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Conflict Trends Issue 2 2011

This issue contains seven articles. 'Climate Change–Conflict Nexus: Framework for Policy-oriented Action' bridges the climate change-conflict gap by providing a framework or lens through which policy-action research on the nexus between climate c...

Sudan’s Foreign Relations with Asia China and the Politics of ‘looking east’

"This paper contextualises the position of China in Sudan today. It offers a general account aimed at capturing key trends, providing a snapshot of the dynamic landscape of Sudanese politics. China’s role in Sudan has received wide attention, not...

South Africa in the global economy

"This book examines South Africa's international economic relations. The impact of the Republic's domestic needs, its role as an African power and the evolving nature of the global economic system are all considered as the country strives to provi...

Canada and Missions for Peace: Lessons from Nicaragua, Camboida and Somalia

One of the defining features of Canada’s role in the world, both for Canadians and the international community, has been our unflagging support for United Nations peacekeeping. Up until the beginning of this decade, when the number of intrastate c...

Comanagement of Natural Resources: Local Learning for Poverty Reduction

In the past two decades we have seen dramatic developments in the understanding of equitable and sustainable natural resource management. These have been informed and backed by innovation and research, not least that supported by IDRC, Canada's In...

Gender Justice, Citizenship and Development

Ten years after the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing there is considerable interest among gender advocates and development institutions in reviewing how far the project of gender equality has progressed. According to a major review by...

Outcome Mapping: Building Learning and Reflection into Development Programs

More and more, development organizations are under pressure to demonstrate that their programs result in significant and lasting changes in the well-being of their intended beneficiaries. However, such "impacts" are often the product of a conflu...

A World Agreement on Oil?

This paper addresses ways to cope with potential instability in the world oil market, with a view to whether action by the L20 can do anything about it. It is often said that the major geographical source of oil, the "Middle East," is a highly tur...

The Challenge of Political Reform: Egypt After the Iraq War

This briefing is one of a series of occasional ICG briefing papers and reports that will address the issue of political reform in the Middle East and North Africa. The absence of a credible political life in most parts of the region, while not nec...

Engaging Problem Countries

U.S. policymakers have normally turned to military force, political and economic sanctions, and covert action in trying to dissuade so-called "rogue states" - notably Cuba, Iran, Iraq, Libya, and North Korea - from behavior that the United States ...

Adding 3Ns to the 3Ds - Lessons from the 1996 Zaire Mission for Humanitarian Interventions

This paper examines the 3D (defence, diplomacy, and development) framework for humanitarian interventions in weak states and/or conflict situations. It accepts that there are some considerable strengths built into this strategic concept for it pri...

Reforming Egypt - In Search of A Strategy

Egypt's first multi-candidate presidential election, a response to U.S. pressure, was a false start for reform. Formal pluralism has never seriously limited the dominance of President Mubarak's National Democratic Party (NDP); extension to the pre...

G-8 Preview: Bush and Allies to Discuss Repairing Their Rift and Rebuilding Iraq

The annual economic summit of eight industrialized nations, which begins June 1 in Evian, France, will provide an opportunity for President Bush to repair relations with major European countries that opposed the U.S. invasion of Iraq, particularly...

Meeting the Global Challenge of HIV/AIDS- Why the United States Should Act Quickly

More people have died from HIV/AIDS over the last twenty years than from any other disease in human history. The devastation caused by the epidemic poses a clear and direct challenge to long-term U.S. economic and security interests. AIDS is devas...

Non-aligned against what? South Africa and the future of the Non-Aligned Movement

"This report is addressing the problems and developments around the NAM during the 1990s. The discussion covers six basic topics namely the achievements of NAM, revitalisation, the NAM agenda, the relationship to other movements and what NAM can a...

Wars of national liberation, the super-powers and the Afro-Asian Ocean region

"The heady days of East-West detente are gone. The Wall Street Journal and the AFL-CIO representing the American labour movement - are unanimous in their verdict that "detente is dead". There is thus a growing feeling that detente has never been a...

Is Food Insecurity More Severe in South Asia or Sub-Saharan Africa? A Comparative Analysis Using Household Expenditure Survey Data

"This paper uses data from national household expenditure surveys to explore whether food insecurity is more severe in South Asia or Sub-Saharan Africa. It employs two indicators of the diet quantity dimension of food insecurity, or the inability...

The Governance of Climate Finance in Africa, Asia and Latin America : Some Critical Reflections

"Climate finance,if democratically governed, can play an important role in assisting vulnerable peoples and communities to withstand and adapt to the impacts of climate change. As the climate finance regime is developing, this policy brief exp...

Trade, Industry and Technology Development in Sub Saharan Africa: Policies, Response and Effects

"This paper focuses on the inter-relationships among trade, industrialization and technological development in the context of the overall process of economic development in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) countries. The paper pays particular attention to...

The Impact on Southern Africa of the Financial Crises in Asia and Russia

"This paper analyses the reasons for the relative immunity of the SADC economies from the immediate and damaging effects of financial contagion. The paper examines the impact of the Asian crisis in 1997 and the Russian crisis in 1998. There are se...

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