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Conflict in the Horn: Prevention and Resolution Report of Ethiopia National Workshop

"This paper focuses on understanding and explaining the past and present violent history of conflicts in the Horn to find ways and means of substantially reducing the prevalence of conflict. In short, the objective is to search for an alternative ...

Resource Alienation, Militarisation and Development Case Studies from East African Drylands

"The introductory chapter attempts to contribute to the ongoing effort to obliterate perhaps the two major hurdles in the progress in understanding the dynamics of human adaptation in East African drylands. These are the persistence of ‘crisis sce...

Social Science Research Report Series No 33

"New institutions of governance have emerged in the sector with the hope that they will ensure the equitable and effective management and control of water resources through devolution of management responsibilities from central government to the l...

Development Domains for Ethiopia: Capturing the Geographical Context of Smallholder Development Options

"The choices that smallholder farmers are able to make are strongly conditioned by the geographic conditions in which they live. The importance of this fact for rural development strategy is not lost on policy makers. For example, the government...

Shocks, Livestock Asset Dymanics and Social Capital in Ethiopia

"This paper uses household survey panel data of 416 rural households to study livestock asset dynamics in the north-east of Ethiopia. The period under examination (1996-2003) was marked by severe environmental shocks, including a series of drough...

Impacts of Considering Climate Variability on Investment Decisions in Ethiopia

"Extreme interannual variability of precipitation within Ethiopia is not uncommon, inducing droughts or floods and often creating serious repercussions on agricultural and nonagricultural commodities. An agro-economic model, including mean climat...

Cross‐Border Livestock Trade and Food Security in the Southern and Southeastern Ethiopia Borderlands

"The objective of this study is to characterise and analyse the process of cross‐border livestock trade between Ethiopia and Kenya and the southeastern part of the Ethiopia Somalia borderlands. The study looks at the relationship between cross‐bo...

Willingness-To-Pay for Protecting Endangered Environments The Case of Nechsar National Park

"In this study, it was tried to estimate people’s willingness-to-pay to protect the park and identify its determinants.The study used dichotomous choice contingent valuation method. Using a bivariate probit model, it was found that the local commu...

Land Degradation and Adoption of Conservation Technologies in the Digil Watershed Northern Highland of Ethiopia

"Determining the extent and rate of land degradation with empirical evidence has to underlie any conservation endeavour. This is because dimensions and rates of degradation vary with time and space,and hence empirical and local-scale studies are m...

Household Seasonal Food Insecurity in Oromiya Zone, Ethiopia: Causes

"The main objective of the study is to identify the environmental and socio-economic causes of transitory food insecurity among farm households in Oromiya Zone.The zone under consideration is one of the poorest with respect to the development of r...

Conflict Resolution through Cultural Tolerance : An Analysis of the Michu Institution in Metekkel Region, Ethiopia

"The Nilotic groups in Ethiopia were marginalized politically and socially by the relatively organized communities in the highlands. They were dominated by the neighbouring communities, the Christian kingdoms of Ethiopia and the Sudan. They were...

Non-Farm Activities and Production Decision of Farmers

"Rural development, which includes progress both in farm and non-farm activities, seems to be the only hope to bring better days in Ethiopia. Non-farm activities provide not only alternative sources of income and employment for the rural poor but ...

Post Drought Recovery Strategies Among the Pastoral Households in the Horn of Africa : A Review

"Due to the interrelationships between the various phases of drought, the review generally deals with the whole inter-drought cycle, but has put much emphasis on the post-drought period. Regarding the drought period and subsequent responses, the r...

Pastoralists and Environment: Experiences from the Greater Horn of Africa

"Johan Helland's paper discusses the Borana pastoral society of southern Ethiopia, and asks questions about the longterm viability of such communities in the context of various development efforts. Boku Tache's paper on the Borana raises many of t...

Analyzing the Determinants of Farmers’ Choice of Adaptation Methods and Perceptions of Climate Change in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia

"This study identifies the major methods used by farmers to adapt to climate change in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia, the factors that affect their choice of method, and the barriers to adaptation. The methods identified include use of different cro...

Women and Warfare in Ethiopia

"This study examines the history of women and warfare in Ethiopia, with particular reference to their role in the Italo-Ethiopian wars of the 1890s and the 1930s. It is based on both primary and secondary sources. It also draws on oral sources, wi...

Determinants of Women's Participation in Industry and Service Sectors

"This study analyses factors influencing women's participation in industrial services. Women face various constraints that affects their intersectional mobility in the labour market. These constraints include, discrimination in the labour market i...

Media graduation from potential to actual power in Africa’s conflict resolution: Experience from the East and Horn of Africa

"The media has for a long time been recognised as a catalyst in the many intra- and inter-state conflicts that have afflicted the African continent. This paper analyses the pre-testing results of a regional media conflict transformation project th...

Rural-Urban Linkages under Different Farming Systems: The Cases of Coffee and Non-Coffee Growing Regions in Ethiopia

"This study examines the nature and magnitude of rural-urban linkages in Robe and Limu Kossa Weredas of Oromiya region in Ethiopia. The study is motivated by the belief that sustainable development requires a symbiotic development of both rural a...

Traditional Oromo Attitudes Towards the Environment: An Argument for Environmentally Sound Development

"This paper explores traditional Oromo attitudes towards the environment and their impact on rural development, environmental protection and modern environmental ethics. Its major findings are that environment has always been the fundamental conc...

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