Repairing Their Rift and Rebuilding Iraq

The annual economic summit of eight industrialized nations, which begins June 1 in Evian, France, will provide an opportunity for President Bush to repair relations with major European countries that opposed the U.S. invasion of Iraq, particularly...

‘Strategic Partnerships’: The European Union’s Quest for Global Clout

"The European Union (EU) has revisited many of its external policies with the view to strengthen its relations with strategic partners in the developing world, and to boost its visibility as a pivotal political actor on the global stage. These st...

Aid to Africa: What can the EU and China Learn from Each Other?

"With China’s increasing role in Africa, the issue of aid to Africa has been high on the China–EU agenda and the subject of considerable debate. This occasional paper focuses on one area of potential co-operation, i.e. China’s and the EU’s aid po...

The SA-EU TDCA: an analysis of decision-making procedures and processes in South Africa

"In this paper we explore the dynamics of the South African decision-making process, with specific reference to the South Africa-European Union (SA-EU) Trade, Development and Co-operation Agreement (TDCA). The aim is to identify and understand ...

The European Union-South African FTA: Why is there still no agreement?

This document describes negotiation between the European Union and South Africa about a possible Free Trade Agreement (FTA), which has been without significant progress. The EU has a long-standing relationship with developing countries.Unlike c...

The European Union and Africa: developing partnerships for peace and security

"Peace and security are the greatest challenges facing the African continent as it strives to achieve its Millennium Development Goals and to build stable and well-functioning societies that will foster the economic development of its citizens. Si...

EU-SA FTA: The possible effects on Southern African Agriculture

"In a World that seems to be moving steadily towards the dismantling of tariffs and towards trade relations as envisaged by the World Trade Organisation (WTO), tariff rationalisations are still not universally accepted as the only way to economic...

Brexit: Lessons for Regionalism in Africa

Many European Union (EU) member states and their citizens were shocked by the Brexit outcome, forcing them to re-evaluate the costs and benefits of EU membership. This policy brief addresses the factors that led to the referendum decision and que...

The New EU Global Strategy and What It Means for Morocco

The EU Global Strategy, is reviewed in this policy brief which highlights its main strengths and weaknesses as well as innovations, starting with the concept of resilience. It argues that the document has many strengths for being a compromise text...

Multilateralism: What is the Political (Geo) Resonance for Steel? / Multilatéralisme : Quelle Résonance (Géo) Politique pour l’acier ?

While energy products are clearly at the heart of geopolitical relations, other commodities cannot be neglected to explain certain developments in the international economic and political scene. Steel has been one of these since the 19th century. ...

From Dependency to Partnership: Where are AU-EU Relations Heading

This policy brief considers the prospects of the relationship between the AU and the EU maturing beyond the traditional dependency model. Although great progress has been made since the EU was established and its relationship with predominantly ex...

Valetta 2015 to Abidjan 2017: Recent Trends in AU-EU Migration Relations

Ahead of the fifth AU–EU Summit in November 2017, this policy brief identifies changing trends in Africa–EU migration relations under the 2007 Joint Africa– EU Strategy (JAES), the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa (EUTF) and the outcomes from t...

The African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) Group and the European Union (EU)

The 79-member African, Caribbean, and Pacific (ACP) Group was established in 1975 with the aim of partnering the European Economic Community, now the 28-member European Union (EU), to promote the sustainable development of countries in Africa, the...

Règles Budgétaires et Soutenabilité des Finances Publiques / Budgetary Rules and Sustainability of Public Finances

This article examines the formulation, implementation, and performance of rules with particular emphasis on the experience of developing countries with a medium income. The first part proposes a definition and justification of budgetary rules, as ...

Europe-Afrique: Quelles perspectives d’Avenir / Europe-Africa: What are the Future Prospects?

At a time when Africa is strengthening its attractiveness, acquiring its own narrative and arousing the interest of new partners, and when Europe is going through an important economic and institutional crisis, what new foundations can the EU-Afri...

The 'Containment Compact': The EU Migration 'Crisis' and African Complicity in Migration Management

In 2015 over 1 million people crossed the Mediterranean Sea from Africa in search of refuge and economic security in Europe. Nearly 4 000 died making the treacherous journey. Media images of dangerously overcrowded, rickety boats and dead bodies w...

A Win-Win for Europe & Africa: Extractive Justice and Resource Interdependency

The trade relationship between Europe and Africa in terms of the extractive sector is characterised by inequitable resource interdependence, whereby Africa does not benefit fully from its natural resources. This briefing argues that a more equitab...

Enhancing EU Resource Governance Interventions: A Call for Prioritizing Human Security

In response to resource-fuelled conflicts in producer countries, EU foreign policy initiatives have sought to enhance ‘good governance’ throughout the value chain for an increasing number of primary commodities. EU-supported reforms of natural res...

Challenges and Opportunities for the EU in Africa's Extractives Sector

Africa’s mineral resources are important to the EU, and a large number of EU-listed or -based mining companies operate in African countries. The extent to which host-country rules constrain the behaviour of companies sufficiently to ensure that th...

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