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Emerging powers and the changing global environment: Leadership norms and Institutions

"Emerging powers are asserting their influence in various multilateral institutions and seeking to amplify their unified voice on critical global policy issues. Some, notably Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS), have gone a step...

Nigeria and the BRICs: Diplomatic, Trade, Cultural and Military Relations

"The paper explores the relationship between the BRICs and Nigeria, undoubtedly one of Africa’s key countries and one that is also an aspiring member of the expanded BRICs. It considers the relationship in the areas of economic relations, diploma...

Developing a Comprehensive IBSA strategy: On WTO Agriculture Negotiations

"This report outlines SA's position on negotiations on agricultural trade at the World Trade Organization (WTO). Part 1 of this report provides some background on the negotiations on agricultural trade at the WTO. Part 2 assesses SA policy-making...

Reflections on approaching an FTA negotiation with Mercosur: A review of key issues

"The report starts by briefly reviewing the way in which economists generally approach assessment of regional trade agreements, and South-South trade agreements in particular. The 'Review on Trade Flows' then examines the overall trade flows betw...

Developing country coalitions in multilateral trade negotiations: Aligning the majors?

"This paper focuses on coalition building by developing countries, which is a key indicator of their overall capacity and effectiveness in the WTO. The issue is examined in the context of national trade policies and trade negotiations on other t...

SAIIA International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 12, no. 1, 1988

This International Affairs Bulletin contains three articles: The article by Hennie Kotzé, Pierre du Toit and Jan Gagiano describes options for the US concerning sanctions and South Africa. It address the argument that sanctions will promote a dem...

The Logic of the B(R)ICSAM Model for G8 Reform

The BRICs model developed by Goldman Sachs in its publication, Dreaming With BRICs: The Path to 2050, has attracted some considerable attention.1 From an economic perspective, it has enormous attractions in lending attention to four countries (Bra...

G-8 Preview: Bush and Allies to Discuss Repairing Their Rift and Rebuilding Iraq

The annual economic summit of eight industrialized nations, which begins June 1 in Evian, France, will provide an opportunity for President Bush to repair relations with major European countries that opposed the U.S. invasion of Iraq, particularly...

Reaching Out to BRICSAM: Economic Diplomacy and the Heiligendamm Process

In 2007, the G8 invited the emerging BRICSAM powers to Heiligendamm, Germany, for an officials-level, two-year outreach dialogue on substantive issues, including: innovation, investment, development assistance and energy policy. On March 5-7, 2008...

The BRICSAM Countries and Changing World Economic Power: Scenarios to 2050

Rapid economic growth in the large developing countries collectively known as BRICSAM (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa and Mexico) has the potential to change the balance of economic power in the world. This paper analyzes this potentia...

Brazil as an Regional Power in Latin America or South America?

This briefing, part history of ideas, part history of international relations, provides historical background to Brazil’s emergence as a regional power. It argues that Brazil never considered itself an integral part of Latin America which, for Bra...

BRIC and IBSA Forums: Neo-liberals in Disguise or Champions of the South?

South–South co-operation has existed for many decades and has played a key role in solidifying unity among developing countries. However, the concept of South–South co-operation has evolved from being concerned with geopolitics and opposing imperi...

An Overview of Brazilian Foreign Policy in the 21st Century

Brazil’s role in international relations has altered somewhat in recent years. Under President Luiz ‘Lula’ da Silva, presidential diplomacy has dominated an active foreign policy aimed at expanding the country’s presence in global economic negotia...

Biofuel Technology Transfer in IBSA: Lessons for South Africa and Brazil

The success of biofuel production in Brazil (bioethanol in particular) is recognised as a tangible point of collaboration in the India–Brazil– South Africa (IBSA) Forum. Sharing knowledge and systematic technology transfer on biofuels can strength...

IBSA Six Years On: Co-operation in a New Global Order

Six years after its launch, officials can no longer claim that the India–Brazil–South Africa (IBSA) Forum is still in its infancy. It is time to evaluate results and missed opportunities to provide a balanced assessment. In the wake of an inter...

Brazil as a Regional and Emerging Global Power

Since the year 2000, Brazilian foreign policy has expanded dramatically on the back of the country’s growing material wealth. Changes in the international system helped too. The global balance of power became more open to large developing states, ...

China's Lusophone connection

"In October 2003, unnoticed by the rest of the world, Macau hosted the first ministerial meeting of the Forum for Trade and Economic Cooperation between China and Portuguese-speaking Countries (hereafter referred to as the Macau Forum), bringing t...

Brazil as an Emerging Power: The View from the United States

The United States has always seen Brazil as a significant regional powerhouse, but its perceived importance has risen in the last decade. Because of its economic strength, its hemispheric leadership and its growing geostrategic role through multil...

Doing business in Latin America

Economic growth in Latin America has been cyclical. Unsustainable growth rates have earned the region a reputation of being an unstable long-term investment destination. Despite this, enormous business potential exists in Latin America. There are ...

South Africa-Mercosur: Long process, little progress

This report describes the relationship between South Africa and the Mercado Commun del Sur (Mercosur). Currently, Mercosur is in a state of crisis, worsened by the Brazilian and Argentine crises, but it has substantial economic potential for South...

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