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BUSAN Partnership: Challenges & Opportunities for Creating an Enabling Environment for CSOs in Africa: A Synthesis of Six Countries

"Africa is a significant receiver of donor aid, while also remaining an area where inequality and poverty exists. With the realization that Africa is not a homogenous land mass it was imperative to undertake research in the six countries documented …

Burundi : Anatomie du Troisième Mandat / Burundi: A Dangerous Third Term

A year after the start of the crisis triggered by President Pierre Nkurunziza’s decision to run for a third term, the situation remains critical. The radicalisation of the regime, which had been steadily increasing since the second post-conflict ele…

The Burundi Political Crisis: Strategies for Resisting the War Entrepreneurs

The attention of the world was captured by the political crisis which unfolded in Burundi in 2015, following the controversial re-election of President Nkurunziza for a third term in office. Local and international news headlines quickly raised the …

The International Conference on the Great Lakes Region as a peacebuilding instrument for civil society organisations

"This policy paper examines the prospective role of civil society organisations (CSOs) within the mechanisms and structures of the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR), which was created to address conflict challenges faced by…

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2016

In ‘Conflict in the Great Lakes Region: Root Causes, Dynamics and Effects’ the Great Lakes Region constitutes a complex network of political and economic interactions with significant implications for peace, security and governance. It is also a reg…

Climate Resilient Development: Experience from an African Capacity Development Programme - Investing in Water Security for Growth and Development

Insights and lessons learned from a capacity development programme are presented in this learning brief on water security and climate resilient development covering eight countries in Africa – Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Ghana, Mozambique, Rwan…

Dialogue et Cooperation des Acteurs du Developpement, Parlementaires et Autres Parties Prenantes en vue de la Creation d'un Environnement Favorable Permettant aux OSC de S’Engager Fans L’Efficacite du Developpement / Dialogue and Cooperation among Develop

Stakeholders present at the forum agreed on the principle of the importance of associations in the balance of a company and the investment in strengthening its capacity and partnership for the creation of an enabling environment for CSO's allowing t…

The East African Community takes on the Burundi crisis

The East African Community has been a key player in attempts to resolve the ongoing instability in Burundi, since 2014. The organization recognized early on that a crisis was looming, however it waited too long to act at the highest level and was …

The AU and the ICGLR in Burundi

The Burundi crisis - brought on by the president’s decision to run for a third term – was a significant test of regional and continental organizations’ ability to effectively intervene in African member states experiencing instability. Emerging as …

Burundi: Bye Bye Arusha ?

"This report analyses how the control of the institutions by the ruling party and the boycott of the 2010 elections by the main opposition parties made the power-sharing system defined by the 2000 Arusha agreement irrelevant. This deal was instrumen…

East African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Burundi

"Burundi is a small, landlocked country of which only 36 percent is arable. The country has two rainy seasons, which run from February to May and from September to November, as well as a short rain period for two weeks in January. The malnutrition r…

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2006

"The articles in this edition reflect on the deeprooted seeds of conflict by bringing closer together the void between peacekeeping and peacebuilding, and understanding the importance of human security within the context of state security. The plan…

Conflict Trends Issue 2 2004

"This special edition of Conflict Trends is dedicated to giving an overview of peacekeeping in Africa. It explores peacekeeping from a global United Nations and African perspective, and examines various African case studies. It is our hope that it w…

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2003

‘Burundi in 2003: highlights of a 'thorny' road to peace?’ gives a preview of the year 2003 and highlights some of the key attempts undertaken to move to a situation in which peace and stability are not only obtained but sustained. ‘The Machakos Pro…

Opportunities for Setting Up a TRC in Burundi

"The article briefly assesses the conflict in Burundi after which it delves into the peace and reconciliation process of the 2000 Arusha Peace and Reconciliation Agreement for Burundi. The agreement stipulated the formation of an International Commi…

South Africa’s Peacekeeping Role in Burundi: Challenges and Opportunities for Future Peace Missions

"The objective of this study is to provide an analysis of South Africa’s role in peacekeeping in Burundi and to identify the opportunities and challenges that confronted South Africa’s peacekeeping mission. The Department of Defense (DoD) in its ow…

Women Transforming Conflicts in Africa: Descriptive Studies from Burundi, Côte d’Ivoire, Sierra Leone, South Africa and Sudan

"There is evidence of successful efforts to constructively respond to conflict and to undertake transformation, reconstruction and reconciliation in Africa. The inclusion of women as a strategic constituency is central to sustaining and consolidatin…

Natural resources, the environment and conflict

"This report focus on Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Sudan. The study solicited views and perspectives on the role that natural resources and the environment can play in complex conflict situations. This report observed fi…

Mediating peace in Africa: Securing conflict prevention : Strengthening the mediation and conflict prevention aspects of the African peace and security architecture

"Africa is entering a new era of conflict resolution and peacebuilding. The formulation of the AU in 2002 and the Peace and Security Council (PSC) in 2004 firmly established institutions dedicated to the promotion of peace, security and stability in…

Exchange Rate Policy and the Parallel Market for Foreign Currency in Burundi

"This paper looks at the functioning of the parallel market and discusses macroeconomic policies in the country to shed light on the context within which the market evolved. Analysis of time series properties of the variables used in an empirical mo…

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