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Continuing Instability in the Kivus: Testing the DRC Transition to the Limit

"This paper aims to take a close look at the political and military situation in the provinces of North and South Kivu following the unrest in Bukavu in late May and early June this year. In this context it will discuss the links between the milit...

Hawks, Doves or Penguins? A Critical Review of the SADC Military Intervention in the DRC

"The aim of this paper is to examine the decisions taken by some of the major actors in SADC in respect of the conflict in the DRC, following the distress call by Laurent Kabila’s government. The paper seeks to analyse the implications of the dec...

From Protection to Empowerment: Civilians as Stakeholders in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

"This paper explores the role of civilian stakeholders in the Democratic Republic of the Congo peace process, with particular emphasis on women, children, refugees and internally displaced people. The aim is to promote the view that war victims mu...

Decisions, Decisions South Africa's Foray into Regional Peace Operations

"This paper first provides a brief overview of the most salient aspects of the White Paper on Peace Missions and then examines recent deployments of the South African National Defence Force (SANDF) in a peace support role, with specific reference ...

A 90-day Plan to Bring Peace to the DRC? An Analysis of the Pretoria Agreement of 30 July 2002

"The aim of this paper is to provide a brief background to the Pretoria agreement, and an early overview and analysis of the implications of the MoU,from the perspective of: South Africa’s role as peacemaker in the DRC; support to the military as...

Other Facets no 27

In ‘Venezuela shames Kimberley; mocks vacillating committees’ the Venezuela “problem” began as a test of Kimberley Process resolve to be an effective regulatory system in the fight against conflict diamonds. It has unravelled into an embarrassment...

Other Facets no 26

In ‘Taylor War Crimes Trial Begins: PAC’s Ian Smillie is First Witness’ the long-awaited war crimes trial of former Liberian president Charles Taylor started in The Hague in January. In ‘Kimberley Process Annual Plenary: NGO Participation Increas...

Other Facets no 25

‘Land Grabbing and Land Reform: Diamonds, Rubber and Forests in the New Liberia’ spells out the huge challenges facing the new government of Liberia following a decade and a half of brutal civil war, war fuelled mainly by looted natural resources....

Other Facets no 23

In ‘Zimbabwe diamond rush turns poisonous: Accusations lead to nationalization plan’ a diamond rush in the remote region of Marange in eastern Zimbabwe became the subject of a series of angry exchanges between the government and its critics begin...

Seeing the Wood for the Trees: Forestry Governance in the DRC

This case study on forestry governance in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) forms part of a three-year project entitled Strengthening the Governance of Africa’s Natural Resources, conducted by the Governance of Africa’s Resources Programme (G...

The DRC at 50: Confronting the Challenges of Peace and Territorial Consolidation

"On 30 June 2010 the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) celebrated 50 years of independence from colonial rule. At 50, the country is torn between competing and contradictory internal forces as it tries to negotiate a path towards self understandi...

Kabila is dead - Long live Kabila? Prospects for stability and recovery in the DRC

"This report examines the prospects for recovery in the DRC through a background description of the Congo during the two stages of Kabila's rule. The current economic environment and reforms is discussed and the posibility of political stability, ...

Zaire: Continuing world headache

This paper discusses the situation in Zaire, where economic and political disaster is evident. Zaire is bounded by nine African countries and richer in resources than any other country in Africa, but it is alos deeply in debt perhaps as a result o...

How Kabila Lost His Way: The Performance of Laurent Désiré Kabila's Government

A continental war has begun in Africa. It reaches almost without interruption from the Red Sea to the Atlantic Ocean. Whereas some of the conflicts along this path started decades ago, a new phase involving more than a dozen states has now begun. ...

Congo Crisis: Military Intervention in Ituri

The district of Ituri, in Oriental Province of the Democratic Republic of Congo, has been the theatre of spiralling violence bordering on genocide that urgently needs to be stopped. A French-led Interim Emergency Multinational Force (IEMF) is bein...

Adding 3Ns to the 3Ds - Lessons from the 1996 Zaire Mission for Humanitarian Interventions

This paper examines the 3D (defence, diplomacy, and development) framework for humanitarian interventions in weak states and/or conflict situations. It accepts that there are some considerable strengths built into this strategic concept for it pri...

A Congo Action Plan

More than two years into the transition in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the peace process remains at risk. As many as 1,000 people a day still die from war-related causes -- mainly disease and malnutrition, but also continuing violenc...

Congo: Bringing Peace To North Kivu

North Kivu is again a crucible of conflict in Congo. Since fighting resumed between the insurgents of Laurent Nkunda and the national army in December 2006, over 370,000 civilians have been displaced in the province. Due to the failure of the ...

Beyond Victimhood, Women’s Peacebuilding in Sudan, Congo and Uganda

Peacebuilding cannot succeed if half the population is excluded from the process. Crisis Group’s research in Sudan, Congo (DRC) and Uganda suggests that peace agreements, post-conflict reconstruction, and governance do better when women are involv...

Congo: Four Priorities for Sustainable Peace in Ituri

Excerpt: "The risk of renewed violence in Ituri is limited today by the presence of the UN Mission in the Congo (MONUC), the dismantling of the majority of armed groups and the local population’s war weariness after years of suffering and destruct...

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