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Emerging powers and the changing global environment: Leadership norms and Institutions

"Emerging powers are asserting their influence in various multilateral institutions and seeking to amplify their unified voice on critical global policy issues. Some, notably Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS), have gone a step f…

Nigeria and the BRICs: Diplomatic, Trade, Cultural and Military Relations

"The paper explores the relationship between the BRICs and Nigeria, undoubtedly one of Africa’s key countries and one that is also an aspiring member of the expanded BRICs. It considers the relationship in the areas of economic relations, diplomati…

Developing a Comprehensive IBSA strategy: On WTO Agriculture Negotiations

"This report outlines SA's position on negotiations on agricultural trade at the World Trade Organization (WTO). Part 1 of this report provides some background on the negotiations on agricultural trade at the WTO. Part 2 assesses SA policy-making o…

Reaching Out to BRICSAM: Economic Diplomacy and the Heiligendamm Process

In 2007, the G8 invited the emerging BRICSAM powers to Heiligendamm, Germany, for an officials-level, two-year outreach dialogue on substantive issues, including: innovation, investment, development assistance and energy policy. On March 5-7, 2008, …

The BRICSAM Countries and Changing World Economic Power: Scenarios to 2050

Rapid economic growth in the large developing countries collectively known as BRICSAM (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa and Mexico) has the potential to change the balance of economic power in the world. This paper analyzes this potential …

Brazil as an Regional Power in Latin America or South America?

This briefing, part history of ideas, part history of international relations, provides historical background to Brazil’s emergence as a regional power. It argues that Brazil never considered itself an integral part of Latin America which, for Brazi…

BRIC and IBSA Forums: Neo-liberals in Disguise or Champions of the South?

South–South co-operation has existed for many decades and has played a key role in solidifying unity among developing countries. However, the concept of South–South co-operation has evolved from being concerned with geopolitics and opposing imperial…

An Overview of Brazilian Foreign Policy in the 21st Century

Brazil’s role in international relations has altered somewhat in recent years. Under President Luiz ‘Lula’ da Silva, presidential diplomacy has dominated an active foreign policy aimed at expanding the country’s presence in global economic negotiati…

Biofuel Technology Transfer in IBSA: Lessons for South Africa and Brazil

The success of biofuel production in Brazil (bioethanol in particular) is recognised as a tangible point of collaboration in the India–Brazil– South Africa (IBSA) Forum. Sharing knowledge and systematic technology transfer on biofuels can strengthen…

IBSA Six Years On: Co-operation in a New Global Order

Six years after its launch, officials can no longer claim that the India–Brazil–South Africa (IBSA) Forum is still in its infancy. It is time to evaluate results and missed opportunities to provide a balanced assessment. In the wake of an interna…

Brazil as a Regional and Emerging Global Power

Since the year 2000, Brazilian foreign policy has expanded dramatically on the back of the country’s growing material wealth. Changes in the international system helped too. The global balance of power became more open to large developing states, an…

China's Lusophone connection

"In October 2003, unnoticed by the rest of the world, Macau hosted the first ministerial meeting of the Forum for Trade and Economic Cooperation between China and Portuguese-speaking Countries (hereafter referred to as the Macau Forum), bringing tog…

Brazil as an Emerging Power: The View from the United States

The United States has always seen Brazil as a significant regional powerhouse, but its perceived importance has risen in the last decade. Because of its economic strength, its hemispheric leadership and its growing geostrategic role through multilat…

Doing business in Latin America

Economic growth in Latin America has been cyclical. Unsustainable growth rates have earned the region a reputation of being an unstable long-term investment destination. Despite this, enormous business potential exists in Latin America. There are a …

South Africa-Mercosur: Long process, little progress

This report describes the relationship between South Africa and the Mercado Commun del Sur (Mercosur). Currently, Mercosur is in a state of crisis, worsened by the Brazilian and Argentine crises, but it has substantial economic potential for South A…

Rio to Jo'burg and Beyond The world summit on sustainable development

"This report focuses on the history of sustainable development, international attempts to create and focus attention on this important issue, and prospects for the post-Johannesburg era. It is divided into three sections: First, the historical backg…

Crime, political transition and urban transformation in South Africa and Brazil

"Urban transformation is a critical part of any well-functioning city. The ability to modify and improve existing infrastructure, opportunities, facilities, etc. is essential to stay competitive in a global world.It is also necessary to adapt to th…

Small business the case of Brazil

"In this study Lyal White explains the need for 'government involvement' in 'helping the SMME sector to evolve'. This paper describes the SMME strategy undertaken in Brazil. It looks at various aspects of the Brazilian economy, the status of SMMEs …

Driving SACU-Mercosur: Trans-atlantic co-operation in the automotive industry

This document starts by identifying sectors that can drive the SACU-Mercosur trade agreement. The current free trade agreement (FTA) proposals between the South African Customs Union (SACU) and Common Market of the South (Mercosur) are the result fr…

Much ado about something? Assessing the potential of the India-Brazil-SA forum

"Various questions are beginning to be asked about the progress and potential of the India-Brazil-South Africa (IBSA) Forum, which was created more than a year ago. Following two ministerial meetings a broad agenda has been laid down. At present, ho…

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