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The AU and the Challenge of Unconstitutional Changes of Government in Africa

"This paper examines the policy position of the AU with regard to ‘Unconstitutional Changes of Government’(UCG)in Africa. After analysing the definition of the concept or phenomenon of UCG, at least from the viewpoint of the African Union (AU), wi...

The Nile: Is it a Curse or Blessing?

"Historical, economic and political factors are converging to reduce the potential for water development in the upper riparian states of the Nile. In short, unless basin-wide development planning is considered a viable solution to conflict resolu...

Environmental Crimes in Ethiopia

"This study sets out to examine this complex question by determining what constitutes an environmental crime in Ethiopian jurisprudence.This will be done by examining the legal and institutional regime for combating environmental crimes. The study...

Post-Referendum Security Scenarios for South Sudan

"The 9th of January 2011 will be a momentous day for all southern Sudanese people. After 22 years of civil conflict between north and south Sudan the country will hold a referendum on the right of south Sudan to secede and form an independent stat...

Ethiopia and Eritrea in Turmoil: Implications for Peace and Security in a Troubled Region

"Whatever the logic of the positions it has taken, the international community has been weak and ineffective in its efforts to resolve the crisis along the Ethiopian and Eritrean border. A dangerous precedent was set when the international commu...

The Eritrea - Djibouti Border Dispute

"The objective of this situation report is to provide timely and relevant information and analysis on the border dispute that recently broke out between Eritrea and Djibouti.The facts at hand being fragmented, it is too early and difficult to pr...

Somalia: Have All the Options Run Out?

"This paper examines the attempts at the restoration of peace and security in Somalia, which is critical to the establishment and maintenance of stability in the region. Unless there is genuine political will and sustained engagement from the regi...

Gambella The Impact of Local Conflict On Regional Security

"The purpose of this study is to analyse the context, identify the origins, and explain the key determinants of the conflict in Gambella, its linkages with the political and security issues in Sudan and Ethiopia, and its impact on regional peace ...

Beja Local Conflict, Marginalisation and the Threat to Regional Security

"This overview and analysis of the armed conflict in eastern Sudan is informed by a number of assumptions or observations:Local level armed conflicts in the Horn risk becoming inter-state conflicts because of the engagement of neighbouring non-g...

Report on IGAD Conference on the Prevention and Combating of Terrorism UN Conference Centre, Addis Ababa 24 - 27 June 2003

"The speaker noted that Ethiopia was at the forefront of supporting the signing and implementation of various conventions to combat and prevent acts of terrorism. The Minister further stated that it was imperative for member states to work togethe...

Short Commentary on Somalia: Plus ça change...?

"The question now is when the resurrected government of Somalia can reduce its dependence on its external life-support systems and assume a measure of responsibility for what happens in Somalia itself. It is evident that these are early days, an...

Ethiopian-Eritrean Relations: Reading the Balance Sheet

"The end of the two-year Eritrea-Ethiopia war with the signing of the Algiers Accord was a cause for celebration among the people of the two countries. It brought hope that, with the settlement of the border issue, the relationship between them w...

Africa's Young Soldiers The Co-option of Childhood

"Section 1 reviews the phenomenon of child soldiers by situating it within a historical and universal context, as well as by examining the changing nature of armed conflicts since the end of the Cold War and the extent to which, this has facilitat...

From Child Soldier to Ex-Fighter, Female Fighters, Demobilisation and Reintegration in Ethiopia

"This monograph seeks to examine the process of engagement, demobilisation and reintegration of female ex-combatants who entered military units as youth (those younger than 24). Many demobilisation and reintegration programmes overlook issues of g...

African Anti-Corruption Commitments: A Review of Eight NEPAD Countries

"This report presents the findings of a review evaluating eight African countries that have acceded to the African peer review mechanism (Algeria,Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa and Uganda). The countries were chosen on the ...

African Commitments to Democracy in Theory and Practice: A Review of Eight NEPAD Countries

"This report reviews the progress of democratisation in Algeria, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal,South Africa and Uganda from the end of the Cold War until today. These eight countries were chosen because they have all signed up to the Af...

Towards a Union Government for Africa

"The commissioned papers and discussions in this book address the proposals and recommendations stipulated in the Accra Declaration (African Union 2007c). This involves identifying the areas on which African countries, RECs and the AU should focus...

Regional Security in the Post-Cold War Horn of Africa

"This monograph contains papers that were presented and extensively discussed at this particular Expert Roundtable. The monograph primarily attempts to study political decision-making, personalities and historical experiences, and also to identif...

Crop Production in Ethiopia: Regional Patterns and Trends

"Ethiopia’s crop agriculture is complex, involving substantial variation in crops grown across the country’s different regions and ecologies. Five major cereals (teff, wheat, maize, sorghum and barley) are the core of Ethiopia’s agriculture and fo...

Urbanization and Spatial Connectivity in Ethiopia: Urban Growth Analysis Using GIS

"In comparison to other African countries, Ethiopia has a low urbanization rate. According to the World Bank World Development Report (WDR) 2009, Sub-Sahara Africa is 30% urbanized, whereas Ethiopia is only 10.9% urbanized. Urbanization rates diff...

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