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Africa and an Arms Trade Treaty

"The arms trade treaty initiative was put forward over a decade ago in an attempt to strengthen controls over the legal arms trade by establishing common universal standards for the import, export and transfer of conventional weapons. It is envis...

The Nile: Is it a Curse or Blessing?

"Historical, economic and political factors are converging to reduce the potential for water development in the upper riparian states of the Nile. In short, unless basin-wide development planning is considered a viable solution to conflict resolu...

Report of the 3rd African Conference of Commandants. Hosted by the Egyptian Command and Staff College, Cairo, Egypt, 9 – 13 November 2009

"The agenda of the 3rd ACoC focused on the following issues: The training method and combat doctrine of the ASF, The role of Regional Economic Communities (RECs)in the implementation of ASF Doctrine, The role of African think tanks in military edu...

Egypt: The Political Process Between ‘Opening Up’ and ‘Control’

"This Situation Report looked at the political situation in Egypt over the last few years with the 8 April 2008 municipal and local council elections as the entry point. The report reveals that while there have been some positive developments and...

Popular Protest in North Africa and the Middle East (I): Egypt Victorious?

"It is early days, and the true measure of what the Egyptian people have accomplished has yet to fully sink in. Some achievements are as clear as they are stunning. Over a period of less than three weeks, they challenged conventional chestnuts ab...

Egypt’s Evolving Role in Africa: A Sub-Saharan Perspective; A presentation at the Institute of Diplomatic Studies, Cairo

"Talking about the role of a country in a specific region means, to a large extent, talking about its foreign policy vis-à-vis that region. One could therefore write the title of this presentation as “Egypt’s foreign policy towards Africa” or “Egy...

SAIIA Newsletter No. 3, 1969

The newsletter contains four articles by different authors.The first two articles have as its focus the Suez Canal. In the first article the implications of the closing of the Suez Canal is the focus. The closing will not only have an effect on th...

Politics and Terrorism An Assessment of the Origin and Threat of Terrorism in Egypt

"The aim of this paper will be to provide insight into the underlying reasons for acts of terrorism in Egypt. In other words, the focus will be on identifying and discussing the development of terrorism in that country in an attempt to reflect on...

Stealth Environmental Influences on Economic Migration in Egypt

"Policy makers and academics often pay little attention to environmental drivers of migration in Egypt. This paper demonstrates that environmental factors are often the hidden cause of the migration of Egyptians from one region to another. The ...

Meeting the Sphinx: The experience of South African firms doing business in Egypt

"This report is based on a series of interviews conducted in Egypt during May and June 2005 to elicit and analyse information on South African-based companies and subsidiaries operating in Egypt.The survey covered a wide range of South African bu...

International Peacekeeping by the United Nations: Some Main Issues and Problems Revisited

"The maintenance of peace has become the central problem and the overriding preoccupation of nation states, international law and international organization. The globalization of efforts aimed at peace maintenance and promotion has been achieved t...

Does Food Security Matter for Transition in Arab Countries?

"In order to identify options on how conflict may be prevented in Arab transition countries, this paper assesses the key global drivers of conflicts based on a dataset from 1960 to 2010 and improved cross-country regression techniques. Results sho...

Egypt's Constitutional Test: Averting the March toward Islamic Fundamentalism

After gaining overwhelming support in a March 2007 national referendum, long-time Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak introduced new constitutional amendments that effectively give more power to the president and loosen controls on security forces. M...

The G20 and the Restructuring of the International Economic Order: An Egypt Perspective

More than 50 years ago, the world community set about devising the institutional building blocks of an orderly social and economic world, largely in response to crises and problems of the first half of the twentieth century which had witnessed two...

A World Agreement on Oil?

This paper addresses ways to cope with potential instability in the world oil market, with a view to whether action by the L20 can do anything about it. It is often said that the major geographical source of oil, the "Middle East," is a highly tur...

The Challenge of Political Reform: Egypt After the Iraq War

This briefing is one of a series of occasional ICG briefing papers and reports that will address the issue of political reform in the Middle East and North Africa. The absence of a credible political life in most parts of the region, while not nec...

Reforming Egypt - In Search of A Strategy

Egypt's first multi-candidate presidential election, a response to U.S. pressure, was a false start for reform. Formal pluralism has never seriously limited the dominance of President Mubarak's National Democratic Party (NDP); extension to the pre...

Egypt's Muslim Brothers: Confrontation or Integration?

Excerpt: "The Society of Muslim Brothers’ success in the November-December 2005 elections for the People’s Assembly sent shockwaves through Egypt’s political system. In response, the regime cracked down on the movement, harassed other potential ri...

Sensitizing and Building the Capacity of Women Towards Climate Change Consequences in Northern Lakes of Egypt

Egypt, like other developing countries, would be affected by the climatic changes, including possible hydrological disturbances in the Nile River, which may lead to the loss of 30 – 60% of the Nile's water resources, and consequently diminish Eg...

Policy and Institutional Dimensions of Africa's Political Economy in an Age of Globalization

The study’s main intention was to generate knowledge to enhance the efficacy of Africa’s political economy and development pathways by identifying alternative macroeconomic policy and institutional options that can be deployed to enable deeper so...

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