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Central African Republic (CAR) Conflict Insight

The purpose of this report is to provide analysis and recommendations to assist the African Union (AU), Regional Economic Communities (RECs), Member States and Development Partners in decision-making and in the implementation of peace and security r…

Peace and Security Council Report No.112

This report consists of several articles. The first article ‘The AU saves the CAR deal in extremis, but it needs to do more’ discusses the African Unions reaction to the February peace deal in the Central African Republic. The increased number of …

Peace & Security Council Report Issue 113

This report analyses, using concrete examples, the potential challenges facing six of the RECs and the resultant implications for the division of labour between them and the AU, looking at peace and security, governance, elections, economic integrat…

Making the Central African Republic’s Latest Peace Agreement Stick

This report examines the build-up to the Khartoum negotiations, the provisions of the deal itself, its strengths and shortcomings, the parties’ different perspectives on it and challenges to its implementation. It offers ideas as to how the CAR gove…

Conflict Trends Issue 2

The first article on page 3 is titled: 'ECOWAS’s Efforts at Resolving Guinea-Bissau’s Protracted Political Crisis, 2015–2019' written by Brown Odigie. This article examines the lingering political crisis that erupted in August 2015 within the leader…

Central African Republic’s Coup D’état: Underlying Causes and the Resulting Future Prospects for the State

The Central African Republic appears to be heading on a path of peace and stability, shown by the adoption of a new constitution and the election of a new president. In order to ensure this path's sustainability, the policy brief proposes a number o…

From Conflict to Illicit: Mapping the Diamond Trade from Central African Republic to Cameroon

The smuggling of diamonds is investigated in this report, specifically from the Central African Republic into Cameroon. The focus is also on the impact that this illicit trade has on Cameroon’s internal controls as well as the broader integrity of t…

Conflict Trends Issue 3

The first article is titled: Is There a Link between Democracy and Development in Africa? by Kizito Sikuka. Arguments presented in this article clearly show a strong relationship between democracy and development. However, it may be important to n…

Chinese Investments: A Blessing for the Central African Economy? / Les investissements chinois, une aubaine pour l’économie centrafricaine?

China recently decided to invest $15 billion CFA francs in the Central African Republic to develop the cotton sector from the crop to the ginning and textiles industries. We analyze the economic impacts of such investment on the Central African Re…

Of Rent Seekers and Agencies: Insurgencies and Arms Proliferation in the Great Lakes Region of Africa

"This policy brief examines rent-seeking and agency activities in the Great Lakes region of Africa, with particular emphasis on Zaire/Congo and the Central Africa Republic (CAR). The brief contends that insurgencies and arms proliferations are a byp…

The Security Challenges of Pastoralism in Central Africa

"Since it began in prehistoric times, pastoralism in Africa has been a story of perpetual movement by cattle and their herders, who have adapted to the region’s climatic and security constraints over thousands of years. In Central Africa, transhuman…

The Central African Crisis : From Predation to Stabilisation

"The current crisis in the Central African Republic (CAR) has sealed the fate of a state that depends on international aid and has long ceased to exist. Government has become little more than a patronage exercise, in which appointments to decisionm…

Getting Coherence and Coordination Right: Principles for the Peacebuilding Policy Community

"This Policy & Practice Brief (PPB) seeks to establish a common understanding of the term ‘coherence’ which is specific to peacebuilding dynamics by unpacking its meaning within peacebuilding experiences. Secondly, this PPB will examine the various …

The African Union's Response to Gender Based Violence

This Policy Brief analyzed the response of the African Union (AU) to the gender-based sexual violence that has been committed on an epidemic scale in the conflicts across the continent. These incidents of gender-based violence have witnessed innoce…

Central African Republic: A Conflict Misunderstood

The Central African Republic has been troubled by periodic surges of violence for quite some time. The democratic election of President Faustin-Archange Touadéra in the December 2015-February 2016 presidential elections offered hope of a new era for…

Societies Caught in the Conflict Trap Regional Research Findings Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan and South Sudan

Shared conflict drivers characterizes the regions of Sudan, South Sudan, Chad and CAR and this spills over the countries’ porous borders. All of these countries are registered members of the African Union. Chad and Central African Republic belong to…

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2014

In ‘Beheadings and the News Media: Why Some Conflict Atrocities Receive More Coverage than Others’ although major changes have occurred in the dissemination of news, there is no question that the news media retains an exceptionally powerful role in …

Agricultural Innovations and Adaptations to Climate Change Effects and Food Security in Central Africa: Case of Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, and Central Africa Republic

"Climate change is increasingly altering ecosystems which are the foundations of agricultural productivity worldwide. This has brought uncertainties in the use of farm inputs as well as food security. Challinor et al. (2009) noted that uncertainties…

Silencing the Guns, Owning the Future: Realising a Conflict-free Africa

"This report summarises the deliberations held during the high-level meeting, and its outcomes. Efforts are made to contextualise the discussions that occurred by providing information on overarching processes and developments that informed the gath…

Policy Axes that can Uphold Agricultural Innovations for Climate Change Adaptations & Food Security in Central Africa: Case of Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea and Central Republic of Africa

"This paper sought to find policies that can promote agricultural innovations for climate change adaptation and food security in Central Africa. Given the characteristics of climate change and policy gaps as shown above, it is imperative to pursue p…

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