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Agricultural Research for Development Current Status and Future Perspectives

"This presentation is focused on agricultural research for development in this country. The presentation is divided into sections dealing with various aspects of agricultural research in Ethiopia. The first part briefly summarizes the objective of a…

The Link Between Political Leadership and Development

"The primary responsibility of any given country's leadership is the creation of favorable conditions for investors and the people to engage in development, not getting involved in the details of the every-day operation of the country's development …

Rule of Law and Development in Ethiopia : Now and Twenty Years from Now

"According to democratic thinking, the basis for the relationship that exists between peoples and governments is the social contract that the two parties [freely] enter into. For, after all, the existence of societies and the individuals who constit…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 14, no. 1, 2014

'Accounting for violence in Eastern Congo: Young people’s narratives of war and peace in North and South Kivu’ intends to give a voice to young Congolese in this troubled region in the heart of Africa. It examines the way young people in the Kivu ma…

Ethiopia and BRICS: A Bilateral Trade Analysis

The data gathered for this report shows an increase in trade between Ethiopia and BRICS, largely from China and India, Ethiopia exports crude materials, food and live animals, but a gradual diversification towards manufactured goods can be seen. Thi…

International Migration, Remittances and Poverty Alleviation in Ethiopia

"The paper explores the impact of international remittances on the Ethiopian economy and on the livelihoods and welfare of households. It uses macroeconomic data and data from the Ethiopian urban household survey. It was found that remittance shocks…

The Effect of Exchange Rate Volatility on International Trade Flow : A Meta Regression Analysis

"This paper applies meta-regression analysis (MRA) to the empirical literature. The results reveal that, though modestly, the estimated effect sizes may suffer from publication bias. Although the results show the existence of an overall authentic tr…

Ethiopia’s Trade Potential in the Inter‐ Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD)

"This study is aimed at predicting the trade potentials of Ethiopia in the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) block using augmented gravity model. Both the Fixed Effect Model (FEM) and Random Effect Model (REM) are estimated and teste…

Energy and Adaptation: Exploring how Energy Access can Enable Climate Change Adaptation

It is widely recognized that it is the poorest people who will be hit first and hardest by the impacts of climate change. Climate variability and change, as well as an increasing frequency and intensity of extreme events, will have substantial impac…

Putting Small Scale Farming First : Improving the National Agriculture Investment Plans of Burkina Faso, Burundi, Ethiopia, Rwanda and Tanzania

The National Agriculture Investment Plans(NAIPs) of five countries – Ethiopia, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi and Burkina Faso – are being analysed in this report. It assesses the extent to which these countries are likely to benefit smallholder farmers…

A Delicate Balance: Land Use, Minority Rights and Social Stability in the Horn of Africa

"The authors of the various chapters examine whether investments amount to an additional threat to the lives and livelihoods of pastoralists (the others being climate change, land degradation, conflict, invasive species and others) or if investments…

Attaining to Vulnerability to HIV and AIDS in Food Insecure Settings in Sub-Saharan Africa

This report is a combination of rapid assessments conducted in 4 countries (Ethiopia, Burundi, Mozambique and Uganda) on “A status analysis on community vulnerability to the effects of HIV and AIDS in food insecure settings”. ACORD undertook an inv…

Anthology of Peace and Security Studies Volume 4

"The first paper in this anthology is “The practice on inter-ethnic conflict transformation in Ethiopia: The case of Amhara-Afar conflict in Kewot and Semurobi- GelaAloworeda”. The paper focuses on the Amhara-Afar conflict in Kewot and Semurobi-gela…

Land Constraints and Agricultural Intensification in Ethiopia A Village-level Analysis of High-Potential Areas

"Highland Ethiopia is one of the most densely populated regions of Africa and has long been associated with both Malthusian disasters and Boserupian agricultural intensification. This paper explores the race between these two countervailing forces, …

Understanding the Policy Landscape for Climate Change Adaptation A Cross-Country Comparison Using the Net-Map Method

It is now widely accepted that climate change is one of the largest challenges facing agriculture in the 21st century. Among those who are most affected are poor agricultural households in the developing world, even though they have contributed leas…

Projected Farm Income Gains in the COMESA/ASARECA Region from Commercialization of BT Cotton

The overall objective of this report is to generate information on genetically modified cotton crops, with regard to biotechnology, biosafety policy, choices and options. This brief also examines constraints posed by the bollworm in the production o…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 14, no. 2, 2014

‘Security regionalism and flaws of externally forged peace in Sudan: The IGAD peace process and its aftermath’ examines the IGAD peace process in Sudan, highlighting the dynamics and relative roles of the principal actors involved. It argues that al…

Ethiopia's Regional Diplomacies: A Dominant Interpretation of the Horn of Africa

Ethiopia has a long diplomatic history and extensive experience in foreign relations.Previous Ethiopian regimes, particularly Mengistu’s military regime, externalised almost all the country’s problems by focusing on building military defence capabi…

Power and Influence in Africa: Algeria, Egypt, Ethiopia, Nigeria and South Africa

The next 25 years of the changing power capabilities of Algeria, Egypt, Ethiopia, Nigeria and South Africa (the ‘Big Five’) are being explored in this paper. Of these countries, Ethiopia and Nigeria are forecast to increase their power capabilities,…

Ethiopia, Regional Integration and the COMESA Free Trade Area

Arguments that free trade enhances welfare are persuading more and more countries to liberalise their trade regimes. One way of doing this is to join a free trade area (FTA). The benefits of free trade are not straightforward, and countries conside…

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