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Post-Referendum Security Scenarios for South Sudan

"The 9th of January 2011 will be a momentous day for all southern Sudanese people. After 22 years of civil conflict between north and south Sudan the country will hold a referendum on the right of south Sudan to secede and form an independent stat...

Ethiopia and Eritrea in Turmoil: Implications for Peace and Security in a Troubled Region

"Whatever the logic of the positions it has taken, the international community has been weak and ineffective in its efforts to resolve the crisis along the Ethiopian and Eritrean border. A dangerous precedent was set when the international commu...

The Eritrea - Djibouti Border Dispute

"The objective of this situation report is to provide timely and relevant information and analysis on the border dispute that recently broke out between Eritrea and Djibouti.The facts at hand being fragmented, it is too early and difficult to pr...

Somalia: Have All the Options Run Out?

"This paper examines the attempts at the restoration of peace and security in Somalia, which is critical to the establishment and maintenance of stability in the region. Unless there is genuine political will and sustained engagement from the regi...

Gambella The Impact of Local Conflict On Regional Security

"The purpose of this study is to analyse the context, identify the origins, and explain the key determinants of the conflict in Gambella, its linkages with the political and security issues in Sudan and Ethiopia, and its impact on regional peace ...

Beja Local Conflict, Marginalisation and the Threat to Regional Security

"This overview and analysis of the armed conflict in eastern Sudan is informed by a number of assumptions or observations:Local level armed conflicts in the Horn risk becoming inter-state conflicts because of the engagement of neighbouring non-g...

The AU and the Challenge of Unconstitutional Changes of Government in Africa

"This paper examines the policy position of the AU with regard to ‘Unconstitutional Changes of Government’(UCG)in Africa. After analysing the definition of the concept or phenomenon of UCG, at least from the viewpoint of the African Union (AU), wi...

The Nile: Is it a Curse or Blessing?

"Historical, economic and political factors are converging to reduce the potential for water development in the upper riparian states of the Nile. In short, unless basin-wide development planning is considered a viable solution to conflict resolu...

Environmental Crimes in Ethiopia

"This study sets out to examine this complex question by determining what constitutes an environmental crime in Ethiopian jurisprudence.This will be done by examining the legal and institutional regime for combating environmental crimes. The study...

Ethiopian-Eritrean Relations: Reading the Balance Sheet

"The end of the two-year Eritrea-Ethiopia war with the signing of the Algiers Accord was a cause for celebration among the people of the two countries. It brought hope that, with the settlement of the border issue, the relationship between them w...

Report on IGAD Conference on the Prevention and Combating of Terrorism UN Conference Centre, Addis Ababa 24 - 27 June 2003

"The speaker noted that Ethiopia was at the forefront of supporting the signing and implementation of various conventions to combat and prevent acts of terrorism. The Minister further stated that it was imperative for member states to work togethe...

Short Commentary on Somalia: Plus ça change...?

"The question now is when the resurrected government of Somalia can reduce its dependence on its external life-support systems and assume a measure of responsibility for what happens in Somalia itself. It is evident that these are early days, an...

The horn of Africa - old problems and new opportunities

"This Paper attempts to explain the historical, political and economic framework within which the states operate in the Horn of Africa, to identify Superpower involvement there and to shed some light on the region's refugee and other problems. It...

Ethnic Conflict in the Horn of Africa

"This paper looks at the formation of ethnicity and ethnic conflict in the Horn of Africa with particular attention to the conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea. Firstly, conflict in the Horn of Africa at large is mapped out. Ethnic and political ...

The Ogaden Region: A Fragile Path To Peace

"The Ogaden region in the Southeast of Ethiopia has been at the centre of an ongoing dispute between the Ethiopian government and rebels of the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF). Since 1984, the ONLF, an ethnic Somali rebel movement, has wag...

Conflict in the Horn of Africa: Background and outlook

This Brief Report describes the conflict in the Horn of Africa, which serves as a communications route to the Indian Ocean, Africa and the Middle East. The report describes the situation in Ethiopia, which has historically dominated the region and...

Eritrea: The Siege State

"Eritrea has been deeply troubled since independence in 1991. Following the devastating war with Ethiopia (1998- 2000), an authoritarian, militarised regime has further tightened political space, tolerating neither opposition nor dissent. Relati...

The end of the Eritrean exeption?

"The report examines Eritrea's colonial history, its struggle for independence, its complex relations with the former Tigray rebels who now control the Ethiopian government, the years from independence to the start of war in 1998, and Eritrea's ec...

Beyond the Fragile Peace between Ethiopia and Eritrea: Averting New War

Excerpt: "The Ethiopia-Eritrea impasse carries serious risk of a new war and is a major source of instability in the Horn of Africa, most critically for Somalia. Following Ethiopia’s refusal to accept virtual demarcation of the border by the now d...

Building on Progress? Chinese Engagement in Ethiopia1

"A majority of the growing literature on Sino–African relations focus on China’s relations with resource-rich/economically robust countries or unsavoury regimes. Limited attention has been paid to the rest of Africa’s states, but it is in these ‘l...

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