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Ethiopia And Eritria: Stopping The Slide To War

The risk that Ethiopia and Eritrea will resume their war in the next several weeks is very real. A military buildup along the common border over the past few months has reached alarming proportions. There will be no easy military solution if hosti...

Ethiopia and Eritrea: War or Peace?

The next few weeks will go far to determining whether Ethiopia and Eritrea resume a path toward war – which took some 100,000 lives between 1998 and 2000 – or solidify their peace agreement. Ethiopia must decide whether to allow demarcation of the...

Ethiopia And Eritria Stopping The Slide To War

The risk that Ethiopia and Eritrea will resume their war in the next several weeks is very real. A military buildup along the common border over the past few months has reached alarming proportions. There will be no easy military solution if hosti...

Beyond the Fragile Peace between Ethiopia and Eritrea: Averting New War

Excerpt: "The Ethiopia-Eritrea impasse carries serious risk of a new war and is a major source of instability in the Horn of Africa, most critically for Somalia. Following Ethiopia’s refusal to accept virtual demarcation of the border by the now d...

From Fatigues to Three-Piece Suits: East African Guerrillas in Power

"Since decolonisation in African countries ethno-political differences have led to guerrilla warfare. Through these movements, authoritarian regimes have been created. In Uganda, after the National Resistance Movement took power a ‘no-party democr...

Eritrea: The Siege State

"Eritrea has been deeply troubled since independence in 1991. Following the devastating war with Ethiopia (1998- 2000), an authoritarian, militarised regime has further tightened political space, tolerating neither opposition nor dissent. Relati...

The end of the Eritrean exeption?

"The report examines Eritrea's colonial history, its struggle for independence, its complex relations with the former Tigray rebels who now control the Ethiopian government, the years from independence to the start of war in 1998, and Eritrea's ec...

Ethnic Conflict in the Horn of Africa

"This paper looks at the formation of ethnicity and ethnic conflict in the Horn of Africa with particular attention to the conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea. Firstly, conflict in the Horn of Africa at large is mapped out. Ethnic and political ...

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 30 Issue 3 July-August 2018

The HAB issue on Ethio-Eritrea rapprochement finally saw the light of day and is a testimony to the profound nature of the changes in Ethiopia unleashed since Prime Minister Abiy ascended to the helm of power, and, the rapidity of the rapprochemen...

Regional Integration in the Horn of Africa: Is Prime Minister Abiy's Initiative an Institution ahead of its Time?

The Horn of Africa has long suffered a plethora of authoritarian regimes, social and political unrest, civil and interstate wars and catastrophic famine. The selection of Mr Abiy Ahmed as the new Prime Minister of Ethiopia ushered in a new era th...

The Outbreak of Peace and Symbolism of the Ethiopian-Eritrean Border

The opening of the border between Ethiopia and Eritrea symbolized an important phase in the newfound relations between the two. Since their rapprochement in June 2018, events have occurred at a frenzied pace, yet much was still in the political ar...

Tana Papers 2019: Political Dynamics in the Horn of Africa: Nurturing the Emerging Peace Trends

The Institute for Peace and Security Studies (IPSS) of Addis Ababa University (AAU), which serves as the Secretariat of Tana High-Level Forum on Security in Africa, is pleased to present a collection of policy briefs to inform discussions at the 8...

Paradigms, Processes and Practicalities of Land Reform in Post-conflict Sub-Saharan Africa

"This chapter will examine the paradigms and processes involved in drafting or reforming land policies and laws in two very different African countries: Eritrea and Zimbabwe. Whereas Rwanda, Burundi and some parts of north-eastern DRC have very h...

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 27 No.5 September-October 2015

1.The article by Nimo-ilhan Ali: The quest to become a “Qurbajoog” focuses on a very different aspect of the perceived effect of Diaspora success and the paradoxical impact it has, in generating even more migration by Somaliland youth desperate t...

Africa Mediators’ Retreat 2013

"This meeting report provides a summary of the discussions and highlights the issues which emerged during the retreat. The fourth Africa Mediators’ Retreat, which brings together experienced peacemaking actors to discuss conflict-related issues re...

Who will “tear down” the Wall of Hostility between Ethiopia and Eritrea?

The most recent kidnapping events of Ethiopian citizens by Eritrean forces, and an Ethiopian military containment as a reprisal to its action, reflect foreign policy actions of the two countries in recent years. These have largely been limited to ...

Climate Change and Pastoralism: Traditional Coping Mechanisms and Conflict in the Horn of Africa

The adverse impacts of climate change are predicted to severely constrain the lives and livelihoods of Africans. Pastoralists are among the most vulnerable population groups. Considering the fact that the Horn of Africa has a large concentratio...

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 28 No.1 January-February 2016

In ‘Countering violent extremism: Challenges in policy and practice’ the Horn of Africa has witnessed its share of attacks by movements designated as terrorists. The rising incidence of these attacks, the endurance of the Al Shabaab in Somalia and...

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 25 No.1 January-February 2013

‘The situation in the East and Horn of Africa sub-region continues to be deplorable basically because of the absence of environmental security-related infrastructure and/or the required level of awareness. Countries in the sub-region are vulnerabl...

Civil Society and Regional Peacebuilding in the Horn of Africa: A review of present engagement and future opportunities

"Over several decades, the Horn of Africa has been recognised as a complex system of conflicts, where the conflicts in the region are interlinked and trans-boundary in nature. In the field of peacebuilding, there is a growing realization that peac...

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