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The Ethiopia-Eritrea dispute

"The failure of Ethiopia and Eritrea to settle their differences is a serious setback to regional stability and the African renaissance. Nationalist calls on both sides make a lasting peace settlement unlikely. A return to heavy fighting will not …

Ethiopian-Eritrean Relations: Reading the Balance Sheet

"The end of the two-year Eritrea-Ethiopia war with the signing of the Algiers Accord was a cause for celebration among the people of the two countries. It brought hope that, with the settlement of the border issue, the relationship between them wou…

Regional Security in the Post-Cold War Horn of Africa

"This monograph contains papers that were presented and extensively discussed at this particular Expert Roundtable. The monograph primarily attempts to study political decision-making, personalities and historical experiences, and also to identify …

Ethiopia And Eritria: Stopping The Slide To War

The risk that Ethiopia and Eritrea will resume their war in the next several weeks is very real. A military buildup along the common border over the past few months has reached alarming proportions. There will be no easy military solution if hostili…

Ethiopia and Eritrea: War or Peace?

The next few weeks will go far to determining whether Ethiopia and Eritrea resume a path toward war – which took some 100,000 lives between 1998 and 2000 – or solidify their peace agreement. Ethiopia must decide whether to allow demarcation of the b…

Ethiopia And Eritria Stopping The Slide To War

The risk that Ethiopia and Eritrea will resume their war in the next several weeks is very real. A military buildup along the common border over the past few months has reached alarming proportions. There will be no easy military solution if hostili…

Beyond the Fragile Peace between Ethiopia and Eritrea: Averting New War

Excerpt: "The Ethiopia-Eritrea impasse carries serious risk of a new war and is a major source of instability in the Horn of Africa, most critically for Somalia. Following Ethiopia’s refusal to accept virtual demarcation of the border by the now dis…

From Fatigues to Three-Piece Suits: East African Guerrillas in Power

"Since decolonisation in African countries ethno-political differences have led to guerrilla warfare. Through these movements, authoritarian regimes have been created. In Uganda, after the National Resistance Movement took power a ‘no-party democrac…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution Vol. 2, No. 1, 2001

This journal gincludes two book reviews and five articles. 'Engendering Peace in Africa: a critical inquiry into some current thinking on the role of African women in peace-building' investigates popular concepts of womanhood and of women's peace-bu…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 6, no. 2, 2006

'African Approaches to Building Peace and Social Solidarity' examines African indigenous approaches to building peace and promoting social solidarity. 'Can a Fledgling Democracy take Flight in the Democratic Republic of the Congo?' offers a brief re…

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 30 Issue 3 July-August 2018

The HAB issue on Ethio-Eritrea rapprochement finally saw the light of day and is a testimony to the profound nature of the changes in Ethiopia unleashed since Prime Minister Abiy ascended to the helm of power, and, the rapidity of the rapprochement …

Regional Integration in the Horn of Africa: Is Prime Minister Abiy's Initiative an Institution ahead of its Time?

The Horn of Africa has long suffered a plethora of authoritarian regimes, social and political unrest, civil and interstate wars and catastrophic famine. The selection of Mr Abiy Ahmed as the new Prime Minister of Ethiopia ushered in a new era that…

The Outbreak of Peace and Symbolism of the Ethiopian-Eritrean Border

The opening of the border between Ethiopia and Eritrea symbolized an important phase in the newfound relations between the two. Since their rapprochement in June 2018, events have occurred at a frenzied pace, yet much was still in the political aren…

Tana Papers 2019: Political Dynamics in the Horn of Africa: Nurturing the Emerging Peace Trends

The Institute for Peace and Security Studies (IPSS) of Addis Ababa University (AAU), which serves as the Secretariat of Tana High-Level Forum on Security in Africa, is pleased to present a collection of policy briefs to inform discussions at the 8th…

Paradigms, Processes and Practicalities of Land Reform in Post-conflict Sub-Saharan Africa

"This chapter will examine the paradigms and processes involved in drafting or reforming land policies and laws in two very different African countries: Eritrea and Zimbabwe. Whereas Rwanda, Burundi and some parts of north-eastern DRC have very hig…

Who will “tear down” the Wall of Hostility between Ethiopia and Eritrea?

The most recent kidnapping events of Ethiopian citizens by Eritrean forces, and an Ethiopian military containment as a reprisal to its action, reflect foreign policy actions of the two countries in recent years. These have largely been limited to re…

Climate Change and Pastoralism: Traditional Coping Mechanisms and Conflict in the Horn of Africa

The adverse impacts of climate change are predicted to severely constrain the lives and livelihoods of Africans. Pastoralists are among the most vulnerable population groups. Considering the fact that the Horn of Africa has a large concentration …

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 28 No.1 January-February 2016

In ‘Countering violent extremism: Challenges in policy and practice’ the Horn of Africa has witnessed its share of attacks by movements designated as terrorists. The rising incidence of these attacks, the endurance of the Al Shabaab in Somalia and t…

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 25 No.1 January-February 2013

‘The situation in the East and Horn of Africa sub-region continues to be deplorable basically because of the absence of environmental security-related infrastructure and/or the required level of awareness. Countries in the sub-region are vulnerable …

Civil Society and Regional Peacebuilding in the Horn of Africa: A review of present engagement and future opportunities

"Over several decades, the Horn of Africa has been recognised as a complex system of conflicts, where the conflicts in the region are interlinked and trans-boundary in nature. In the field of peacebuilding, there is a growing realization that peaceb…

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